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高一英语复习资料:阅读理解测试题及参考答案

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  [精题分解]:阅读理解(2)(同步类)

  生活类

  1(湖南省凤凰华鑫中学高一第一次月考)Do you love holidays but hate the increase weight that follows? You are not alone.

  Holidays are happy days with pleasure and delicious foods. Many people, however, are worried about the weight that comes along with these delicious foods.

  With proper planning, though, it is possible to control your weight. The idea is to enjoy the holidays but not to eat too much. You don"t have to turn away from the foods that you enjoy. The following suggestions may be of some help to you.

  Do not miss meals. Before yon leave home for a feast(宴会),have a small, low-fat snack(小吃). This may help to keep you from getting too excited before delicious foods. Begin with clear soup and fruit or vegetables. A large glass of water before you eat may help you feel full. Use a small plate; a large plate will encourage you to have more than enough.

  Better not have high-fat foods. Dishes that look oily or creamy have much fat in them.

  Choose lean meat(瘦肉 ).Fill your plate with salad and green vegetables.

  If you have a sweet tooth, try mints (薄荷) and fruits. They don’t have fat content as cream and chocolate.

  Don’t let exercise take a break during the holidays. A 20-minute walk after a meal can help burn off excess(过多的) calories.

  66. Holidays are happy days with pleasure but they may ______

  A. bring weight problemsB. bring you much trouble in your life

  C. make you worried about your foodsD. make you hate delicious foods

  67. In order to really enjoy your holidays without putting on weight, you"d better__

  A. drink much water and have vegetables only B. not eat the food in high fat

  C. not accept invitations to feasts D. turn away from delicious foods

  68. According to the passage, ___ is a necessary part to stop you from putting on weight.

  A. vegetables B. water C. calories of energy D. physical exercise

  69. Many people can"t help putting on weight after the holidays because they _______ .

  A. can"t control themselves B. go to too many feasts

  C. enjoy delicious foods D. can"t help turning away from the foods

  70. Excess calories can be found in your body in the form of___ .

  A. energy B. fat C. food D. something invisible (看不见)

  66—70 ABDAB

  2Jenny went to visit her friends in New York last weekend. Her friends met her at the airport on Friday afternoon and drove her to the hotel. They had dinner at a Chinese restaurant and went to see a film after that.

  Jenny and her friends set out early on Saturday morning for a farm and stayed there until Sunday morning. During their stay, they went fishing and swimming in the small river on the farm. They played football in the field and enjoyed a big meal around a camp fire(篝火), singing and dancing till late into the night.

  Nobody could get up early on Sunday morning. So when they got back to New York City, it was about three o’clock in the afternoon. They drove right to the airport because Jenny didn’t want to miss her plane back home. Jenny on ly stayed in New York for two nights but she had a great time with her friends.

  56.Jenny went to New York________.

  A.to do some shopping B.to see her friends

  C.to spend her summer holiday D.to find a job

  57.How did Jenny get to New York?

  A.By train.B.By bus.

  C.By plane. D.On foot.

  58.Where did Jenny and her friends go on Saturday?

  A.To the farm. B.To the Chinese restaurant.

  C.To the airport. D.To the railway station.

  59.When did Jenny go back home?

  A.On Saturday afternoon. B.On Sunday morning.

  C.On Saturday evening. D.On Sunday afternoon.

  3Many teenagers(青少年) feel that the most important people in their lives are their friends. They believe that their family members don’t know them as well as their friends do. In large families, it is quite often for brothers and sisters to fight with each other and then they can only go to their friends for some ideas.

  It is very important for teenagers to have one good friend or a group of friends. Even when they are not with their friends, they usually spend a lot of time talking among themselves on the phone. This communication (交际) is very important in children’s growing up, because friends can discuss (讨论) something. These things are difficult to say to their family members.

  However, parents often try to choose their children friends for them. Some parents may even stop their children from meeting their good friends. Have you ever thought of the following questions?

  Who chooses your friends?

  Do you choose your friends or your friends choose you?

  Have you got a good friend your parents don’t like?

  Your answers are welcome.

  60.Many teenagers think that ____ can under¬stand them better.

  A.friends B.brothers

  C.sisters D.parents

  61.When teenagers have something difficult to say to their parents,

  they usually____.

  A.stay alone at home B.fight with their parents

  C.discuss it with their friends

  D.go to their brothers and sisters for help

  62.The sentence (句子) “Your answers are wel¬come.” means _______.

  A.You are welcome to discuss the questions with us

  B.We’ve got no idea, so your answers are welcome

  C.Your answers are always right

  D.You can give us all the right answers

  63.Which of the following is the writer’s attitude(态度)?

  A.Parents should choose friends for their children.

  B.Children should choose everything they like.

  C.Parents should understand their children better.

  D.Teenagers should only go to their friends for help.

  4、

  To: Jenny@ comp mail. ca From: Li-Ming@ yahoo, com

  Subject: Autumn! Date: 29 /09 8: 02 PM

  Hello, Jenny!

  I love autumn! Mid-autumn Festival is this week. We will watch the moon tonight, and look for Chang’e and Wu Gang. My mother bought moon cakes, and I have eaten many of them!

  National Day is also in the autumn, on October 1. My mother and father will not have to work for three days! We will do many things together, I like going to the National Day celebration(庆祝).

  The best thing in autumn is my birthday; I will be fifteen years old.

  Good-bye!

  Li Ming

  To: Li-Ming@yahoo.com From: Jenny@ compmail. ca

  Subject: Thanksgiving Date: 29/09 9:12 PM

  Dear Li Ming,

  Thank you for your e-mail! I love autumn, too. In Canada, we have an autumn holiday called Thanksgiving. Families always celebrate Thanksgiving together. I will go to my grandmother and grandfather’s house. My uncles, aunts and their children will be there, too.

  Canadian Thanksgiving is in early October. In the U.S., they celebrate Thanks-giving in late November.

