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高一英语复习资料:下册Unit2单元同步测试题及答案

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  英语:必修3 Unit2同步测试3

  Class: Name: Marks: 满分(100)

  一、单项填空 (共15小题; 每小题1分, 满分15分)

  1. — Shall I give you some tips on how to fight against online crimes?

  — Thanks. _____.

  A. If you please B. It’s all up to you

  C. I’m afraid notD. It couldn’t be better

  2. As _____ whole, the state has gained _____ control of the housing prices.

  A. a; / B. a; the C. a; a D. the; a

  3. People who can not _____ between colors are said to be color-blind.

  A. observeB. analyse C. indicateD. distinguish

  4. _____ disturbs me most is his lack of responsibility and safety awareness.

  A. It B. That C. What D. Which

  5. Celina is a great dancer, and she _____ above the rest in her class.

  A. stands forB. stands out C. stands up D. stands aside

  6. E-shops can offer very competitive prices, _____ they attract so many customers.

  A. because B. though C. therefore D. otherwise

  7. Today’s public primary concern is _____ food quality and safety is strictly guarded.

  A. if B. why C. where D. whether

  8. The average person could have _____ to the comeback concerts by Faye Wang with low-priced tickets.

  A. access B. method C. chance D. process

  9. The two students were praised by the teacher _____ they had made great progress in the mid-term examination.

  A. but that B. and that C. in that D. in which

  10. The anxiety is growing among the public _____ the price will continuously be jumping.

  A. that B. why C. which D. how

  11. At last they _____ a conclusion _____ they should carry out their new production plan as soon as possible.

  A. drew; how B. made; if C. reached; thatD. came to; whether

  12. The director had his car _____ at the nearest car repair shop last Sunday.

  A. repaired B. be repairedC. repairing D. being repaired

  13. — Count on me! I will keep an eye on _____ you leave to me.

  — Thanks a lot.

  A. that B. which C. what D. whether

  14. The young couple _____ to take a walk after dinner every evening.

  A. make that a rule B. make a ruleC. make what a rule D. make it a rule

  15. To reduce road deaths, the U.S. government is considering adopting a _____ on cellphone using while driving.

  A. ban B. plan C. deed D. step

  二、完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  In our life, we have rarely expressed our gratitude to those who have lived with us these years. In fact, we do not have to 16 a special time to thank the ones 17 to us. If you have 18 anything about giving thanks, it should be this: 19 it now! Saying thanks is such a(n) 20 way to add happiness to the 21 .

  Saying thanks not only brightens someone else’s world, but also brightens yours. If you are

  feeling 22 or unloved, try reaching out to others. It may be just the medicine that you 23 .

  Of course, sometimes you cannot express gratitude 24 . In that case, do not fall into 25 — speak up the first time you have a 26 .

  Once a young man, whose name was Mark Brian, was sent to a 27 of India. The villagers, he had been told before, did not have a 28 for “thank you”. But on arriving there, Mark Brian found that those villagers expressed their 29 in other ways. Instead of saying thanks, it is their custom to 30 every favor with a favor of their own, and every kindness with the 31 or more kindness. They did express their thanks.

  I 32 if we had no words in our 33 for thank you”, would we do a better job of communicating our gratitude? And would we be more responsive (回应的), more 34 and more caring?

  Thankfulness can be transferred (传递) among people all around us—including ourselves, 35 no one ever misunderstands a thankful heart.

  16.A. cut downB. give up C. talk about D. wait for

  17.A. rudestB. closest C. similar D. different

  18.A. learnedB. offered C. written D. doubted

  19.A. carry B. change C. give D. accept

  20.A. fairB. strange C. extra D. easy

  21.A. room B. world C. school D. station

  22.A. left outB. helped out C. called on D. shown in

  23.A. discoverB. need C. invent D. collect

  24.A. carefullyB. finally C. immediatelyD. slowly

  25.A. illnessB. anger C. pleasureD. silence

  26.A. suggestionB. condition C. job D. chance

  27.A. villageB. hospital C. city D. ship

  28.A. film B. play C. word D. song

  29.A. skillB. gratitude C. culture D. attitude

  30.A. return B. mix C. follow D. check

  31.A. public B. same C. secret D. cheap

  32.A. wonderB. forget C. promiseD. order

  33.A. textB. lesson C. vocabulary D. book

  34.A. creativeB. clever C. sensitive D. beautiful

  35.A. thoughB. unless C. if D. because



  三、阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  A

  The Big Ben is located in the tower at the eastern end of the Houses of Parliament, Westminster, Greater London. It is the largest four-faced chiming clock and the third-tallest free-standing clock tower in the world. It was designed by Edmund Beckett and Baron Grimthorpe.

