高一秋季全科辅导

高一

101教育热线电话
400-6869-101
微信
当前位置: 首页 > 高一> 高一英语> 高一英语知识点

高一英语复习资料:下册综合验收试题(附答案)

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  语综合验收试题(5)【新课标】

  本试卷分为第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。共150分,考试时间120分钟。

  第I卷(选择题 共115分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节 (共5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.What can we learn from the conversation?

  A.The woman wished she had gone to sleep earlier.

  B.The woman missed the beginning of the program.

  C.The woman fell asleep before the program ended.

  2.What does the man mean?

  A.Neither football game is good.

  B.Both of the football games are good.

  C.The football game they are watching is better than the one they watched last night.

  3.What type of movie are the two speakers going to see?

  A.A horror movie.B.A humorous movie.C.An action movie.

  4.What does the woman mean?

  A.She thinks salary is more important than interest

  B.She thinks salary is as important as interest.

  C.She thinks interest is more important than salary.

  5.Which of the following is true?

  A.The man wants to keep a seat for his companion.

  B.The woman takes the seat at last.

  C.The man doesn’t allow the woman to take the seat.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。

  6.Where are the speakers?

  A.At home. B.In a hospital.C.In an office.

  7.Why doesn’t the man sleep well?

  A.He has a sore throat.B.He has to work late.C.He has a high fever.

  8.Why doesn’t the man go to the clinic?

  A.He is having a meeting.

  B.He is too busy to do it.

  C.He can take care of himself.

  听第7段材料,回答第9至11题。

  9.What is the number of the room the man will live in?

  A.Room 543.B.Room 523.C.Room 513.

  10.How will the man pay for the fare?

  A.By credit card.B.By cash.C.By check.

  11.What day is today?

  A.Tuesday.B.Wednesday.C.Thursday.

  听第8段材料,回答第12至14题。

  12.Why is the man so upset about his getting a B?

  A.Because it took him months to finish the project.

  B.Because Ames got an A with less work.

  C.Because the woman didn’t understand him.

  13.What does the woman suggest the man do first?

  A.Speak to the teacher.B.Get his grade changed. C.Forget about the man’s grade.

  14.What does the woman think of the man’s grade?

  A.It is not a bad grade. B.It is unfair to the man. C.She has no opinion.

  听第9段材料,回答第15至17题。

  15.What does the man dislike about his job?

  A.Working in a hotel.B.Working in summer.C.Traveling all the time.

  16.Why doesn’t he want to take the new job?

  A.He doesn’t get a good pay.

  B.He dislikes working in a seaside town.

  C.He hates playing the same piece again and again.

  17.What does the woman think of the job the man was offered?

  A.Boring.B.Well-paid.C.Tough.

  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

  18.What were the students going to do?

  A.To talk about their articles before a video camera.

  B.To read news on TV.

  C.To celebrate the writer’s sister’s birthday.

  19.Why was the writer so nervous?

  A.He had never stood before a video camera.

  B.He had never talk about his article before a video camera.

  C.This camera was different from the one he had once faced.

  20.What was the writer’s feelings to his class teacher?

  A.Nervous.B.Excited.C.Annoyed.

  第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节:单项填空(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  21.–Excuse me, Mr.Premier, will you ______ me a few minutes?

  –I am afraid not, I am quite busy now.

  A.spare B.share C.devote D.spend

  22.-Shall I look after your house while you are away?

  -______.

  A.If you like B.It couldn’t be better

  C.With pleasure D.It’s up to you

  23.I’m told that languagepractising.com is a free website ______learners can not just learn various languages but also chat online.

  A.where B.which C.that D.what

  24. late, he also forgot his books.

  A.Not only the boy turned up B.Not only the boy turned out

  C.Not only did the boy show out D.Not only did the boy show up

  25.—Would you mind giving me advice on how to improve my record ?

  —If you make ______ most of your potential, there will be _____ rise in your achievement.

  26._____ sports teams, group work can only be successful when group members respect, help and support each other.

  A.As for B.As to C.As with D.As of

  27.Well, you can buy $20 tickets or 30 $ tickets, ______ you prefer.

  A.which B.whichever C.whatever D.what

  28.We agreed to accept ______ they thought was the best tourist guide.

  A.whatever B.anyone C.whichever D.whoever

  29.Nowadays in India, women with independent incomes are refusing to______to the traditional practice of arranged marriage.

  A.give in B.pick up C.hand in D.make up



  30.______ almost all our time to our schoolwork in the past three months, we have almost no time for fun and play.

  A.Having devoted B.Devoted C.To devote D.To have been devoted

  31.The traditional ____ to dealing with complex problem is to break them down into smaller, more easily managed problems.