  Have a good time on your birthday, Li Ming! On my birthday, I have a cake with candles. Everyone sings ‘Happy Birthday’. Then I blow out the candles! Will you have cake on your birthday?

  Your friend ,

  Jenny

  68.Americans celebrate Thanksgiving __ later than Canadians.

  A.one month B.less than two months

  C.two months D.more than two months

  69.What do Canadians usually do in Thanksgiving?

  A.Eat cakes.B.Stay together.

  C.Watch the moon. D.Sing the song.

  70.What must Li Ming and Jenny use when they wrote to each other?

  A. Pens. B.Paper.

  C. Computers.D.Telephones.

  5、 (江苏省姜堰市溱潼中学高一10月月考)We all long for friendship, but how to make a friend? “The best time to make a friend is before you need one.” Joy Steven said. The following are some tips for you.

  People equal friends

  Friends usually begin with strangers. Getting in touch with other people is the first step to make a friend. Friends can’t be made in empty air. Best friends take time to make.

  Friends understand friends

  Friends understand each other when talking. Many unpleasant personal quarrels can be avoided if you will take the time to understand others’ feelings and points of view.

  Friends touch friends

  Touching is a warm from of communication between friends. When you see best friends communicating, you will notice them stand close together, touch each other comfortably and listen to each other. Sometimes a friendly touch is more powerful than words.

  Friends praise friends

  Praise is a powerful tool to make a friend. Honest praise can affect (影响) your friends’ lives. So try to praise your friends, including your general ones.

  Friends can loyal (忠诚的) and trustworthy

  Trust and loyalty go hand in hand for friends. Friends can share secrets with you, because good friends never break confidence (信心) and are loyal forever.

  59. From Joy Steven’s words, we can conclude that ________

  A. a friend in need is a friend indeed

  B. it is never too late to make a friend

  C. it is late to make a friend when you need one

  D. everyone needs a friend in his life

  60. To make and keep many friends, you need to do the following EXCEPT ___________.

  A. get in touch with people

  B. understand your friends

  C. praise your friends

  D. quarrel with your friends

  61. The passage mainly tells us ______________.

  A. how to communicate with a friend

  B. how to develop friendship

  C. when to make a friend

  D. how to praise a friend

  59. 【解析】C 依据第一段Joy Steven的话The best time to make a friend is before you need one判断答案。

  60. 【解析】D 朋友之间的争吵是不可避免的,但未必是必须的。更为重要的是,D项在文中找不到依据。

  61. 【解析】B 虽然A、C、D项在文中都提到了,但属于枝节信息,而B项是文章谈论的主旨。

  6(江苏省姜堰市溱潼中学高一10月月考) Living and dealing with kids can be a tough job these days, but living and dealing with parents can be even tougher.

  If I have learned anything in my 16 years, it is that communication is very important, both when you disagree and when you get along. With any relationship, you need to let other person know how you are feeling. If you are not able to communicate, you drift apart. When you are mad at your parents, or anyone else, not talking to them doesn’t solve anything.

  Communication begins with the concerns (关心) of another. It means that you can’t just come home from school, go up to your room and ignore (不理睬) everyone. Even if you just say “Hi”, and see how their day was for five minutes, it is better than nothing.

  If you looked up the word “communication” in a dictionary, it would say “the exchange of ideas, the conveyance (表达)of information, correspondence (通信), means of communication: a letter or a message”. To maintain (保持) a good relationship, you must keep communication strong. Let people know how you feel, even if it’s just by writing a note.

  When dealing with parents, you always have to make them feel good about how they are doing as a parent. If you are trying to make them see something as you see it, tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you. Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse.

  This is an example: one night, Sophie went to a street party with her friends. She knew she had to be home by midnight after the fireworks, but she didn’t feel she could just ask to go home. That would be rude. After all, they had been nice enough to take her along with them. Needless to say, she was late getting home. Her parents were mad at first, not when Sophie explained why she was late, they weren’t as mad and let the incident go. Communication is the key factor here. If Sophie’s parents had not been willing to listen, Sophie would have been in a lot of trouble.



  Communication isn’t a one-way deal: it goes both ways. Just remember: if you get into a situation like Sophie’s, telling the other person how you feel-listening is the key factor to communication.

  66. In the writer’s view, dealing with parents is __________ than with children.

  A. more difficultB. easier

  C. more uninterestingD. more interesting

  67. The main idea of the second paragraph is __________.

  A. the importance of friendship

  B. to make your feeling known to others

  C. the importance of communication

  D. the disagreement between generations

  68. When parents and children are in communication, the key to a happy relationship is that __________.

  A. children should always obey their parents

  B. they should be equal

  C. parents play the leading part

  D. both make the opposite know their feelings

  69. The example in this passage proves that ___________.

  A. Sophie’s parents are willing to listen to her

  B. Sophie is very polite to her parents

  C. Sophie did well in explaining her being late

  D. communication is the solution(解决办法) to misunderstanding

  70. All the following statements are correct except “_______”.

  A. If you don’t agree with others, you’d better let them know

  B. It is better to say “Hi” to others than say nothing

  C. If you are not able to communicate, walk away

  D. Communication is a two-way deal

  66. 【解析】A 依据文章第一段判断答案为A。

  67. 【解析】C 第二段的主题句为communication is very important。

  78. 【解析】B 从第五段的叙述,特别是tell them that you’ll listen to what they have to say, but ask them politely to listen to you可以看出,作者认为与父母亲的交流重要的是平等。

  69. 【解析】D 文章首先论述了交流的重要性以及交流是消除误解、解决问题的方法,接着举例证明自己的观点。

  70. 【解析】C 依据Yelling or walking away only makes the situation worse判断C项错误。

  7(江苏省启东中学高一第一次月考)It feels like every time my mother and I start to have a conversation, it turns into an argument. We talk about something as simple as dinner plans and suddenly, my mother will push the conversation into World War III. She’ll talk about my lack of a bright future because I don’t plan to be a doctor. And much to her disappointment, I don’t want to do any job related to science, either. In fact, when I was pushed to say that I planned to major(主修) in English and communications, she nearly had a heart attack.

