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高一英语复习资料:高一英语“每周一练”系列试题及答案

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一英语“每周一练”系列试题

  选择题

  一、单项选择

  1.We had ___________ wonderful time_________the party_______ other day.

  A.a,on,the B./,at,on C.a,at,the D./,on,/

  2.It"s said that __________ is going to give us a lecture.

  A.an American famous young B.a famous American youg

  C.a famous young American D.a young famous American

  3.Nearly________ of the surface of our planet is covered by water.

  A.seven-ten B.seven-tenth C.seven-tenths D.seventh-ten

  4.You must have waited here for a long time ,___________you?

  A.mustn"t B.didn"t C.haven"t D.hadn"t

  5.China has hundreds of islands, ___________ is Taiwan Island.

  A.among them the largest B.and the largest of which

  C.and the largest of them D.but in which the largest

  6.--You don"t look so well, Mary.What"s the matter with you?

  --Why?___________.

  A.I"m quite myself B.Fine, think you

  C.I felt bad D.I"m not myself

  7.This new-type machine____________ little room.

  A.takes up B.is taken up

  C.has been taken up D.is taking up

  8.It is impossible for____________ little room.

  A.so, such B.so, so C.such a, so D.such, such

  9.--You forgot your keys when you left home in the morning.

  --Good heavens,___________.

  A.so did I. B.so I did. C.so you did. D.so did you.

  10.__________ it rain, the crops_____________.

  A.Shall,would be saved B.Should, would be saved

  C.Would, should be safe D.Were, might be safe

  11.—Do you regret paying 500 dollars for your necklace?

  --No, I would gladly pay__________ for it.

  A.two times as much B.twice as many

  C.twice as much D.as twice as much

  12.________ is quite natural,a beginner can"t read the books written in English very quickly.

  A.Which B.As

  C.What D.It

  13.Take a taxi,___________ you"ll miss your train.

  A.in B.during C.throughout D.within

  15.I coutdn"t have got to the meeting on time____________ an earlier train.

  A.if I had not caught B.unless I had caugh

  C.if ! did not catch D.unless I caugh

  二、完形填空

  Anna Douglas was 72 years old when she started writing her newspaper column.She had been a school teacher before she retired(退休),but she needed to keep 1 .She was even willing to work without pay.She then offered her 2 with a business that helped other businesses find jobs for old people.Every day she 3 other old folks like her.By talking with them,she 4 two things.Old people had abilities that were not 5 .But old people also had some 6 .She found a new purpose for herself then.

  Through the years,she 7 to write stories about people for national magazines.There was now a new 8 : Old people like herself.She began to write a newspaper column called“Sixty Plus”, which was about 9 old .She writes about the problems of old people,especially their problems with being 10 .

  Anna Douglas uses her 11 ability to see the truth behind a problem.She understands 12 problems begin.For example,one of her 13 said that his grandchildren 14 the houses as soon as he came to visit.Mrs Douglas 15 some ways for him to understand his grandchildren.

  “It"s important to know 16 about your grandchildren"s world,”says Mrs Douglas.“That means questioning and listening,and 17 is not what old people do best.Say good things to them and about them,”she continues.“Never try to 18 your grandchildren or other young people.Never 19 your opinion.Don"t tell them what they should do. 20 ,they have been taught they should have respect for old people.The old should respect them as well.”

  1.A.free B.rich C.powerful D.busy

  2.A.service B.money C.students D.books

  3.A.observed B.met C.comforted D.answered

  4.A.recognized B.followed C.enjoyed D.demanded

  5.A.studied B.agreed C.gave D.used

  6.A.mistakes B.problems C.questions D.characters

  7.A.had B.ought C.was D.used

  8.A.subject B.life C.way D.plan



  9.A.getting B.respecting C.employing D.supporting

  10.A.unknown B.refused C.misunderstood D.discouraged

  11.A.thinking B.working C.writing D.leading

  12.A.that B.when C.why D.whether

  13.A.visitors B.readers C.listeners D.friends

  14.A.got B.entered C.left D.passed

  15.A.invented B.chose C.suggested D.imagined

  16.A.everything B.something C.anything D.nothing

  17.A.listening B.speaking C.pleasing D.advising

  18.A.praise B.scold C.trouble D.encourage

  19.A.speak out B.give up C.get back D.stick to

  20.A.Commonly B.Surprisingly C.Happily D.Naturally

  三、阅读理解

  A

  Some time ago ,I discovered that one of my chairs had a broken leg.I didn’t think there would be any difficulty in getting it mended ,as there are a whole lot of antique(古董)shops near my home.So I left home one morning carrying the chair with me.I went into the first shop expecting a friendly reception(接待).I was quite wrong.The man wouldn"t oven look at my chair.