  The Big Ben is very famous throughout the world, but nobody really knows why it is called Big Ben. There are two hearsays about this. Some people say that it was named after Benjamin Caunt, a boxer, who was called Big Ben. More people believe it was called after Welshman, Sir Benjamin Hall. He was the commissioner (特派员) of the work at the time of its construction in 1859. A story was told that during a debate in the Commons on what to call the bell, Sir Benjamin was about to give his ideas when an MP who sat behind the front bench shouted, “Let’s call it Big Ben!” Then this name came into being.

  The bell hasn’t gone through a smooth road since the beginning of its design. Because there was great disagreement about the design of the clock, it took fifteen years to build. In 1857, the bell was completed and tested on the ground, but a four-foot crack appeared and the bell had to be cast again. Finally, the clock started ticking on 31 May, 1859, and struck its first chime on 11, July. Then in September, the bell cracked again. It was silent for four years but was at last turned a quarter of a revolution (旋转). In this way, the crack was not under the striking hammer. Craftsmen made a square above the crack to stop it becoming longer and it can still be seen today.

  The Big Ben is famous not only for its 13-ton weight, but also for its accuracy which is a result of its precise mechanism (机械装置). Even one extra penny’s weight on the balance will cause a gain of two fifths of a second in twenty four hours. Although there have been several problems, the bell is still striking today. Its chimes can be heard all over the world on the B.B.C.

  36. Which of the following is TRUE about the Big Ben?

  A. It is located in the Houses of Parliament.

  B. It is the largest and tallest clock tower in the world.

  C. It is well-known all over the world.

  D. It is the heaviest clock in the world.

  37. How did the name Big Ben come into being?

  A. It was named after Benjamin Caunt, a boxer.

  B. It was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, commissioner of the work.

  C. It was named by a member of the Parliament (MP).

  D. We don’t know for sure.

  38. What can we infer from the passage?

  A. Sir Benjamin Hall was a famous architect at that time.

  B. Even a tiniest change on the balance of the clock would lead to a gain or loss of time.

  C. The chimes of the clock could be heard all over the world.

  D. The clock has been ticking ever since 31 May, 1859.

  B

  The ancient Maya built many large cities in the Classic Period, which lasted from about 250 until about 900. Each city had its own king and ruling class. The cities traded with one another but often fought with one another as well. In about 900, the Maya gave up many of their cities.

  Archaeologists and other scientists have long puzzled over why the Maya left. They have formed theories by examining those cities carefully and studying the settlements that surround them. In Copan they found many tools dating from 500 to about 1,000 and a few tools dating from about 1,000 to 1,200. They found that no new monuments (遗迹) had been built after 822. From studying plant remains, scientists concluded that the area around Copan had been farmland. Other evidence suggested that the land was overfarmed. In view of the evidence, scientists concluded that a large population lived in Copan until about 1,000. As more people farmed the land, the soil lost its richness and produced fewer crops, which caused the Maya who lived there to suffer from malnutrition, as analysis of skulls showed. As a result, people began to leave Copan in about 1,200.

  War also may have caused the Maya to abandon some of their cities. For example, it is thought that a rival (敌对的) city, Caracol, may have once conquered Tikal. Then, after more than 100 years had passed, Tikal returned to power, and the ruling class built temples to honor its victory. However, by the end of the 800s, Tikal was no longer powerful. Its inhabitants (居民) left the city.

  39. From the first paragraph we know that ______.

  A. the ancient Mayans were good at building cities

  B. the ancient Mayans created fantastic civilization

  C. the ancient Mayan rulers treated their citizens badly

  D. the ancient Mayan rulers cared little about farming

  40. The booming period of the city Copan lasted from ______.

  A. 500 to 822 B. 250 to 900 C. 822 to 1,000 D. 1,000 to 1,200

  41. The underlined word “malnutrition” most probably means “lack of ______.”

  A. strength B. nutrition C. pressure D. interest

  C

  Jeanine Barone provides the important facts about what to do in Portugal’s second city in a day.

  09.00: Head to the seaside district of Foz for breakfast at Al Forno Café. Inside a fashionable interior (内部) with a colorful painting of a watermelon hanging on the wall, you can join the locals sipping coffee or fresh papaya juice.



