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高一英语复习资料:必修4 Unit3课时作业及答案

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  必修4 Unit3课时作业及答案

  A taste of English humour 感受英语的幽默



  1.By the time he realizes he________into a trap,it’ll be too late for him to do anything about it.

  A.walks       B.walked

  C.has walked D.had walked

  2.As a businessman he was a success,but as a husband he was________failure,so their marriage ended in________failure.

  A./;/ B./;a

  C.a;a D.a;/

  3.—I’m green at everything.

  —Don’t worry.________you get older,you will get more experience.

  A.As B.Till

  C.Unless D.Since

  4.—You are late again,Tom?

  —Sorry,but I got________a heavy traffic jam.

  A.caught in B.taken in

  C.put off D.held by

  5.The whole area was________by the snow,and the government had to send food there by helicopter.

  A.cut away B.cut up

  C.cut off D.cut down

  6.—I wonder how to________to him when I get a present from my foreign friend Jack.

  —Of course say “Thank you”.

  A.invite B.answer

  C.manage D.react

  7.Our teacher looked here and there on our playground________ looking for something.

  A.even though B.even if

  C.as if D.only if

  8.—Why are the two students standing at the gate of the teachers’office?

  —They________to each other in class and________.

  A.have whispered;are punishing

  B.had whispered;were punished

  C.whispered;are being punished

  D.are whispering;were being punished

  9.—Your daughter looks too thin for her height.

  —Yes.She is too________about food.There is no way of making her fat.

  A.special B.particular

  C.unusual D.especial

  10.My friend Bob just bought an apartment in a suburb of Beijing last week,which is much smaller than ours but is three times________expensive.

  A.very B.so

  C.too D.as

  11.—Tommy,do the dishes.

  —Mum,it’s a girl’s job.I would rather________the floor.

  A.to sweep B.sweep

  C.sweeping D.swept

  12.With the electricity________because of the road repairs,the whole building was completely dark.

  A.cut up B.cut off

  C.cut out D.cut down

  13.All that this young man dreams of is to make________and live________.

  A.a big fortune;an easy life

  B.a big money;an easy life

  C.big fortune;easy life

  D.big money;easy life

  14.Oil prices have risen________32 percent since last year,________a record $84.65 a barrel on Nov.9.

  A.by;reached B.by;reaching

  C.by;to reach D.to;reaching

  15.He hurried to the booking office only________that all the tickets had been sold out.

  A.to tell B.to be told

  C.telling D.told



  “It’s my own fault.” Carl Fenter pulled his jacket closer against the abnormal bite of cold morning wind.“The rest of the family is home,where it’s__1__.”

  Just another one of his__2__ideas—a big tamale (玉米粉蒸肉) feast after tonight’s Christmas Eve service at the church—and look where it landed him:waiting in a line 50 people deep.

  Who would have guessed that the tamale in every shop in the city would be sold out the day before Christmas?But they__3__,as Carl knew.He had been driving all over El Paso that morning.__4__to bring home tamales,Carl tried one last shop,an old favorite out in Canutillo.

  When he arrived,a fresh batch (一炉) was__5__off the steamer in 45 minutes.__6__at the end of the snaking line of tamale­seekers,he watched the woman in front of him__7__her jacket to cover her shivering youngster.It wasn’t long before she,too,__8__in the biting wind.After only a moment’s__9__,Carl took off his own jacket and offered it to the__10__mother.

  Together,they__11__when the line slowly moved forward at last,and smiling people exited the shop carrying steamy bags.__12__,Carl got inside the door and__13__closer to the counter,the woman now first in line.“Sorry folks,” the clerk announced,“that’s the last of the tamales.”“__14__!” Carl groaned (抱怨) with everyone else__15__behind him.

  “__16__,”stressed the man at the counter,“we’ll have a final batch ready__17__,oh,about two hours.”

  Defeated,Carl backed away,but the young mother grabbed his arm.

  “You’re leaving?”

  “I__18__,”Carl glanced at his watch.“I promised to put up luminarias (传统圣诞灯) at my church.”

  “I’ll get your order of tamales and bring them to your house.”

  Carl’s brow furrowed “I couldn’t ask you to do that.”

  “But it’s__19__I can do.You lent me your coat.” Her smile overrode (推翻) his objections.“Just give me your address.” She and her little girl settled in for the long wait.

  And at__20__noon on Christmas Eve,they delivered four dozen fragrant tamales—along with Carl’s brown jacket—to his home.