  The second shop, though slightly more polite, was just the same, and the third and the fourth - so I decided that my approach must be wrong.

  I went into the fifth shop with a plan in my mind.I placed the chair on the floor and said to the shopkeeper,“ Would you like to buy a chair?” He looked it over carefully and said,“ Yes, not a bad chair.How much do you want for it, sir?” “Twenty pounds,”I said.“OK, ”he said, “I’ll give you twenty pounds.”“It ‘s got a slightly broken leg,”I said.“Yes, I saw that, it"s nothing.”

  Everything was going according to plan and I was getting excited.“What will you do with it?”I asked.“Oh, it will be easy to sell once the repair is done.”“I"ll buy it,”I said.“What do you mean? You’ve just sold it to me,”he said.“Yes, I know but I’ve changed my mind.I"m sorry, I"ll give you twenty -seven pounds for it.”“ Your must be crazy, ”he said.Then, suddenly the penny dropped.“I know what you want.You want me to repair your chair.”“ You’re right, ”I said.“And what would you have done if I had walked in and said,’Would you mend this chair for me I wouldn"t have agreed to do it,” he said.“We don’t do repairs, not enough money in it and too much trouble.But I’ll mend this for you, shall we say for a fiver?”He was a very nice man and was greatly amused(感到有趣)by the whole thing.

  1.We can learn from the text that in the first shop the writer ________.

  A.was rather impolite

  B.was warmly received

  C.asked the shopkeeper to buy his chair

  D.asked the shopkeeper to repair his chair

  2.The expression “the penny dropped” in the last paragraph means the shopkeeper ________.

  A.changed his mind        B.accepted the offer

  C.saw the writer’s purpose     D.decided to help the writer

  3.How much did the writer pay?

  A.£ 5.    B.£ 7.     C.£ 20.    D.£ 27.

  4.From the text, we can learn that the writer was ________

  A.honest    B.careful    C.smart     D.funny

  B

  Have you ever dreamed of visiting a planet in the Milky Way (银河系)? While the trip sounds exciting, it would take years and years to reach your destination.So in the future, bedtime for astronauts may be more than a few hours of regular shut eye.They would have to sleep for years.

  European researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments.The study may help them understand whether humans could ever sleep through the years it would take for a spaceflight to distant planets."If there was an effective technology, it could make deepspace travel a reality," said Mark Ayre of the European Space Agency last month.

  What seems like a science fiction is not completely unlikely.Researchers have been able to use chemicals to put living cells into a sleeplike state where they don’t age.They have now moved on to the small, nonhibernating mammals (哺乳动物) like rats.

  A major challenge is the fact that cells can be very simple systems, whereas body organs are far more complex (复杂的)."It’s like moving from a simple Apple computer to a supercomputer," said Marco Biggiogera, a hibernation researcher at Italy’s University of Pavia.Just like bears and frogs, the hibernation of human beings would cause a person’s metabolism (新陈代谢) to lower so they would need less energy.

  Medical research, however, is just half of a spaceflight hibernation system.There is a challenge of designing a suitable protective shelter (栖身所).Such a shelter would provide the proper environment for hibernation, such as the proper temperature.It would also have to monitor (监控) life functions and serve the physiological needs of the hibernator.

  According to Ayre, the sixperson Human Outer Planets Exploration Mission (使命) to Jupiter’s moon (木星的卫星) Callisto, could be an opportunity to use human hibernation.The mission aims to send six persons on a fiveyear flight to Callisto, where they will spend 30 days, in 2045.

  5.According to the article, the hibernation research _______.

  A.is just an ideaB.is always a science fiction

  C.has already finished successfullyD.has made some progress

  6.In a hibernating state, a person needs ________.

  A.less sleep B.more food C.less energy D.more movement



  7.The first try of the hibernation technologythe sixperson Human Outer Planets Exploration Mission to Jupiter’s moon Callisto.

  A.will be B.has been planned for

  C.is certain to be D.may be

  8.What is the best title of the article?

