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高一英语复习资料:高一英语下册同步测试题及答案

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  高一年级第二学期

  英语学科周练(一)

  时间:100分钟 分值:100分

  第二部分 语言知识运用

  第一节:单项选择题(每小题1分,共15小题,满分15分)

  21. –-Now that you like the house so much, why not buy it?

  ---Well, I can’t afford _______house.

  A. that a big B. a big that C. a that big D. that big a

  22. ________the city centre, we saw a stone statue of about 10 metres in height.

  A. Approaching B. Approached C. To approach D. To be approached

  23. Those who suffer from headache will find they get _____from this medicine.

  A. relief B. safety C. defense D. shelter

  24. They want to make it clear to the public ______ they do an important job.

  A. when B. where C. that D. which

  25. Our plan certainly _________; it was a great idea.

  A. paid off B. paid back C. carried out D. paid for

  26. In _______, the northerners are keen on dumplings while the southerners are fond of rice.

  A. common B. general C. total D. particular

  27. The news that we are going outing _______ a rush of excitement.

  A. set out B. set off C. set about D. set down

  28. _______ you decided to take up, you should try to make it a success.

  A. If only B. Unless C. Whenever D. Whatever

  29. This is the only way we can imagine _____the overuse of water in students’ bathrooms.

  A. reducing B. to reduce C. reduced D. reduce

  30. Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer _______ it was 20 years ago, _______ it was so poorly equipped.

  A. what; whenB. that; whichC. what; whichD. which; that

  31.______they decide which college to go to, students should research the admission procedures.

  A. As B. While C. Until D. Once

  32. _______ is our belief that improvements in health care will lead to a stronger , more prosperous economy.

  A. As B. That C. This D. It

  33. We are at your service. Don’t ____to turn to us if you have any further problems.

  A. beg B. hesitate C. desire D. seek

  34. I’d like to work with _______ is honest and easy to get on with.

  A. whoB. whoeverC. whomeverD. no matter who

  35. Costs have _________20 percent over the past years.

  A. reduced by B. been reduced by C. reducing to D. been reduced to

  第二节 完型填空(共20题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握大意,然后从36~55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出一个最佳答案, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Professional sports are very popular in the United States and they are big business. The most popular sports are basketball, football and baseball - 36 has its own season and 37 supporters. Professional teams are named for the cities 38 they are located. When a team plays in a championship game, most people in the city 39 the game with interest and enthusiasm. Basketball is 40 around the world. Professional basketball games in the US 41 indoors during winter months. From November to April 42 can find a professional basketball game several 43 a week in most large American cities. Basketball is an American sport. It 44 the national pastime.

  The game is played in the evening 45 every night of the week and on weekends 46 . The season begins in April and 47 in October. Football 48 most popular professional sport in the US, too. It is played on Sundays 49 the fall from August to January. American football is different from international football, 50 Americans called soccer. 51 games require 52 and specialized skills. Professional players are very 53 . The most famous players 54 millions of dollars for their playing skill. American best players have higher 55 than the country’s president.

  36. A. everyB. bothC. eachD. all

  37. A. millionB. millionsC. million ofD. millions of

  38. A. whenB. whereC. whoD. whose

  39. A. followB. walkC. runD. jump

  40. A. well-knownB. wellC. knownD. fame

  41. A. playedB. is playedC. playsD. are played

  42. A. somebodyB. oneC. anyoneD. everybody

  43. A. morningsB. afternoonsC. nightsD. days

  44. A. was calledB. has been calledC. will be calledD. be called

  45. A. nearlyB. closeC. closelyD. near

  46. A. tooB. alsoC. as wellD. as often

  47. A. finishB. finishingC. finishedD. finishes

  48. A. became B. is becomeC. is becomingD. has become

  49. A. duringB. withC. onD. at

  50. A. whenB. thatC. whereD. which

  51. A. NoneB. NoC. AllD. Both

  52. A. strongB. strengthC. strengthenD. stronger

  53. A. well payB. good payC. well paidD. good paid

  54. A. makeB. reachC. acceptD. receive

  55. A. moneyB. salariesC. payD. wage



  第三部分:阅读理解 (共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Do you want to know something about the history of weather? Don’t look at the sky. Don’t look for old weather reports. Looking at tree rings is more important. Correct weather reports date back only one century, but some trees can provide an exact record of the weather even further back.