  A.approach B.invention C.meaning D.arrangement

  32.Gary Locke , a Chinese-American, once______ as the governor of Washington for 8 years and now is U.S.Commerce Secretary.

  A.had worked B.worked C.is working D.has been working

  33.It was in the beautiful park____was located by the sea____we first met our new Chinese teacher.

  A.where; which B.that; whichC.that; that D.which; where

  34.Cars play an important role in modern life, but they_______also cause many problems like air pollution.

  A.should B.can C.must D.will

  35.Creating better health care, education and housing for everyone is a simple idea, but ____ which is hard to put into practice.

  A.one B.that C.the one D.the other

  第二节:完形填空 (共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从36—55各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A recent study shows that gossip(流言蜚语)is more powerful than truth.It suggests people believe what they hear through the grapevine(小道消息)__36__they have evidence to the contrary.

  Researchers, __37__students using a computer game, also found gossip played an important role when people __38__ decisions."We show that gossip has a strong __39__, even when people have __40__ to the original information as well as gossip about the same information.Thus, it is __41__ that gossip has a strong controlling potential," said Ralf Sommerfeld, who led the study.

  In the study, the researchers __42__ the students money and allowed them to give it to others in a series of rounds.The students also wrote __43__ about how others played the game that everyone could review.Students tended to give __44__ money to people described as “scrooges (吝啬鬼)” and more to those described as “__45__ players”.“People only believed the gossip, not the past decisions," Sommerfeld said in a telephone interview.

  The researchers then took the game a step_46_and showed the students the actual decisions people had made.But they also supplied false gossip that contradicted that __47_.In these cases, the students_48_ their decisions to award money on the gossip, __49__ the hard evidence.

  “If you know what the people did, you should care, but they still __50__ what others said,” Sommerfeld said.Researchers have __51__ used similar games to study how people cooperate and the __52__ of gossip in groups.Scientists define gossip __53__ social information spread about a person who is not __54__.In evolutionary terms, gossip can be an important tool for people to __55__ information about others" reputations or find the way through social networks at work and in their everyday lives.

  36.A.in case B.for fear that C.as if D.even if

  37.A.testing B.checking C.examining D.experimenting

  38.A.draw B.make C.reach D.conclude

  39.A.impression B.difference C.influence D.function

  40.A.access B.entrance C.charge D.communication

  41.A.curious B.serious C.obvious D.worth

  42.A.impressed B.asked C.showed D.gave

  43.A.articles B.notes C.dairies D.letters

  44.A.less B.more C.fewer D.much

  45.A.general B.mean C.generous D.outgoing

  46.A.away B.forward C.ahead D.further

  47.A.existence B.evidence C.confidence D.dependence

  48.A.based B.put C.focused D.passed

  49.A.more than B.less than C.rather than D.other than

  50.A.referred to B.listened to C.turned to D.stuck to

  51.A.soon B.presently C.far D.long

  52.A.strength B.energy C.effect D.force

  53.A.as B.for C.to D.by

  54.A.absent B.present C.gone D.missing

  55.A.achieve B.earn C.acquire D.win

  第三部分 阅读理解 (共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Each year, prizes are presented to adults who accomplish great things in art, writing, science, and economics.So why not give awards to kids?

  Harry Leibowitz asked himself that question in 1996.As an answer, he and his wife, Kay, created the World of Children organization and began handing out awards to kids and adults whose work has helped kids all over the world.The awards World of Children presents are nicknamed the "Children"s Nobel Prize." On Thursday, World of Children honored six adults and two kids at its 11th Annual Changemakers for Children awards ceremony held at the UNICEF House at United Nations Plaza in New York City.

  Talia Leman, from Iowa, was awarded a Founder"s Youth Award for Leadership.She is only 13 years old, but she has accomplished a lot.In 2005, she founded "RandomKid." Since then, the nonprofit organization has raised more than $10 million to help kids in 48 states in the U.S.and in 19 other countries develop funding solutions to real-world problems.One place helped by RandomKid was a school built in Cambodia to enable 300 kids to go to school.The organization has also helped fix a school for 200 kids in Slidell, Louisiana, and provided interactive play centers that serve more than 500 kids in hospitals in Iowa.In faraway places like Africa, RandomKid has provided money for the purchase of water pumps.

  Talia never thought that the organization she founded would be as successful as it has become."I did a project called TLC, which meant Trick or Treat for the Levy Catastrophe, where kids would trick-or-treat for coins along with getting candy," she told me."My goal was to raise $1 million.That seemed really high, but when you reach a goal, you always wind up reaching higher--and we actually raised $10 million." The money RandomKid raised provided help to the victims of hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

  56.The World of Children organization was created to _____.