  A.Hibernation study for space travel B.Welcome to our space travel

  C.To hibernate, to live longer D.Welcome to the Milky Way

  非选择题

  一、短文改错

  此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

  此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧ ),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

  此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

  注意:请在答题卡上作答。

  A terrible storm took place in a Friday night.The wind was so 76__________

  strong that many tree were brought down.It was eleven o’clock. 77__________

  Li Ming was still not back but his parents were very anxious 78__________

  about him.Half an hour after, the wind stopped, but it was still 79__________

  raining hardly.Li Ming’s parents were about to look for him 80__________

  when he come home.Li Ming explained that the storm pushed 81__________

  over big trees as well as electricity poles, blocked the roads and 82__________

  that the bridge had washed away by the floods.Therefore, they 83__________

  had to find another way back.What was even more worse, one of 84__________

  his classmates had a arm hurt, so they took him to the hospital. 85__________

  书面表达(满分25分)

  你班学生最近就中学生是否应该进行军训这一话题展开了讨论。请根据下表写一篇100字左右的英语短文投稿给学校广播站。

  反对意见赞成意见你的意见

  九月份重庆天气仍很炎热;

  学生身体单薄,无法坚持大运动量的训练。军训是国防教育的重要内容;

  是锻炼学生个人素质的最佳方式。……

  注意:

  1.短文的开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。

  2.文章中不能出现真实的个人和学校信息,否则按零分计。

  参考词汇:

  军事训练—military training; 国防教育—the education of national defense

  There has been a heated discussion about whether we high school students should take the military training in my class.

  参考答案

  【答案与详解】

  单项选择

  答案详解:

  1.C本题是冠词的考查。have a wonderful time就相当于have a good time;the other day表示“前几天”。

  2.C本题是形容词知识的考查。famous是描绘性形容词,应放在前面,American 指的是国籍,放在young之后。

  3.C本题是数词用法的考查。分数词的分子是基数词,分母是序数词。分子除了1以外,分母的序数词要用复数。

  4.C本题是反意疑问句的考查。must的反意疑问句不是对must进行反问,因为陈述句部分中有for a long time,所以对have waited进行反问。

  5.C本题是复合句的考查,and连接两个并列句。

  6.A本题是交际用语的考查。对话中why?是语气词,表示不同意的语气。I"m quite myself意为“自我感觉良好”。

  7.A本题是动词语态的考查。take up表示“占据”,此处指新式机器的优点。

  8.C本题是副词惯用法的考查。so+adj.+a/an+n.和such+a/an+adj.+n.但是一旦句中出现little(少),much,many,few必须用s。。此题中little是形容词“小的”。

  9.B本题是省略的用法考查。注意两人对话中的you和I是同一个人,所以用so +I+did。

  10.B本题是虚拟语气和它的省略的考查。主从句谓语都是对将来情况的虚拟形式。if从句中如果出现should,had,were,可以省略if,将should,had,were倒装。

  11.C本题是比较级的倍数表达法。倍数要放在as...as之前,而且钱的多少要用

  12.B本题是连词的使用考查。as引导非限制性定语从句,表示“正如……那样”的含义。



  13.C祈使旬可用来取代if从句来表示评论、提出要求、发出忠告或威胁等。用祈使句比用if从句表达更强的紧迫性。在表示评论和要求时,其连词用and,表示忠告时用连词otherwise,表示威胁时,用连词or。

  14.B介词during后面总是一个表示时间的名词,这一名词可以指整段时间。这一名词也可以指一段时间中的时点或时刻,如:She has phoned him four times during the last half an hour。(在刚才的半个小时内,她给他打过四次电话。)在这个例句里during可以被介词in代替,因为in具有within a period(在一段时间内)的意思。

  15.B if...not和unless有时也不能互相替换。unless不能用于“由于未发生B而发生A”的句子里,如:1 will be quite斟ad if she does not come this evening。unless常用来引导一个谈及过去的事后的想法,unless从句跟着主句,通常用破折号而不是逗号将它与主句分开。

  完形填空

  完形填空

  1.D。她从教师工作上退了下来,然而她一直很忙。B项有一定干扰性。keep rich意思是“富有”,从后文she was even willing to work without pay.可以看出B项不合题意。

