必修4 Unit 4 Body Language
1. represent______________2 .curious _______________3 .defend______________
4 . approach ______________5. be likely to______________6 .in general______________
7. at ease ______________ 8.lose face ______________ 9 .turn one’s back to______________
1. prohibition and warning(禁令和警告)：Do not...; Stop! ;
Keep away from...;
Watch out! Look out! Go away. Don’t enter here
Be careful when..., Come here.
You may not...You will be fined...,Don’t smoke here. Don’t slip;
You must...,You should never...,
You will be...,You will have to...,
You will need to...,We ought to...,
He’s supposed to...(书中supposed 第一个s是大写)
1 .Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people.
2. In general, though, studying international customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today’s world of culture crossroads.
3. She stepped back appearing surprised and put up her hands, as if in defence.
4. It’s possible to “read”others around you, even if they do not intend for us to catch their unspoken communication.
5. There are unhappy smiles, such as when someone “lose face” and smiles to hide it.还有不愉快的微笑，比如当某人丢了面子就会用微笑来掩饰。
1.She never laughed,____ lose her temper.
A. Or she ever did B. or did she ever C. nor she ever did D. nor did she ever
2.In order to change attitudes____ employing women, the government is bringing new laws.
A. about B. of C. towards D. on
3.The teacher____ in the next room is from Hubei.
A. cook B. cooks C. cooking D. being cooked
4.Look, the building____ over there is worth 20 million dollars.
A. being built B. building C. to be built D. was built
5.____ chairs are easy____.
A.folding, folded B. folding, to fold C. folded, to be folded D. folded, folded
6.When he awoke, he found himself____ by an old woman.
A. look after B. be looked after C. being looked after D. be looking after
7.The ____boy was last seen____ near the east lake.
A. missing, playing B. missing, play C. missed, played D. missed, to play
8.Finding her car stolen,____.
A. a policeman was asked for help B. the area was searched thoroughly
C. It was looked for everywhere D. she hurried to a policeman for help
9.____ such heavy pollution already, it may now be too late to clean up the river.
A. Having suffered B. Suffering C. To suffer D. Suffered
10.The picture____ on the wall is painted by my nephew.
A. Having hung B. hanging C. hangs D. being hung
If you travel in some areas in India, you will be lucky enough to be waited by special guide-monkeys. 1 in waistcoat(马甲), these monkeys are always 2 to be of service to you. Hungry, you only have to point to your own 3 and they will lead you to the restaurant. 4 , you put both your hands behind your head and monkeys will take you to the 5 .If you want to drink, monkeys will send you to a bar. But do not 6 when they put out their hairy hands 7 the service is done. They are just 8 for a little money as a tip. After that, they 9 their hands as if they were saying good-bye to you.
10 it or not, the monkeys are from the school for monkeys in India, 11 they were trained for one year to 12 their diplomas(毕业证). They’re not the only monkey students in the world. Some are now being trained 13 nurses in an American medical college. These monkeys are about to look after patients and help them with housework after 14 .
A three- year- old monkey named Helen has learned to 15 on and off the light, use a recorder and open doors and windows when he is 16 to. In the tropical(热带的)Malaysia where coconut trees 17 high up to the sky, monkeys would jump to the top and 18 off the coconuts for people. 19 the job is done, they would rush to their master, hoping to get some wild 20 as rewards(奖赏)。
1. A. Acted B. Dressed C. Offered D. Put
2. A. afraid B. against C. busy D. ready
3. A. body B. food C. head D. stomach
4. A. Angry B. Sorry C. Thirsty D. Tired
5. A. hotel B. restaurant C. school D. shop
6. A. be angry B. doubt C. feel puzzled D. surprise
7. A. after B. before C. since D. till
8. A. asking B. caring C. looking D. waiting
9. A. close B. show C. spread D. wave
10. A. Believe B. Guess C. Suppose D. Think
11. A. when B. where C. which D. who
12. A. accept B. buy C. get D. win
13. A. as B. for C. like D. with
14. A. class B. graduation C. school D. teaching
15. A. close B. make C. open D. turn
16. A. allowed B. forced C. praised D. told
17. A. arrive B. measure C. reach D. stand
18. A. give B. pick C. take D. turn
19. A. Although B. Because C. Once D. Since
20. A .animals B. birds C. fruits D. plants
Sometimes body language adds to what people say even when they don’t talk. Gestures are the “silent language” for every culture. We point a finger or move another part of the body to show what we want to say. It is important to know the body language of every country or we may be misunderstood.
