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高一英语教案:Unit12 Art and literature

来源:101教育网整理 2014-12-22 字体大小: 分享到:

Unit 12 Art and literature教学案

一、学习目标和要求


1. 学习和掌握以下单词和习惯用语
1) 单词
literature; Leonardo da Vinci; Pablo Picasso; romantic; comedy; exhibition; local; magic; power; trick; wonder; series; scar; forehead; Hogwarts; witchcraft; wizard; wizardry; miserable; treat; unhappy; goodness; habit; villager; shoulder; whisper; chamber; charm; stupid; password; sesame; compare; announcement; checklist
2) 习惯用语
a series of; in trouble; come across; believe in; turn abound
2. 功能意念项目
学会用英语谈论文学艺术。
3. 语法
1)复习学过的定语从句的用法;
2)复习动词不定式的用法。
4. 语言运用
运用所学语言,围绕文学艺术这一题材,完成教科书和练习册中规定的听、说、写的任务;阅读课文 “Art and literature”,确切理解并完成有关课文内容和练习;练习设计一张海报。

二、学 习 指 导

1. 单词和习惯用语的用法
1)power n. 能力;力量;权力
例: Carrying this baggage requires a lot of power. 搬运这个行李要很大的力气。
This parrot has the power to imitate human words. 这只鹦鹉有模仿人类语言的能力。
The dictator held absolute power over his people. 那独裁者握有对人民的绝对权力。
come to/into power 掌握政权;得势
He came to power in 1987. 他1987年掌权。
2)trick n. 诡计;窍门;恶作剧
例:Her tears were just a trick to deceive others. 她的眼泪只是欺骗别人的诡计。
I haven’t got the trick of driving this car yet. 我还不晓得开这部车的诀窍。
Our children used to play tricks on us. 我们的小孩以前常常捉弄我们。
play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人
Trick or treat! 不请吃糖,就恶作剧!(万圣节孩子用语)
3)treat vt. 对待;视为;治疗;款待
例:They treated us with all respect. 他们郑重其事地接待我们。
You should treat your textbooks with more care. 你使用教科书要更加细心。
They treated him with a new drug. 他们用新药医治他的病。
He treated her for a broken arm. 他为她医治那条骨折的手臂。
It’s my turn to treat you tonight. 今晚轮到我请客。
She treated me to lunch. 她请我吃午饭。
treat… as … 把……当作……看待
My mother treated my proposal as a joke. 母亲把我的提议当玩笑看待。
We treated this matter as one of importance. 我们把此事视为重要问题。
类似的短语还有:look upon … as …; regard … as …; consider … as …; think of … as … 等等。
4) in trouble 处于困境中;在监禁中
例:She is in great trouble, so she needs your advice. 她遇到了很大的困难,所以需要你的忠告。
He was in trouble with the Customs. 他在海关那里有了麻烦。
ask/look for trouble 自讨苦吃;自找麻烦
get sb. into trouble 使某人陷入困境
put sb. to trouble 给某人增添麻烦
take the trouble to do 费神做;不辞劳苦地做
5)come across/upon 偶然遇到;碰上
例:We've just come across an old friend we haven't seen for ages.
我们刚碰到了一位多年不见的老朋友。
含义基本相同的短语还有:ran into/across; meet(up)with
例:I ran across an old friend in the street. 我在街上碰到一位老朋友。
His car ran into the post.他的车撞到柱子上。
I met with an traffic accident.我遭遇到车祸。
I met up with an old classmate in the crowd. 我在人群中偶然遇到了一个老同学。
The President is to meet with the press this afternoon.总统预定今天下午会见101教育小编。
6)believe in 和 believe
believe in 表示因可靠、有能力、品德好等原因而“信任”某人,属总的评价,常跟简单宾语,偶尔跟含动词ing形式的复合宾语; 而believe 表示相信某人某时某地所说的话,并不涉及对其总的评价,含有信以为真的意味。
例:I believe him. 我相信(他说的话)。
They believe him to have done it. 他们相信他做了这件事。
I believe him an honest student. 我相信他是个诚实的学生。
I believe in him. 我信任他。
I don’t believe in the theory. 我不相信这套理论。
7)habit n. 习惯;习性
例:It is his habit to jog before breakfast. 他习惯在早餐前慢跑。
She has a habit of playing with her hair while reading. 她在阅读时有玩弄头发的癖好。
be in the habit of doing sth. = have a/the habit of doing sth.
She is in the habit of listening to music while studying. 她有边读书边听音乐的习惯。
fall/get into the habit of doing sth. = form the habit of doing sth.养成做……的习惯
get out of the habit of doing sth. 改掉做……的习惯
He got out of the habit of smoking. 他改掉了吸烟的习惯。
8)compare v.比较;相比;比喻
compare…with… 把……和……相比较;compare…to…把……比喻成……;
例:compare one thing with another 将一物与另一物比较
Walking can't compare with flying. 走路比不上飞行。
Living in a town can't compare with living in the country in many respects.
在许多方面城市生活比不上在乡村生活。
Man's life is often compared to a candle. 人生常被喻为蜡烛。
The poet compares his lover to a rose in his poems.
诗人在他诗歌中把他的情人比作玫瑰花。
compare常指为了找出两种事物或现象的异同点而进行比较, 如:If you compare Marx's works with Hegel's, you'll find many differences. 如果你把马克思的著作同黑格尔的著作相比较, 就会发现许多不同之处。
contrast 指两者之间的“对照”、“对比”, 着重指“通过两种事物或现象的对比, 突出地指出它们的不同”, 如:contrast farm life with city life 对照一下城乡生活。