  “Why can’t you be like my co-worker’s son?” she bemoans all the time. Her co-worker’s son received a four-year scholarship and is now earning 70,000 dollars a year as an engineer. I don’t know what to answer except that I simply can’t be like Mr. Perfect as I’ve called the unnamed co-worker’s son. I can’t be like him. I’m the type of person who loves to help out in the community, write until the sun goes down, and most of all, wants to achieve a career because I love it, not because of fame (名声) or salary.

  I understand why my mother is worried about my future major. I’ve seen my mother struggle to raise me on her small salary and work long hours. She leaves the house around 6:30 am and usually comes home around 5 pm or even 6 pm. However, I want her to know that by becoming a doctor, it doesn’t mean I’ll be successful. I’d rather follow my dreams and create my own future.

  65. Which of the following topics do the writer and his mother often talk about?

  A. The writer’s studies. B. The writer’s future job

  C. Dinner plans D. Wars around the world

  66. We can infer from Paragraph 1 that the writer’s mother ____________.

  A. doesn’t want the writer to major in English

  B. doesn’t think the writer should be a doctor

  C. gets along very well with the writer

  D. doesn’t think working in the science field is a good idea

  67. The underlined word “bemoans” in Paragraph 2 most probably means _____________.

  A. agrees B. shouts C. complains D. smiles

  68. Which of following statements is probable TRUE about the writer?

  A. He wants to be like his mother’s co-worker’s son.

  B. He wants to find a job in his community in the future.

  C. He doesn’t think his mother’s co-worker’s son is perfect.

  D. He wants to do something he really likes in the future.

  BACD

  8(江苏省启东中学高一第一次月考)Everybody is afraid of something. That’s what more than 1,700 kids told us when we asked them about fears and scary stuff. We gave kids a list of 14 scary things and asked which one frightened them most. Here are the top 5 answers from our survey (调查): ①Scary movies and TV shows; ②Scary dreams; ③Thunderstorms, hurricanes (飓风), and other horrible weather; ④War and terrorism (恐怖行动); ⑤Sounds heard at night.

  But not everyone is afraid of the same thing. And what makes one person scared can be of no big deal for someone else. Plenty of kids said their biggest fear wasn’t on our list.

  What is fear?

  Fear is a feeling that everyone has — it’s programmed into all of us — and that’s a good thing because fear is there to protect us. We’re born with a sense of fear so we can react to something that could be dangerous. The baby cries, and their mom comes over to comfort him or her, helping the baby feel safe and OK again.

  Real vs. Pretend

  The best way to get over a fear is to get more information about it. As kids get older, they understand more and start seeing the difference between what is real and unreal. So when William’s imagination leads him to think of witches, he can tell himself, “Wait a minute. They’re only pretend things. I don’t need to worry about them.”

  The same goes for the dark. A kid’s imagination can start playing tricks when the lights go out. What’s under my bed? Is that a thief I hear? With the help of a parent, kids can get more comfortable in the dark. Using a nightlight or shining a flashlight under the bed to see that there’s nothing there can help kids fight that fear.

  73. What is paragraph 2 mainly about?

  A. The list of fears is not complete. B. The things people fear are of no big fear.

  C. Kids have more fears than people think. D. People are afraid of different things.

  74. In the writer’s opinion, ___________.

  A. having a sense of fear is not a bad thing

  B. babies have a weak sense of fear

  C. fear is not something that we are born with

  D. not all people can react to dangerous things

  75. What does the underlined word “pretend” in paragraph 4 mean?

  A. Ugly B. Usual C. Unreal D. Lovely

  DAC

  9(江西省安福高一第一次月考)Too many people want others to be their friends, but they don’t give friendship back. That is why some friendships don’t last very long. To have a friend, you must learn to treat your friend the way you want your friend to treat you. Learning to be a good friend means learning three rules: be honest; be generous (宽宏大量的);be understanding.

  Honesty is where a good friendship starts. Friends must be able to trust one another. If you don’t tell the truth, people usually find out. If a friend finds out that you haven’t been honest, you may lose your friend’s trust. Good friends always count on one another to speak and act honestly.

  Generosity means sharing and sharing makes a friendship grow. You don’t have to give your lunch money or your clothes, or enjoy, like our hobbies and your interests. Naturally you will want to share your ideas and feelings. These can be very valuable to a friend. They tell your friend what is important to you. By sharing them you help your friend know you better.

  Sooner or later everyone needs understanding and help with a problem. Something may go wrong at school. Talking about the problem can make it easier to solve . Turning to a friend can be a first step in solving the problem. So to be a friend you must listen and understand. You must try to put yourself in your friend’s place so you can understand the problem better.

  No two friendships are ever exactly alike (相同). But all true friendships have three things in common. If you plan to keep your friendships, you must practice honesty. Generosity and understanding.

  56. Some friendships don’t last very long because .

  A. there are too many people who want to make friends.

  B. they don’t know friendship is something serious

  C. those who give others friendships receive friendships from others

  D. those who never give others friendships receive no friendship from others

  57. According to the passage , honesty is .

  A. as important as money B. more important than anything else

  C. something countable D. the base of a friendship

  58. Which of the following is NOT true in the passage?

  A. A friend who gives you his lunch money is a true friend.

  B. Always tell your friend the truth.

  C. Discussing your problems with your friend often helps to solve the problem.

  D. Sharing your mind with your friend is of great value.

  59. According to the author, how do you help your friend know you better?

  A. Ask your friend for everything

  B. Don’t tell the truth to your friend

  C. Share your ideas and feelings with your friend

  D. Give your lunch money or your clothes to your friend.

  60. The best title of this passage is .

  A. A Friend in Need Is a Friend Indeed B. Honesty Is the Best Habit

  C. How to Be a Friend D. Three Important Points in Life

  DDACC

  科学知识类

  1(湖南龙山皇仓中学高一9月月考)If English means endless new words, difficult grammar and sometimes strange pronunciation, you are wrong. Haven’t you noticed that you have become smarter since you started to learn a language?



