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高中英语语法:反义疑问句讲解及练习

来源:101教育网整理 2015-04-15 字体大小: 分享到:

  一.概念

  反意疑问句是附加在陈述句之后,对陈述句所表示的事实或观点提出疑问的句子.附加疑问实际上是一种简略的一般疑问句。

  二.相关知识点精讲

  1.反意疑问句的结构:陈述句(主语+谓语……),+助动词/情态动词/be动词+主语(代词形式)?

  说明:陈述句部分如果是肯定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分的助动词/情态动词/be动词+not (否定提问);如果陈述句部分是否定句,反意疑问句,疑问句部分用肯定式提问。

  例句:

  He is your teacher, isn’t he ?

  People shouldn’t drop litter on the pavements, should they ?

  You found the key in the bedroom, didn’t you ?

  They have a house in town, haven’t they ?/don’t they ?

  The boy has to clean his room, doesn’t he ?

  I am right, aren’t I ?

  They’d rather go by bus, wouldn’t they ?

  You’d better change your wet skirt, hadn’t you ?

  He’d like to join our discussion, wouldn’t he ?

  She ought to see a doctor at once, shouldn’t she ? / oughtn’t she ?

  I wish to say a few words, may I ?

  That’s nice, isn’t it ?

  This is the place, isn’t it ?

  Everybody knows the answer, don’t they ?

  Nothing is serious, isn’t it?

  There wasn’t enough time at that moment, was there ?

  There used to a tower here, usedn’t there? / didn’t there ?

  What you need is more practice, isn’t it ?

  2.某些特殊句型的反意疑问句:

  1)祈使句的反意疑问句:

  表示肯定意义的祈使句,即表示“请求,提示”它的反意疑问句用will you 表达:有时也可以用won’t you 表示。

  Go home now, will you ?

  Close the window, please, will you ?

  否定祈使句:以Don’t开始的祈使句:表示“不要……”,用will you 提问:

  Don’t be late again, will you ?

  Don’t forget to pay your income tax, will you ?

  Let’s引导的祈使句表示“建议”,反意疑问句部分是:shall we ?

  Let’s go for a walk, shall we ?

  Let’s have a rest now, shall we ?

  Let me 或 Let us引导的祈使句表示“请求”,反意疑问句部分为will you:

  Let me have a try, will you ?

  Let us help, will you ?

  2) 感叹句的反意疑问句:一律用否定式提问。

  What a clever boy, isn’t he ?

  What a lovely day, isn’t it?

  3) 陈述句含有情态动词must有两种情况:

  must表示“必须”,反意疑问句部分为mustn’t…? / needn’t…?

  He must study hard at English, mustn’t he? / needn’t he?

  You must go home now, needn’t you? / mustn’t you?

  We mustn’t be late, must we ?

  Must表示推测:“一定,肯定” 反意疑问句部分与must后面的动词呼应

  You must be joking, aren’t you?

  He must be ill, isn’t he ?

  注意:用must对过去的动作推测时,反意疑问句部分的助动词用did或have, 而对过去的状态推测,反意疑问句部分的be动词用was:

  She must have finished her work, hasn’t she ? / didn’t she ?

  Jack must have arrived here yesterday, didn’t he ?

  He must have been a policeman, wasn’t he ?

  4) 陈述句中有否定副词:hardly; never; seldom; little; few; nowhere; nothing等词,反意疑问句部分用肯定提问:

  Frank hardly goes to parties, does he ?

  He has few friends, has he ?

  5)复合句的反意疑问句:大多数复合句的反意疑问句都对主句提问:

  He was punished because he violated the regulation, wasn’t he?

  You never told me that you had been ill, did you ?

  注意:I don’t think/suppose/believe/imagine 引导的宾语从句,这种宾语从句的反意疑问句应与从句的主语,谓语部分一致,而且用肯定式的提问。

  I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer, will they ?

  I don’t believe she has done it, has she ?

  I think he will come. won’t he?

  三.巩固练习

  1. It’s a fine day, Let’s go fishing, _____?

  A. won’t we B. will we C. don’t we D. shall we

  2. Frank is working late again. This is the first time this week he’s had to study late, ____?

  A. isn’t he B. hasn’t it C. hasn’t he D. isn’t it

  3. —Daddy’s forgot to post the letter again, ____?

  —I’m afraid he ___.

  A. has; has B. isn’t; is C. hasn’t; has D. has; hasn’t

  4. —Sorry, I’m not feeling well and I don’t think I can finish.

  —Don’t worry. Let us do it for you , ____?

  A. will you B. shall we C. shan’t we D. shall you

  5. I don’t think he could have done such a stupid thing last night, ____?

  A. do I B. could he C. did he D. has he

  6. —The ground is wet.

  —It must have rained last night,____ ?

  A. hasn’t it B. didn’t it C. mustn’t it D. isn’t it

  7. —Jenny doesn’t think that Robert is honest, ___?

  —I’m afraid not.

  A. is he B. isn’t he C. does she D. doesn’t she

  8. —The new windows need washing.

  —Well, let’s wash them together, ____?

  A. shall we B. will you C. should we D. would you

  9. There is little we can do about it, ____?

  A. is there B. can’t we C. isn’t there D. can we

  10. —The problem wasn’t difficult for him, was it ?

  —______. He should have been given a more difficult one.

  A. No, it was B. Yes, it was C. Yes, it wasn’t D. No, it wasn’t

  四.答案

  DDCAC BCAAD

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