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  英语:必修3 Unit3同步测试2

  Class: Name: Marks: 满分(100)

  一、单项填空 (共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  1. Every evening after dinner, if not from work, I will spend some time walking my dog. .

  A. being tiredB. tiring C. tired D. to be tired

  2.Most Americans would prefer to keep their problems themselves, and solve their problems ______ themselves. .

  A. to; by B. by; to C. for; to D. in; on .

  3.When he the door, he found his keys were nowhere. .

  A. would open B. opened C. had opened D. was to open .

  4.I can be a teacher. I’m not a very patient person. .

  A. seldom B. ever C. neverD. always .

  5.At the age of 29, Dave was a worker, in a small apartment near Boston and ______ what to do about his future.

  A. living; wondering B. lived; wondering

  C. lived; wondered D. living; wondered

  6.I was born in New Orleans, Louisiana, a city name will create a picture of beautiful trees and green grass in our mind.

  A. which B. of which C. that D. whose

  7.Would you please keep silent? The weather report and I want to listen.

  A. is broadcast B. is being broadcast

  C. has been broadcast D. had been broadcast

  8.She is very dear to us. We have been prepared to do it takes to save her life.

  A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whoever

  9. Nowadays people sometimes separate their waste to make it easier for it .

  A. reusing B. reused C. reuses D. to be reused

  10.— It’s the office! So you know eating is not allowed here.

  — Oh, sorry.

  A. must B. will C. may D. need

  11. Please do me a favor — ______ my friend Mr. Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight.

  A. to invite B. inviting C. invite D. invited

  12. You and I could hardly work together, ?

  A. could you B. couldn’t I C. couldn’t we D. could we

  13. Either you or one of your students ______ to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow.

  A. are B. is C. have D. be

  14. ______ the police thought he was the most likely one, since they had no exact proof about it, they could not arrest him.

  A. Although B. As long asC. If only D. As soon as

  15. — The food here is nice enough.

  — My friend ______ me a right place.

  A. introduces B. introduced C. had introduced D. was introducing

  二、完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  I met my second husband at a colleague’s wedding. We immediately had a long and 16 talk and started to see each other regularly. I 17 him all about my illness, which would 18 disability. I was also at that time a 19 parent with an eight-year-old daughter. Within a year we got married.

  Two years later, I partly 20 my eyesight. Household tasks were 21 and walking and sitting for long periods of time were a struggle. Without 22 , my husband took on all the household 23 . When I retired early due to my poor 24 , he kept my spirits 25 and encouraged me in my desire to help other sufferers.

  In the past two years I have had 17 operations which 26 me quite close to death. For every operation and hospital 27 , my husband has been there every step of the way. He 28 me every day while still working, running to the house, and 29 our daughter. He would also bring things in for other 30 , who were in the same ward (病房) as me. To thank the nurses, he brought them all a meal and chocolates and a card to let them know he was 31 that they were taking good care of me. 32 , he didn’t complain, even when he lost his job 33 he had taken off too much time to care for me. We have been together for 11 years and when I 34 to him for not having the life I thought we would, he 35 says “I love you! This isn’t just your illness

  but ours and we’re in it together.”

  He is one of the most giving and helpful people I have ever known and he never stops, and of course, all without complaining!

  16. A. formalB. good C. strange D. sad

  17. A. confirmed B. asked C. told D. wanted

  18. A. solve B. cause C. attract D. create

  19. A. strong B. dependent C. healthy D. single

  20. A. abandoned B. lost C. developed D. dropped

  21. A. impossible B. harmful C. acceptable D. unimportant

  22. A. permission B. agreement C. profit D. complaint

  23. A. duties B. cost C. payment D. rooms

  24. A. body B. hobby C. health D. temper

  25. A. happy B. high C. heavy D. slow

  26. A. maintained B. found C. put D. cured

  27. A. interest B. requirementC. play D. stay

  28. A. complained B. followed C. visited D. observed

  29. A. taking care of B. paying attention to

  C. keeping up with D. looking forward to

  30. A. doctors B. nurses C. patients D. visitors

  31. A. tried B. helpful C. grateful D. excited

  32. A. Gradually B. CarefullyC. Surprisingly D. Luckily

  33. A. because B. if C. when D. although

  34. A. speak B. apologize C. explain D. swear

  35. A. respectfully B. sadly C. anxiously D. simply

  三、阅读理解 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)


  Eddie McKay, a once-forgotten pilot, is a subject of great interest to a group of history students in Canada.