  According to a new study by a British university, learning a second language can lead to an increase in your brain power. Researchers found that learning other languages changes grey matter. This is the area of the brain which processes information. It is similar to the way that exercise builds muscles.

  The study also found the effect is greater when the younger people learn a second language. A team led by Dr. Andrea Mechelli, from University College London, took a group of Britons who only spoke English. They were compared with a group of “early bilinguals” who had learnt a second language before the age of five, as well as a number of later learners.

  Scans showed that grey matter density (密度) in the brain was greater in bilinguals than in people without a second language. But the longer a person waited before mastering a new language, the smaller the difference.

  “Our findings suggest that the structure of the brain is changed by the experience of learning a second language,” said the scientists.

  It means that the change itself increases the ability to learn.

  Professor Dylan Vaughan Jones of the University of Wales, has researched the link between bilingualism and maths skills. “Having two languages gives you two windows on the world and makes the brain more flexible (灵活的),” he said. “You are actually going beyond language and have a better understanding of different ideas.”

  The findings were matched in a study of native Italian speakers who had learned English as a second language between the ages of two and thirty-four. Reading, writing, and comprehension were all tested. The results showed that the younger they started to learn, the better. “Studying a language means you get an entrance to another world,” explained the scientists.

  56.The main subject talked about in this passage is ________.

  A. science on learning a second language B. man’s ability of learning a second language

  C. that language can help brain power D. language learning and maths study

  57. The underlined word “bilingual” probably means _______.

  A. a researcher on language learning B. a second language learner

  C. a person who can speak two languages D. an active language learner

  58. We may know from the scientific findings that ________.

  A. the earlier you start to learn a second language, the higher the grey matter density is

  B. there is no difference between a later second language learner and one who doesn’t know a second language

  C. the experience of learning a second language has bad effect on people’s brain

  D. the ability of learning a second language is changing all the time

  59. In the last two paragraphs, the author wants to tell us that _________.

  A. learning a second language is the same as studying maths

  B. early learning of a second language helps you a great deal in studying other subjects

  C. Italian is the best choice for you as a second language

  D. you’d better choose the ages between 2 and 34 to learn a second language

  2(湖南龙山皇仓中学高一9月月考)In today’s Internet age, the demand for online games continues to grow. Online computer game centers exist in many cities and towns throughout Asia. Facing the pressures of school and life, people tend to the virtual world, expecting a diversion from these problems. Too often, however, they can lead to problems and unhealthy addictions.

  This is most clearly seen in the example of South Korea. The country has the world’s highest percentage of high-speed Internet services. It also has a high number of online game players and related problems. In 2002, a young man collapsed(突然晕倒) and died while playing online games. He had been playing almost nonstop for 86 hours at an Internet café. Another young man killed his sister after becoming confused between the online world and real life. A 12-year-old boy stole US $ 16,000 from his father and ran away from home. He did this to continue his obsession(着迷) with an online game. Such problems, however, don’t just happen in South Korea. They are spreading to other parts of Asia, as well.

  What kinds of people develop online game addiction? What does the problem look like? Dr. SueHuei Chen, a clinical psychologist, researches Internet addiction. She discovered some signs of at-risk individuals such as lack friendships and good social skills. Those problem individuals feel it so compulsive to play online games that they could sacrifice things such as school or family. They feel the need to spend more and more time online. And they become upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

  How many problem game players are there? In mainland China, the potential number of problem online gamers is alarming. In 2004, the China daily reported that China had 13.8 million online game players. Furthermore, it stated that 80 percent of these were under 25 and had signs of addiction. Such numbers point toward a growing problem among Chinese youth.

  Make sure to keep control over your online game playing. If you don’t control it, it can get control of you.

  68.What is mainly discussed in the passage?

  A.The disadvantages of the Internet.

  B.The online game problems in Asia.

  C.The popularity of online games worldwide.

  D.The cause of online game addiction.

  69.The underlined word “diversion” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to __________.

  A.careerB.comfortC.escapeD.support

  70.According to Paragraph 2, which of the following statements is NOT true?

  A.The young killer’s sister was killed in a fictional world

  B.Online game playing is responsible for the young man’s death.

  C.People in South Korea have access to the Internet most easily.

  D.The teenage boy stole money due to his playing games online.

  71.What can we learn from the passage?

  A.Most people in Asia have developed an addiction to online games.

  B.Online game addictions cause many life-and-death arguements in South Korea.

  C.Lonely and unsociable people seem to more easily develop Internet addictions.

  D.In the year 2004 there were a total of 13.8 million Chinese visiting the Internet.

  72 What are the signs of at-risk individuals?

  A feeling it so compulsive to play online games

  B becoming upset if anyone tries to limit their online game playing.

  C feeling the need to spend more and more time online

  D All the above

  56-59 CCAB

  68-72BCACD

  3(河北省唐山一中高一月考)Have you ever stayed up late? If so, you know that not getting enough sleep can make you tried and grumpy. Not sleeping enough sleep can also make it harder to think clearly the next day.

  Sleep scientists have long known that getting a good night’s sleep is very important. It helps kids be able to do their best during the day.

  A recent study shows that sleep helps improve problem-solving skills and creative(创造性的) thinking. For the study, two groups of students answered a math problem. The group that slept for eight hours solved the problem correctly more often than the group that did not get enough sleep.

  While you sleep at night, your brain is busy doing its “homework”. It sorts out(整理) all the information that you get in the day. Getting enough sleep each night can improve your thinking ability. That will surely help you do your best at school. Experts say that, in return, can lead to better grades.

