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高中英语词汇:使人感到疼痛的painful

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

请看下面一题:The operation was successful, but I still felt _________.
A. very painful B. much painful C. a lot of pain D. very paining

此题容易误选A,想当然地认为:pain 表示“痛”,其形容词painful自然表示“感到疼痛的”。其实 painful 的意思并不是“感到疼痛的”,而是表示“使人感到疼痛的”、“使人感到痛苦的。所以它通常用于说明事物,而不宜用于说明人。比较并体会:他仍很痛苦。

正:He is still in pain.误:He’s still painful.你感到痛吗?

正:Do you feel any pain?误:Are you painful?见到你这样生活我很痛心。

正:I am pained to see you living this way.
误:I am painful to see you living this way.听到他的死讯,我们都很痛苦。
误:We were all painful to hear of his death. 正:We were all pained to hear of his death. 他眼睛痛。

正:He has painful eyes.误:He’s painful in the eyes.

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