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高一英语复习资料:人教版下期末考试卷及答案

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一下学期期末考试

  英语试题

  (本试卷共分四部分;满分150分。考试时间120分钟。)

  注意事项:

  1.答卷前, 考生必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔 将自己的 姓名、 考生号 及 右上角的 “座位号”填写在答题卷上。

  2.选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上。

  3.非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区域内相应位置上; 如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

  4.考生必须保持答题卷的整洁。

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分35分) 略

  第二部分:语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:完形填空(共10小题;每小题2分,共20分)  阅读下面短文,

  掌握其大意, 然后从21~30各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  Many people of my generation(代,一代) say that there is no hope for the future because of the way that 21 people behave today.

  Their first argument(论点) is that when we were young we used to look after the 22 people in our community and help them. They also say that young people today don’t 23 about anything or anyone. However, I think the reason why we looked after older people was that we had no 24 . People had to live with their 25 and grandparents because they had no money. Young people today earn more and have more 26 to live where they want.

  Their second argument is that in our day we didn’t expect to be given jobs ---and that young people now don’t look for jobs, but just complain(抱怨) about 27 . On the other hand, things were easier in the past and it was always easy to get a job if you had friends and contacts(关系). It is really 28 today.

  In conclusion I think there is hope for the 29 . This generation, like generations before them, has new 30 as well as old problems. If they learn from our mistakes the world will be a better place in future.

  21. A. young B. oldC. other D. our

  22. A. old B. olderC. elder D. eldest

  23. A. know B. careC. complain D. look

  24. A. money B. freedomC. choice D. help

  25. A. friends B. childrenC. grandchildren D. parents

  26. A. freedom B. moneyC. reasons D. hope

  27. A. future B. wagesC. work D. unemployment

  28. A. easier B. harderC. impossible D. possible

  29. A. young B. oldC. future D. generation

  30. A. opportunities B. hopesC. future D. world

  第二节:语法结构(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文, 根据上下文填入适当的词语, 或使用括号中的词语的适当形式填空,并将答案填在答题卡上标号为31~40的相应位置。

  Finishing their shopping at the supermarket, a middle-aged couple discovered their new car 31 (steal). They filed a report 32 the police station and a detective drove them 33 to the parking lot(停车场)to look for evidence.

  To their 34 (amaze), the car had been returned 35 there was a note in it that said: “I apologize for taking your car. My wife was having a baby and I had to send her to the hospital as soon as possible. Please forget the 36 (convenient). There are two tickets 37 tonight"s Rowan Atkinson concert.”

  Their faith in humanity restored(恢复). The couple attended 38 concert. But when they returned home, they 39 (immediate) found that their house had been ransacked (洗劫). On the bathroom mirror was 40 note: “I have to put my kid through college somehow(设法), don"t I?”

  第三部分:阅读(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  We are all called upon to make a speech at some point in life, but most of us don’t do a very good job. This article gives some suggestions on how to give an effective speech.



  So, you have to give a speech — and you are terrified. You get nervous, you forget what you want to say, you stumble over words, you talk too long, and you bore your audience. Later you think, “Thank Goodness, it’s over. I’m just not good at public speaking. I hope I never have to do that again.”

  Cheep up! It doesn’t have to be that bad. Here are some simple steps to take the pain out of speech making. Ask yourself the purpose of your speech. What is the occasion? Why are you speaking? Then, gather as many facts as you can on your subject. Spend plenty of your time doing your research. Then spend plenty of your time organizing your material so that your speech is clear and easy to follow. Use as many examples as possible, and use pictures, charts, and graphs if they help you make your points more clearly. Never forget your audience. Don’t talk over their heads, and don’t talk down to them. Treat your audience with respect. They will appreciate your thoughtfulness.

  Just remember: Be prepared. Know your subject, your audience, and the occasion. Be brief. Say what you have to say and then stop. And be yourself. Let your personality come through so that you make person-to-person contact with your audience.

  If you follow these simple steps, you will see that you don’t have to be afraid of public speaking. In fact, you may find the experience so enjoyable that you volunteer to make more speeches! You’re not convinced yet? Give it a try and see what happens.