  55. The underlined word grumpy in the first paragraph means_______.

  A. excited and happy B. active and creative

  C. impatient and angry D. bored and weak

  56. Choose the best title for this passage.

  A. Sleep to Success B. A Recent Study

  C. Do Sleep Well D. The More Sleep, the Better

  C A

  4(河南省信阳二高中高二月考)In 2004,the World Health Organization,WHO,warned of a possible outbreak of another serious disease which may be even more deadly than SARS.The WHO believes that it is likely that bird flu will spread to human beings in the next few years.If it does,up to seven millions people could die from the disease.

  Diseases like bird flu are caused by viruses,that is,tiny things which change and become more dangerous over time.When a new type of a common virus changes,it may be able to get past the body’s immune(免疫的)system.If that happens,humans are in great danger until a cure or treatment becomes available.

  There have always been viruses and people always get sick,of course,but as we saw with SARS,the situation is more difficult today.People travel more than ever before,which means that disease can spread quickly and across large areas——in fact the whole world.

  Scientists are already working on drugs that will prevent or limit the effect of a new virus,but the process takes time.It is just as important to make sure that countries,especially poor countries,are prepared to deal with the disease. New disease usually affect poor areas the most,so we must help develop health care in all countries.

  68.The situation is more serious today because .

  A.people travel moreB.people don’t eat healthy food

  C.there aren’t enough hospitalsD.scientists can’t find a cure

  69.From this passage we know .

  A.bird flu will surely spread to human beings in the next few years.

  B.a virus changes and become less dangerous over time.

  C.SARS is 1ikely to come again in some years.

  D.poor areas usually suffers more from new diseases than rich areas.

  70.The possible title of this passage is

  A.The Work of WHO

  B.Scientists Are Working Hard on Drugs for Diseases

  C.What Is a Virus

  D.Virus Changes and Causes New Diseases Over Tim

  ACA

  5(河南省信阳商城高中高一月考)If you are having trouble falling asleep, you are in good company. About 65% of Americans said they have sleeping problems a few nights each week, according to a recent study by the National Sleep Foundation. Sleeping too little can lead to a higher risk of becoming fat and getting depressed(沮丧的). But before you go to a doctor for advice, it is worth examining your sleeping habits one more time. Some of your favorite evening habits may have something to do with the sleeping problems.

  Setting a Bright Alarm Clock

  The light of your bright alarm clock can prevent you from falling asleep. You can make your room as dark as possible. Cover the bright numbers with a book or consider buying a small travel clock. Your cellphone alarm may also do the trick.

  Counting Sheep

  When you just can’t fall asleep, it’s useless to stay in bed to count sheep. If you’ve been trying to fall asleep for more than 30 minutes, the National Sleep Foundation suggests you get up to do some reading or watch TV for a while. Such activities will make you sleepy. Before you know it, you’ll be going back to bed really tired.



  3. Exercising Late at Night?

  Daytime workouts(锻炼) will keep you full of energy for hours. That’s why you don’t want to exercise within three hours of hitting the sack. Fierce(剧烈的) physical activity raise your body temperature and pumps your energy level—both are bad for a good night’s sleep.

  60. What can we learn from the first sentence of the passage?

  A. It’s not good to fail to fall asleep at night.

  B. People in a good company often have sleeping problems.

  C. There are many people who have sleeping problems.

  D. You should find someone to talk to if you can’t fall asleep.

  61. The underlined part “hitting the sack” in the last paragraph means “______”.

  A. going back home B. going to bed

  C. going to the gym C. falling asleep

  62. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  A. The bad results o f getting too little sleep.

  B. Why the bright alarm clock keeps you awake.

  C. What to do if you can’t fall asleep after 30 minutes.

  D. Why watching TV and reading books make people sleepy.

  63. By writing the passage, the writer mainly wants to tell us _______.

  A. why so many people can’t sleep well at night

  B. how to enjoy a good night’s sleep

  C. that sleeping problems are troubling more and more people

  D. that people may solve their sleeping problems by some habits

  CBDD

  6(河南省郑州市盛同学校高一第一次月考)Some inventions are so useful, but seem so simple, that we wonder why no one thought of them long ago. Post-it Notes, the pieces of paper that you can fasten almost anywhere and then remove without leaving any sign that they were there, are an example of such an invention.

  Post-it Notes were invented about twenty years ago by Art Fry, a scientist at 3M Corporation. The idea for the product came from a frustrating experience he often had while singing in his church choir. Fry used pieces of paper as bookmarks to mark the places in his book of songs, but these bookmarks were always falling out. He knew he needed a bookmark that would stay where he put it, but that he could remove without damaging the pages.

  Around that time, Fry heard about a new adhesive (粘合剂) that a colleague(同事), Dr. Spence Silver, had created. This adhesive was special because it was sticky, but not too sticky. It was strong enough to hold papers together, but weak enough to not tear the paper when it was removed. Fry saw that the new adhesive could help solve his bookmark problem. One morning, Fry put some of the adhesive on the edge of a piece of paper. Just as he hoped, it made a perfect bookmark.

  A short time later, Fry realized that his new invention had even more uses than being a great bookmark. He came to this realization when he wrote a note on one of his new "bookmarks" and attached it to a report he was going to give to a colleague. Soon, co-workers were asking Fry for more samples(样品) of his invention so that they could use the new type of notes themselves.

  Fry and some other people at 3M believed so much in the new product that they persuaded the company to give away thousands of the "sticky pieces of paper" for trial use(试用). When some salespeople at 3M went to offices and showed workers just how helpful the new type of notes could be, they immediately received many orders. As more and more people discovered how useful Post-it Notes could be, the product took off.