  10.00: Hardcore shoppers and nature lovers alike will delight in the options in the Foz neighbourhood, where the Atlantic meets the Douro River. It’s an easy seaside stroll towards the 17th-century Castelo do Queijo along the Foz geological walk.

  12.00: Either the 502 bus from the park or the 203 from the Castelo takes you near the Serralves Contemporary Art Museum that shows works by Portuguese and international artists. When you’ve had your creative fill, head to the museum’s restaurant for a casual lunch of cod with cornbread and beef in red wine.

  14.30: The 203 bus brings you close to Rua Miguel Bombarda, a street that’s perfect for lazy gallery hopping. It’s lined with more than a dozen contemporary art establishments, such as Galeria Quadrado Azul that change their exhibits every six weeks.

  16.00: If great tiredness hasn’t set in, climb the 200 steps to the top of the Clerigos Tower for views of the old town. For one more activity, visit one of the world’s most stunning bookstores, Livraria Lello.

  17.00: Take a taxi to Taylor’s, one of Porto’s oldest Port producers in Vila Nova de Gaia. You’ll learn the difference between red, white and tawny ports.

  18.30: At the Estiva Wharf in the Ribeira district, board a flat-bottomed boat for a Douro River cruise (巡航) with Via D’Ouro.

  21.00: Dine at Clube 3C. This restaurant in Clerigos transforms into a club near midnight. This former cultural space has an industrial feel where your best bet among the Mediterranean-Portuguese offerings is the risotto with lamb. Save room for the lemon meringue pie.

  23.30: After checking out the nightlife along Galeria de Paris, you can always return to Clube 3C for its DJ scene. Your first stop should be Casa do Livro, a former bookstore. Among the floor-to-ceiling shelves of books you can sip a fine wine from the Alentejo or Douro region while sitting under a mirror and listening to live jazz.

  42. Foz is a place ________.

  A. that lies next to sea

  B. that is rich in natural coffee

  C. where watermelon can be provided for free

  D. where visitors can make friends with the locals

  43. When can visitors enjoy works of artists home and abroad?

  A. In the morning.B. At noon.

  C. In the afternoon.D. At night.

  44. The author wrote the passage to ________.

  A. introduce the important scenes in the city

  B. tell us what to do in the city in a day

  C. compare the advantages of some places of interest

  D. show the journey to the city in a day is well worth

  45. The passage is mainly written for ________.

  A. travelersB. historians C. foreignersD. students

  D

  As humans, we sometimes find it hard to forgive those who hurt us. We are either too proud or stubborn (顽固的) and would rather ignore the situation and hold a grudge (怨恨). Unknown to us, this just causes much pain in our hearts or even creates health problems.

  I believe we are spiritual beings experiencing human life to learn lessons, to grow and become more aware of our connection to our soul and God. To forgive those who hurt you can only bring peace in your heart, letting go of the past, and letting the one who asked for forgiveness experience their own spiritual growth.

  I grew up with an alcoholic step-dad. There were a lot of moments when he would beat us boys and my mom. Many times we ran away from home out of fear and slept over at hospitals, police stations, or even at the next-door neighbor’ house. It all started when I was about 2 years old, right through to my early twenties. I’m the eldest among four boys. I thank God that though each of us was scarred, we still kept our heads straight. None of us abuse alcohol.

  At some point in my late twenties I forgave my step-dad in my heart, not directly. None of my brothers forgave him. They hate him, yet still talk to him. I feel the most sorry for my mom because after all these years, they are still together.

  My step-dad has calmed down a lot. However, there were moments he started again.

  About a month ago, I came to visit my parents. They were having financial difficulties and I knew he was going to start again. Normally my dad is home in time for supper after closing his business. He came home late at 11 pm that night, drunk as a skunk. I was the only one still awake and didn’t go to bed for some reason, feeling I had to wait and for once in my life, be protective towards my mom.

  Talking to me, he was swearing at my mom and my brothers, telling me he would beat everybody up. He had a soft spot for me. Though I was the one who suffered the most beatings, and still carried a lot of fear and emotional baggage, he didn’t say one bad word towards me that night. I just listened and watched him expressing his anger.

  Then it happened. A moment I thought would never happen. He started crying, admitting his faults, and asking for my forgiveness. I analyzed a lot and knew a long time ago that he probably had tough childhood too and didn’t know better. I was relieved that I managed not only to calm him down, but to get him to open his heart and ask for forgiveness. I did forgive him a long time ago; just made it more magical to do it face to face.