  A.answer questions from chilren B.match the Adults’ Nobel Prize

  C.give awards to chilren in poor areas D.honour anyone who has helped kids in need

  57.Talia Leman was honourd by the World of Children _____.

  A.because of her sucessful work in RandomKid

  B.because she gave the organization over $10 million

  C.because of her solutions to the many world affairs

  D.because she was chairman of RandomKid

  58.In order to help kids, the organization RandomKid has done all the following EXCEPT _____.

  A.building a school in Asia



  B.providing play centers for sick children

  C.solving the water-drinking problem for African children

  D.helping 300 Cambodian kids to go to school in America

  59.How did the kids in RandomKid collect money?

  A.They got paid by working at a building project at weekends.

  B.They called at houses and threatened to play tricks if they receive nothing.

  C.They gave performances to passers-by by playing trick-or treat games.

  D.They helped a project called TLC sell candy after school.

  B

  The United States government wants to know what the public thinks about its findings on the safety of cloned animals.

  The Food and Drug Administration says meat and milk from clones of adult cattle, pigs and goats are safe to eat.An FDA official called them “as safe to eat as the food we eat every day.” And when those clones reproduce sexually, the agency says, their offspring(后代)are safe to eat as well.But research on cloned sheep is limited.So the FDA proposes that sheep clones not be used for human food.

  The United States this year could become the first country to agree to the sale of foods from cloned animals.First, however, the public will have ninety days to comment on three suggested documents.On December 28th the FDA released a long report, called a draft risk assessment, along with two policy documents.

  The agency says it must receive comments by April second.The FDA seemed ready to act several years ago, but a committee called for more research.

  For now, the government will continue to ask producers to honor a request that they not sell foods from cloned animals.

  Clones are still rare.They cost a lot and are difficult to produce.

  The FDA says most food from cloning is expected to come not from clones themselves, but from their sexually reproduced offspring.It says clones are expected to be used mostly as breeding animals to spread good qualities.

  Public opinion studies show most Americans do not like the idea of food from cloned animals.But this research also shows the public knows little about cloning.

  Cloning differs from genetic engineering.A cell taken from a so-called donor animal is grown into an embryo(胚胎) in the laboratory.Next, the embryo is placed into the uterus(子宫) of a female animal.If the process is successful, the pregnancy reaches full term and a genetic copy of the donor animal is born.

  60.What’s the main purpose of the passage?

  A.To tell a interesting story.B.To give some advice on foods.

  C.To give a report.D.To compare different opinions.

  61.Who believe that foods from cloning are safe to eat?__________

  A.Most Americans B.An advisory committee

  C.Critics D.The FDA

  62.It can be inferred from the last paragraph that_____.

  A.cloning has much in common with genetic

  B.not every cell taken from a donor animal can grow into a genetic copy

  C.the donor animal should be a female one

  D.cloned animals grow faster than normal ones

  63.Which of the following is true about foods from cloning?_______________

  A.They come from the sexually reproduced offspring of cloned animals.

  B.The food from first-generation cloned animals is very expensive.

  C.Only FDA has the right to sell the food.

  D.They will be sold mixed with those from naturally bred animals.

  C

  Thanksgiving time came and all the relatives were gathered around the long table, or seated behind TV trays.The television was on and some folks were watching it while visiting with one another.Something on television got their attention and one of the adults said, "Listen at it!" Someone else replied."Well, if that don"t beat all."

  Simple phrases were spoken by folks whose language was simple and brief.They had several idioms that were just as colorful; Phrases and words that brightened the room and warmed the conversation.

  In school we were taught to speak differently.The way our relatives spoke was discouraged.Sometimes our parents would say things we weren"t taught in school.They"d often correct themselves, as if getting rid of a mistake.Of course we learned some of their phrases and used them.They were comfortable words to pronounce, familiar.

  Our father"s side of the family was from Arkansas and Oklahoma and they spoke with the accents native to their birth states.Their voices musical and often high , it was easy to pick up that effect in our own speech and at school my brother and I were often teased for the way we spoke.Our mother"s side of the family came from Illinois and they had a tendency to talk fast.They had an accent, too, and my brother and I added that to our own speech, confusing the kids at school all the more.Our father"s side of the family loved to laugh and have a good time.Our mother"s side of the family was more serious about how they took life in; their joys more silently experienced and enjoyed.It was a rich picture of culture and it gave my brother and me a colorful view in life.

