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高中英语词汇:大家一起向前go

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

1. go back

(1) 回去。

如:When will he go back?

他什么时候回去?

Let’s go back to what the chairman said earlier.

咱们回到主席早些时候所说到的话题上吧。

(2) 回顾,回溯。

如:My family goes back to the 18th century.

我的家族可追溯到18世纪。

2. go by

(1) 从(……)旁边经过。

如:A police car went by (us) at full speed.

一辆警车全速从我们身旁驶过。

(2) (时间、机会等)过去。

如 :Two years went by.

两年过去了。

(3) 遵循,按照,以……为依据。

如:That’s a good rule to go by.

那是要遵守的好规则。

We can’t go by looks alone.

我们不能只看外表。

3. go down

(1) 下落,下沉。

如:The sun is going down.

太阳西下。

Three ships went down in the storm.

风暴中有三艘船沉没。

(2) 下降,降低,减低,减弱。

如:The standard of work has gone down.

工作标准降低了。

We waited for the wind to go down.

我们等待风势减弱。

Eggs are going down in price. / The price of eggs is going down.

鸡蛋价格下跌了。

4. go in for

(1) 参加(考试、比赛等)。

如:I’d like to go in for a more advanced examination if I can.

如果可能的话,我想参加更高级的考试。

Which events is he going in for at the Olympics?

他参加奥运会的什么项目?

(2) 从事(某一职业等)。

如:Have you ever thought of going in for teaching?

你考虑过从事教书这一职业吗?

(3) 爱好,喜欢。

如:I don’t go in for sports.

我不爱好体育活动。

5. go into

(1) 到达,进入,从事,参加。

如:I’m going into town today.

我今天要进城。

He decided to go into politics.

他决定从政。

Two days later they went into battle again.

两天后他们又投入了战斗。

He went into the army at the age of 18.

他18岁参军。

(2) 调查,研究,弄清楚。

如:The police are going into the murder case.

警察在调查这想谋杀案。

We need to go into the question of costs.

我们有必要研究一下费用问题。

6. go out

(1) 出去。

如:Let’s go out for a walk.

我们出去走一走吧。

(2) 出国,远行。

如:He’s gone out to Japan.

他去日本了。

(3) 熄灭。

如:The fire has gone out. 火熄了。

7. go over

(1) 复习、温习、演习。

如:Let’s go over the new word again.

我们把生词再复习一遍。

She went over her lines before the first night of the play.

她在该剧首演前又演习了一次台词。

(2) 检查、查看、核对。

如:Go over your work carefully before you hand it in.

交作业前要仔细检查一下。

Let’s go over everything and find out where the trouble is.

咱们把一切检查一遍,看问题出在哪里。

8. go through

(1) 通过。

如:Can the table go through the door?

那桌子能过得了那门吗?

The new has gone through.

新的法律已经通过。

(2) 检查,审查,查找。

如:We’d like to have you go through the book.

我们想请你审阅这本书。

I’ve gone through all my pockets but can’t find my keys.

我把所有的口袋都找遍了,但就是找不到我的钥匙。

(3) 经历,经过。

如:The country has gone through too many wars.

这个国家经过了太多的战争。

(4) 做完,用完。

如:Let’s go through the exercises.

咱们把这些练习做完。

He went through all the money his father gave him.

他花完了他父亲给他的所有钱。

9. go up

(1) 上升,上涨。

如:Prices have gone up again.

物价又上涨了。

World population is going up.

世界人口在上涨。

(2) 兴建,建立。

如:New houses are going up all over the countryside.

乡下到处在建房子。

10. have gone to 到……去了。

如:He has gone to Beijing.

他去北京了。

The children have gone home.

孩子们回家去了。

比较 have been to 与 have gone to:前者表示“去过某地”,后者表示“到某地去了”。

如:I have been to Japan three times.

我去过日本三次。

A:Where is John? 约翰在哪?

B:Oh, he has gone home. 哦,他回家去了。

11. be going to do sth

(1) 打算或准备做某事。

如:He is going to sell his house.

他打算把房子卖掉。

We are going to leave for Shanghai.

我们打算离开去上海。

(2) 即将发生某事。

如:It’s going to rain.

要下雨了。

I’m going to be twenty next month.

下个月我就20岁了。

There’s going to be a storm soon.

很快要来暴雨了。

(3) 按计划或安排要发生的事。

如:What is he going to play next?

他下面演奏什么?

The wall is going to be painted green.

墙壁要被漆成绿色。

12. go+doing去做某事。

如:We often go swimming together.

我们经常一起去游泳。

Let’s go boating this afternoon.

我们今天下午去划船吧。

类例:go skating 去滑冰 go skiing 去滑雪 go dancing去跳舞

go climbing 去爬山 go fishing 去钓鱼 go hunting 去打猎

go shopping 去买东西 go sight-seeing 去观光

go walking去散步 go camping 去散步去野营

13. go on doing sth 不停地做某事,继续做某事。

如:You can’t go on working all night without a rest.

你不能通宵工作而不休息。

She nodded, smiled, and went on stitching.

她点了点头,笑了笑,又继续缝衣服。

14. go on to do sth (做完某事后)接着或继续做某事。

如:He went on to show us how to do it.

他接着又教我们如何做。

Go on to do the other exercises after you have finished this one.

做完这个练习后, 请接着做其它的练习。

15. go on with sth 继续做某事。

如:He took a cup of tea, and went on with the story.

他喝了一口茶,又接着讲故事。

Mother went on cooking; I went on with my homework.

妈妈继续做饭,我继续做功课。

上一篇:名师指导:自信才能学习好

下一篇:alone, lone, lonely的用法区别

高一期末考前辅导
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