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高一英语知识点:2012年下册3月适应性考试题(有答案)

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  瑞安中学2011学年第二学期高一3月份适应性考试

  英语试卷

  审题: 高一备课组

  本试卷分第I 卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。满分100分。考试时间为90分钟。

  第I卷选择题部分

  第一部分:英语知识运用(共三节,满分45分)

  第一节 听力部分(计两小节共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  第一小节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面5段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题,每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.What does the man want?

  A. A door.B. A key.C. Milk.

  2.What is the woman doing?

  A. Taking a picture.B. Enjoying a fountain.C. Climbing mountains.

  3.What advice did the woman give the man?

  A. Run fast.B. Take mild exercise.C. Run slowly for long.

  4.What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. A ghost.B. A film. C. A story.

  5.What is the man most probably?

  A. A policeman.B. A teacher.C. A doctor.

  第二小节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面两段对话,每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话前,你都有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒中;听完后,各小题将给出5秒中的作答时间,每段对话读两遍。

  听下面一段对话,回答第6至7题。

  6.What are the speakers doing?

  A. Preparing for a meal.

  B. Doing some shopping.

  C. Talking about a recipe (菜谱).

  7.What do the speakers need to buy?

  A. Cheese and potatoes.B. Onions and pepper.C. Mushrooms and butter.

  听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10题。

  8.What does the man think of the typewriter?

  A. Slow.B. Unreliable.C. OK.

  9.What once caused the loss of papers?

  A. There was a power (电力) cut.

  B. The battery ran down.

  C. The computer was broken.

  10.How did the man finish his paper?

  A. He used a typewriter.

  B. He used a word processor (处理器).

  C. He used a computer.

  第二节:语法和词汇知识(共30小题;每小题0.5分,满分15分)

  从A、B、C、D选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  11. Smoking, which may be _______ fun for some people, can do ______harm to our health.

  A. / , / B. a, aC. a , / D. /, the

  12. —__________are you going to__________ it? — Keep it, of course.

  A. What , deal with B. How, deal with C. How, do with D. What, use

  13. —Look! Everything here is under construction.

  —What’s the pretty small house that ________for?

  A. is being built B. having been built C. is built D. is building

  14. ______ the earthquake, a lot of people in Sichuan lost their homes, becoming homeless.

  A. As a result B. Result from C. Because D. As a result of

  15. We mustn’t waste anything. ________ you shouldn’t waste time.

  A. In all B. At allC. Above all D. After all

  16. I don’t doubt that Amy is the lady, ______ the gold ring belongs.

  A. to which B. to whomC. to whose D.to her

  17. We ________ walk in the moonlight, talking about_______ we were interested in.

  A. used to; all what B. were used to; all thatC. used to; what D. were used to; what

  18. Will you _______ my clothes while I have a swim?

  A. watch outB. on watch C. watch overD. look out

  19. Please remove your bike. I’m afraid it is__________.

  A.in a way B. in the way C. on the way D. by the way

  20. — The room is so dirty. ________ we clean it? — Of course.

  A. Will B. DoC. Would D. Shall

  21. Tom suggested that we____ a meeting, but Jenny’s eyes suggested that it______ important.

  A. not hold, should be B. didn’t hold, be C. hold ,was D. not hold , was

  22. The windows __________ up to now, and you need not wash again.

  A. is washed B. were washed C. have been washed D. will be washed

  23. We’ll get there on time if the car doesn’t____________.

  A. break out B. break up C. break down D. break into

  24. China has many rivers, ________ the Changjiang River is the longest.

  A. which B. whose C. among which D. one of which

  25. Li Ming speaks English very well________ he were an English boy.

  A. so that B. even thoughC. now thatD. as though



  26. The day everyone had been looking forward to ________ at last.

  A. coming B. came C. has come D. will come

  27. He promised to come, but hasn’t _________ yet.

  A. turned up B. turned down C. turned out D. turned on

  28. The bag ______ a lot of books, ______ some English books and history books.

  A. contains; included B. contains; including C. includes; contained D. includes; containing

  29. Jack, you ______ play with the knife; you ______ hurt yourself.

  A. won’t; can’t B. mustn’t; may C. shouldn’t; must D. can’t; should

  30. ____, his works are worth reading.

  A. PersonallyB. Totally C. SpeciallyD. Friendly

  31. The government tried its best to _____ the people’s needs, but the people were still not______. In fact, what the government did was not______.

