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高一英语知识点:上册必修一Unit4单元基础训练题(附答案)

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  高一(上)英语必修一Unit4 Earthquakes

  基础词汇巩固

  一.词性转换

  1. nation .n ________ adj 2. dirt vt __________adj

  3. extreme adj _________ adv 4. injure vt. __________ adj __________n

  5. use vt __________adj ___________adj 6. electricity n. ___________adj.

  7. frighten vt___________adj 8 express vt___________n __________adj

  9 . judge vt. ____________ n 10 suffer vt____________ n

  二单词填空

  1It is an area where natural __________(灾难)often happen.

  2The firemen ___________(营救) the boy from the burning house.

  3Teachers have ___________ (表达) concern about the emphasis on testing.

  4The hurricane left the whole city in __________(严重受损)

  5A great many houses were _________(破坏)in the earthquakes and many people became homeless.

  6The machine is driven by e_______________.

  7We b_______ into laughter when we heard the funny story.

  8Many men were b_______ underground when the accident at the mine happened.

  9The sun r_______ in the east every day.

  10When food goes bad, it becomes s___________.

  11Back from the cinema, the couple were s__________ on seeing their house broken in.

  12They o__________ the youths to form a group to protect the environment.

  13The soldiers t__________ their enemies and forced them to give in.

  14B________ are still a main kind of building material now.

  15When water is heated to 100℃, s________ comes out from it.

  三 选择词组填空

  right away, as if, in ruins, dig out , be buried in , suffer from, be proud of

  even if , a great number of , at an end , be trapped in , in the end

  1She was __________her son. He did well at university and now is a doctor.

  2The house began to shake , so all the students must leave the house __________.

  3In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay _____________.

  4He acted_________ he was a doctor.

  5Since she left, he is ____________ his work.

  6My father has _____________ his heart illness for about 20 years.

  7The year is ________________.

  8Such _______________people died because the quake happened while they were sleeping.

  9 The soldiers organized teams to ________ those persons who were__________ the danger.

  四 单项选择

  1 Weifang is well-known________ its beautiful kites of different kinds.

  A as B for C to D in

  2 ________ last term we had finished our experiments.

  A At the end of B In the end C By the end of D At an end

  3 He is in hospital now after he was _________in the accident.

  A injured B hurt C wounded D harmed

  4 We were ________ at their leaving without saying anything.

  A injured B hurt C wounded D harmed

  5 The level of the water in the river_________ after the heavy rain.

  A raise B raised C rise D rose

  6 Her head was ______ in the book she was reading.

  A devoted B raised C buried D trapped

  7 __ Our food will _______. Hurry to get help from the nearby village.

  __ No need. It will last us for as long as two weeks.

  A give out B give off C give away D give in



  8 In that big fire all their houses were _________, so they had to build new ones.

  A hurt B harmed C destroyed D fallen

  9 Washington , D. C. , a state in the United States , was named __________ one of the greatest American presidents.

  A in honour of B instead of C in favour of D by means of

  10 _______ children whose parents had died in the earthquake ______ sent to live with families in other cities.

  A A great number of, was B A great number of , were

  C The great number of , was D The great number of , were

  五 句子翻译

  1 去年他们一直用蜡烛,没有用电。 ( instead of)

  2那位科学家对此事一无所知,因为他一直在做他的研究工作。( be buried in)

  3地震之后,那座城市成了废墟。(in ruins)

  4他在田里挖出了一箱的钱。 ( dig out)

  5她对她的孩子们的成功感到非常自豪。( be proud of)

  必修一Unit4基础词汇巩固 答案

  一

  national , dirty, extremely, injured , injury, useful, useless, electric, frightened

  expression, expressive, judgment, suffering

  二

  disasters, rescued, expressed, ruins, destroyed, electricity, burst, buried

  rises, smelly, shocked, organized, trapped , Bricks, steam

  三

  proud of , right away, in ruins, as if, buried in, suffered from

  at an end, a great number of , dig out , trapped in

  四

  1—5 BCABD 6—10 CACAB

  五

  1 last year they were using candles all the time instead of electricity.

  2 That scientist knew nothing about the matter , because he was always buried in his study.

  3 After the earthquake, the whole city lay/was in ruins.

  4 He dug out a box of money in the field.

  5 She was very proud of her children’ s success.

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