  It all started when Graham Broad, a professor at the University of Western Ontario, found McKay’s name in a footnote in a book about university history. McKay was included in a list of university alumni (校友) who had served during the First World War, but his name was unfamiliar to Broad, a specialist in military history. Out of curiosity, Broad spent hours at the local archives (档案馆) in a fruitless search for information on McKay. Tired and discouraged, he finally gave up. On his way out, Broad’s glance happened to fall on an exhibiting case showing some old newspapers. His eye was drawn to an old picture of a young man in a rugby uniform. As he read the words beside the picture, he experienced a thrilling realization. “After looking for him all day, there he was, staring up at me out of the exhibiting case,” said Broad. Excited by the find, Broad asked his students to continue his search. They combed old newspapers and other materials for clues. Gradually, a picture came into view.

  Captain Alfred Edwin McKay joined the British Royal Flying Corps in 1916. He downed ten enemy planes, outlived his entire squadron (中队) as a WWI flyer, spent some time as a flying instructor in England, then returned to the front, where he was eventually shot down over Belgium and killed in December 1917. But there’s more to his story. “For a brief time in 1916 he was probably the most famous pilot in the world,” says Broad. “He was credited with downing Oswald Boelcke, the most famous German pilot at the time.” Yet, in a letter home, McKay refused to take credit, saying that Boelcke had actually crashed into another German plane.

  McKay’s war records were destroyed during a World War II air bombing on London — an explanation for why he was all but forgotten.

  But now, thanks to the efforts of Broad and his students, a marker in McKay’s memory was placed on the university grounds in November 2007. “I found my eyes filling with tears as I read the word ‘deceased’ (阵亡) next to his name,” said Corey Everrett, a student who found a picture of Mckay in his uniform. “This was such a simple example of the fact that he had been a student just like us, but instead of finishing his time at Western, he chose to fight and die for his country.”

  36. What made Professor Broad continue his search for more information on McKay?

  A. A uniform of McKay.B. A footnote about McKay.

  C. A book on McKay.D. A picture of McKay.

  37. What did the students find out about McKay?

  A. He trained pilots for some time.

  B. He lived longer than other pilots.

  C. He died in the Second World War.

  D. He was downed by the pilot Boelcke.

  38. McKay’s flying documents were destroyed in .

  A. BelgiumB. GermanyC. CanadaD. England

  39. We can learn from the last paragraph that McKay .

  A. preferred fight to his study

  B. went to war before graduation

  C. left a picture for Corey Everrett

  D. set an example for his fellow students


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  40. How long does it take the battery to charge up an iPhone?

  A. 15 minutes. B. 30 minutes.C. 1.5 hours.D. 3 hours.

  41. What is special about the battery?

  A. It is built in an iPhone.

  B. It is the smallest of its kind.

  C. It can also be used as a charger.

  D. It keeps power for about 30 days.

  42.Who mentions the transporting of the battery?

  A. P.S. B. B.L.C. M.C. D. T.K.

  43. The customer comments on the battery are mainly about its _______.

  A. qualityB. service C. functionD. shopping


  People diet to look more attractive. Fish diet to avoid being beaten up, thrown out of their social group, and getting eaten as a result. That is the fascinating conclusion of the latest research into fish behavior by a team of Australian scientists.

  The research team have discovered that subordinate fish voluntarily diet to avoid challenging their larger competitors. “In studying gobies we noticed that only the largest two individuals, a male and female, had breeding (繁殖) rights within the group,” explains Marian Wong. “All other group members are nonbreeding females, each being 5-10% smaller than its next largest competitor. We wanted to find out how they maintain this precise size separation.”

  The reason for the size difference was easy to see. Once a subordinate fish grows to within 5-10% of the size of its larger competitor, it causes a fight which usually ends in the smaller goby being driven away from the group. More often than not, the evicted fish is then eaten up.