  A. satisfy; satisfied; satisfying B. satisfy; satisfying; satisfied

  C. satisfied; satisfied; satisfying D. satisfying; satisfied; satisfied

  32. Washington, a state in the United States, was named ____ one of the greatest American presidents.

  A. in honor of B. in search of C. in favor of D. in charge of

  33. The manager meant _____ the workers that being late for 5 times meant ______ the company.

  A.to tell, to leave B. telling, leaving C. to tell, leaving D. telling, to leave

  34. ____ in her best clothes, the girl tried to make herself ______ at the party.

  A. Dressed; noticed B. Dressing; to be noticedC. Get dressed; noticedD. Dressing; noticing

  35. Being a teacher for many years, he has learned a (an) ______ to remember students’ names.

  A. custom B. thought C. idea D. trick

  36. It’s difficult to win a championship, but more difficult to __________ it.

  A. catch B. gain C. defend D. remain

  37. Wait till you are more _________. It’s better to be sure than sorry.

  A. confident B. satisfied C. calm D. certain

  38. The headmaster __________ Wang Hong __________ for his determination and the great progress he made.

  A. rewarded; awardB. shared; a prize C. awarded; a prizeD. honored; a reward

  39. She programs possible moves that I can use if a new situation __________.

  A. liftsB. raises C. risesD. arises

  40. —Have you had a chance to wear your new shirt yet?

  —______. I’ve been planning to exchange it for a larger size.

  A. It’s up to you. B. That reminds me. C. I forget that. D. That depends

  第三节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1分,满分20分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握大意,从41—60各题所给的四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  The Voice of America began during the World War Ⅱ, when Germany was broadcasting a radio program to get international 41 . American officials believed they should 42 the German broadcast with words that they thought were the facts of world events. The first VOA news report began with words in 43 . “The 44 may be good or bad, but we shall tell you the truth.” Within a week, other VOA 45 were broadcasting in Italian, French and English.

  After the World War Ⅱ ended in 1945, some Americans felt VOA’s 46 had to be changed, 47 the Soviet Union(苏联)became enemy of America. They wanted to 48 Soviet listeners. Then VOA began broadcasting in Russian.

  In the early days VOA began adding something new to its Broadcast that was 49 “Music USA”. Another new idea came along in 1959. VOA knew that many listeners did not know 50 English to completely understand its 51 English broadcast. So VOA 52 a simpler kind of English, 53 uses about 1,500 words and is spoken 54 . Of course, it is special English.

  In the 55 of most VOA listeners, the most 56 program is the news report. News from around the world 57 into the VOA newsroom in Washington 24 hours a day. It comes from VOA reporters in 58 cities and also from other 59 like BBC. VOA writers and editors use these materials to 60 news reports, which are being broadcast in 43 languages.

  41. A. businessB. culture C. support D. information

  42. A. reply B. answer C. join D. interrupt

  43. A. time B. short C. EnglishD. German

  44. A. news B. problems C. effects D. opinions

  45. A. programs B. news C. announcers D. officials

  46. A. home B. position C. purpose D. result

  47. A. if B. consideringC. supposing D. in order that

  48. A. reach B. satisfy C. attack D. support

  49. A. known B. reported C. called D. printed

  50. A. poor B. excellentC. standard D. enough

  51. A. normal B. fast C. good D. exact

  52. A. stoppedB. discovered C. taught D. invented

  53. A. it B. which C. who D. that

  54. A. slowly B. rapidly C. normally D. loudly

  55. A. please B. course C. opinion D. advice

  56. A. difficult B. important C. various D. common

  57. A. pastB. send C. deliver D. fly

  58. A. all B. major C. American D. news

  59. A. broadcasts B. forms C. newspaper D. countries

  60. A. broadcast B. announce C. translate D. prepare



  第二部分: 阅读理解(共13小题;每小题2分,满分26分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  The elephant was lying heavily on its side, fast asleep. A few dogs started barking at it. The elephant woke up in a terrible anger: it chased the dogs into the village where they ran for safety. That didn"t stop the elephant. It destroyed a dozen houses and injured several people. The villagers were scared and angry. Then someone suggested calling Parbati, the elephant princess.

  Parbati"s father was a hunter of tigers and an elephant tamer. He taught Parbati to ride an elephant before she could even walk. He also taught her the dangerous art of the elephant round-up -- how to catch wild elephants.

  Parbati hasn"t always lived in the jungle. After a happy childhood hunting with her father, she was sent to boarding school in the city. But Parbati never got used to being there and many years later she went back to her old life. "Life in the city is too dull. Catching elephants is an adventure and the excitement lasts for days after the chase," she says.