  61. The invention of Post-it Notes showed that Art Fry________ .

  A. had a lot of knowledge B. was very hard-working

  C. was good at creative thinking D. loved his job in the church

  62. In what way did Dr. Spence help A rt Fry?

  A. They worked together and often discussed science.

  B. His invention of a special adhesive made Art"s invention possible.

  C. He persuaded 3M Corporation to give away lots of Post-it Notes for trial use.

  D. He cooperated with Art by providing the new adhesive for Art.

  63. Which of the following is a possible use of Post-it Notes?

  A. A note on a friend"s door. B. An e-mail to a friend.

  C. A postcard from abroad. D. An ad in a newspaper.

  64. The underlined phrase "took off" means_______ .

  A. started to leave the ground B. disappeared from the market

  C. had even more uses D. became popular very quickly

  65. The biggest advantage of Post-it Notes is_______.

  A. it can stay anywhere and leave no sign when removed

  B. it is very cheap to use

  C. it is good to write notes on

  D. it is very thin and beautiful

  CBADA

  7(河南省郑州市盛同学校高一第一次月考)In the United States, the term "organic" has a legal meaning set by the Department of Agriculture. The department has an official label(标签) to mark products that have met the requirements of its National Organic Program.

  Organic products usually cost more, but their sales are growing. As a result, so is competition to label more products organic because many people believe they are healthier.

  Now Agriculture Department officials are trying to decide whether fish can be called organic. There are rules for organic produce, organic dairy products, organic meat and chicken -- but nothing about fish.

  Many operators of fish farms believe they could sell more fish if they could label them organic.

  The industry that sells wild-caught fish is already under pressure from farm-raised seafood. That pressure could increase if the Agriculture Department approves proposed requirements for labeling fish organic.

  Earning the organic label requires controlled conditions. The question is whether fish that swim wild and free -- like Alaskan salmon -- could meet the proposed requirements.

  Yet fish farms might not all be able to meet them, either. Some operations are criticized for their treatment of fish and the risk of pollution to waterways. Fish farmers and the wild-caught industry also argue about the possible presence of harmful chemicals in each other"s products.

  In 2000, an advisory committee considered requests by fish farmers to call their products organic. The experts said farm-raised fish should be labeled organic only if they were fed almost completely organic plant food. Farmed fish often have little or no fish in their diet. But those proposed guidelines were not used. In 2005, the Agriculture Department formed another group to examine possible requirements. This time, the committee suggested several kinds of food that farmed fish could eat and still be called organic.

  A decision about whether fish can be sold with the organic label may still take two years or more.

  For now, the American fishing industry has to deal with growing competition from imported seafood. Some foreign companies already call their fish "organic" because, they say, it meets the requirements of their own countries.

  70. What is the best title for the passage?

  A. Search for answers about organic fish

  B. How to raise organic fish

  C. Proposed requirements for raising organic fish

  D. American fishing industry facing pollution

  71. Companies are competing to label their products organic because _______.

  A. organic products cost more.

  B. they can earn more money.

  C. organic products are healthier.

  D. their sales are growing.

  72. The industry selling wild-caught fish is under pressure because _______ .

  A. wild-caught fish are less likely to be labeled organic than farm-raised fish.

  B. the Agriculture Department will approve proposed requirements.

  C. the requirements to meet are strictly controlled.

  D. foreign seafood are labeled organic.

  73. It is implied in the passage that _______ .

  A. there are yet no rules about organic fish.

  B. farmed fish don’t eat fish.

  C. wild-caught fish industry and fish farms face the same difficulty in labeling their fish organic.

  D. the Agriculture Department doesn’t work well

  ABAC

  8(河南省郑州市智林学校高一第一次月考)While reading a book in English, every few lines of text, you run across a word or two that you don’t know. You look up every new word in the dictionary. Bad move. All that does slow you down. Even electric or CD –ROM dictionaries can get in the way of your reading progress. A dictionary is like a road map. It can help you if you get lost and point you in the right direction. But if you stop to look at the “map” each time you take a step, you’ll get nowhere fast.

  On your English learning “journey”, a dictionary can be a helpful “travel companion ”--if it is not overused. To help you start thinking in English, use an English-to-English dictionary. Otherwise, you will always depend on your native language and end up translating in your head.

  A good dictionary can help you do more than just find the meaning of a word. It can help you verify (test and check) spelling, check word forms and grammar usage, find example sentence and learn pronunciation. Some dictionaries even provide exercises to teach you how to use their resources (资源) .

  Take time to get to know your dictionary. Learn the pronunciation symbols (符号). Understand what the abbreviations (缩写字) mean. Try to master the important grammar rules. Look for charts, diagrams and lists that might be useful in the future. You will discover how helpful it can be to make friends with your dictionary. And as they say, “A friend in need is a friend indeed.”



  64. Why do we need a good E nglish-to-English dictionary?

  A. Because it is a good friend.

  B. Because it can help us to find the right direction if we get lost.

  C. Without it we’ll always depend on our native language and end up translating in our head.

  D. Because it can help us to start thinking in English and in Chinese.

  65. The underlined word “that ” in the last paragraph refers to __________.

  A. pronunciation symbols and grammar rules

  B. abbreviations and usage for grammar rules

  C. the meaning of a word, spelling and grammar usage

  D. charts, diagrams and lists

  66. According to the passage , which statement can lead you to believe?

  A. The more you use a dictionary, the better you can understand the article.

  B. The more you use a dictionary, the faster you may read.

  C. The more you use the resources in a dictionary, the more you can benefit (受益) from it.

  D. The better a dictionary is, the more expensive it is.

  CD C

  9(湖北省监利中学高一第一次月考)WATER

  Water is very important to living things. Without water there can be no life on the earth. All animals and plants need water. Man also needs water. We need water to drink, to cook our food and to clean ourselves. Water is needed in offices, factories and schools. Water is needed everywhere.

  There is water in seas, rivers and lakes. Water is found almost everywhere. Even in the desert part of the world, there is some water in the air. You can not see or feel it when it is a part of the air. The water in the seas, rivers and lakes is a liquid, the water in the air is a gas, and we call it water vapour (蒸气).

