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高一英语复习资料:下册基础训练题(带答案)

来源:101教育网整理 2014-11-14 字体大小: 分享到:

  高一英语基础训练

  一. 单词拼写

  1.The government took immediate measures and the disease was p

  from spreading.

  2. Our solar s has 8 planets.

  3. My new teacher is a very g person.

  4. This area has a hot c .

  5. As everybody knows, smoking is h to people’s health.

  6. He was involved in the (暴力的) fight last night and was arrested by the police.

  7. Some advertisements have no (吸引力) at all.

  8. This kind of plant only (存在) in Africa.

  9. The boss never shouts at his staff in the (在场) of others.

  10. There is an (气氛) of peace and calm in the country, quite different from that of a big city.

  二 短文改错

  Notice

  In order to improve our English, an English evening is going to help 1.

  in our school dining hall. It will start from 7:30 p.m. and end at 10:00 p.m.2.

  the next Friday. You will enjoy English stories at the “evening”. Some 3.

  English songs will also be singing. What’s more, some English poems4.

  and short plays will he performed, either. In addition, Mr and Mrs Brown5.

  from Canada, working in our school, together with his children, will6.

  be invited to our “evening”. They will give us wonderfully performances.7.

  Everybody is welcome to standing the “evening”. We hope all of you8.

  can be there on time and will appreciate the performances. We also9.

  hope your English will be greatly improve after this “evening”.10.

  Student’s Union

  单项填空

  从A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  1. It was reported that a plane crash happened last night and most of the passengers were badly and some 10 died.

  A. damaged B. injured

  C. destroyed D. harmed

  2. The boiler from excessive pressure of steam .

  A. exploded B. burst C. explode D. erupt

  3. He exists bread and water.

  A. on B. in C. by D. with

  Ⅴ. 完形填空

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  It was Mother’s Day, the day we celebrate everything mothers are and everything we do. But I’ll 1 that Sunday in 2000 was bittersweet for me. As a single mother I 2 to think of my shortcomings — how many evenings I couldn’t spend with my children, and how many things I couldn’t 3 my waitress salary to buy.

  But what 4 kids I had! My daughter Maria was a senior in college, and Denny was home visiting from his freshman year at Harvard University. They were 5 impolite enough to complain, but there was so much more I 6 I had done for them. I just hoped they 7 .

  As I walked into the 8 quietly to start breakfast, I was greeted by a vase 9 a dozen red roses! When had Denny possibly slipped down to leave them? But even their delicate beauty was overshadowed by the note sitting beside them, in the quick, manly 10 of an eighteen-year-old. It was about a story that happened between Denny and me long ago. It 11 :

  She took a day off from her busy 12 to take the boy to see his hero in the flesh at the stadium. It took 3.5 hours just to get there, and they had to be there early 13 he could see his hero take batting practice. 14 their arrival, she took her hard-earned money to buy an overpriced T-shirt on which was 15 his hero making a diving catch. After the game, of course he had to 16 his hero’s signature, so she stayed with the little boy 17 one in the morning ...

  It took me long enough to 18 it, but I finally know who the 19 hero is. Mom, I love you!

  And suddenly, it was a 20 Mother’s Day, after all.

  1. A. admit B. adopt C. deny D. refuse

  2. A. intended B. liked C. tended D. hesitated

  3. A. stress B. share C. strengthen D. spend

  4. A. poor B. great C. faithless D. pretty

  5. A. merely B. usually C. never D. often

  6. A. wished B. hoped C. expected D. desired

  7. A. supported B. understood C. approved D. disgusted

  8. A. living-room B. kitchen C. bed loom D. study

  9. A. including B. containing C. possessing D. pinning

  10. A. handwriting B. description C. tone D. scratch

  11. A. wrote B. recorded C. memorized D. read

  12. A. event B. content C. schedule D. circumstance

  13. A. or B. for C. but D. so

  14. A. At B. In C. On D. By



  15. A. impressed B. printed C. presented D. pressed

  16. A. buy B. abandon C. get D. swap

  17. A. before B. until C. after D. when

  18. A. see B. hear C. realize D. tell

  19. A. actual B. true C. imaginary D. visual

  20. A. sad B. bitter C. happy D. exciting

  Ⅵ.阅读理解

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

  Every culture has a recognized point when a child becomes an adult, when rules must be followed and tests passed.

