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高中英语必修四:Unit 1 Women of achievement教案

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Teaching goals

1.Target language

a. Key words

achieve, achievement, condition, welfare, institute, connection, campaign, organization, specialist, behave, behavior, worthwhile, nest, observe, observation, respect, argue, entertainment, inspire, support, devote ... to

b. Key sentences

Watching a family of chimps wake up is our first activity of the day.

Everybody sits and waits while the animals in the group begin to wake up and move.

But the evening makes it all worthwhile.

... we see them go to sleep together in their nest for the night.

Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project.

For forty years Jane Goodall has been helping the rest of the world understand and respect the life of these animals.

2.Ability goals

a. Learn Warming Up, and know how to tell the great women and the famous women.

b. Learn the way to describe a person from what the person did, what she/he looks like

3.Learning ability goals

Teach Ss how to describe a person.

Teaching important points

a. By reading A protector of African wildlife, students can learn from Jane Goodall in at least two aspects: one is what is the humane way to study animals; the other is that it was her great personality - universal love and mercy(博爱与慈悲)that made her successful. If everyone had such kind of heart, they would give everything benefit for all living things. Then our world will be full of love and peace, without any war and starvation.

b. Ask students to answer these questions:

1) What made her a great success?

2) What should we learn from Jane Goodall?

Teaching difficult points

Let everyone believe that all of us can become Jane Goodall.

Teaching methods

Inspiration, Questioning and Discussion.

Teaching procedures & ways

Period 1-2. Warming up and pre-reading

Step 1. Lead in.

1.Discuss the following questions.

1)What are the differences between a famous person and a great person?

great--- of excellent quality or ability

important--- powerful or having influence

2) What makes a person great? (The quality of a great person)

Hard working intelligent determined generous helpful honest kind brave. confident unselfish energetic passionate; make great contribution to man kind; get on well with others; never loss heart; be active in social activities; do public service without paid.

Most of the great people are also important people. But important people may not also be great people.

3)Name some great women in Chinese history. What are they famous for?

Step 2. Warming up

T: In pairs discuss the six women on Page 1. Which of these women do you think is a great woman ? Give reasons for your choice. Before you decide, think about the following questions.

1.Did she follow her ideas and sacrifice anything so that her ideas could be realized? Did she unselfishly give up anything to achieve her goal?

2.Did she go through struggles and difficulties ?/ Did she suffer for her ideas ?

Name

Ambition

Problem

Sacrifices

Elizabeth Fry

to help improve prison conditions

She was criticized for neglecting her family and enjoying fame.

Less time was spent with her husband and family.

Soong Chingling

to work for civil rights,democracy and peace.

Her relatives held political opinions completely different from hers.

After her husband died, she lived alone.

Jane Goodall

to work with animals in the wild.

She lived a hard life in the wild.

She gave up the comforts of life to study the chimps.

Jody Williams

to prevent the making and use of landmines

It isn’t easy to persuade governments to stop the making and use of landmines.

She had lost her own personal time because of the demands of the job

Joan of Arc

to drive the English from France

Women were not allowed ot fight like a man

She lost her life.

Lin Qiaozhi

to help women and children with their illnesses an health

Women had greater difficulties getting into medical college and getting further training

She never got married or had a family of her own

Step3Pre-reading

1.WhydoyouthinkJaneGoodallwenttoAfricatostudychimpsratherthantoauniversity?

2.Doyouthinkherworkisimportant?Why?

Period3-4.Reading

StepⅠReading

Task1Pre-reading

Ssreadthepassageinfourminutesandgivethemainideastoeachparagraph.

Thefirstoneisaboutadayinthepark.

Thesecondoneisherwayofdoingherresearchandsomeachievement.

Thethirdoneisherattitudeandfeelingtotheanimals.

Thelastoneisashortsummarytoher.

T:Thanks.Well,let’sdrawachartofthetexttogetheraccordingtothemainideaswe’vefound.

Task2Makingachart

AprotectorofAfricanwildlife



①②③

│∣∣

AdayintheparkJane’swaytostudychimpsHerattitudetoandherachievementtheanimals

Period5-6Languagepoints.

Step1.Difficultsentences:

1.Watchingafamilyofchimpswakeupisour…今天我们的第一件事

2.Thismeansgoingback….由定语从句修饰的place做go的宾语

3.Onlyafterhermothercametohelpherforthefirstfewmonthswassheallowedtobeginherproject….only+副词(部分倒装)

OnlyinthiswaycanwelearnEnglishbetter.