2. 语言要点
1)It is a world of magic and wonders, a world where anything can happen. 这是一个存在着魔法和奇迹的世界,是一个任何事情都可能发生的世界。
本句中 “a world where anything can happen” 做同位语,而本身又包含一个where引导的定语从句。下文中的 “a boy with a scar on his forehead and a secret past” 也是同位语。
2)…,but they can still be friends if they share the same goals, hopes and dreams. 但是如果他们有着同样的目标、愿望和同样的梦想他们仍然可以成为朋友。
share (in) sth. 分享
share sth. with/between/among sb. (和某人)共同分享
We shared the sweets. 我们分吃了糖果。
They share their joys and sorrows. 他们同甘共苦。
Bill and Bob shared the work equally between them. 比尔和鲍勃两人把工作平分了。
3)The lady in the picture had such strange eyes that it was almost as if the woman in the picture was watching them. 画中女人的眼睛非常奇怪,就好像在窥视他们一样。
as if = as though 似乎是,好像是
例:She always talked to me as if/though she was my sister. 她总是以我妹妹的口气和我说话。
He walked slowly as if he had hurt his leg. 他慢慢地走,好像腿受伤的样子。
She looks as if she is going to cry. 她看起来似乎要哭了。
It looks as if we will be late. 看起来我们似乎会迟到。
4)…,and that not all of them were safe. 他们不是所有的人都安全。
这是一个部分否定句。这里我们也可以说 “all of them were not safe”。
再如:Not all of us are students. 我们不都是学生。
= All of us are not students.
完全否定应该是 none of 。
None of them were safe. 他们都不安全。
None of us are students. 我们都不是学生。
5)He was about to say something when Helen turned around. 他正要说话的时候,海伦转过身来。
be about to do sth. when … 正要做……,(突然)……
例:I was about to jump into the river for a swim when the guide shouted at me. 我正要跳下河游泳的时候向导向我大喊起来。
6)We need a password to get through the wall. 我们需要咒语穿过这堵墙。
get through 到达;做完;通过;度过;打通
例:The road ahead is narrow, so a truck can’t get through (it). 前面的路很窄,所以卡车没有办法通过。
How long does it take you to get through a letter? 你写一封信要花多长时间?
I called all day yesterday, but I couldn’t get through to you. 昨天我打了一天电话,但是没有办法联络到你。
7)She did not have time to finish before the wall started moving and a hole open up below the picture. 还没等她说完,墙开始移动,在画的下面露出一个洞口。
open up 展开, 打开;开发;揭露;开始
例:Coughing like that might open up your wound. 你那样咳嗽会把伤口震开。
New mines are opening up. 新矿正在开发。
He never opens up his shop on a Sunday. 星期天他的商店从不营业。
Open up the package. 打开这个包裹。

3. 语法说明:
1) 定语从句
(1) 定语从句是中学阶段英语语法中十分重要的一个语法项目。它在句子中出现的频率很高。对正确理解句子的意义起着举足轻重的作用。
定语从句一般都紧跟在它所修饰名词后面,所以如果在名词或代词后面出现一个从句,就要根据它与前面名词或代词的逻辑关系来判断是否是定语从句。
  被定语从句所修饰的名词或代词叫做“先行词”。引导定语从句的词叫“关系词”。关系词有两个作用:
  ① 引导定语从句。
  ② 代替先行词在其引导的定语从句中充当一定的句子成分。
  理解和牢记这两条概念,弄清楚关系词在定语从句充当什么成分,是掌握定语从句的关键。
正确选择关系词是掌握定语从句的关键。关系词的选择完全取决于先行词在定语从句中所充当的什么成分。关系词一共有九个,它们在从句中所充当的句子成分见下表。
关系词 主语 宾语 表语 定语 状语
That 人/物 /物 √ × √
Which 物 物 × × √
Who 人 × × × ×
Whom × 人 × × ×
Whose × × × 人/物 ×
When × × × × √
Where × × × × √
Why × × × × √

上一篇:高一英语教案:Unit2 Friendship

下一篇:高一英语必修一单词:Unit3-4

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