  Thanksgiving holiday was always an easy comfortable going day.It was the first real holiday of the season when everyone came together in one place, and a good time was spent happily together by all.

  64.From the text we can know that ___________.

  A.parents were worried that their relatives might affect their kids’ language

  B.parents didn’t allow their children to speak dialects

  C.parents tried to avoid affecting their kids with their dialects

  D.parents thought the language taught in school was the best

  65.It can be inferred from the text that ________.

  A.English taught in school is different from that used in daily life

  B.his mother’s side of the family spoke in a high voice

  C.the language used by his father’s side of the family was fast

  D.the writer and brother were laughed at school because of their poor English

  66.Why did the writer and his brother puzzle other kids at school by their speeches?

  A.They had relatives from different parts of Europe

  B.They added some dialects in their speeches

  C.There were many mistakes in their language

  D.their speeches were lively and colorful

  67.What’s the writer’s attitude towards dialects?

  A.They were not accepted by others.B.They should be used everywhere.

  C.They should be taught in school.D.He liked them very much.

  D

  Next time a customer comes to your office, offer him a cup of coffee.And when you’re doing your holiday shopping online, make sure you’re holding a large glass of iced tea.The physical sensation(感觉) of warmth encourages emotional warmth, while a cold drink in hand prevents you from making unwise decisions—those are the practical lesson drawn from recent research by psychologist John Bargh.

  Psychologists have known that one person’s perception(感知) of another’s “warmth” powerfully determines social relationships.Judging someone to be either “warm” or “cold” is a primary consideration, even trumping(捏造) evidence that a “cold” person may be more capable.Much of this is rooted in early childhood experiences, Bargh argues, when babies’ conceptual(概念的) sense of the world around them is shaped by physical sensations, particularly warmth and coldness.Classic studies by Harry Harlow, published in 1958, showed monkeys preferred to stay close to a cloth “mother” rather than one made of wire, even when the wire “mother” carried a food bottle.Harlow’s work and later studies have led psychologists to stress the need for warm physical contact from caregivers to help young children grow into healthy adults with normal social skills.



  Feelings of “warmth” and “coldness” in social judgments appear to be universal.Although no worldwide study has been done, Bargh says that describing people as “warm” or “cold” is common to many cultures, and studies have found those perceptions influence judgment in dozens of countries.

  To test the relationship between physical and psychological warmth, Bargh conducted an experiment which involved 41 college students.A research assistant who was unaware of the study’s hypotheses(假设) handed the students either a hot cup of coffee or a cold drink to hold while the researcher filled out a short information form: The drink was then handed back.After that, the students were asked to rate the personality of “Person A” based on a particular description.Those who had briefly held the warm drink regarded Person A as warmer than those who had held the iced drink.

  “We are grounded in our physical experiences even when we think abstractly(抽象地),” says Bargh.

  68.The author mentions Harlow’s experiment to show that ______.

  A.monkeys have social relationships

  B.adults should develop social skills

  C.caregivers should be healthy adults

  D.babies need warm physical contact

  69.In the paragraph 4, the underlined word “rate” can be replaced by ______.

  A.describeB. discussC.evaluateD.praise

  70.We can infer from the passage that _______________.

  A.capable persons are often cold to others

  B.physical temperature affects how we see others

  C.feelings of warmth and coldness are studied worldwide

  D.abstract thinking does not come from physical experiences

  71.What would be the best title for the passage?

  A.Physical Sensations and Emotions.

  B.Developing Better Drinking Habits.

  C.Experiments of Personality Evaluation.

  D.Drinking for Better Social Relationships.www.ks5u

  E

  The physical memory dump(电脑死机) error is a big problem that affects even the most advanced computer systems.Although it"s quite a rare error, it"s one of the most stopping what you"re doing and restarting your computer—making you lose all your unsaved data.This is a big problem, but there is actually a very easy way to fix it.

  There are two reasons why the physical memory dump happens.The first is pretty simple and is to do with the "hardware", and if any of these pieces are not fit for your system, it will cause the physical memory dump.So, if you"ve recently added any hardware to your PC, then take that out and see if it works.

  The other reason is your system, the "registry".The registry is a big database(数据库)that operates in the background of Windows, storing all sorts of settings and information about your PC.The problem with the registry is that since it has so many important files inside, it"s constantly got hundreds of files open every time you use your PC.And because there are so many files to open at once, Windows is constantly getting confused, leading it to save many of these files in the wrong way.These files go wrong when saved wrongly, making them difficult for your computer to read.However, if it can"t read the files at all, it has no choice but to stop everything it"s doing and restart your PC.This is why the physical memory dump error appears so easily—because when a registry file is so wrong that it can"t be read, your computer needs to refresh itself immediately.

