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高一英语知识点总结Unit11-12

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☆重点句型☆

1. What do you think the music comes from?

do you think 作插入语

2. You want to find a good sang to dance to.

不定式作后置定语

3. If only they could find a way to get to the room.

If only 的用法

4. He was just about to say something when Peter turned around. when 的用法

5. What do you have in mind? 表示“心里想着某事”

6. The next time you look for a tape, don't just look for Chinese or American music. 名词引导时间状语从句

7. It looked as if the creature had moved. as if 的用法

☆重点词汇☆

1. traditional adj. 传统的

2. instrument n. 工具,器械

3. perform vt. / vi. 表演,执行

4. characteristic n. 特点

5. contain vt. 包含

6. intelligence n. 智力

7. spread vt. / vi. 传播,伸展

8. variety n. 多样性,种类

9. universal adj.通用的,世界的

10. record vt. / vi. / n. 记录,录音,唱片

11. satisfy vt. 满足

12. desire n. / vt. 心愿,期望

13. emotion n. 情感

14. musician n. 音乐家

15. express vt. 表达

16. literature n. 文学,文艺

17. comedy n. 喜剧

18. power n. 能力,力量

19. habit n. 习惯

20. whisper v. / vt./ vi. 耳语,低声说

21. treat v. / n. 对待,请客

22. entertain v. 使人快乐

☆重点短语☆

1. have much in common 有很多共同之处

2. turn...into... 把……变成

3. a series of 一连串的,一系列的

4. in trouble 在困境中

5. turn around 转过身

6. believe in 信任,信仰

7. come across 偶然遇到

8. take turns 轮流

9. on the other hand 在另一方面

10. make a decision做决定

11. make fun of 取笑

12. think well of 高度评价

13. be similar to与……相似

14. compare...with...把……和……比较

15. make suggestions 提出建议

16. the latest style 最新的式样

17. make money 赚钱

18. dance to 和着……的节奏跳舞

19. be satisfied with 对……感到满意

20. pick up 捡起,接收

21. make a record 制作唱片

22. play a trick on sb. 捉弄某人

短语闯关

下列短语都是这两个单元学过的重要短语,请你根据

汉语在横线上填入一个正确的词,每个词5分,80分才

能过关,你一定能过关,做好了闯关的准备吗?那么我

们就开始吧?

1. ____ common 共同(的);共有(的)

2. turn...____ 把……变成

3. a ____ of 一连串的;一系列;一套

4. ____ trouble 处于困境中;有麻烦

5. come ____ 偶然遇见,碰上

6. believe ____ 信任;信仰;支持,赞成

7. turn ____ 转过身;转过来

8. ____ a decision 作决定

9. ____ easy 感到舒心

10. ____ instruments 演奏乐器

11. ____ one's inner desire 满足内心的欲望

12. ____ an arts festival 举办艺术节

13. ____ the same goals 有共同的目标

14. get ____ 到达;做完;通过;度过;打通

15. ____ sb badly 虐待某人

16. ____... with / to 和……作比较

17. ____ magic tricks 看魔术

18. have... ____ mind想到;想着

19. dance ____ music / a song / a tune 按音乐/歌曲/曲调的节拍跳舞

20. a world ____ 无数……,大量……,许多……

☆交际用语☆

1. Why not have another try?

2. What/How about going out for a swim this Sunday afte- rnoon?

3. In my opinion, you should [ had better wait another ten minute.

4. Maybe it would be better to ...

5. That's a good idea.

6. I'd love to, but ...

7. What can you suggest?

8. Nothing can stop me from ...

9. Well, that's settled.

10. Personally, I believe ...

☆词汇短语☆

【考点2】common 的用法

▲ 搭配:

① the commons 普通人.老百姓

② out of (the) common 不寻常的,特殊的

③ have nothing in common (with) (与……)没有共同

之处

【考例2】[2004辽宁] In the early days of the American.

West, gun fights were not ____ for the water re—

sources, and laws...