  In China, although teenagers can get their ID cards at 16, many only see themselves as an adult when they are 18. In the US, where everyone drives, the main step to the freedom of adult life is learning to drive. At 16, American teens take their driving test. When they have their license, they drive into the grown-up world.

  “Nobody wants to ride the cheese bus to school,” said Eleanor Fulham, 17. She brought the pressure back to memory, especially for kids from wealthier families. “It’s like you’re not cool if you don’t have a car,” she said.

  According to recent research, 41% of 16 to 19-year-olds in the US own cars, up from 23% in 1985. Although, most of these cars are bought by parents, some teens get part-time jobs to help pay.

  Not all families can afford cars for their children. In cities with subways and limited parking, some teenagers don’t want them. But in rich suburban areas without subways, and where bicycles are more for fun than transportation, it is strange for a teenager not to have a car.

  But police say 16-year-olds have almost three times more accidents than 18 to 19-year-olds. This has made many parents pause before letting their kids drive.

  Julie Sussman, of Virginia, decided that her son Chad, 15, will wait until he is 17 to apply for his learner’s permit.

  Chad said he has accepted his parents’ decision, although it has caused some teasing from his friends. “They say that I am unlucky,” he said, “But I’d rather be alive than driving, and I don’t really trust my friends on the road, either.”

  In China as more families get cars, more 18-year-olds learn to drive. Will this become a big step to becoming an adult?

  1. Which may serve as the BEST title of the article?

  A. Cars Helping You to Grow-Up

  B. Driving into the Grown-Up World

  C. Teenagers’ Driving in America

  D. Recognized Point of Becoming an Adult

  2. 16-year-old drivers have more accidents possibly because .

  A. they want to show themselves off

  B. they are never experienced drivers

  C. older people always drive better

  D. they never drive carefully on the road

  3. Which may NOT be taken into consideration when deciding whether to buy a car?

  A. How well off the family is.

  B. Whether the kid is old enough.

  C. What traffic condition there is around.

  D. Whether it’s practically needed.

  4. When Chad said “I don’t really trust my friends ...”, he meant that .

  A. he might run into his friends if he drove

  B. he didn’t agree with his friends

  C. he might not be safe if his friends drove

  D. he was afraid that his friends might well lie to him

  5. The passage mainly gives information about .

  A. an American culture



  B. a cultural difference between America and China

  C. a change in the Chinese culture

  D. the relationship between driving and a person’s development

  答案

  提升练习

  Ⅳ.单项填空

  1. 解析:选B。考查同义词的辨析。injure强调在意外事故中 “受伤”, 而damage主要指对物的损害;destroy指毁坏。

  2. 解析:选A。考查同义词的辨析。explode强调(火药、炸药或蒸气压力过高的锅炉)爆炸,炸裂,突然破裂。由句意“蒸气压力过高的锅炉突然破裂了”可知,用一般过去时最合适,因此答案选A。

  3. 解析:选A。考查短语搭配。exist on靠……活下去(靠……生存);exist in在……中存在(或生存); exist by在(某种思想、品质等)中找到生活的力量;exist with与……共存。由句意“他靠面包和水度日”可知,答案选A。

  4. 解析:选C。句意为:村民们在协议达成之前彼此之间经常发生暴力冲突。由常识可知,冲突不应是“有趣的”,也不会是“平安的或和平的”。“精神冲突”亦不合适,只有“暴力的冲突”才符合句意,故选C。

  5. 解析:选B。考查固定短语。句意为:寒冬对橘子树有害。be harmful to ... 对……有害。

  6. 解析:选D。考查短语辨析。in surprise 吃惊地;in return作为回报;in turn轮流,依次;in time终于,一段时间后。由句意“她起初只是一名办公室职员,最终成了整个公司的董事”可知,应选D。

