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高一英语1、2单元知识点总结(1)

来源:101教育网整理 2014-12-22 字体大小: 分享到:

重点句型
1. What should a friend be like? 询问对方的看法
2. I think he / she should be…表示个人观点的词语
3. I enjoy reading / I'm fond of singing / I like playing computer games. 等表示喜好的词语
4. Chuck is on a flight when suddenly his plane crashes.
“when"作并列连词的用法
5. What / Who / When / Where is it that...? 强调句的
特殊疑问句结构
6. With so many people communicating in English everyday,
... “with+宾语+宾补”的结构做状语
7. Can you tell me how to pronounce...? 带连接副词
(或代词)的不定式做宾补的用法
重点词汇
1. especially v. 特别地
2. imagine v. 想像
3. alone adv. / adj. 单独,孤独的
4. interest n. 兴趣
5. everyday adj. 每天的,日常的
6. deserted adj. 抛弃的
7. hunt v. 搜寻
8. share v. 分享
9. care v. 在乎,关心
10. total n. 总数
11. majority n. 大多数
12. survive v. 生存,活下来
13. adventure n. 冒险
14. scared adj. 吓坏的
15. admit v. 承认
16. while conj. 但是,而
17. boring adj. 令人厌烦的
18. except prep. 除……之外
19. quality n. 质量
20. favourite adj. 最喜爱的
重点短语
1. be fond of爱好
2. treat…as…把……看作为……
3. make friends with 与……交朋友
4. argue with sb. about / over sth. 与某人争论某事
5. hunt for寻找
6. in order to为了
7. share…with与……分享
8. bring in引进;赚钱
9. a great / good many许多…
10. have difficulty (in) doing做……有困难
11. end up with以……结束
12. except for除……之外
13. come about发生
14. make(a)fire生火
15. make yourself at home别拘束
16. the majority of大多数
17. drop sb. a line给某人写短信
18. for the first time第一次
19. at all根本;竟然
20. have a (good) knowledge of…精通……
短语闯关
下列短语都是这两个单元学过的重要短语,请你根据汉语在横线上填人一个正确的词,每个词4分,80分才能过关,你一定能过关,做好了闯关的准备吗?那么我们就开始吧?
l. be fond ____ 喜欢,爱好 of
2. hunt ____ 搜索。追寻,寻找 for
3. in to ____ 为了 order
4. care ____ 担心,关心 about
5. such ____ 例如,诸如 as
6. drop sb a ____ 给某人写信(通常指写短信) line
7. make oneself at ____ 别客气 home
8. ____ total 总共 in
9. except ____ 除了……之外 for
10. stay ____ 不睡,熬夜 up
11. ____ about 发生 come
12. end ____ with 以……告终 up
13. bring ____ 引进,引来 in
14. a great ____ 许许多多,极多 many
15. be ____ 对……深感兴趣,深深迷上…… into
16. ____ the Internet 上网 surf
17. ____ classes 逃学,逃课 skip
18. get ____ 聚会,相聚,聚集 together
19. be proud ____ 为……感到骄傲 of
20. keep an ____ on 照看,注意 eye
21. be curious ____ 对……感到好奇 about
22. shut ____ (使)住口 up
23. joke ____ 开玩笑 about
24. ____ the name of 以……名义 in
25. ____ the time 总是,一直 all
交际用语
1. I think…
I like / love / hate...
I enjoy...
My interests are...
2. Did you have a good flight?
You must be very tired.
Just make yourself at home.
I beg your pardon?
Can you tell me how to pronounce...?
Get it.
单词聚焦
1. argue v. 的用法
▲构词:argument n. 1. [C]争论 2. [U]讨论.辩论3. [C]论据
▲ 搭配:
① argue with / against sb. over / on / about sth. 与某人 争论某事
② argue for / against sth. 辩论赞成/反对某事
③ argue that... 主张,认为,争辩说
④ argue sb into / out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事
▲友情提示:“说服某人做/不做某事”还可表达为:talk / persuade / reason sb. into / out of doing sth.
⑤ settle the argument 解决争端
▲友情提示:an argument with sb about / over sth. 为某事和某人而发生的争执
【考例】What laughing ____ we had about the socially respectable method for moving spaghetti (意大利式细面条) from plate to mouth. (2004全国卷I)
A. speeches B. lessons C. sayings D. arguments
[考查目标] argue名词形式的词义。
[答案与解析] D argument的词义是“争辩,辩论”。
2. compare v. 的用法
▲构词:comparison n. 比较
▲搭配:① compare...to... 比拟;比作 ② compare... with / to... 将……和……相比较 ③ compare notes 对笔记;交换意见
【考例】 ____ with the size of the whole earth, the biggest ocean does not seem big at all. (2004湖北)
A. Compare B. When comparing
C. Comparing D. When compared
[考查目标] compare的用法。
[答案与解析] D 本句compare用在句首作状语,并有“被比较”的意思。
3. consider v. 的用法
▲构词:consideration n. 考虑,思考;体谅,顾及
▲搭配:① consider doing sth. 考虑做某事 ② consider sb (to be / as)... 认为/觉得某人……③ consider that- clause 认为…… ④ take sth into consideration 考虑 ⑤ under consideration 在考虑中
【考例】Charles Babbage is generally considered ____ the first computer. (NMET 1993)
A. to invent B. inventing
C. to have invented D. having invented
[考查目标] consider的几种常见用法。
[答案与解析] C consider本身是被动语态时,后接不定式的各种结构。如果表示已经发生的事情.用不定式的完成形式。
4. deserted adj. 空无一人的;被遗弃的;被抛弃的
(1) 空无一人的a deserted street / area空无一人的街道,地区;The office was quite deserted.办公室里空无一人。
(2) 被遗弃的 a deserted child 被遗弃的孩子
(3) desert ['dezot] n. 沙漠
desert [dI'zo:t] vt. 丢弃;遗弃
He deserted his wife and children after becoming rich.
5. difficulty n.
(1) difficulty (通常作复数) 难事,难点,难题She met with many difficulties when travelling.
(2) 在以下句型中,difficulty是不可数名词,不能用复数形式。
have (some) difficulty (in) doing sth.
干某事有困难
there is (some) difficulty (in) doing sth.
have (some) difficulty with sth.
在某事上有困难
there is (some) difficulty with sth.
do sth. with difficulty / without difficulty 困难地/轻而易举地做某事
We had a lot of difficulty in finding your house.
Do you have any difficulty with your English?
【注意】
(1) 以上句型中,difficulty前可加some, little, much, a lot of, no, any修饰
(2) 以上句型中,亦可用trouble来代替difficulty。
6. favourite = favorite (A. E) 最喜爱的;最喜爱的人或事物
(1) adj. 最喜爱的My favorite sport is playing football.
(2) n. [C] 最喜爱的人或事物He is a favorite with his uncle.

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