A. unlawful B. unacceptable

C. unpopular D. uncommon

[考查目标]本题考查 common 等派生词的用法和词义。

[答案与解析]D uncommon 的意思是“不寻常的,不常

见的”’而 unlawful 的意思是“不违法的”;unacceptable

“不接受的”;unpopular “不受欢迎的”“不普遍的”。

15. compare v. 比较,比作

[拓展] comparison n. 比较

[词组] compare...with 把……和……相比较

Compare this with that, and you'll see which is better.

把这个同那个比较一下,你就会知道哪一个更好了。

[链接]compare...to...把……比作……

Life is often compared to a stage.

人生经常被比作舞台。

He compared young people to the rising sun.

他把年轻人比作正在升起的太阳。

compared to / with...(与……相比)用于句首或句未

作状语

Compared to / with many others, you're really a lucky

dog.

与许多其他的人相比,你确实足个幸运儿。

【考点9】contain 的用法

▲ 构词:container n. 容器(箱、盆、罐、壶、桶、坛子),集

装箱

▲ 搭配:

① be contained between / within 含于……间,(夹)在

……之间

② contain oneself 自制

▲ 辨析:contain;include;hold 都含“包含”、“容纳”的

意思。

contain 着重“其中确实包含有,侧重全部”;而include

强调部分内容或范围。例如:

The bottle contains water. 这个瓶子里有水。

Three students went there, including my English teach—

er.

hold 指“能容纳”。例如:

The house holds 20 people. 这房子能住下20人。

【考例9】[2005太原模拟] They also ____ the very

worst parts of a society: violent crime, racial discrimi—

nation and poverty.

A. maintain B. obtain

C. contain D. sustain

[考查目标] 本题考查contain的意思。

[答案与解析] C contain的常见意思是“包含”。

6. desire vt. 希望得到,[U]渴望,[C]一种强烈的欲望

We all desire happiness and health.

我们都希望得到幸福和健康。

I have long desired to meet you.

我一直渴望见到你们。

The people expressed their desire that the war (should)

come to an end soon.

人们渴望战争早日结束。

Your parents always try their best to satisfy aIl your

desires.

你父母总是尽力满足你所有的愿望。

[词组] have desire for sth. 渴望得到……

sarisfy one's desires 满足某人的欲望/愿望

desire for sth. 渴望得到……

desire to do sth. 渴望做……

desire sb. to do sth. 渴望某人做……

【考点5】discover的用法

▲构词:

① discoverer n. 发现者

② discovery n. 发现.发明的东西

▲辨析:discover;disclose

两者比较一般的含义是“揭示出来”。

discover是通用词,在表示“发现”的时候,它的内涵是

被探索或被揭示物早就客观存在。例如:

Despite her great age, she was very graceful indeed,

but so far, the archaeologists have been unable to dis—

cover her identity. 尽管她的年代离现在已经很久远了,

但是她的确很有风姿,然而至今考古学家尚不能探明

她是那尊女神。

disclose 表示把未宣布的事情“透露”出来。例如:

She disclosed that she had been married for a month.

她透露自己已经结婚一个月了。

【考例5】[2004北京] I continued playing football at

school and ____ my love for it I joined a private

team coached by my school coach.

A. reconsidered B. rediscovered

C. reformed D. replaced

[考查目标] 本题考查discover派生词的意思。

[答案与解析] B rediscover的意思是“重现,再现”。

【考点7】offer的用法

▲ 搭配:

① offer sb. sth / sth. to sb 向某人提供/提出……

②offer (sb) some money for sth (向某人)出价……购

买……

③ offer to do sth 主动提出干某事

▲辨析:offer,present这两个动词比较一般的含义为

“给”。

offer在现代英语中大致有三层意思:

(1) 把某物拿出来给对方,对方可能接受,也可能拒绝。

(2) 提出某事让对方考虑。

(3) 给某人某物,基本上相当于give的含义。例如:

He offered a few ideas to improve the plan. 他提出了一

些改进这个计划的意见。

present可以表示正式的呈递,在其他的用法中,与of—

fer下面的第三个含义相似。例如:

The servant presented sandwiches to each guest. 仆人把

三明治递给了每一位客人。

【考例7】[2004湖南] They've ____ us £150,000

for the house. Shall we take it?