  It appeared that the smaller fish were keeping themselves small in order to avoid challenging the boss fish. Whether they did so voluntarily, by restraining how much they ate, was not clear. The research team decided to do an experiment. They tried to fatten up some of the subordinate gobies to see what happened. To their surprise, the gobies simply refused the extra food they were offered, clearly preferring to remain small and avoid fights, over having a feast.

  The discovery challenges the traditional scientific view of how boss individuals keep their position in a group. Previously it was thought that large individuals simply used their weight and size to threaten their subordinates and take more of the food for themselves, so keeping their competitors small.

  While the habits of gobies may seem a little mysterious, Dr. Wong explains that understanding the relationships between boss and subordinate animals is important to understanding how hierarchical (等级的) societies remain stable.

  The research has proved the fact that voluntary dieting is a habit far from exclusive to humans. “As yet, we lack a complete understanding of how widespread the voluntary reduction of food intake is in nature,” the researchers comment. “Data on human dieting suggests that, while humans generally diet to improve health or increase attractiveness, rarely does it improve long-term health and males regularly prefer females that are fatter than the females’ own ideal.”

  44. When a goby grows to within 5-10% of the size of its larger competitor, it .

  A. faces dangerB. has breeding rights

  C. eats its competitorD. leaves the group itself

  45. The underlined words “the evicted fish” in Paragraph 3 refer to .

  A. the fish beaten up B. the fish found out

  C. the fish fattened up D. the fish driven away

  46. The experiment showed that the smaller fish .

  A. fought over a feast B. went on diet willingly

  C. preferred some extra foodD. challenged the boss fish

  47. What is the text mainly about?

  A. Fish dieting and human dieting.

  B. Dieting and health.

  C. Human dieting.

  D. Fish dieting.


  Andrew Ritchie, inventor of the Brompton folding bicycle, once said that the perfect portable bike would be “like a magic carpet…You could fold it up and put it into your pocket or handbag”. Then he paused: “But you’ll always be limited by the size of the wheels. And so far no one has invented a folding wheel.”

  It was a rare — indeed unique — occasion when I was able to put Ritchie right. A 19th-century inventor, William Henry James Grout, did in fact design a folding wheel. His bike, predictably named the Grout Portable, had a frame that split into two and a larger wheel that could be separated into four pieces. All the bits fitted into Grout’s Wonderful Bag, a leather case.

  Grout’s aim: to solve the problems of carrying a bike on a train. Now doesn’t that sound familiar? Grout intended to find a way of making a bike small enough for train travel: his bike was a huge beast. And importantly, the design of early bicycles gave him an advantage: in Grout’s day, tyres were solid, which made the business of splitting a wheel into four separate parts relatively simple. You couldn’t do the same with a wheel fitted with a one-piece inflated (充气的) tyre.

  So, in a 21st-century context, is the idea of the folding wheel dead? It is not. A British design engineer, Duncan Fitzsimons, has developed a wheel that can be squashed into something like a slender ellipse (椭圆). Throughout, the tyre remains inflated.

  Will the young Fitzsimons’s folding wheel make it into production? I haven’t the foggiest idea. But his inventiveness shows two things. First, people have been saying for more than a century that bike design has reached its limit, except for gradual advances. It’s as silly a concept now as it was 100 years ago: there’s plenty still to go for. Second, it is in the field of folding bikes that we are seeing the most interesting inventions. You can buy a folding bike for less than £1,000 that can be knocked down so small that it can be carried on a plane — minus wheels, of course — as hand baggage.

  Folding wheels would make all manner of things possible. Have we yet got the magic carpet of Andrew Ritchie’s imagination? No. But it’s progress.