  This latter reason for causing the physical memory dump is actually extremely common and the likelihood is that your PC is suffering from it, if you"re seeing this error.Luckily, it"s also incredibly easy to fix—you just need to use a software tool called a "registry cleaner" to go through the registry and fix all the problems in there.

  72.From the text we can infer that ________.

  A.the dump error often happens to your PC

  B.the dump canbe dealt with easily

  C.only the advanced computers suffers from the error

  D.the dump error can cause the data in your PC to be lost

  73.The reason that your PC has the dump error is that ___________.

  A.the the hardware loses its memeroy

  B.your Windows needs to be upgraded

  C.you have saved wrong files in the PC

  D.you have stored too many files in the PC.

  74.What’s problem with the registry when your PC goes wrong?

  A.The register can’t read the files correctly.

  B.It must open 100 files every time you use your PC.

  C.The register doesn’t agree with the database.

  D.The register must save many important files inside.

  75.What does a registry cleaner means?

  A.A softwar which can help you save time.

  B.A software which can remove unnecessary files

  C.A software which can repair the machine.

  D.a software which makes your PC down.

  第Ⅱ卷(非选择题 共35分)

  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(满分10分)

  此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误)则按下列情况改正:

  该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

  该行少一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在右边横线上写出所加的词。

  该行错一个词:在错词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正的词。

  注意:原行没错的不要改。

  Dear Sir,

  I am university student.I once thought life at the76._________

  university must be excellent, but now I had changed my mind. 77._________

  I have three roommates, and I was the last one tomove78._________

  into the dormitory.Last term, I got along peacefully and79._________

  happy.But I find they are not willing to be with me now.80._________

  They don’t talk with me, so they’ve become cold toward81._________

  me.Many time, I have wanted to talk with them about what82._________

  I felt like, but I failed to find an opening.When leaving83._________

  alone, I am always recall this sadness.Why can’t I win true 84._________

  friendship? I’m lonely, and look forward to get your advice soon.85._________

  Yours,

  Peter

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假如你叫李华,你校外籍教师Peter喜欢骑自行车。他对你市街头的便民自行车发放很感兴趣,向你打听如何办理自行车租赁卡。请根据下面的提示给他发一封电子邮件,告诉他相关信息。

  1.在你市工作的外籍人员可凭护照和本人照片办理,一周后领取;时间上午8:00到下午5:00

  2.有效期三年,全市通行,可在任何一个站点租车、还车

  3.申请表格有限,最好早点到达。申请办理地点:城东市政大厅



  注意:1.词数100左右

  2.电子邮件的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入总词数。

  参考词汇:租赁卡renting card;有效:valid;市政大厅:town hall

  Hi, Peter.

  As you are interested in the free bike system in our city, I’d like to tell you what I’ve learned about it.

  I do hope the information above will be of some help to you.Good luck!

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  2011—2012学年度下学期高三二轮复习

  英语综合验收试题(5)【新课标】

  参考答案

  1—5 CABCB 6—10 CABBA 11—15 ABACC 16—20 CBABC

  21.A考查动词辨析。这里用spare表示“抽出,匀出”:你能抽出几分钟时间给我吗?

  22.B考查交际用语。对方主动提出当你不在家时帮你照看房子,此时用B作答,“那太好了”。

  23.A考查定语从句。从语境看,本空连词引导定语从句,并在从句中做地点状语,表示在这个网站,因此用where引导。

  24.D考查倒装句。从语境看,这里not only…but also修饰谓语动词并放在句首了,此时前面一句要用倒装句,用助动词构成倒装,用动词短语show up或turn up表示“出现”。

  25.C考查冠词。从语境看,第一空是短语make the most of表示“充分利用”,第二空用a rise in表示“某方面的上升/上涨”。

  26.C考查介词短语。这里用as with结构表示“和A一样(B如何)”。

  27.B考查状语从句。本题连词引导状语从句而不是定语从句,表示前面提到的两种票价的选择,用whichever引导状语从句。

  28.D考查名词从句。本题连词引导宾语从句并在从句中作主语,指人,因此whoever是唯一正确答案。

  29.A考查动词短语辨析。语境表示拒绝屈服于传统的包办婚姻,用give in to表示“屈服”。

  30.A考查非谓语动词。devote表示“投身于,致力于”,用devote oneself/one’s time to或be devoted to,本空接了宾语,有延续性时间状语,因此用现在分词完成式做状语。