A. provided B. supplied

C. shown D. offered

[考查目标] 本题考查offer与其近义词之间的区别。

[答案与解析] D offer为“(善意的)提供”,从句意可

以看出这一点。

考点8】perform的用法

▲ 构词:performance n. 履行,执行,成绩.性能,表

演,演奏

▲ 搭配:

① put on / give a perform 表演

② perform one's duties 尽责任

【考例8】[2005广西模拟] The operations are ____

with different tools.

A. preferred B. performed

C. provided D. practiced

[考查目标] 本题考查perform的词义。

[答案与解析]B perform 除了有“表演”的意思以外,

还有“操作”等别的意思。

1. perform vt. / vi. 演出,表演,演奏,执行

performance n. 表演

give / put on a performance 演出;上演(节目)

He also performed a part in a play.

他也在剧中扮演了一个角色。

The five-year-old girl performed perfectly on the piano.

那个五岁的小女孩熟练地演奏钢琴。

One should always perform what he promises.

说了就应当兑现。

Which doctor performed the operation?

这个手术是哪位医生做的?

【考点4】pick的用法

▲构词:pick-pocket n. 扒手

▲搭配:

① pick and steal 小偷小摸

② pick out 挑出,拣出;辨别出,区别出;弄明白,领

会 (文章等的意义)

③ pick up 拾起;(车、船)在途中搭人、带货;(未经正式

介绍)结识朋友;(偶然、无意地)获得、得到、学会

(语言、技术等);恢复健康;(从收音机里)收听到,

(用雷达等)看到,听到。探测到

④ pick oneself up (跌倒后)再爬起来;振作精神

⑤ pick up (health) 恢复健康

⑥ pick up speed 加速

⑦ pick up with sb 结识,与……交朋友

▲辨析:choose;select;pick

这组动词都有“挑选”的意思。

choose 强调在“选择”某物时的意愿,特别是当供挑选

物只有两个时,我们应当用choose。例如:

He has deliberately chosen to lead the life he leads and

is fully aware of the consequences. 他故意地选择了他

所过的生活.并且深知其后果。

有好几个东西供选择时,最好用select。因为有较多的

被挑选物或挑选人就必须加以鉴别。例如:

They will hardly know which facts to select from the

great mass of evidence that steadily accumulates. 大量

的史料不断聚积.他们难以判断从中选择哪些史实。

But, of the vertebrates, unpredictable Nature selected

only snakes (and one lizard).

但是,在脊椎动物中,神秘莫测的大自然只选择了蛇

(和一种蜥蜴)。

pick 在用作“挑选”时,不强凋鉴别,也不强调意愿。例

如:

On the village green,where you pick up sides and no

feeling of local patriotism is involved, it is possible to

play simply for the fun and exercise. 在一块乡村草坪

上.你为双方挑选队员.并不涉及地方感情问题,只有

这样才可能单纯为娱乐和锻炼而赛球。

【考例4】[NMET 1992] ____ the kettle (水壶) of

boiling water, she moved quietly towards the door.

A. Putting down B. Laying aside

C. Picking up D. Taking away

[考查目标] 本题考查pick up的意思。

[答案与解析] C pick up的常见意思是“捡起,拿起”。

8. power [U]权力,功率,动力

powerful adj. 强大的,有力的

powerless adj. 无能的

[词组] come into power 掌权

in power 掌权

beyond / out of power 不能胜任的

power plant / station 发电厂

Which Party is in power?

现在哪个党执政?

The power of the governments has increased greatly

over the past century.

近一个世纪以来,政府的权力大大增强了。

He turned on the power and the machine worked.

他打开电源,机器就工作了。

上一篇:高一英语知识点总结Unit13-14

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