4.Buttheeveningmakesitallworthwhile

Step2.Wordsandexpressions

1.meandoingsth.…意味着做…Eg.Doingsuchathingmeanswastingtime.

meantodosth…打算做某事eg.Doyoumeantogowithoutmoney?

2.leavesb.doing让某人做某事e.gTheywentoffandleftmesittingthereallbymyself.

3.wander的用法

1)可以解释为漫步,逛,常与about搭配e.gWelovewanderingaboutthehills

2)还可以解释为脱离,迷失e.gDon’twanderoffthepoint

4.worthwhileadj.值得做的,值得花时间(金钱)的

Itisworthwhiletodo/doingItwasworthwhiletovisitParis.=ThevisittoParisisworthwhile.去巴黎访问是值得的.

It’sworthwhilediscussing/todiscussthequestionagain.这个问题值得再讨论。

Itisaworthwhilebook那是一本值得一读的书.

5.observe观察到,注意到

Sheobservedhisactionswithinterest.她很感兴趣地观察他的行动

Hisneighbourobservedastrangergointohishouse他的邻居看到了一个陌生人进入他的家.

6.“Only+状语” 开头的句子要用倒装

OnlyinthiswaycanwelearnEnglishbetter.OnlythendidIrealizemymistake.

Onlyyouunderstandme.Imetheronlyyesterday.

7.workout

Eg.Ican’tworkoutthemeaningofthepoem.(理解,说出)

Thingshaveworkedoutbadly.(进行,发展)Workouthisincome(算出)

Workoutaplan(制定,拟定)

8.have/hasbeendoing现在完成进行时,表示动作从过去就已开始,一直持续到现在,可能还会继续下去.

Eg.Hehasbeenreadingsincethismorning.今早起,他一直在看书.

Heisverytired;hehasbeenworkinghardallday

Hehasbeenwritingaletter.他一直在写信.Hehaswrittenaletter.他已写过信了.

9.argue争论;辩论;说服

arguefor/argueagainst主张/反对argueaboutsth.arguewithsb.

arguesb.intodoingsth.说服某人做某事.

10.inspiresb.todo

Eg.Hisspeechinspiredusgreatly.

Theteacherinspiredustomakegreaterefforts.

Thememoryofhischildhoodinspiredhisfirstnovel(促成;赋予灵感)

inspired有灵感的inspiring 激励人心的

Period7-8Grammarpoints.

StepIRevision

ReviewthetextbycheckingtheanswersforExercises2,3and4onPage4and5.Theseexercisesareabouttheusefulwordsthatappearinthetext.

StepIIWord-formation

Therearetwotasksinthispart.Oneisleadingin,inwhichteachertrystogivestudentsasmanywordsaspossible.Letthemguessthemeaningsofthewords.ThesecondoneistofinishExercise1onPage4.

Derivationisoneofthemostimportantword-formation.Itishelpfulinenlargingstudents'vocabulary.Teacherscangivethemenoughwords,andletthemguessthemeaningofthesewords.Asaresultofthis,studentswillbeinterestedintheword-formation,andbegintousethemethodtoguidetheirwordstudyintheirdailylife.

T:Justnowwereviewedsomewordsinthetext.Nowpleaselookatthesewordsontheblackboardandsaythemeaningsofthem.

OrganizeOrganizationStateStatement

DiscussDiscussionEntertainEntertainment

DirectDirectionConsiderConsideration

DecideDecisionAgreeAgreement

PreparePreparationAchieveAchievement

InformInformationTreatTreatment

Deter-DeterminationImproveImprovement

ExpressExpressionEncourgeEncouragement

ExamineExaminationEnjoyEnjoyment

EducateEducationGovernGovernment

FeelFeelingFindFinding

BeginBeginningMeanMeaning

T:Fromtheabovechartwecanseethatwithknowledgeofword-formation,wecanenlargeourvocabulary.Today,we'llfocusourattentionontheNounSuffix.TherearemanyNounSuffixesinEnglish.Inthisunit,we'lllearn-ment,-ing,-ation,-istandsoon.Nowlet'sfinishStep3Exercise1inPage4.

LetstudentsfinishExercise1.Checktheiranswerswiththewholeclass.

T:HerearesomeothernounSuffixesonthescreen.Readitandwritedowntheminyournotebooks.NounSuffix

-er(fighter)-or(sailor)-ist(artist)

-ant(assistant)-ee(employee)-ian(librarian)

-tion(attention)-ment(government)-dom(freedom)

-ness(carefulness)-ism(socialism)-ship(friendship)

-ure(pleasure)-ty(society)-ence(reference)

Letstudentsdoit,andthenchecktheanswerswiththewholeclass.