  Clouds are made of water. They may be made of very small drops of water. They may also be made of snow crystals(结晶体). Snow crystals are very very small crystals of ice. Ice is frozen water. It is a solid. There can be snow and ice everywhere in winter.

  Water may be a solid or a liquid or a gas. When it is a solid, it may be as hard as a stone. When it is a liquid, you can drink it. When it is a gas, you can not see or feel it.

  61. Where can we find water?

  A. We can find water when it turns into vapour.

  B. Water can be found almost everywhere.

  C. We can see water in deserts here and there.

  D. Water is only in seas and rivers.

  62. We can drink water when it is

  A. a liquid B. a solid C. in the air D. turned into ice

  63. Clouds are made of

  A. seas, rivers and lakes B. blocks of ice

  C. very small drops of water or snow crystals

  D. solid, liquid and gas

  64. Water has three states(状态). They are

  A. ice, snow and air B. solid, vapour, snow

  C. drops of water, blocks of ice and crystals of water

  D. solid, liquid and gas

  BACD

  10(湖北省监利中学高一第一次月考)THE WAY TO READ FAST

  Perhaps you have been told about some habits(习惯) which stop a person reading fast and have been strongly asked to break those habits which you might have.

  Do you still have any of these bad habits7 Check yourself by answering "yes" or "no" to these questions:

  1. Do you move your lips(嘴唇) when reading silently?

  2. Do you point to words with your finger as you read?

  3. Do you move your head from side to side as you read?

  4. Do you read one word at a time?

  If you answer "yes" to any of these questions, start at once to break the habit.

  If you move your lips, hold your fingers over them, or hold a piece of paper between your lips while you are reading. Then if your lips move, you will know it and can stop them.

  If you point to words, hold the two sides of your book, one side with your left hand, the other side with your right hand. Then you will not have a free finger to use in pointing while reading.

  If you move your head, place your chin(下巴)in one hand, and hold your head still(不动地,静止地).

  If you read no more than one or two or three words at a time, you need to work very hard in learning to take in more words at each glance(看一眼) as your eyes travel across the lines of words.

  69. You may hold your fingers over your lips while reading

  A. to hold a piece of paper between them

  B. to stop yourself talking to others

  C. to tell others to be silent

  D. to feel whether y our lips move or not

  70. When your eyes travel across the lines of words,

  A. you need to read the words out

  B. you need to look at every word carefully

  C. you need to read several words at a time

  D. you need to remember every word

  71. When you read,

  A. don’t use your finger to point to words

  B. don’t hold your books with your hands

  C. don’t hold your head still

  D. don’t do any of the things mentioned(提到)above.

  72. This passage mainly talks about

  A. the importance of fast reading B. the bad habits in reading

  C. the way to read fast D. both A and B

  DCAC

  11(湖南省凤凰华鑫中学高一第一次月考)When I asked my daughter which item she would keep; the phone, the car, the cooker, the computer, the TV, or her boyfriend, she said“the phone”. Personally, I could do without the phone entirely, which makes me unusual. Because the telephone is changing our lives more than any other piece of technology.

  Point 1 The telephone creates the need to communicate, in the same way that more roads create more traffic. My daughter comes home from school at 4:00 pm and then spends an hour on the phone talking to the very people she has been at school with all day. If the phone did not exist, would she have anything to talk about?

  Point 2 The mobile phone means that we are never alone. “The mobile saved my life,”says Crystal Johnstone. She had an accident in her Volvo on the A45 between Otley and Skipton. Trapped inside, she managed to make the call that brought the ambulance(救护车) to her rescue.

  Point 3 The mobile removes our secret. It allows marketing manager of Haba Deutsch, Carl Nicolaisen, to ring his sales staff all round the world at any time of day to ask where they are , where they are going, and how their last meeting went.

  Point 4 The telephone separates us. Antonella Bramante in Rome says, “We worked in separate offices but I could see him through the window. It was easy to get his number. We were so near——but we didn’t meet for the first two weeks!”

  Point 5 The telephone allows us to reach out beyond our own lives. Today we can talk to several complete strangers simultaneously ( 同时地) on chat lines (at least my daughter does. I wouldn’t know what to talk about). We can talk across the world. We can even talk to astronauts (if you know any) while they’re space-walking. And, with the phone line hooked up to the computer, we can access(存取) the Internet, the biggest library on Earth.



  56..How do you understand‘Point 1 —The telephone creates the need to communicate,6…’?

  A. People don’t communicate without telephone.

  B. People communicate because of the creating of the telephone.

  C. People communicate more since telephone has been created.

  D. People communicate more because of more traffic.

  57.Which of the following best shows people’s attitude towards mobile phones?

  A. Mobile phones help people deal with the emergency.

  B. Mobile phones bring convenience as well little secret to people.

  C. Mobile phones are so important and should be encouraged.

  D. Mobile phones are part of people’s life.

  58. Which points do you think support the idea that phones improve people’s life?

  a. Point 1. b. Point2. c. Point3. d. Point 4. e. Point 5.

  A. c, d B. a, e C. a, c D. b, e

  59.It is possible to talk to several complete strangers simultaneously through .

  A. the TV screen B. a fax machine

  C. the phone line hooked up to the computer D. a microphone

  60.The best heading for the passage is .

  A. phone Power B. Kinds of Phone

  C. how to Use Phones D. Advantage of Phones

  CBDCA

  12What is language for? Some people seem to think it"s for practicing grammar rules and earning lists of words—the longer the lists,the better.That"s wrong.Language is for the exchange(交流)of ideas and information.It"s meaningless knowing all about a language if you can"t use it freely.Many students I have met know hundreds of grammar rules, but they can"t speak correctly or fluently(流利地).They are afraid of making mistakes.One shouldn"t be afraid of making mistakes when speaking a foreign language.Native speakers make mistakes and break rules, too.Bernard saw once wrote, "Foreigners often speak English too correctly."But the mistakes that native speakers make are different from those that Chinese students make.They"re English mistakes in the English language.And if enough native speakers break a rule, it is no longer a rule.What used to be wrong becomes right.People not only make history, they make language.But a people can only make its own language.It can"t make another people"s language.So Chinese students of English should pay attention to grammar, but they shouldn"t overdo(做过头)it.They should put communication(交际)first.