  31.A考查名词辨析。语境表示对复杂问题的传统处理方式,用approach (to sth)表示“接近……的方式/方法”。

  32.B考查动词时态。华裔美国人骆家辉当过8年的华盛顿州的州长,如今是美国商务部长。这里有延续性时间状语, 但叙述的是与现在没有联系的过去动作,用一般过去时。

  33.C考查定语从句和强调句。从语境看,第一空是定语从句,用that或which引导定语从句,连词在从句中作主语;第二空是强调句的回族干部分,用it be…that。

  34.B考查情态动词。这里的肯定句表示“有时会,可能会”,用can。注意can与must都能用于肯定句中表示肯定的推测与判断,表示具体情形的推测判断用must,而can表示一般性的叙述,“有时会”。

  35.A考查代词。本空代词作前面的a simple idea的同位语,都是第一次提到,因此用代词one。

  完形填空:这是一篇议论文。本文议论的主题是:流言比事实更具威力,即:人们更容易听信流言蜚语,即使人们掌握了事实依据, 他们还是更易相信与事实不符的小道消息。

  36.D。由首句意思“流言比事实更具威力”可知, 此处需要表示让步的从属连词才能使句子完整,所以even if“纵使,即使”是最佳选项。句意为:即使人们掌握了事实依据, 他们还是更易相信与事实不符的小道消息。

  37.A。据德国迈克斯•普兰克研究所负责人、进化生物学家拉尔夫•索姆费尔德介绍,研究人员借助一个电脑游戏对学生们进行测试。testing测试,检测;checking 核实,查实; examining 考试,检查;experimenting实验。

  38.B。结果发现,流言在人们做决定的过程中起了重要作用。make a decision作决定,是固定短语。draw/reach /conclude a decision 得出结论。

  39.C。即便在研究对象知道了真相的情况下,流言仍有很强的影响力。have a strong influence具有很强的影响力。

  40.A。have access to固定短语,意为:有(使用某物或接近某人的)机会或权利或条件。

  41.C。由此看来,流言显然具有很强的操纵力。obvious 显然的,明显的。

  42.D。在试验过程中,研究人员发给学生们一些钱并让他们分几轮把钱发给其他人。由后面的give it to others in a series of rounds 可知此处是gave。

  43.B。学生们还得记录其他同伴在游戏中的所作所为,以供大家参考。write notes作记录,作笔记。

  44.A。索姆费尔德说,学生们倾向于发较少的钱给那些被描述为“吝啬鬼”的人,less与下文more 形成对比。

  45.C。而发较多的钱给那些“慷慨的玩家”。generous players与上文的scrooges形成对比。

  46.D。研究人员又进行了几轮游戏,并在这几轮中告诉大家每个人的真实决定。further进一步地;又。

  47.B。但研究人员同时还“散布”了一些与真实依据相矛盾的流言。evidence 证据,依据。

  48.A.在这几轮中,学生们仍然根据他们听到的流言来决定发钱的多少。base sth.on sth.依某事物为另一事物的根据/证据。

  49.C.而不是根据摆在面前的事实。rather than而不是。other than 除……之外。

  50.B。如果你了解了真实情况,那就应该有所考虑,可他们仍然听信流言。listened to倾听,听取。

  51.D。研究人员长期用类似的游戏来研究人们如何合作及流言对于团队的影响。 long 长期地。

  52.C。effect影响。

  53.A。科学家将流言定义为人们散布的有关不在场的人的社会信息。define… as…把……定义为……

  54.B.present 在场的,出席的。

  55.C。从进化论角度来说,流言是人们获取其他人社会评价信息及游刃于工作和日常生活中各种社会关系网的重要工具。acquire 获取,获得。

  阅读理解

  A:这是一篇新闻类记叙文。“儿童世界”组织在其设奖11周年之际,为儿童事业作出杰出贡献的人们颁奖。这些奖项被誉为“儿童诺贝尔奖”。

  56.D考查细节理解。根据第二段“began handing out awards to kids and adults whose work has helped kids all over the world”可知:创立该组织的目的是为了奖励为儿童事业作出过杰出贡献的人。

  57.A考查细节理解。根据第三段内容可知,“儿童世界”组织为Talia Leman颁奖是因为她在RandomKid组织中的突出贡献。

  58.D考查细节理解。根据第三段内容后半部的内容,“帮助300名柬埔寨孩子去美国上学”与短文内容不符。

  59.B考查推理判断。根据最后一段“would trick-or-treat for coins along with getting candy”意义可知:孩子们是挨家挨户索要,运用万圣节“若不给则搞恶作剧(trick-or-treat)”的方式进行。