  1.A.harmonious B.warm

  C.happy D.pleasant

  2.A.brilliant B.bad

  C.stupid D.common

  3.A.were B.did

  C.could D.had

  4.A.Decided B.Determined

  C.Wanted D.Expected

  5.A.ready B.prepared

  C.soon D.due

  6.A.Finding his wayB.Taking his road

  C.Taking his placeD.Finding his place

  7.A.move   B.reject

  C.abandon D.remove

  8.A.waved B.froze

  C.shook D.shocked

  9.A.assumption B.appreciation

  C.hesitation D.attention

  10.A.grateful B.respectful

  C.hopeless D.shameful

  11.A.cheered B.congratulated

  C.shouted D.screamed

  12.A.Immediately B.Hopefully

  C.Lastly D.Finally

  13.A.shouldered his way B.forced his way

  C.felt his wayD.inched his way

  14.A.No problem B.No way

  C.No doubt D.No wonder

  15.A.lined up B.held up

  C.looked up D.waited up

  16.A.So B.But

  C.Then D.Besides

  17.A.before B.for

  C.in D.after

  18.A.plan to B.intend to

  C.have to D.ought to

  19.A.the least B.the most

  C.the last D.the best

  20.A.just B.exactly

  C.accurately D.right



  How Much to Tip

  You’re out to dinner.The food is delicious and the service is fine.You decide to leave a big fat tip.Why?The answer may not be as simple as you think.

  Tipping,psychologists have found,is not just about service.Instead,studies have shown that tipping can be affected by psychological reactions to a series of different factors from the waiter’s choice of words,to how they carry themselves while taking orders,to the bill’s total.Even how much waiters remind customers of themselves can determine how much change they pocket by the end of the night.

  “Studies before have shown that mimicry (模仿) brings into positive feelings for the mimicker,”wrote Rick van Baaren,a social psychology professor.“These studies show that people who are being mimicked become more generous toward the person who mimicks them.”

  So Rick van Baaren divided 59 waiters into two groups.He requested that half serve with a phrase such as,“Coming up!”Those in the other half were instructed to repeat the orders and preferences back to the customers.Rick van Baaren then compared their take­home pay.The results were clear—it pays to mimic your customer.The copycat (模仿者) waiters earned almost double the amount of tips to the other group.

  Leonard Green and Joel Myerson,psychologists at Washington University in St.Louis,found the generosity of a tipper may be limited by his bill.After research on the 1,000 tips left for waiters,cabdrivers,hair stylists,they found tip percentages in these three areas dropped as customers’ bills went up.In fact,tip percentages appear to plateau (稳定期) when bills topped $100 and a bill for $200 made the worker gain no bigger percentage tip than a bill for $100.

  “That’s also a point of tipping,” Green says.“You have to give a little extra to the cabdriver for being there to pick you up and something to the waiter for being there to serve you.If they weren’t there,you’d never get any service.So part of the idea of a tip is for just being there.”

  1.Apart from service,how many other factors affecting the customers’tipping are mentioned in the passage?

  A.1.   B.2.   C.3.   D.4.

  2.These studies show that________.

  A.tipping can be affected by physical reactions to many different waiters

  B.people who are being mimicked usually tip less to the person who mimics them

  C.the mimic waiters can get almost twice as much money as those who don’t mimick others

  D.mimicry makes the mimicker feel bad

  3.According to the passage,which of the following will be likely to show the right change of the tip percentages?

  4.We know from the passage that the writer seems to________.

  A.object to Mr Green’s idea about tipping

  B.think part of Mr Green’s explanation is reasonable

  C.give his generous tip to waiters very often

  D.support the opinions of Mr Green and Rick van Baaren about tipping



  1.C 句意为:到他认识到已经中计的时候,再做任何事情也就不济于事了。根据句意,可知本句讲的是现在的事情,故用现在时,排除B、D两项,本句强调“已经中计”,用完成体,故答案为C。

  2.D a failure一个失败者;end in failure以失败告终。

  3.A 随着年龄的增长,你会获得更多经验。

  4.A be/get caught in是固定搭配,指“突然碰上;突然遭受”,多用于被动结构。

  5.C 整个地区被大雪封闭了。cut off使 (人、城镇、地区)封闭孤立。

  6.D A、B项为及物动词,不符合题意,manage不符合题意;react回应。

  7.C 根据前面的looked here and there判断,我们的老师“好像”在找东西,所以用as if。

  8.C 考查时态和语态。根据这两个学生现在正站在老师办公室门口,可知现在正在受罚,从而推断在课上小声说话发生在过去。

  9.B 考查形容词辨析。particular挑剔的。be particularabout对……挑剔的。special特殊的,特别的,专用的;unusual不同寻常的,独特的;especial特别的,特殊的。

  10.D 考查倍数的表达和省略。根据句子所要表达的含义,but后补充完整为:but is three times as expensive as ours/our apartment。

  11.B 考查would rather的用法。would rather意为“宁愿,宁可”,后接动词原形,故选B。

  12.B 考查短语辨析。cut off切断。句意为:由于修路,电流被切断了,整座大楼一片漆黑。cut up切碎;cut out切去,省略,停止;cut down砍倒,削减,删节。