  64.Language is used to ________.

  A.express oneself         B.practise grammar rules

  B.talk with foreigners only      D.learn lists of words阿

  65.Generally, when an American or an Englishman speaks English, he ________.

  A.never makes mistakes       B.often makes mistakes

  C.can"t avoid making mistakes     D.always makes mistakes

  66."Foreigners often speak English too correctly."This sentence means that ________.

  A.foreigners speak correct English

  B.foreigners speak incorrect English

  C.foreigners speak English according to the grammar rules

  D.foreigners never make mistakes when they speak English

  67.When we speak a foreign language, we should ________.

  A.speak in Chinese way

  B.speak by the rules

  C.speak to native speakers

  D.not be afraid of making mistakes

  13(江苏省姜堰市溱潼中学高一10月月考)In order to know a foreign language thoroughly (完全地),four things are necessary. First, we must understand the language when we hear it spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves, correctly with confidence(自信) and without hesitation (犹豫). Thirdly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are correct in grammar.

  There is no short way to succeed in language learning. A good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only to memorize the rules from a grammar book. It is no much use learning by heart long lists of words and their meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. If we are pleased with a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. We must “Learn through use”. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and writing the language whenever we can.

  56. The most important things to learn a foreign language are .

  A. understanding and speaking B. hearing, speaking, reading and writing

  C. writing and understanding D. memorizing and listening

  57. Which of the following is the most important in learning a foreign language?

  A. A good memory. B. Speaking. C. Practice. D. Writing.

  58. “Learn through use” means .]

  A. we use a language in order to learn it B. we learn foreign language in order to use it

  C. we can learn a language well while we are using it

  D. both B and C

  56. 【解析】B学习一门外语最重要的是听、说、读、写四种技能,A、C、D三项都不够全面。

  57. 【解析】C在学习英语时,最重要的还是“练”(practice),古语说,熟能生巧(Practice makes perfect),故选C。

  58. 【解析】C “在用中学”,文章强调练习的重要性。A项颠倒了学与用的关系,B项虽对,却不合题意。

  14(江苏省王集中学高一第一次月考)Many Chinese students who have learnt English for more than ten years are still unable to speak English very well when they meet a foreigner. They seem to have mastered the basic language structure(结构), but a conversation in English will make them feel uneasy. They are afraid that other people might find out their mistakes.

  It"s uncommon that many students who are bad speakers of English can write English perfectly. This proves that they are unable to organize their idea in English. The center of the problem is that they lack practice and confidence (自信).

  Why should you be afraid? Do you fear those foreigners with whom you are speaking? Don"t be shy, they will not laugh at you just for a little mistake you make. The best way to get rid of trouble is to learn to speak by speaking more. I am sure that constant practice will help you succeed.

  64. What"s the best topic for the passage?

  A. How to Speak to Foreigners

  B. How to Study English Well

  C. How to Organize the Idea in English

  D. Practise Speaking English All the Time

  65. Many Chinese students can write English very well, but they cannot speak English fluently because ________

  A. they seldom meet foreigners

  B. they seldom practise speaking English

  C. they had no chance to speak English

  D. they think it"s enough to master the basic language structure only

  66. So many Chinese students are afraid speak to foreigners because

  A. they are afraid they can"t understand foreigners

  B. they don"t think their English is poor

  C. they worry about making mistakes in their speaking

  D. they didn"t tike speaking to foreigners

  DBC

  15(江西省安福高一第一次月考)Computers are very important to modern life. Many people think that in the future computers will be used in lots of everyday life. It is thought that we won’t have to go shopping because we will be able to get most things which are sold in shops on the Internet. There will be no more books because we will be able to get all texts from computers. The Internet will be used to play games, see films and buy food. Most telephone calls will be made by computers, too.

  Some people are glad about these new ways of shopping and communicating. Others do not think that computers will replace our old ways.

  Let’s look at books, for example. Some people think that one day we will not read books made of paper. Instead, we will buy and read books using computers. We will read texts on small pocket computers. The computers will keep many different books in them at the same time. We won’t need to turn lots of pages and paper will be saved. Computerized(计算机化) books will be used more and more.

  Is Internet shopping such a pleasure as going to the shop? Many people say it is not. It is a pleasure to go in to shops and look at things you want to buy. It is also unlikely that many people will want to read large texts on our computers. Because paper books will perhaps be more friendly. Maybe computers won’t change these two habits.

  61. In paragraph1 it is thought people will use computers for _______.

  A. playing games, shopping and making telephone calls

  B. making telephone calls, having meals and seeing films

  C. seeing films, buying food, and going for holidays

  D. playing games, making telephone calls and seeing the doctor

  62. Which reason for using computerized books is NOT said in the passage?

  A. Computerized books won’t be very expensive.

  B. Computers can keep many different books in them.

  C. We won’t have lots of pages.

  D. We won’t need any paper.



  63. Paragraph 4 tells _______.

  A. about the old and new ways of shopping and communicat ing

  B. if the Internet will change our habits

  C. about computerized books

  D. about future uses of computers

  64. The title for this passage is _______.

  A. Computers will Replace Shops and Books B. Computers will be Used in the Future

  C. Computers will Do Everything for Man D. How Computers Change Our Habits

  65. According to the writer’s view, which is right?

  A. Computers will replace everything completely in our daily life in the future.

  B. Computers will not be used at all in our daily life in the future.

  C. Computers will not be used in shopping in the future.

  D. Computers will bring more and wider usage in our daily life in the future.

  AABBD

  16(江西省安福高一第一次月考)Teaching materials for learning Chinese are provided here. There are sites wh

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