  It is natural that a tree would grow best in a climate with plenty of sunlight and rainfall. It is also expected that little sunlight and rainfall would limit the growth of a tree. The change from a favorable to an unfavorable climate can be determined by reading the pattern of rings in a tree trunk. To find the weather of ten years ago, count the rings of a tree trunk from the outside to the inside. If the tenth ring is far from the other rings, then it is certain that plenty of sunny and rainy weather occurred. If the rings are closed together, then the climate was bad for the tree.

  Studying tree rings is important not only for the history of weather, but also for the history of man. In a region of New Mexico you can find only sand---no trees and no people. However, many centuries ago a large population lived there. They left suddenly. Why?

  A scientist studied patterns of dead tree rings which had grown there. He decided that the people had to leave because they had cut down all the trees. Trees were necessary to make fires and buildings. So, after the people destroyed the trees, they had to move. In this instance studying tree rings uncovers an exciting fact about the history of man.

  56. It is understood that in a favorable climate ________.

  A. tree rings grow together

  B. tree rings grow far apart

  C. trees in New Mexico will grow big and tall

  D. people can cut down most of the trees in New Mexico

  57. The scientists are interested in studying tree rings because they can tell ___.

  A. whether in that area the climate was favorable or not

  B. whether a particular tree was healthy or not

  C. whether people took good care of the trees or not

  D. how old the trees were

  58. The people had to leave the region of New Mexico because ___.

  A. they had cut down all the trees

  B. there were many trees there

  C. they had no water

  D. bad weather stopped the growth of trees

  59. The main idea of the passage is _________.

  A. tree rings reflect the history of weather and the history of man

  B. destroying tree will do man no good

  C. studying tree ring is the only way to know the history of weather

  D. man shouldn’t cut so many trees

  B

  It’s Pigs’ Hometown

  The story happened during the Second World War. An old man lived in a small town of Germany. He had three sons and they all worked in the same factory where he had worked. After the war had begun, his sons were all made to join the army one after another and they all died in the fights. The old man was very sad. He didn’t have enough food and was often hungry. And nobody helped him and he didn’t know how to go on living.

  It was a very cold winter night. The old man couldn’t go to sleep. He had been hungry for two days and it was so cold in his room that ice could be seen. He had to get up and began to run in the room until he lay down on the floor. The next morning he had to beg from door to door. He had been to a lot of cities and knew a lot.

  Once he came to a village, but the villagers were all poor and couldn’t give him anything. He was too hungry to go to another village. He thought hard and found a way. He came to a police station and called out, “Hitler is a foolish pig!”

  Out came an old policeman at once. He took the old man into a room, gave him some bread and a cup of tea. Then he said, “Don’t say so in our village, sir!”

  “I’m sorry, sir,” said the old man. “I don’t know it’s Hitler’s home town.” “No, no, sir,” the policeman said in a hurry. “It’s pigs’ hometown!”

  60. The old man’s sons joined the army because ________.

  A. they had to do soB. they loved their country

  C. they wanted to be fullD. they were all strong

  61. The villagers didn’t give the old man any food because ________.

  A. they weren’t kind-heartedB. his sons were in the army

  C. they were also hungryD. they hated him

  62. Which of the following is true?

  A. The old policeman would send the old man into prison.

  B. The old policeman hated Hitler, too.

  C. The old policeman thought Hitler was better than pigs.

  D. The old man found a friend at the police station.

  C

  Parents often believe that they have a good relationship with their teenagers. But last summer, Joanna and Henry noticed a change in their older son: suddenly he seemed to be talking far more to his friends than to his parents. “The door to his room is always closed.” Joanna noted.

  Tina and Mark noticed similar changes in their 14-year-old daughter. “She used to cuddle up (蜷伏)with me on the sofa and talk ,” said Mark. “Now we joke that she does this only when she wants something. Sometimes she wants to be treated like a little girl and sometimes like a young lady. The problem is figuring out which time is which.”