  B:本文介绍美国食品和药品管理局告诉公众,克隆动物的食物对人体安全,可以放心使用。

  60.C考查主题大意。本篇文章是关于克隆食物的安全问题的报道。

  61.D考查细节理解。文章开头说,美国食品和药品管理局告诉公众,克隆动物制品可以安全食用,其后代也能安全食用。

  62.B考查推理判断。最后一段说,“如果这个过程成功的话”,怀孕的动物的孕期就会自然成熟。由此判断选B,这个过程也有失败的时候。

  63.A考查推理判断。第七段说,克隆动物的肉食不是来自克隆动物本身,而是来自有性繁殖的后代,克隆动物将被用做繁殖动物,以传递优良素质。

  C:因为作者家中的长者来自不同地区,所以带有不同的方言,他和弟弟不知不觉在口音上具有了父母双方得特点,使得他们在学校和他人不同。

  64.C考查细节理解。 根据文章第三段的They"d often correct themselves, as if getting rid of a mistake.They"d often correct themselves, as if getting rid of a mistake.可以看出 父母尽力在语言方面少影响孩子们。

  65.A考查细节理解。第三段的前三句都说明了在学校所教的语言和在家中学到得有差异。

  66.B考查细节理解。文中的 …my brother and I added that to our own speech, confusing the kids at school all the more.点明了他们兄弟的语言中带有父母双方的方言。

  67.D考查细节理解。文中的It was a rich picture of culture and it gave my brother and me a colorful view in life.说明作者对自己夹杂方言的语言很高兴。

  D:科学家通过试验证明,在人际交往中,人们能从对方哪怕端来一杯水中感受到对方的温暖或冷淡,因此,在人际交往中,我们要用关心去温暖对方。

  68.D考查推理判断。第二段叙述他用猴子做的试验,说猴子宁愿亲近用布做的“猴妈妈”,而不接近用电线做的,以证明本文阐述的主题:婴儿需要温暖。

  69.C考查猜测词义。从后面的叙述可知,该词表示“评价”:随后叫这些得到对方递过来的热咖啡或冷饮的学生对对方进行评价。

  70.B考查推理判断。第一段说,身体能感受到的温暖能激起情绪上的温暖的感觉。由此判断B项陈述正确。

  71.A考查主题大意。全文介绍在人际关系中我们能从对方传递的热情或冷淡中感受到人间冷暖。

  E:在使用电脑时,突然死机往往会给我们工作过带来很多不便。作者在文中讲述了出现该毛病的原因以及如何修理办法。

  72.B考查细节理解。根据文章第一段所给的内容,可以看出dump error虽然是个大问题,但并不常见,且是很容易修理的。

  73.D考查细节理解。文章的二、三、四段讲述了电脑出毛病的原因。①硬件和电脑不合适;②存储文件太多,电脑该进行磁盘清理了。故答案选D。

  74.A考查细节理解。文章第三段讲述了register的毛病。从文中的because when a registry file is so wrong that it can"t be read可以看出答案。



  75.B考查细节理解。根据文章最后一段的内容,可以看出作者在谈论对电脑出毛病的第二个原因的就解决办法。即对多余的文件进行清理。

  76.am后加a。冠词的错误。单数可数名词前一定要有冠词;表示非定指加a。

  77.had→have。时态的错误。这里应该用现在完成时表示延续到现在的动作。

  78.√

  79.I →we代词的错误。语境表示作者和室友相处很好,用we。

  80.happy→happily词类的错误。用副词而不是形容词作状语。

  81.so→and。连词的错误。用并列连词表示陈述多个事实。

  82.time→times短语的错误。这里表示“几次”,用many times。

  83.leaving→left非谓语动词的错误。语境表示被独自一人撇在一边时,用过去分词做状语。

  84.去掉am。句式的错误。这里有动词recall(回忆),前面的be动词是多余的。

  85.get→getting。非谓语动词的错误。look forward to接动名词或名词、代词等做宾语。

  参考范文:

  One possible version

  Hi, Peter.

  As you are interested in the free bike system in our city, I’d like to tell you what I’ve learned about it.

  I was told that foreigners working in our city can also apply for the renting card.You only need a copy of your passport and a photo to be used on the card.The application office is open from 8 am to 5 pm.You can get it a week after you apply for it.The card is valid for three years, and with it, you can rent a bike in the city and drop it off at a different station.So you can pick up a bike and return it at another station.

  By the way, you can apply for a renting card at the Town Hall east of our city.As there are many people applying for the card, and application forms are limited, it would be wise if you get there as early as possible.

  I do hope the information above will be of some help to you.Good luck!

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  听力原文

  Text 1

  M: I really enjoyed that TV program about whales last night.Did you get home in time to see it ?