Step4Discoveringusefulstructures

Tellstudentswhattheyshoulddonext.AskthemtoreadtheEXAMPLEinExercise1onPage5.Makesurethattheyknowwhattheyshoulddo.FinishExercise1,andchecktheanswers.

Step5主谓一致

1.两个或两个以上做主语的单数名词用and连接,谓语用复数.

TomandDick_______(be)goodfriends.

但若表示一个集合体时则用单数。

Asingeranddancer______(be)presentattheparty.

Theworkerandwriter___(be)talkingtothestudents.

Breadandbutter________(taste)good.

(aneedleandthread,ahorseandcart,awatchandchain,acoatandtie,truthandhonesty,medicalhelpandcure)

2用and连接的两个名词若被no,each,every,manya修饰,则谓语动词用单数。

Nobirdandnobeast______(be)seeninthebareisland.

Manyaboyandmanyagirl______(have)madesuchafunnyexperiment.

AtChristmaseachboyandeachgirl_____(be)givenapresent.

3.两个主语由notonly…butalso,or,either…or,neither…nor 等连接时,谓语动词与第二个主语保持一致.

EitherheorI_____(be)togothere.

______(be)eitheryouorhegoingtoattendthemeeting?

4.主语后有aswellas,like,with,togetherwith,but,except,besides,等,谓语应于前面主语保持一致.

Aprofessor,togetherwithsomestudents,_____(be)senttohelpinthework.

Noonebuttheteachers_____(be)allowedtousetheroom.

5.一些集合名词做主语,如果看作一个整体,谓语动词用单数;如果指其中的成员,谓语用复数.如audience,committee,class(班级),crew(全体船员或机组人员),family,government,public(公众)等,但people,police,cattle等用复数.

Myfamily_____(be)abigfamily.Myfamily_____(be)listeningtotheradio.

Thepolice____(be)tryingtocatchthethief.

6.通常作复数的集体名词

有些集体名词,如police,people,cattle,militia,poultry(家禽),)等,通常作复数,用复数动词。

Domesticcattle______(provide)uswithmilk,beefandhides.

7.通常作不可数名词的集体名词

有一些集体名词,如machinery,equipment,furniture,merchandise(商品),clothing通常作不可数名词,随后的动词用单数。例如:

Themerchandise_____(have)arrivedundamaged.

Allthemachineryinthefactory____(be)madeinChina.

8.表示时间、重量、长度等名词,尽管是复数形式,但作为一个整体看,谓语还是用单数。

Fiveminutes______(be)enough.

Onedollarandseventyeightcents_____(be)whatshehas.

9.all作为主语,代表人物时,一般用作复数;代表整个事件或情况时,一般看作单数。

AllthatIwant_____(be)agooddictionary.All______(be)outofdanger.

All______(be)silent.人人都缄口无言。万籁俱寂。

10.形容词加定冠词the表示一类人时,谓语动词用复数。

Whatalifethepoorwereliving!

Theyoung_____happytogivetheirseatstotheold.

11.who,which,that作定语从句的主语时,其谓语取决于先行词。

Thosewhowanttogoshouldsignyournameshere.

Heisoneofthestudentswhohavepassedtheexam.

Heistheonlyoneofthestudentswhohaspassedtheexam.

12.以-ics结尾的学科名称

某些以-ics结尾的学科名称,如physics(物理学)、mathematics(数学)、mechanics(机械学)、politics(政治学)、statistics(统计学)、economics(经济学)、linguistics(语言学)athletics(体育学)、等,通常作单数用。例如:

13.其他以-s结尾的名词

英语中有一些由两个部分组成的物体名称通常是以-s结尾,如scissors(剪子),pincers(钳子),glasses(眼镜),shorts(短裤),trousers(裤子),suspenders(吊裤带)等。这一类名词,如果不带"一把"、"一副"、"一条"等单位词而单独使用,通常作复数。例如:

如果带有单位词,则由单位词的单、复数形式决定动词的单、复数形式。例如:Onepairofscissorsisn'tenough.

14.以-s结尾的地理名称

某些以-s结尾的地理名称,如果是国名,如theUnitedStates,theUnitedNations,theNetherlands等,尽管带有复数词尾,但系单一政治实体,故作单数用。但若不是国名,而是群岛、山脉、海峡、瀑布等地理名称、通常作复数用。例如:

TheWestIndies,apartfromtheBahamas,arecommonlydividedintotwoparts.TheHimalayas(喜马拉雅山脉)haveamagnificentvarietyofplantandanimallife.