  41.The main idea of this article is .

  A.that you can improve your speaking ability B.that a poor speaker can never change

  C.to always make a short speech D.that it is hard to make a speech

  42.Paragraph 2 implies that .

  A.many people are afraid of giving a speech B. many people are happy to give a speech

  C.many people don’t prepare for a speech D. many people talk too long

  43.The phrase “talk over their heads” means .

  A.speak too loudlyB. look at the ceiling

  C.look down upon themD. use words and ideas that are too difficult

  44.All of the following statements are TRUE except .

  A.few people know how to make good speeches

  B.a lecturer does not need to organize his speech

  C.research is important in preparing a speech

  D.there are simple steps you can take to improve your speaking ability

  45.The title for this passage may be .

  A.Do Not Make a Long SpeechB.How to Give a Good Speech

  C.How to Prepare for a SpeechD.Try to Enjoy a Speech

  B

  The eastern Indonesian Island of Komodo is proving a hit with adventurous tourists eager to catch a glance of the world’s largest lizard species. The island is the home of the huge lizard called the Komodo dragon.

  A later species of the Jurassic period dinosaurs 130 million years ago, the Komodo dragon is in danger and has been placed under protection by the Indonesian government.

  The huge lizard is called “Buaya Darat” by the local people who show great respect for the species. Tales handed down over generations of islanders speak of the dragon warning people of getting close to crocodiles.

  The animal can reach a length of three meters when fully grown, gain a weight of about 135 kilograms and may live to an age of about 100 years. It digs a hole in the ground as deep as 9 meters and lay eggs---up to 30 at a time---that hatch in April or May. The newly hatched lizards, about 45 centimeters long, live in trees for several months.

  Komodo dragons have been known to eat smaller members of the species and sometimes even other grown-ups. The Komodo dragon was first discovered in 1912 by a group of fishermen who protected themselves from a storm in the Banda Sea on the island.

  Various species of the Komodo dragons are also found in Asia, Australia and Africa, but it is only on Komodo and the western tip of the neighboring island of Flores that they grow up to three meters long.

  46. The message is mainly about .

  A.the largest crocodile in the worldB. the story of a dragon in Indonesia

  C.a kind of huge lizard---the Komodo dragon

  D. how the Komodo dragon was found and protected

  47. Newly-born Komodo dragons .

  A. dig very deep holes

  B. are hatched in cold weather

  C. are 30 centimeters long and weigh 45 kilograms

  D. spend their first few months living in trees

  48. Today Komodo dragons .



  A. are protected by the local government

  B. are hunted by Komodo fishermen

  C. join in a special hatching program

  D. live only on the Komodo Island

  49. According to the passage, Komodo dragons .

  A.are 9 meters long and live up to 80 years

  B.are 3 meters long and live up to 100 years

  C.weigh up to 135 kilograms and are 9 meters long

  D.weigh 45 kilograms and live up to 135 years

  50. The local people have great respect for the Komodo dragon because they believe ___

  A.the dragon can prevent them from being attacked by crocodiles

  B.the dragon has special curing power

  C.the dragon is in great danger of dying out in its hometown

  D.it takes thousands of years for the dinosaurs to become dragons

  C

  CBC is a famous air company which has over twenty planes carrying passengers and goods, flying along 12 fixed lines all over the world. Its service is very good but some passengers are still not satisfied with it and that is why in 2003 and 2004 the company received letters of complaints from consumers or passengers who pointed out over a dozen kinds of problems which are divided in groups in the following table. Those about passengers’ things carried by the plane are Baggage problems. Customer service refers to service work with passengers are not satisfied with. Over -sales of seats are about the fact that more seats are sold and as a result the plane is too crowded to be safe. Refund problems appear when passengers fail to receive the money paid back to them because of what they have lost. Fares are problems about the price of tickets.