  Before age 11, children like to tell their parents what’s on their minds. “In fact, parents are first on the list.” said Michael Riera, writer of Uncommon Sense for Parents with Teenagers. “This completely changes during the teen years.” Riera explained. “They talk to their friends first, then maybe their teachers, and their parents last.”

  Parents who know what’s going on in their teenagers’ lives are in the best position to help them. To break down the wall of silence, parents should create(创造) chances to understand what their children want to say, and try to find ways to talk and write to them. And they must give their children a mental break, for children also need freedom, though young. Another thing parents should remember is that to be a friend, not a manager, with their children is a better way to know them.

  63. “The door to his room is always closed” suggests that the son __ .

  A. is always busy with his studies B. doesn’t want to be disturbed

  C. keeps himself away from his parents D. begins to dislike his parents

  64. What troubles Tina and Mark most is that __ .

  A. their daughter isn’t as lovely as before

  B. they can’t read their daughter’s mind exactly

  C. they don’t know what to say to their daughter

  D. their daughter talks with them only when she needs help

  65. Which of the following best explains “the wall of silence” in the last paragraph?

  A.Teenagers talk a lot with their friends.

  B.Teenagers do not want to understand their parents.

  C.Teenagers do not talk much with their parents.

  D.Teenagers talk little about their own lives.

  66. What can be learned from the passage?

  A. Parents are unhappy with their growing children.

  B. Parents have suitable ways to talk with their teenagers.

  C. Parents should be patient with their silent teenagers.

  D. Parents should try to understand their teenagers.

  D

  That cold January night, I was growing sick of my life in San Francisco(旧金山). There I was, walking home at one in the morning after a tiring practice at the theatre. With opening night only a week ago, I was still learning my lines(台词). I was having trouble dealing with my part-time job at the bank and my acting at night at the same time. As I walked, I thought seriously about giving up both acting and San Francisco. City life had become too much for me.

  As I walked down empty streets under tall buildings, I felt very small and cold. I began running, both to keep warm and to keep away from any possible robbers (抢劫犯). Very few people were still out except a few sad-looking homeless people under blankets(毛毯).

  About a block from my apartment (公寓房间), I heard a sound behind me. I turned quickly, half expecting to see someone with a knife or a gun. The street was empty. All I saw was a shining streetlight. Still, the noise had made me nervous, so I started to run faster. Not until I reached my apartment building and unlocked the door did I realize what the noise had been. It had been my wallet falling to the sidewalk.

  Suddenly I wasn’t cold or tired anymore. I ran out of the door and back to where I’d heard the noise. Although I searched the sidewalk anxiously for fifteen minutes, my wallet was nowhere to be found.

  Just as I was about to give up the search, I heard the garbage truck (垃圾车) pull up to the sidewalk next to me. When a voice called from the inside, “Alisa Camacho?” I thought I was dreaming. How could this man know my name? The door opened, and out jumped a small red-haired man with an amused look in his eye. “Is this what you’re looking for?” he asked, holding up a small square shape.

  It was nearly 3 A.M. by the time I got into bed. I wouldn’t get much sleep that night, but I had gotten my wallet back. I also had gotten back some enjoyment of city life. I realized that the city couldn’t be a bad place as long as people were willing to help each other.

  67. How did the write feel when she was walking home after work?

  A. Cold and sick B. Fortunate and helpful

  C. Satisfied and cheerful D. Disappointed and helpless

  68. From the first paragraph, we learn that the writer was busy ________.

  A. solving her problem at the bank B. taking part in different city activities

  C. learning acting in an evening school D. preparing for the first night show

  69. In the fifth paragraph, why did the writer say she was dreaming?

  A. Someone offered to take her back home.

  B. A red-haired man came to see her.

  C. She heard someone call her name.

  D. Her wallet was found in a garbage truck.

  70. From the text, we can infer that the writer _________.

  A. would stop working at night B. would stay on in San Francisco

  C. would make friends with cleaners D. would give up her job at the bank.



  IV. 任务型阅读 (共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的词。

  Some people can eat what they want and never gain weight, but other people try hard to be careful about what they eat and yet still gain weight. Scientists are beginning to believe that a big reason for this may be genetic.

  Scientists say that when some people eat, their bodies store the energy from food as fat. Those people gain weight if they eat more than they need to each day. However, some other people may eat more than they need to, but their body is able to “burn off” the extra food without making fat. So, they stay slim.

