Period 4 Grammar
Step 1 Warming up
Warming up by discovering useful words and expressions
Step 2 Presentation
Boys act one cartoon figure and says something.
Teacher asks “What did he/she say?”
Girls act the other cartoon figure and answer the teacher’s question.
Then boys and girls exchange.
The shoes are too big for me.
What did he say?
He said the shoes were too big for him
Step 3 Grammar
The students will learn the use of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions). First try to make clear to the students what direct and indirect speech is, with the help of the practice in Step III. Then give them some ex¬amples. At last get them to summarize the rules of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions).
T: In this part, we are to learn the use of Direct Speech and Indirect Speech (statements and questions). When do we use Direct Speech and when do we use Indirect Speech?
用连词that引导，that在口语中常省略。主句的谓语动词可直接用引语中的said, 也可用told来代替，注意，可以说said that, said to sb. that, told sb. that，不可直接说told that
He said, “I have been to the Great Wall. ” → He said to us that he had been to the Great Wall.
He said, “I"ll give you an examination next Monday. ”
→ He told us that he would give us an examination the next Monday.
“I don’t like computers,” Sarah said to her friends.
Sarah said to her friends that I don’t like computers .
Sarah said to her friends that she didn’t like computers.
He said, “Do you have any difficulty with pronunciation?”
→He asked (me) whether/if I had any difficulty with my pronunciation.
He said, “You are interested in English, aren"t you?”
→He asked whether I was interested in English.
Is it easy to improve the condition of the soil?
( They asked him ) “It is easy to improve the condition of the soil.”
They asked him if it is easy to improve the condition of the soil
They asked him if it was easy to improve the condition of the soil.
He said to me，“What"s your name?” → He asked me what my name was.
He asked us, “How many car factories have been built in your country?”
→He asked us how many car factories had been built in our country.
When do you harvest the wheat ?
( They asked him ) you harvest the wheat
They asked him When you harvest the wheat.
They asked him when he harvested the wheat.
He asked, “Do you speak English or French?”
→He asked me whether I spoke English or French.
I asked, “Will you take bus or take train?”
→I asked him whether he would take bus or take train.
1. 注意时态的变化 Direct indirect
Past past and past perfect
Present perfect past perfect
Past perfect past perfect
3. 注意指示代词的变化this, these(that, those)
4. 注意时间的变化 now, today,this week ,yesterday,last week ,four days ago ,the day before yesterday ,tomorrow ,next month(then, that day,that week,the day before ,the week before,four days before ,two days before ,the next day,the next month)
5. 注意地点的变化 here( there)
6. 注意个别趋向动词的变化 come, bring (go, take)
The geography teacher said, “The sun rises in the east and sets in the west.”
The geography teacher told us that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west.
The children said, “We love this game.”
They told us that they love that game.
She says, “I’ll never forget the days in the country.”
She says that she’ll never forget the days in the country.
3. 当直接引语中有以when, while引导的从句，表示过去的时间时
5. 当直接引语中有情态动词should, would, could, had better, would rather, might, must, ought to, used to, need时
Step 4 Practice
For Ex 1, get the students to look at the sentences carefully in pairs in order to find out the difference between direct speech and indirect speech. Guide the students to find out the changes in pronoun forms, word order, adverbials and so on, especially the verb tenses, the underline parts. Ask the students to pay attention to the reporting clause.
For Ex 2, ask the students to do it by themselves, then check.
1. He said , “I m afraid I can’t finish this work.”
2.He said , “I haven’t heard from him since May.”
3.Tom said “I will see you next week.”
4. “Why were you late again?” The teacher said to me.
5. “I don’t like swimming,” said Sarah.
6. His friends asked him if he would go to Dalian.
7. “Have you been to Paris?” My classmate asked me.
1.Readers can ________ quite well without knowing the exact meaning of each word.
A. get over B. get in
C. get along D. get through
2.It’s hard for me to imagine what I would be doing today if I ______ in love, at the age of seven, with the Melinda Cox Library in my hometown.
A. wouldn’t have fallen B. had not fallen
C. should fall D. were to fall
3.Father went to his doctor for _______ about his heart trouble.
A. an advice B. advice
C. advices D. the advices
4. I wonder how he ____ that to the teacher.
A. dare to say B. dare saying
C. not dare say D. dared say
Step6 Correcting mistakes
T analyses the common mistakes Ss have made during the practice.
T: Now let’s look at the screen and pay attention to these sentences. Choose the right sentence and tell me why the other one is wrong.