  Consumer Complaints Received By the CBC

  Category(种类)20032004

  Flight problems20.2%22.1%

  Baggage18.3%21.8%

  Customer service3.1%11.3%

  Over-sales of seats10.5%11.8%

  Refund problems10.1%8.1%

  Fares6.4%6.0%

  Reservation & Ticketing5.8%5.6%

  Tours3.3%2.3%

  Smoking3.2%2.9%

  Advertising1.2%1.01%

  Credit1.0%0.8%

  Special passengers0.9%0.9%

  Others6.0%5.3%

  Total Number of Complaints2,9881,792

  51.About how many complaints about Credit were received by the CBC in 2003?

  A.28B.29C.30D.31

  52.By about what percent did the total number of complaints decrease from 2003 to 2004?

  A.40%B.60%C.75%D.100%

  53.If the circle graphs below show total consumer complaints for 2003, which graph shows a dark part that is about Flight problems and Refund problems together?

  54.Which of the following statements can be inferred from the table?

  a. In 2003 and in 2004, complaints about Flight problem, Baggage, and Customer service

  together took about 50 percent of all consumer complaints received by the CBC Company.

  b. The number of special passengers complaints was unchanged from 2003 to 2004.

  c. From 2003 to 2004 the number of Flight problem complaints increased by more than 2 percent.

  A.only aB.only bC.a and bD.a and c



  55.From the passage we can know that .

  A.customers are not satisfied with CBC

  B.sometimes CBC sells more tickets than its plane’s fixed seats

  C.CBC has more than twenty planes which fly to all the capital cities of the world

  D.customers can only buy tickets with ready money

  第二节:信息匹配:(共5小题,每题2分,满分10分)

  下面是一篇应用文及其应用场合的信息,请阅读下列应用文和相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余的。

  首先,请阅读下列广告语:

  A. “Just do it!” — This slogan (口号) speaks out to teens. It tells them to do something, but only if they think it’s worth it. And if so, why not do it wearing Nike?

  B. “Always Coca-Cola.” — Coke’s slogans change every few years, but this one has enjoyed a lasting popularity because it shows the brand’s spirit. It seems to say “Coke is the only drink there is; there are no other forms of drink.”

  C. “Share moments, share life.” — This slogan from Kodak connects photos and beauty. It asks people to remember the happy moments in life by taking photos of them — using Kodak film of course!

  D. On hearing the slogan “Make yourself heard”, you will know there is Ericsson product for you to call anyone.

  E. There are some public service advertisements (PSAs) that educate people about public service projects, such as Project Hope. Its slogan is “Project Hope — Schooling every child.”

  F. One toothpaste ad says “Bright-teeth fights bad breath!” The advertisers want you to read the word “fight” and think that the toothpaste cures bad breath.

  请阅读以下购买者的信息,然后匹配购买者和他/她拟购买产品的广告语:

  Jack passed the entrance exam and was admitted to a famous university. These days, his father is looking for a mobile phone for him so as to keep in touch with each other closely.

  Tom was a senior middle school student. He likes sports very much and plays football every afternoon. But after class this afternoon he has to buy a pair of shoes because his shoes have been worn out.

  There’s a party this evening — for Mary’s 15th birthday. Her family are making preparations for it. Her brother’s job is to buy some drink.

  Joan doesn’t want to forget the past, especially the happy moments.

  Alice is afraid of opening her mouth, because a bad smell will come out, which makes her feel embarrassed when talking with others. So she needs something which can remove the smell no matter how much it is.

  购买者 广告语

  56. JackA. Just do it!

  57. TomB. Always Coca-Cola.

  58. MaryC. Share moments, share life.

  59. JoanD. Make yourself heard.

  60. AliceE. Project Hope — Schooling every child.

  F. Bright-teeth fights bad breath!

  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节基础写作(共1小题,满分15分) 上周,我们以“谁是你的偶像”

  为题, 在2600名学生中进行了一次调查(survey)。 以下是调查数据:

  偶 像 (idol) 女 生 男 生

  伟 人 18 % 18 %

  父 母 25 % 11 %

  影视明星 50 % 14 %

  体育明星 6 % 48 %

  (没有偶像) 1 % 9 %

  [写作内容]

  根据以上数据,写一篇短文,包括以下内容:

  1.调查时间、调查问题以及调查对象;