  13.A lead/live a simple/easy/hard life过……生活,当life有定语修饰时,前面要用a限定;make a/one’s fortune=make money发财致富。

  14.B 考查介词的用法及非谓语动词的用法。介词by表程度,reaching短语在句中作结果状语。不定式也可作结果状语,但常与only或just连用,表示一种意想不到的结果。

  15.B only to do sth.表示意想不到的结果。


  【语篇解读】 这是一篇记叙文。圣诞节前夕,Carl Fenter到处寻找玉米粉蒸肉,终于在一家店找到了玉米粉蒸肉。等待的时候,他在寒风中脱下自己的外套给一个同样在等待的母亲穿上,而这一善举使他得到了回报:这位女士后来专程给他家送去了他要买而没买到的玉米粉蒸肉。

  1.B 从语境的连贯判断选B,Carl Fenter说,家里是温暖的,可是在这里,早晨的寒风冷得很不正常。

  2.A 在这寒冷的日子,晚上在教堂做完圣诞节前夕的礼拜后回家和家人一起享受玉米粉蒸肉的盛宴,这样的点子或想法应该用brilliant来描述。a brilliant idea:绝妙的想法/主意。

  3.A 从语境的连贯看,本题用were:谁能想到,城里的玉米粉蒸肉在圣诞节前夕都卖完了呢?可是这些玉米粉蒸肉的确被卖完了。

  4.B 在几家店铺都没有买到玉米粉蒸肉,而他下定决心一定要买一份带回家,于是他开车跑遍了El Paso,并来到这最后一家卖玉米粉蒸肉的店铺。

  5.D 语境提到“45分钟之后,从锅上下来”,可见此处表示这家店铺的玉米粉蒸肉再过45分钟就能出锅了,用(be)due表示“预期发生”。

  6.C 这里用take one’s place表示“就位,就座”:于是,他在人群后面开始排队等候购买。

  7.D 从语境的连贯判断选D,remove“移开,脱下,去掉”:他注意到,在他前面的那位女士把自己的外套脱下来,给自己冻得发抖的孩子披上。

  8.C 没过多久,这位母亲自己也冻得瑟瑟发抖。这里用shake表示“发抖”,与前面的shivering呼应,而freeze表示“冻僵”,不符合语境叙述的排队买东西的场景。

  9.C 从语境和选项判断选C“犹豫,迟疑”:看见这番情景,Carl Fenter迟疑片刻,将自己的外套脱下来,递给这位母亲。

  10.A 面对这样的情景,这位母亲当然是非常感激,而不是B.让人尊敬的C.绝望的D.羞愧的。

  11.A 当队伍开始向前移动(玉米粉蒸肉终于出锅了),微笑的人们带着热腾腾的玉米粉蒸肉走出店铺,他们一起欢呼雀跃。

  12.D 前面的人群终于散尽,轮到他购买了。

  13.D 他走进店铺,向柜台慢慢地挪过去。shoulder one’s way挤着(人群)前进,force one’s way用力挤过去,feel one’s way摸索着走,inch one’s way小心地、慢慢地挪动。显然这里选D表示慢慢地往前挪动,符合人们排队买东西时的场景。

  14.B 他在寒风中排队等待了很长时间,轮到他买的时候,玉米粉蒸肉却卖完了,此时的他当然很沮丧,因此选B。No way用来表示惊讶或不相信,意为“不会吧!不可能!”。

  15.A 他后面还有人在排队,因此选A。他在抱怨的时候,身后其他排队等候的人也跟着一起抱怨。line up“排除等待”,符合语境。wait up一般指“熬夜等待”。

  16.B 此处表示转折含义,虽然这一炉玉米粉蒸肉卖完了,可是你要是再等两个小时,还有最后一炉。

  17.C 表示“在多长时间之后”用介词in。

  18.C 从下文可知,他还要回教堂悬挂传统的圣诞灯,因此用have to表示“不得不,必须”。

  19.A 这个女士对他先前的帮助心存感激,因此选A,“至少我能为你做这点事(报答你)”。

  20.B 从故事情节的发展看,本题选B表示“恰好,确切地,准确地”:正好在圣诞前夕的中午,那位女士把玉米粉蒸肉给他家送来了。A、D项语序不对,C项“准确地,精密地”。


  【语篇解读】 本文通过对几个研究的描述,介绍了消费者付小费的多少会受到哪些因素的影响。

  1.D 由第二段第二、三句可知,除服务本身外,侍者的语言选用、举止、账单的数目甚至侍者自己提醒消费者应付多少小费,都会影响消费者最终付小费的额度。

  2.C 由第四段最后一句可知答案。

  3.D 由倒数第二段可知,账单数目越大,小费比例越小,当账单达到$100以上时,小费比例基本稳定。由此可知D项正确。

  4.D 本文通过几个研究的结果来告诉我们影响付小费额度的因素,由此可知,作者对两位研究人员的研究成果是支持的。

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