  But Parbati doesn"t catch elephants just for fun. "My work," she says, "is to rescue man from the elephants, and to keep the elephants safe from man." And this is exactly what Parbati has been doing for many years. Increasingly, the Indian elephant is angry: for many years, illegal hunters have attacked it and its home in the jungle has been reduced to small pieces of land. It is now fighting back. Whenever wild elephants enter a tea garden or a village, Parbati is called to guide the animals back to the jungle before they can kill.

  The work of an elephant tamer also involves love and devotion. A good elephant tamer will spend hours a day singing love songs to a newly captured elephant. "Eventually they grow to love their tamers and never forget them. They are also more loyal than humans," she said, as she climbed up one of her elephants and sat on the giant, happy animal. An elephant princess indeed!

  61. For Parbati, catching elephants is mainly to .

  A. get long lasting excitement B. keep both man and elephants safe

  C. send them back to the jungle D. make the angry elephants tame

  62. Before Parbati studied in a boarding school, .

  A. she spent her time hunting with her father

  B. she learned how to sing love songs

  C. she had already been called an elephant princess

  D. she was taught how to hunt tigers

  63. Indian elephants are getting increasingly angry and they revenge because .

  A. they are caught and sent for heavy work

  B. illegal hunters capture them and kill them

  C. they are attacked and their land gets limited

  D. dogs often bark at them and chase them

  64. The passage starts with an elephant story in order to explain that in India .

  A. people easily fall victim to elephants" attacks

  B. the man-elephant relationship is getting worse

  C. elephant tamers are in short supply

  D. dogs are as powerful as elephants

  B

  Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learn to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught--- to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle --- compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes for himself, let alone(更不用说) correct them. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless he was made to. Soon he becomes dependent on the teacher. Let him do it himself. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what this word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.

  If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine(常规的) work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells us that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let’s end all this nonsense of grades, exams and marks. Let us throw them all out, and let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn: how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.

  Let them get on with this job in the way that seems most sensible(合情理的) to them, with our help as school teachers if they ask for it. The idea that there is a body of knowledge to be learnt at school and used for the rest of one’s life is nonsense(无意义的) in a world as complicated and rapidly changing as ours. Anxious parents and teachers say, “But suppose they fail to learn something essential(基本的), something they will need to get on in the world?” Don’t worry! If it is essential, they will go out into the world and learnt it.

  65.What does the writer think is the best way for children to think?

  A. By listening to their parents’ instructions.

  B. By asking a great many questions.

  C. By making mistakes and having them corrected.

  D. By copying what other people do.

  66.What does the writer think teachers should NOT do?

  A. Give children correct answers.

  B. Point out children’s mistakes to them.

  C. Allow children to mark their own work.

  D. Encourage children to copy one another.

  67.According to the passage, learning to speak and learning to ride a bike are _____.

  A. the most important skills. B. the basic skills children should master

  C. almost the same as learning other skills D. much different from learning other skills.

  68. The writer is afraid that children will grow up into adults who are ______.

  A. too selfish B. too independent

  C. dependent and unable to use basic skills D. able to think for themselves

  C

  To err is human. To blame the other guy is even more human.

  Common sense is not all that common.

  Why tell the truth when you can come up with a good excuse?



  These three popular misquotes(戏谑的引语)are meant to be jokes, and yet they tell us a lot about human nature .To err, or to make mistakes, is indeed a part of being human, but it seems that most people don’t want to accept the responsibility for having made a mistake. They naturally look for someone else who could be responsible for the problem. Perhaps it is the natural thing to do .The original quote about human nature went like this:” To err is human, to forgive, divine(神圣的).”This saying mirrors an ideal: people should be forgiving of others’ mistakes. Instead, we tend to do the opposite –find someone else to pass the blame on to. However, taking responsibility for something that went wrong is a making of great maturity.

  Common sense is what we call clear thought. Having common sense means having a good general plan that will make things work well, and it also means staying with the plan. Common sense tells you that you take an umbrella out into a rainstorm, but you leave the umbrella home when you hear a weather forecast for sunshine. Common sense does not seem to be common for large organizations, because there are so many things going on that one person cannot be in charge of everything. People say that in a large company,” the right hand does not know what the left hand is doing.”

  And what is wrong with a society that thinks that making up a good excuse is like creating a work of art? One of the common problems with making excuses is that people, especially young people, get the idea that it’s okay not to be totally honest all the time. There is a corollary(直接推论) to that: if a good excuse is “good” even if it isn’t honest, then where is the place of the truth?