In the United States, people greet each other with a handshake in a formal introduction. The handshake must be firm. If the handshake is weak, it is a sign of weakness or unfriendliness. Friends may place a hand on the other’s arm or shoulder. Some people, usually women, greet a friend with a hug.
Space is important to Americans. When two people talk to each other, they usually stand about two and a half feet away and at an angle(一定角度), so they are not facing each other directly. Americans get uncomfortable when a person stands too close. They will move back to have their space. If Americans touch another person by accident, they say “pardon me” or “Excuse me”.
Americans like to look at the other person in the eyes when they are talking. If you don’t do so, it means you are bored, hiding something, or are not interested. But when you stare at someone, it’s not polite.
For Americans, thumbs-up means yes, very good or well done. Thumbs-down means opposite. To call a waiter, raise one hand to head level or above. To show you want the check, make a movement with your hand as if you are signing a piece of paper. It is all right to point at things but not at people with the index(食指). Americans shake their index finger at children when they scold(责备) them and pat them on the head when they admire them.
Learning a culture’s body language is sometimes confusing(令人困惑的). If you don’t know what to do, the safest thing to do is to smile.
1. From the first paragraph we can learn that____.
A. gestures don’t mean anything while talking.
B. gestures can help us express ourselves
C. we can learn a language well without body language
D. Only American people can use gestures
2. If you are introduced to a stranger from the USA, you should____.
A. greet him with a hug B. place a hand on his shoulder
C. shake his hand firmly D. shake his hand weakly
3. In the United States, people often____.
A. show their friendship by glancing at each other
B. show their friendship by touching each other
C. say “Pardon me” to each other when they are talking
D. get uncomfortable when you sit close to them
4. When your friend gives you thumbs-up, he, in fact, ____
A. shows his rudeness to you B. shows his anger to you
C. expresses his satisfaction with you D. expresses his worries about you
5. If you talk with an American friend, it’s polite to____.
A. look up and down at your friend B. look at the other person in the eyes
C. hide your opinion D. look at your watch now and then
— Can I help you?
— Let me see. One lady’s skirt and one man’s overcoat.
— Is next Thursday soon enough?
—Until 6 : 30 pm, sir.
—Here’s your receipt(收据), sir.
A.Fine. That leaves me plenty of time to pick them up after work.
B.I want to have these clothes cleaned and pressed.
C.Good. Thank you.
D.How much is it?
E.A piece of cake?
F.When will they be ready?
G.Well. Yes. When does the shop close?
1.We study quite a few subject，such as maths, Chinese, English and physics.
2.The result of test was disappointed.
3.They do not want me do any work at home.
4.Your pronunciation is more better than mine.
5.The Smiths did his best to make me feel at home.
6.I saw the accident while waited for the bus
7.He lives in the room, the windows of that faces the south.
8.I had a face-to-face talk with a adult who was very learned.
9. If you don’t attend Daisy’s wedding, nor do I.
10. I visited an old man yesterday lived in a mountain village.
请以body language 为标题，写一篇100词左右的短文。
1 参考词汇：gesture, facial expression, general, approach, misunderstand, touch, introduce,等。
1)somebody be likely to do something.
2) avoid doing something
第4课时: Using language
重点词汇：1. represent vt 代表;象征 2 .curious adj 好奇的 3 .defend vt 保护;保卫
4 . approach vi ﹠vt接近、靠近、走近n 接近、方法、途径
5. be likely to 很可能;很有希望 6 .in general 总的来说;通常
7. at ease 舒适;快活;自由自在 8.lose face 丢脸 9 .turn one’s back to 背对;背弃
一、单项选择：1--5 DCCBA 6--10 CADAB
二、完型:1---5 BDDDA 6---10 CAADA 11---15 BCABD 16---20 DCBCC
三、阅读: 1---5: BCDCB
一、补全对话 ：1--5 BFGAC
1. The car used 此处少for five years needs major repair.
2. Buddhism was introduced to China about in 67 AD(书中是AD 67).
3. They all avoided 该单词打印错mentioning that name.
4. Your breaking traffic rule will be fined 200 yuan.
5. His long and boring speech made me yawn.
1. subject→subjects 2. disappointed→disappointing 3. want me to do4. more→much 5. his→their 6. waited→waiting 7. that→which 8. a→an 9. do→will 10.lived →living
Body language is defined as the use of posture, gestures and facial expressions that communicate attitudes, emotions and reactions. When you approach someone, your facial expression shows whether you’re friendly or not. You’re likely to misunderstand each other by using improper gestures. In Britain people feel uncomfortable touching strangers. People from the USA might move very close to you as you introduce yourself to them. Body language is very general but not all members of all cultures will help you to better communicate with others.