TheStraitsofGibraltarhavenotlosttheirstrategicimportance.

15.英语中还有一些以-s结尾的名词,如:

arms(武器),clothes(衣服),contents(内容,目录),fireworks(烟火),goods(货物),minutes(记录),morals(道德,品行),remains(遗体),stairs(楼梯),suburbs(郊区),thanks(谢意),wages(工资)等,通常作复数。

16.凡是由-ings结尾的名词,如:clippings(剪下来的东西),diggings(掘出的东西),earnings(收入),filings(锉屑),lodgings(租住的房屋),surroundings(环境),sweepings(扫拢的垃圾)等,通常作复数用。例如:

Theclippingsofthehedgesareusuallyburnt.

Thesweepingsofthegodown(仓库)havebeendisposedof.

17.还有一些以-s接的单、复数同形的名词,如:headquarters(总部),means(方法、手段),series(系列),species(种类),works(工厂)等,随后动词的单、复数形式取决于这些名称是作单数,还是用作复数。例如:

Aheadquarterswassetuptodirecttheoperation(指挥作战).

TheirheadquartersareinParis.

Theonlymeanstoachievesuccessistoappealtoarms(诉诸武力).

18.remains用于"遗体"意义时,随后的动词通常作复数:

Hisremainslieinthechurchyard.

Themartyr'sremainswereburiedatthefootofthehill.

但作"遗迹"或"剩余物"解释时,可作复数或单数用:

Hereistheremainsofatemple.

Theremainsofthemealwere/wasfedtothedog.
19.如果作主语的名词词组由“分数(或百分数)+of-词组”构成,其动词形式依of-词组中名词类别而定。例如:

Twothirdsoftheswampland(沼泽地)_____(have)beenreclaimed(开垦).

Oversixtypercentofthecity____(be)destroyedinthewar.

Thirty-fivepercentofthedoctors______(be)women.

20.如果主语是allof...,someof...,noneof...,halfof...,mostof...等表示非确定数量的名词词组,其后的动词形式依of-词组中的名词类别而定。例如:

Mostofthemoney_____recoveredbyDeputyPlayer.Mostofthemembers______there.

Allofthecargo______lost.Allofthecrew______saved.

21.两数相减或相除,动词用单数;两数相加或相乘,动词可用单数,也可复数。

Fortyminusfifteen(40-15)leavestwenty-five.Fortydividedbyeight(40/8)isfive.

Sevenandfive(7+5)makes/maketwelve.Fivetimeseight(5+8)is/areforty.

22.主语是由“akind/sort/typeof,thiskind/sort/typeof+名词”构成,动词用单数。

Thiskindofmanannoysme.

但若在kind/sort/type之前的限定词是these/those,同时,of-词组中的名词又是复数,则动词用复数:

Thesekindsofmenannoyme.Thosetypes/sortsofmachinesareuptodate.

23.如果主语是由“manya+名词”或“morethanone+名词”构成,其意义虽属多数,但随后的动词仍遵循“语法一致”原则,用单数。例如:

Manyamanhasdonehisduty.Morethanonegamewaslost.

24.1)由who,why,how,whether等wh-词引导的名词性分句作主语,其后的动词通常用单数。

2).两个由and连接的并列名词性分句作主语,如果主语表示两件事情,动词用复数。例

Whatcausedtheaccidentandwhowasresponsibleforitremainamysterytous.

3).以what-分句作主语的SVC结构

在以what-分句作主语的SVC结构中,主句补语是复数名词,如果主句谓语动词可用复数。

25.1).在“oneof+复数名词+关系分句”结构中,关系分句动词通常依照语法一致原则用复数形式。例如:

Joanisoneofthosepeoplewhogooutofthierwaytobehelpful.

2).在这类结构之前有定冠词the或者有theonly等限定词和强调词时,关系分句动词形式依one而定,用单数。例如:

Selfishnessistheoneofhermanyfaultswhichdefeatsitself.

Period9Listening

Step1ListeningtothematerialonPage7

Therearethreetasksinthisstep:thefirstlistening,thesecondlisteningandthethirdlistening.Teachersshouldaskstudentstoglancethewholeexercisesbeforelistening,sothattheycanrealizewhatisthemaintaskinlistening.

Period10writing

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