  48. We can infer from Paragraph 1 that the Brompton folding bike .

  A. was portable

  B. had a folding wheel

  C. could be put in a pocket

  D. looked like a magic carpet

  49. We can learn from the text that the wheels of the Grout Portable .

  A. were difficult to separate

  B. could be split into 6 pieces

  C. were fitted with solid tyres

  D. were hard to carry on a train

  50. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

  A. Three folding bike inventors

  B. The making of a folding bike

  C. Progress in folding bike design

  D. Ways of separating a bike wheel

  四、任务型阅读 (共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)



  Communication Principles

  How you see yourself can make a great difference in how you communicate. “Every individual exists in a continually changing world of experience of which he(or she)is the center”. Many communication scholars and social scientists believe that people are products of how others treat them and of the messages others send them. But every day we experience the centrality of our selves in communication. A student. for instance,may describe a conflict with a teacher as unfair treatment:“I know my teacher doesn’t like the fact that I don’t agree with his opinions. and that’s why he gave me such a poor grade in that class. ”The teacher might say the opposite. Each person may believe that he is correct and that the other person’s view is wrong.

  The concept of serf originates in communication. Through verbal and nonverbal symbols, a child learns to accept roles in response to the expectations of others. You establish self-image。The sort of person you believe you are,by how others think of you. Positive,negative,and neutral messages that you receive from others all play a role in determining who you are. Communication itself is probably best understood as a dialogue process. Our understanding of communication comes from our interactions with other people. In a more obvious way. communication involves others in the sense that a competent communicator considers what the other person needs and expects when selecting messages to share. So,the communication begins with the self,as defined largely by others,and involves others,as defined largely by the self.

  Communication Occurs almost every minute of your life. If you are not communicating with yourself(thinking,planning,reacting to the world around you),you are observing others and drawing inferences from their behavior. Even if the other person did not intend a message for you. you gather observations and draw specific conclusions. A person yawns and you believe that person is bored with your message. A second person looks away from you and you conclude that person is not listening to you. A third person smiles(perhaps because of a memory of a joke he heard recently) and you believe that he is attracted to you. We are continually picking up meanings from others’ behaviors and we are constantly providing behaviors that have communicative value for them.

  More often than not,you may have hurt someone accidentally and you may have tried to explain that you did not mean that. You may have told the other person that you were sorry for your statement. You may have made a joke out of your rude statement. Nonetheless,your comment remains both in the mind of the other person and in your own mind. You cannot go back in time and erase your messages to others. Communication cannot be reversed(倒退),nor can it be repeated. When you tried to re—create the atmosphere,the conversation,and the setting,nothing seemed right. Your second experience with a similar setting and person made far different results.

  Paragraph outlineSupporting Details

  Communication begins with the self●People are somewhat products of others’ treatment and messages.

  ●we are always (51) in communication with others.


  (52) others●Experiences of others help children learn to accept roles.

  ●Messages from others help you (53) who you are.

  ●Needs and(54) of others should be considered.



  everywhere●We are communicating with ourselves by thinking,planning and reacting to the outside world.

  ●We are always(56) other people by observing even if they do not intend any message for you.

  ●We are constantly collecting meanings from others’(57) .

  ●We are constantly (58) meanings by what we do.


  cannot be reversed nor repeated●You may explain what you have done,but you cannot (59) what remains in the other person’s mind.

  ●Yon may redo the conversation,but you(60) achieve the same results.

  五、书面表达 (满分25分)







  如果过分依赖鼠标…… (请考生结合自身感受,列举两到三点)


  1. 对所给要点逐一陈述,适当发挥,不要简单翻译。

  2. 词数150左右。开头已经写好,不计人总词数。

  3. 作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。

  The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a computer.





  51. self-centred/subjective 56. reading/understanding/knowing

  52. involves 57. behaviors/acts/action(s)/activities

  53. determine/define/know/understand 58. conveying/expressing

  54. expectations/hopes/desires/wishes 59. erase/remove/delete/change

  55. occurs/happens/exists/arises 60. can’t/cannot

  One possible version:

  The mouse is a most effective device used by people to communicate with a computer.

  For most people, it’s almost impossible to operate a computer without a mouse, let alone surf the Internet. A well-chosen mouse is really handy, flexible and convenient in controlling the screen. With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want. It can even bring us a flood of music, movies and PC games. Just imagine, all this can be done with a cute mouse.

  A convenient tool can certainly make our work easier, but it doesn’t always help in a positive way. Too much ready information on our fingertips leaves little room for knowledge pursuing. Too many ready answers make us less excited in finding truth. Relying too much on mouse clicking makes us lazier and less creative both mentally and physically.

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