  It does not change the past, what we went through, however the future has not happened yet; we only have today to make the best of our lives.

  46. The first paragraph mainly tells us ________.

  A. forgiveness is hard to carry out

  B. humans are too proud to ignore the situation

  C. it will do us harm if we don’t forgive others

  D. how health problems come into being

  47. We can learn from the third paragraph that ________.

  A. my step-dad was crazy in the past time

  B. I had a terrible childhood

  C. my step-dad got drunk every day

  D. I as well as my brother disliked alcohol

  48. When I was in my late twenties, ________.

  A. my step-dad got on well with me

  B. my brothers began to love my step-dad

  C. I lost touch with my parents

  D. none of my brothers forgave my step-dad

  49. Why did the author think his step-dad might start again a month ago?

  A. Because he returned home.

  B. Because he had his business closed.

  C. Because the family earned little money.

  D. Because he came home late, drunk.

  50. When my step-dad came home, ________.

  A. I wanted to have a chat with him

  B. I hoped to protect my mother

  C. he was rather rude to me

  D. he was nearly mad

  四、任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  请认真阅读下面短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。

  注意:每空格填1个单词。

  If you live in a city where everyone rushes, you don’t have to be like that. Your environment doesn’t control your life and you can do many things to be different—not to hurry like that. Here are some of such things to consider and perhaps adopt, if they work for your life.

  Many of us have busy social life or commitments(义务). We have classes, groups and hobbies. But if we add so many into our life, we are actually making the quality of our life worse. Reduce commitments in a slow manner— pick 4-5 most important ones, and realize that the rest just don’t fit right now. Politely make other people know that you don’t have time to stick to those commitments.

  Give yourself enough time to get ready and get there. Because you don’t allot (分配) enough time in your schedule for preparing and for traveling, you are constantly rushing to appointments or other places you have to be. If you think it only takes you 10 minutes to get ready for work or a date, perhaps give yourself 30-45 minutes, thus you don’t have to shave in a rush or put on makeup in the car.

  Practise being comfortable with sitting and do nothing. When you have to wait, try just sitting there, looking around and enjoying your surroundings. Try standing in line and just watching and listening to people around you. It takes practice, but after a while, you will do it with a smile.

  Practise mindfulness (留心). Simply learn to live in the present and don’t think too much about the future or the past. When you eat, fully appreciate your food. When you are with someone, be with him or her fully. When you are walking, appreciate your surroundings, no matter where you are.

  Life is better when it is unhurried. Try out these things!

  Title: How to be unhurried

  OutlinesSupporting details

  Reduce commitments (51)______●Don’t add too many into your life in order not to (52)______ the quality of your life.

  ●Choose 4-5 important ones to do right now and (53)______ the rest behind.

  ●Politely (54)______ others of your being unable to stick to the commitments.

  Give yourself enough time to make (55)______●Allot enough time in your schedule for preparing and for traveling.

  Practise sitting in (56)______ without doing anything●Look around and enjoy the surroundings when you’re (57)______.

  ●Stand in line, watching and listening to people around you.

  Be (58)______●Live in the present instead of (59)_____ too much about the future or the past.

  ●Fully appreciate your food while eating.

  ●Be with him or her fully when you are with someone.

  ●Appreciate your surroundings while (60)_____.

  五、书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你班英语课堂气氛沉闷,作为班长,你对课堂上表现不积极的学生进行了调查,结果如下。请你根据所给图表,写一篇150词左右的英语短文, 并适当提出一些学习建议。

  参考词汇: 单调的 monotonous

  参考答案:

  1-15 DADCB CDACA CACDA

  16-35 DCBAC DBACD BACDB ACDBA

  36-50 CDDBA BABBA CBDCB

  51. slowly 52. worsen 53. leave 54. inform 55. preparations56. comfort

  57. waiting 58. mindful 59. thinking 60. walking

  One possible version:

  As we can see from the pie chart, 29 students fail to take active part in English class because of various reasons.

  Most students say they are afraid of being laughed at by their classmates if they give a wrong answer. 27 percent of them complain that the class activities are monotonous and that learning materials are out of date, which fail to interest them. Some students admit they can not follow the teacher’s instructions. Only 7 percent of them explain that keeping silent and dull in class has been a long-term habit which can’t be changed easily. The rest of the students can not give an exact reason.

  No one can deny that learning English well needs persistence and involvement. So encourage yourself to involve in your English class, no matter what others’ attitude is.

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