  2.男女生在以明星为偶像方面的差异;

  3.“父母”在男女生偶像中的排序差异;

  4.男女生在以伟人为偶像方面的异同;

  5.你的偶像及理由。



  [写作要求]

  1.只能使用5个句子表达全部内容;

  2.文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

  [评分标准] 句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  第二节:读写任务(满分25分)

  阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

  Throughout history man has changed his physical environment in order to improve his way of life. With the tools of technology he has altered(改变)many physical features(特征)of the earth. He has transformed(完全改变) woodlands and prairies(大草原) into farms and made lakes and reservoirs(水库) out of rivers for irrigation purposes or hydroelectric power(发电站). Man has also modified(修改) the face of the earth by draining marshes(排干沼泽) and cutting through mountains to build roads and railways.

  However, man"s changes to the physical environment have not always had beneficial(有利的)results. Today, pollution of the air and water is an increasing danger to the health of the planet. Each day thousands of tons of gases come out of the exhausts of motor vehicles. Smoke from factories pollutes the air of industrialized areas and the surrounding areas of the countryside. The pollution of water is equally harmful. The whole ecological(生态的) balance of the sea is being changed and industrial wastes have already made many rivers lifeless.

  Now environmental protection is more pressing than ever before. As we know, massive destruction(毁灭)of environment has brought about negative effects and even poses a great threat (威胁)to man"s existence. Indifference to these problems will mean committing suicide. Therefore, effective measures should be taken and laws passed to conserve(保护) environment. Otherwise, man is certain to suffer from the serious consequences(后果)caused by this lack of care for his living surroundings.

  [写作内容]

  以约30个词概括短文的要点;然后以约120个词就“如何保护地球环境”

  这一主题发表看法,并包括如下要点:

  a) 作业应正、反面纸都使用,不要浪费纸张;

  b) 尽可能不使用一次性物品,提倡循环使用;

  c) 应根据自己实际饭量买饭,避免剩饭剩菜造成浪费;

  d) 破旧衣服可以继续使用,既节约又不给环境增加污染源。

  [写作要求] 可以使用实例或其它论述方法支持你的论点,也可以参照阅读

  材料的内容,但不得直接引用原文中的句子。

  [评分标准] 概括准确、语言规范、内容合适,篇章连贯。

  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

  高一下学期期末考试

  参 考 答 案 及 评 分 标 准

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分35分)略

  第二部分:语言知识及应用(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:完形填空(共10小题,每小题2分,共20分)

  21~25 ABBCD26~30 ADBCA

  第二节:语法结构(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  31. stolen /had been stolen 32. at 33. back 34. amazement 35. and

  36. inconvenience 37. for 38. the 39. immediately 40. another

  第三部分:阅读(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节:阅读理解(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

  41~45. AADBB46~50. CDABA51~55. CADAB

  第二节:信息匹配:(共5小题,每题2分,满分10分)56~60 DABCF

  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节:基础写作(满分15分)

  Last week, we did a survey among 2,600 students on “Who Is Your Idol”. The survey shows that half of the girls choose film and TV stars as idols, while 48% of the boys prefer sports stars. As the data shows, “parents” rank the second for the girls, but the forth for the boys. However, the percentage of the boys choosing “great figures” is the same as that of the girls. As for me, Thomas Edison is my idol because his inventions have greatly changed our life.

  第二节:读写任务型写作(满分25分)

  Although human has improved his living standard by altering the features of the earth, which has brought many benefits as well as harms to the environment. As a result, the environmental protection is more pressing than ever before.

  The pollution to the earth are made up of at least seven items, such as paper, plastic, glass, clothes and food waste. Some of them can be reduced by reducing the amount of it or by giving them to some other people who need them. Some of them can be changed to be other things which can be used for another purpose.

  Students in our school can also take some actions to reduce the pollution against the earth. We may try to save some paper by writing on both sides of the paper and write smaller words. We may try to use things to be reused instead of things to be used only once. In order not to increase food waste, we should get our meal according to how much we can have. For worn-out clothes, we should get them mended and keep wearing them so that we can save our money as well as reduce the resource of waste and pollution.

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