  2.A。从空后的that helped other businesses find jobs for old people.可以看出,她提供的是商业服务。

  3.B。从空后的By talking with them可以看出,Anna Douglas每天都与很多老年人会面,而不是观察或安慰他们。

  4.A。通过与他们交谈,她认识到两件事情。接下来的两句便是她认识到的事情。recognize在这里是“认识到”的意思。

  5.D。老年人有未被利用的能力。这是她积极为老年人找工作发挥他们余热的原因。其他答案不合题意。

  6.B。然而老年人也有老年人的问题。A项有较大干扰性。从后文我们知道,有一位老年人不受其孙子女的欢迎,这是他面临的问题,而不是错误。

  7.D。从后文She began to write a newspaper column called“Sixty Plus”,我们知道,她为国家杂志写人物故事是以前的事。

  8.A。联系上下文Old people like herself.是报纸的一个话题(subject),因此其它选项不合题意。

  9.A。get old在这里为系表结构,其它选项不正确。

  10.C。B,D项有较大干扰性。作者举的例子说明很多老年人被其孙子女误解,而不是(他们的要求)被拒绝等。

  11.A。从空后的see the truth behind a problem我们得知,Anna Douglas用的是 thinking abilities。

  12.C。从下文举的例子看,她明白的是事情的起因,因此其它选项不合题意。

  13.B。A项有较大干扰性。从前文我们知道Anna Douglas是靠写文章与老年人交流,而不是建立了咨询中心,因此A项不合题意。

  14.C。联系上下文我们可以推知,这位老年人与其孙子女关系并不融洽,因此当他进来时,孩子们就离开。

  15.C。她给这位老人建议了几种方法。

  16.B。A,C有较大干扰性。从空后的 your grandchildren"s world我们得知,想了解孙子女世界的一切是不可能的。

  17.A。本空承接and前的分句而来,因此答案应在questioning和listening间选择,选项中没有questioning。

  18.B。联系上文Say good things to them and about them.得此答案。A项有一定干扰性,空前的Never决定了此选项不正确。

  19.D。stick to在这里是“固执地坚持”。A,B均有一定干扰性。联系前文Mrs Douglas认为老人应该多听听孙子女的见解,不要太固执地坚持自己的看法。 speak out意思是“说出”,give up是“放弃”,因此不合题意。

  20.A。D有较大干扰性。Naturally意思是“自然而然地”,而Commonly指“通常情况下”。

  阅读理解

  1.D 在第一家商店,店家连看都不看一眼,可见他想请人修椅子被拒绝了,后来在第二、三、四家也被拒绝。

  2.C 从对方的回答“我知道你想干啥,你想让我帮你修椅子”可知他的计谋被识破。

  3.A “我”主动提出给七英镑作为维修费,而“他”很好(a very nice man),提出“fiver”,可见它的意思是五英镑。

  4.C 从文中不难看出“我”是什么样的人:随机应变,灵活。

  星际探索固然重要,可是怎样打发漫漫旅途呢?别急,人类"冬眠"技术让你一觉睡到目的地。

  结构层次:星际探索旅途遥远,漫长的时间难以打发;欧洲科学家正在研制"冬眠"技术;科学家们需要解决两个问题:降低太空人的新陈代谢速度;给太空人提供理想的栖身处。

  5.D 推理判断题。由原文第三段可以推出答案。

  6.C 细节判断题。由原文第四段的最后一句可知。

  7.D 推理判断题。由原文最后一段的第一句话中could一词的委婉语气可推出答案。

  8.A 标题判断题。认真分析原文可知,本文自始至终介绍的是在星际探索中使用冬眠技术的研究情况,因此以Hibernation study for space travel为题既具有高度的概括性、强烈的针对性,又具有一定的醒目性。

  短文改错

  1.in  on 2.treetrees 3.but and

  4.after later 5.hardly hard 6.comecame

  7.blocked blocking 8.had∧been washed 9.去掉more

  10.a an

  写作:

  A possible version:

  There has been a heated discussion about whether we high school students should take the military training in my class.

  Some students, who consider military training an important part of the education of national defense , think military training quite necessary.In their eyes, it is one of the best ways to improve the students’ personal qualities.

  Others raise objections to the opinion.Their concerns are the September hot weather in Chongqing and teenagers’ poor health which can’t possibly stand the large amount of exercise in the military training.

  Personally, I accept the military training, which helps to build up high school students’ bodies.Plus, as citizens of China, we have the responsibility to get to know about our own military systems.

  (102 words)

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