Lesson 1 A Perfect Day?
To master some phrases and sentence structures
1.switch on=turn on把开关打开;接通
switch off=turn off关掉;关上
switch over (to)…转换频道;
First, you should switch the machine on.
He switched off the television because he did not like those television programmes.
I usually switch over to BBC2 to watch the latest movie review.
2.at weekends=at the weekend在周末
Our office is closed at the weekend. = Our office is closed at weekends.我们办公室周末关闭。
Most school libraries are open on weekdays.
3. live this lifestyle过这种生活
live / lead a (happy/poor)…life 过……的生活
dream a …dream做……的梦
Now farmers of China live a much happier life than before.现在中国农民过上了比以往更幸福的生活。
I dreamt a strange dream last night.我昨晚做了一个怪梦。
4. in the evenings = in the evening
on the evening of… = on … evening
How about going to see a film on Sunday evening?
=How about going to see a film on the evening of Sunday?
Do you have to go to school on the evening of Saturday?
=Do you have to go to school on Saturday evening?
5. at one’s desk = at desk在伏案工作
at the desk在书桌旁
at the table在饭桌旁
She is sitting at the desk, reading English.
Don’t interrupt her. She is at desk.
The family is at table.
After supper, they were still sitting at the table talking about home affairs.
6.Work one’s way through努力完成(工作)，实现(目标)
Li Lua plans to work her way through Beijing University.
My father is working his way through his work.
Meetings and phone calls take up a large part of the day. 占据时间
The new sofa has taken up much place of the sitting room.占据空间
He took up a job as a teacher three years ago.开始从事某事(尤指职业)
Who could help me to take down the curtains? 拿下，取下
The old school gate was taken down yesterday. 拆除
Please take down the useful expressions while listening.记下
The rocket took off in a flash. (飞机等)起飞
Take off your shoes before entering the bedroom.脱下(衣帽等)
Mp4 has taken off recently. (观念、产品等)突然大受欢迎
Many places in China have taken on a new look in recent years. 呈现
I know you are busy and I won’t take up too much of your time.
A great deal of my time is taken up with working.
The table takes up too much room and we need a smaller one.
Tome took up painting, but soon lost interest.
8.Be filled with…= be full of…装着……;装满……
Fill … with…把……装进……
The bottle is filled with oil. = The bottle is full of oil.
别把油装进瓶子里。Don’t fill the bottle with oil.
9.Complain about sth. 抱怨，投诉，发牢骚
complain (to sb). about sth.向某人抱怨、投诉某事
complain (to sb). of sth. 向某人抱怨、投诉某事
Complain (to sb) that向某人抱怨、投诉某事
Complaint n. 抱怨、埋怨、不满
Complaint about/ of sth. 对…的抱怨、埋怨、不满
She always complains to her parents about/of the school meals.
We have a number of complaints about their service.
I’ve really got nothing to complain of/about.
He complained to the waiter that his meals were cold.
He complained that the exam was too hard.
He complained to the police of/about the boy’s stealing his apples.
They complained about/of the food
10.get bored变得厌烦 (get+adj.)
surprised / surprising;
He got/became bored by her boring speech.
get changed 表示对自己身体的外表做某事，动作完成后主语所处的状态，此时过去分词多具有反身意义，
类似用法的词组还有：get dressed穿衣服get undressed脱下衣服，get shaved刮脸/刮胡子; get washed洗澡
Hurry and get dressed or you’ll be late.快点穿衣服啦，否则你会迟到的。
He could not wash himself or get dressed. 他既不会洗澡，也不会穿衣。
She got washed after she got back home from work. 她下班回到家后洗了澡。
The world is made up of matter.世界是由物质构成的。物质, 作不可数名词用
It is of no matter.这无关紧要。要紧事, 作不可数名词用
It relates to a matter of time.这涉及到一个时间问题。问题, 作可数名词用。
I have nothing to do now. Could you offer me some reading matter? 我现在无事可做。你能给我点儿可读的东西吗? 东西;作可数名词用。
Is there anything the matter with her?她出了什么事吗?
What"s the matter with the car?这辆小汽车怎么了?
It doesn’t matter where she goes. 她去哪儿没有关系。
It doesn"t matter to me what you do.你做什么对我都无关紧要。
That car matters (matter) a great deal to her.那辆车对她来说事关重大。
It doesn"t matter if I miss the train, because there"s another later.
Does it matter a great deal to her whether they come or not?
What"s the matter with the machine?
We have more important matters to think about.
It doesn"t matter when you arrive.
I have five other books besides this. 除这本以外, 我还有五本别的书。“除……外, 另外还有”, 着重“另外还有”
He has no money beside this. 他除此之外没有钱了。除了……之外(不再有)
besides 和 except 的区别
Besides milk and cheese, we need vegetables.
I looked everywhere except there.
在肯定句 besides 和 except 含义相反，besides 表示“除了……之外，还有……”，except 表示“除了没有……之外”。
No one passed except Richard. = No one passed besides Richard.除了理查德之外，再也没有人通过。
在否定句 besides 和 except 含义相同
I need the money. And besides, when I agree to do something, I do it.
Besides English, he has to study German.
People choose jobs for other reasons besides money.
I don"t want to come out now. And besides, I must work. 我现在不想出去，而且我还得工作。
Suppose sb./sth. (to be)+adj./名词短语
Everyone suppose him (to be) poor, but he is really rich.
People suppose him (to be) stupid, but he is really clever.
She is supposed (to be) the best students in our class.
Suppose sb./sth. to have done(当猜测的内容发生在suppose之前)
They supposed the paper to have been lost during the war.
The police arrested him because he was supposed to have killed the lady.
Suppose it + adj./n. +to do
I suppose it my duty to help those in poverty.
----Is he angry?
----Yes, I suppose so. / No, I suppose not.
She supposed that it was too late to change her mind.
She supposed it too late to change her mind.
I suppose that you have already finished your homework.
I suppose you to have already finished your homework.
14. go off
The alarm clock went off at 6:00 and woke me. (闹钟)响
The gun went off by accident. (枪)开火
A few minutes later the bomb went off, destroying the building. 爆炸
Don’t go off with saying goodbye. 离开
As soon as the alarm went off, I rushed out of the house.
The bomb went off in a crowded street.
Tom told Helen not to go off without informing him.
1. It takes sb. time to do sth.某人花……时间做某事
It takes me less than fifteen minutes to wash dishes everyday.
It takes me five minutes to go to school by bike.
Sb. spend time (in) doing sth
Sb. spend time on sth.
He spent the whole morning in reading the report. (read)
Most of her life was spent in caring for other. (care for)
I spent a whole day painting the room.
Sth. cost sb. sth.
The sweater cost me 50 yuan.
The vase cost me 200 yuan.
It took me a whole week to finish reading this book.
I spent a whole week in finish reading this book.
2.I am always the first person to get to the office.
be + the + 序数词+名词+to do sth. 第几个……做某事
She is always the first person to get to school everyday in our classroom.