  7. 解析:选B。考查动词短语的用法。prevent ...from doing意为“阻止……做某事”,同义短语还有stop/keep ...from doing,其中prevent/stop ...from doing中的from可省略,而keep ...from doing中的from不能省略,排除A项;happen为不及物动词,不用被动语态,故选B。

  8. 解析:选A。句意为:一切按计划进展得很顺利。according to根据,按照,是固定短语。

  9. 解析:选C。句意为:她对她的将来感到迷惘。puzzled(人)迷惑的、迷惘的; puzzling(物)令人迷惑的。

  10. 解析:选B。考查lie (lied,lied)说谎;lie (lay,lain)躺,平卧;和lay (laid,laid)放置;下蛋这几个词的区别。句意为:躺在树下的那个男孩向他的朋友撒谎说他的公鸡下蛋了。故选B。

  Ⅴ. 完形填空

  1. 解析:选A。句意为:但我承认2000年那个星期天对我而言苦乐参半。

  2. 解析:选C。作为单身母亲,“我”总是不由自主想到自己的缺点。tend to do意为“倾向于”。

  3. 解析:选B。服务员收入微薄,孩子们想要的很多东西“我”都不能匀出钱去买。share匀出。

  4. 解析:选B。从下文内容可知,孩子们给母亲过了一个美好的母亲节,他们是伟大的孩子。

  5. 解析:选C。该句句意为“他们从不无理地抱怨。”

  6. 解析:选A。但作为母亲,有多少事情我想为他们做却做不到啊。wish后面的宾语从句用虚拟语气,表示难以实现的愿望。

  7. 解析:选B。句意为:“我”只是希望孩子们能够理解(我的无奈)。

  8. 解析:选B。从后面的to start breakfast可知,我悄悄走进厨房。

  9. 解析:选B。花瓶里装着一打红玫瑰,表示容器中装有什么东西,只能用contain。

  10. 解析:选A。从下文内容可知,18岁的儿子给母亲写了一封短信,所以此处指的是字迹。

  11. 解析:选D。该句句意为“短信的内容是”,read在此处意为“内容如下”。

  12. 解析:选C。母亲的时间表安排得很满,但还是请了一天假带儿子去见儿子心目中的英雄。

  13. 解析:选D。根据句意可知上下文之间是因果关系,所以用并列连词so。

  14. 解析:选C。on与名词或动名词连用,表示“一……就……”。

  15. 解析:选B。T恤衫上印着儿子崇拜的英雄的形象。

  16. 解析:选C。由文意可知,比赛后,儿子当然要索取英雄的签名。

  17. 解析:选B。母亲一直陪伴着儿子直到凌晨一点钟。until引导时间状语。

  18. 解析:选C。句意为:我过了很长时间才意识到,谁是真正的英雄。realize意识到。

  19. 解析:选B。true真正的;actual实际的;imaginary想象的;visual视觉的。

  20. 解析:选C。懂事的儿女让母亲感到欣慰,自然这是一个快乐的母亲节。

  Ⅵ.阅读理解

  1. 解析:选B。标题归纳题。从第一段和第二段可知,文章的主要内容是通过让孩子学会开车,通过测试拿到驾照让他们明白自己是成年人了。

  2. 解析:选B。推理判断题。从第六、七及第八段可推断选B项。

  3. 解析:选C。细节理解题。在第五段中讲到了买车的理由,如交通是否便利,家庭开支等方面的原因,但没有提到交通运转的理由,故选C。

  4. 解析:选C。由前面的句子“But Id rather be alive than driving ”(让我在开车和活着之间作选择,我要活着)可以看出,他对他的朋友们的驾驶技术很没有信心。

  5. 解析:选A。主旨大意题。通读全文可知,文章主要讲到了在美国让孩子通过拿驾照意识到自己已经可以为自己负责任了。这体现了一种文化意识。故选A。

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