  W: Oh, yes.But I wish I could have stayed awake long enough to see the whole thing.

  Text 2

  W: What do you think of the football game we watched last night?

  M: It is no better than the one we are watching now.

  Text 3

  W: What kind of movie do you want to see?

  M: I want to see a funny movie.

  W: That sounds great.I am in the right mood for a funny movie.

  Text 4

  M: I think salary is the most important factor in choosing a job.

  W: I don’t think so.Personally, I’d put interest in the first place.

  Text 5

  W: Excuse me, is this seat taken?

  M: No, I don’t think so.

  W: Mind if I sit down?

  M: No, go ahead.

  Text 6

  W: Morning! How are you today? You don’t look very well.

  M: I’m not.I have a sore throat, and I cough, especially at night.So I can’t sleep very well.

  W: Oh! Have you got a temperature?

  M: Yeah, I’ve got a fever.

  W: Um, I think you’ve got the flu.I suggest you take a day off and go back home to have a good rest.

  M: Sounds great.But I have to prepare my speech for the conference.You know, it’s only five days from now.And yesterday they asked me for the summary.

  W: Did you go to the clinic?

  M: I had no time for it and there’s no way until I finish the summary.

  W: Take your time and take good care of yourself.

  M: Sure.Thank you.

  Text 7

  W: Welcome to our hotel, sir.

  M: OK, my best friend helped me book the hotel and he thinks highly of your hotel.

  W: Thanks a lot.Please give me your name card, OK?

  M: Here you are.

  W: Mr.Lee from Beijing, right.Your room was booked last week.

  M: Right, which room should I stay?

  W: OK, sir.Your room is 523, and how long would you stay?

  W: Four days.I’ll be checking out on Saturday.

  W: And how would you pay?

  M: By credit card.Would you like to show me the way?

  W: Yes, please, and here is your key, sir.

  Text 8

  M: I can’t believe it! I only got a B on my project.

  W: Why are you complaining? That’s not a bad grade.

  M: I worked on it for weeks.I spent hours in the library checking on things.I really thought I’d done a good job.I even gave up last week’s concert.

  W: Well, getting a B is good.I just don’t see why you’re so upset.

  M: But Ames didn’t spend half as much time on his project and he still got an A.

  W: Ames always gets good grades on his projects.If you are truly dissatisfied, why don’t you speak to the teacher to find out why you only got a B?

  M: I’m really not in the mood to speak to that teacher.

  W: Maybe your grade can be changed.If that can’t be done, you can find out what was weak about it and try to improve on those points in your next project.

  M: I suppose that’s the best thing to do.

  Text 9

  W: Hi, George, what have you been doing lately? I haven’t seen you around much.Where have you been?

  M: Oh I was playing the piano for a group of Germany.I just got back.

  W: It must be exciting playing the piano and traveling all the time.

  M: Well, playing the piano is great, but the traveling is no fun.Living out with the suitcase all the time.I have just been to my manager and he has offered me a job: playing on the coast for the summer.

  W: At a sea sight town?

  M: Yes, but I don’t think I am going to take it.

  W: Why not? Not enough money?

  M: No, it’s not bad.The money is good.About two hundred dollars a week.It’s just that we will be working in the hotel playing for the tourists.And they just want a same old music over and over to dance too.And I get so bored.It’s not like playing the music.It’s like being a machine.

  W: I wouldn’t mind being a machine for that money.

  Text 10

  It was 2:05 in the afternoon.When I entered the classroom, I was surprised to see a video camera.Our class teacher was operating the camera, and my classmates were all talking among themselves slowly.Most of us had never been in front of a video camera before, so we were quite nervous.As for myself, I had once faced one at home; my uncle was shooting when we were celebrating my sister’s birthday.But this was completely different.We had to talk about our articles as if we were reading news on TV.The funny things was that every time I tried to face the camera and talk about my article, I forgot the article and couldn’t resist looking down at it.It was a completely different experience for me.I just didn’t like it.

上一篇:高一英语复习资料:下册Unit 2基础训练题

下一篇:高一英语复习资料:上册精练检测试题(附答案)

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 生物 英语 听力 (责任编辑:101教育小编)

相关文章推荐

精品课程推荐

更多精品课程
高一物理
匀变速直线运动的v-t图像典型例题
主讲教师:101远程教育网 免费试听
高一英语
改错小练兵
主讲教师:101远程教育网 免费试听
高一化学
离子方程式的正误判断易错题型
主讲教师:101远程教育网 免费试听

免费领取体验课

姓名
手机号
年级
*图形验证码
获取验证码
免费预约
高一秋季超值优惠课