  Some scientists believe that one special gene may be the cause of this difference between people. Teams of scientists are studying this gene in mice. They are experimenting on two groups of laboratory mice. One group has the special “fat storing” gene, and the other does not. They give these two groups of mice a special diet with a lot of fat. They have found that the mice missing the special “fat storing” gene are not able to produce new body fat and have not gained weight. They hope if they are able to find this gene in humans and produce medicines that can stop it from working, then they may be able to prevent weight gain in humans.

  The study of weight gain is important and needs to be continued, as more and more people have weight problems. In the United States over fifty per cent of the population is now overweight. This can cause serious health problems such as heart disease.

  Medicines for weight control are not working very well because many of them cause problems with body systems. Some cause heart problems and others cause liver problems. It is important that new medicines are developed. However, it takes a long time to develop them. Before new medicines for weight control are available, we have to exercise and eat a good diet. We must pay attention to our own weight control.

  Is being fat a genetic problem?

  Phenomena(现象)

  about __71__ people●Some people stay slim whatever they eat.

  ●Some other people __72__ on weight although they care about their diet.

  __73 __ and results●Some people easily burn off extra food even if they eat more than they need.

  ●Some people may have a __74__ gene which helps to produce new body fat.

  ●Being __75__ results in serious health problems.

  __76__ to control weight●Find the special gene in humans which can stop it from __77__ fat.

  ●Develop new medicines instead of the ones which have side __78___ on heart and liver.

  ●Take regular ___79____.

  ●Eat ___80___ food.

  V. 单词填空

  一、首字母填空。

  81.He is r______ as leader of the team.

  82.The little boy held his mother’s hand f______ when crossing the street.

  83.Soon a team of 200 v_____ arrived in the area to help the wounded, homeless in the earthquake without any pay.

  84.The school is within walking d_____ of my house.

  85.She spoke quietly for f____ of waking the baby up.

  86.The recent economic situation a_____ to our worries.

  87.She g_______ at her watch and left in a hurry.

  88.At the news, people couldn’t h______ jumping and laughing.

  89.In my opinion, what he told us just now about the matter doesn’t make any_______.

  90. You"re quite free now, I think. On the _____, I have tons of things to do!

  二、根据中文填空。

  91. He is standing in front of the window and _______ (盯着看) at the rain pouring down.

  92. The number of the students in the area has been__________ (减少).

  93. We passed through several __________ (被离弃的) villages where local people had already left.

  94. The article is so difficult that I can’t make ______ (理解) of it.

  95. I was frozen with fear at the _______ (看见) of the blood.

  96. We have a fair _______ (可能性) of winning the game.

  97. In order to _______ (避免) making mistakes, he checked his essay again and again.

  98. He put forward two suggestions. The ________ (后者) sounds much better.

  99. The book is at the top of the shelf, out of my _______ (触到).

  100. Finally, his dream of becoming a scientist has come _______ (真的).

  101. She ________(行走;走完)10 kilometers in less than thirty minutes.

  102. Did you observe the birds______(飞行) around the trees?

  103. All the _________(路径) to the city were blocked.

  104. He seemed _________(忧心;焦虑)

  105. I _______(认出) my old friend the moment Isaw him though we hadn’t seen each other for over thirty years.

  单项选择题: 21-25 DAACA 26-30 BBDBA 31-35 DDBBB

  完型填空:36-40 CDBAA 41-45 DBCBA46-50 CDDAD51-55 DBCAB

  阅读理解:A(56-59)---. BAAA B(60-62)---. ACB

  C(63-66)--- CBCDD(67-70)---DDCB

  任务阅读:71. different, 72. put, 73. Causes , 74. special, 75. overweight , 76. Ways, 77. strong, 78. effect, 79. exercise, 80. healthy

  一、首字母填空

  81. recognized 82.firmly 83.volunteers 84.distance 85.fear

  86. added 87. glanced 88. help 89. sense 90.contrary

  二、根据中文填空

  91.staring 92.reduced 93. deserted 94.sense 95. sight

  96.chance 97. avoid 98. latter 99.reach 100.true

  101. covered 102.flying 103. approaches 104.anxious 105.recognized

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