  69. According to the passage, which of following seems the most human?

  A. To search for truth. B. To achieve one’s ideal

  C. To make fun of others’ mistakes. D. To criticize others for one’s own error.

  70.According to the author, what is a sign of a man’s maturity?

  A.Doing things his own way. B. Bearing responsibility for his mistakes.

  C.Making as few mistakes as possible D. Thinking seriously about his wrongdoings.

  71.Which of the following is NOT based on common sense?

  A.A man tries to take charge of everything in a large company.

  B.A studentgoes out with an umbrella in stormy weather.

  C.A company’s next move follows a good plan.

  D.A lawyer acts on fine judgments.

  72. What is the author’s opinion about a good excuse?

  A. Making a good excuse is sometimes a better policy.

  B. Inventing a good excuse needs creative ideas.

  C. A good excuse is as rewarding as honesty.

  D. Bitter truth is better than a good excuse.

  73. What would be the best title for this passage?

  A. A Mirror of Human Nature B. To Blame or to Forgive

  C. A Mark of Maturity (成熟) D. Truth or Excuse

  瑞安中学2011学年第二学期高一3月份适应性考试

  第II卷英语答题卷

  第三部分: 写作(共三节, 满分29分)

  第一节:单词拼写(共12小题; 每小题0.5分, 满分6分)

  1.I was b____________ by a mosquito when I slept in a cheap hotel last night.

  2.A sudden change in the weather may a____________ your health. Take care of yourself!

  3.I would a____________ it if you help me with my homework.

  4.The traffic policewoman tried to s____________ to the driver to make him stop at the crossroads, but he didn’t notice.

  5.Life is bitter. The man had to do many jobs to e__________ enough money to support his family.

  6.Lindan, an excellent player, has won four t____________(冠军头衔) in world badminton.

  7.When he was young, he f___________ a habit of reading aloud in the morning.

  8.You are no longer a kid. You should r____________ on yourself and don’t always turn to your parents for help.

  9.My grandma grew up in the country, so she is quite f____________ with all the crops.

  10.Every Monday, students g____________ on the playground to attend the flag-raising ceremony.

  11.The patients cannot go outside without the doctor’s p____________.

  12.You must a_____________ to your teacher for the rude things you said to her.

  第二节: 短文改错(满分10分)

  下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加,删除或修改某个单词。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写上该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)去掉。

  修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写上修改后的词。

  注意:1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  People are not so honesty as they once are. The temptation to steal is great than ever before – especial in large shops. A detective recently watched a well-dressing woman who always went into a large store in Monday mornings. One Monday, she chose one of most expensive dresses and handed it to an assistant who wrapped it up for her so quickly as possible. Then she simple took the parcel and walked out of the shop without paying it. When she was arrested, the detective found out that the assistant was her daughter. The girl ‘gave’ her mother a free dress once a week!

  第三节: 句子翻译(满分13分)

  1.老实说,很多人都看重名和利。(attach)

  2.过去的十年温州发生了很大的变化。(take place)

  3.这个问题很难,以至于没有人能解决。(so… that…)

  4.我们要保护电脑防止被病毒攻击。 (protect… from…)

  瑞安中学2011学年第二学期高一3月份适应性考试

  英语参考答案

  Choices:

  听力(每小题1分,共10分)1—5 BACBC 6—10 ACCAB

  单项(每小题0.5分,共15分) 11-15 ABADC 16-20 BCCBD

  21-25 DCCCD 26-30 BABBA

  31-35AACAD 36-40 CDCDB

  完形(每小题1分,共20分)41-45 CBDAC 46-50 CBACD

  51-55 ADBAC 56-60 BDBAD

  阅读(每小题2分,共26分)61-64 BACB 65-68 DBCC

  69-73 DBADA

  Spelling:(每小题0.5分,共6分)

  1.bitten2.affect 3. appreciate 4. signal 5. earn 6. titles

  7.formed 8.rely 9. familiar 10. gather 11. permission

  12. apologize

  Correction(每一处1分,共10分):

  L1: honesty – honest; are – were; great – greater

  L2: especial – especially; well-dressing – well-dressed;

  L3: in – on; most前加 the

  L4: so – as; simple – simply

  L5: it 删去或者it前加for

  Translation(共13分):

  1.To be honest, many people attach great importance to being rich and famous. (3)

  2.Great changes have taken place in Wenzhou in the past ten years. (3)

  3.This problem is so difficult that no one can solve it. (3)

  4.We need to protect computers from being attacked by virus. (4)

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