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高中英语情态动词真题点击与练习

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

情态动词是高考考查的重点语法项目之一,下面就近几年来高考试题中出现的情态动词的考点进行归纳分析,以便同学们复习掌握。

一、情态动词表推测

1. 肯定的推测一般用must, should, may(might)或could(不用can),其中,must的语气最强,译为“肯定”、“准是”、“想必是”;should的语气次之,译为“很可能”、“应该”,指按常理推测;may(might),could的语气最弱,译为“也许”、“可能”。

①Helen _______ go on the trip with us but she isn’t quite sure yet. (2005年安徽卷)

A. shall B. must C. may D. can

②—I’ve taken someone else’s green sweater by mistake.

—It ___ Harry’s. He always wears green. (2005年广东卷)

A. has to be B. will be C. mustn’t be D. could be

③I have lost one of my gloves. I _______ it somewhere.(2005年北京春季卷)

A. must drop B. must have dropped

C. must be dropping D. must have been dropped

④If I ____ plan to do anything I wanted to ,I’d like to go to Tibet and travel through as much of it as possible. (2005年湖北卷)

A. would B. could C. had to D. ought to

2. 否定推测分为两种情况:

1)语气不很肯定时,常用may not, might not或could not,译为“可能不”、“也许不”。

You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers ______ not like the design of the furniture. (2004年上海春季卷)

A. must B. shall C. may D. need

2)否定语气较强时,则用can’t,译为“根本不可能”、“想必不会”,表示惊异、怀疑的感情色彩。

①—Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere.

—Well. He ______ have gone far——his coat’s still here.(2005年湖北卷)

A. shouldn’t B. mustn’t C. can’t D. wouldn’t

②— Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there?

— No, it _______ be him I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses. (2004年全国卷Ⅰ)

A. can’t B. must not C. won’t D. may not

3. 疑问句中的推测,往往用can或could。

Mr. Bush is on time for everything. How ______ it be that he was late for the opening ceremony?(2001年上海春季卷)

A. can B. should C. may D. must

4. 对已发生事情的肯定推测常用“must, may, might等+完成式”;否定推测常用“can, could, may, might等+完成式”。

①I was on the highway when this car went past followed by a police car. They _______ at least 150 kilometers an hour.(2005年重庆卷)

A. should have been doing B. must have been doing

C. could have done D. would have done

②He _______ have completed his work; otherwise, he wouldn’t be enjoying himself by seaside. (2005年北京卷)

A. should B. must C. wouldn’t D. can’t

③—Tom is never late for work. Why is be absent today?

—Something ________ to him. (2005年江西卷)

A. must happen B. should have happened

C. could have happened D. must have happened

④ My sister met him at the Grand Theatre yesterday afternoon, so he_____ have attended your lecture.(2000年上海卷)

A. couldn’t B. needn’t C. mustn’t D. shouldn’t

二、“情态动词+完成式”

1. “should(ought to)+完成式”表示本应该做某事而实际上没有做。其否定式表示某种行为不该发生但却发生了。

①—I’ll tell Mary about her new job tomorrow.

— You________ her last week. (2004年福建卷)

A. ought to tell B. would have told

C. must tell D. should have told

②Oh, I’m not feeling well in the stomach, I _____ so much fried chicken just now. (2002年上海春季卷)

A. shouldn’t eat B. mustn’t have eaten

C. shouldn’t have eaten D. mustn’t eat

2. “could+完成式”表示本来能够做成某事的但结果没能做成,含有遗憾的意味。

He paid for a seat, when he ______ have entered free. (2005年山东卷)

A. could B. would C. must D. need

3. “needn’t+不定式的完成式”表示本来不必做某事而实际上做了某事。例如:

You needn’t have watered the flowers, for it is going to rain.你本不需要浇花的,因为天就要下雨了。

— Catherine, I have cleaned the room for you.

— Thanks. You ______ it. I could manage it myself. (2005年福建卷)

A. needn’t do B. needn’t have done C. mustn’t do D. shouldn’t have done

三、常见的情态动词

1. shall用于一、三人称疑问句表示征求对方意见;用于二、三人称陈述句表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺或威胁等。

①“The interest be divided into five parts, according to the agreement made by both sides,” declared the judge. (2004年重庆卷)

A. may B. should C. must D. shall

②—Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report.

— You ______ have my computer if you don’t take care of it. (2004年湖南卷)

A. shan’t B. might not C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

③ — The room is so dirty. ______ we clean it?

— Of course. (2003年北京春季卷)

A. Will B. Shall C. Would D. Do

2. must用于疑问句,表示责备、抱怨的感情色彩,意思为“偏偏,偏要”;mustn’t表示禁止,是说话人强有力的劝告。

①John, look at the time. _______ you play the piano at such a late hour? (2005年全国卷Ⅲ)

A. Must B. Can C. May D. Need

②Tom, you leave all your clothes on the floor like this!(2005年全国Ⅰ)

A. wouldn’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. may not

3. needn’t表示“没有必要”。

— Lucy doesn’t mind lending you her dictionary.

— She ______. I’ve already borrowed one. (2005年湖南卷)

A. can’t B. mustn’t C. needn’t D. shouldn’t

4. would表示过去反复发生的动作或某种倾向。

When he was there, he ___ go to that coffee shop at the corner after work every day.(1996年上海卷)

A. would B. should C. had better D. might

5. 表示经过努力而成功的某一次动作,只能用was/were able to,而不能用could。

The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone _____ get out. (1997年全国卷)

A. had to B. would C. was able to D. could

6. 考查情态动词用作答语的情况

①—Write to me when you get home.

— _______. (2001年北京春季卷)

A. I must B. I should C. I will D. I can

② — Could I call you by your first name?

—Yes, you ______. (1998年上海卷)

A. will B. could C. may D. might

巩固练习:

1. Michael ______ be a policeman, for he is much too short.

A. needn’t B. can’t C. should D. may

2. I told Sally how to get here, but perhaps I ____ for her.

A. had to write it out B. must have written it out

C. should have written it out D. ought to write it out

3. Jack _____ yet, otherwise he would have telephoned me.

A. mustn’t have arrived B. shouldn’t have arrived

C. can’t have arrived D. needn’t have arrived

4. Sir, you ______be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

A. mustn’t B. can’t C. won’t D. needn’t

5. A left-luggage office is a place where bags _______ be left for a short time, especially at a railway station.

A. should B. can C. must D. will

6. — Is John coming by train?

— He should, but he _____ not. He likes driving his car.

A. must B. can C. need D. may

7. It has been announced that candidates _______ remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.

A. can B. will C. may D. shall

8. You can’t imagine that a well-behaved gentleman ______ be so rude to a lady.

A. might B. need C. should D. would

9. —Don’t forget to come to my birthday party tomorrow. —_______.

A. I don’t B. I won’t C. I can’t D. I haven’t

10. I didn’t see her in the meeting-room this morning. She____ at the meeting.

A. mustn’t have spoken B. shouldn’t have spoken

C. needn’t have spoken D. couldn’t have spoken

例题答案

Key: C D B B Key: C Key: C A Key:A Key: B B D A Key: D C

Key:A Key: B Key: D A B Key: A B Key: C Key: A

Key:C Key:C C

练习答案与解析

1. B 从第二个分句“他太矮了”可以推知说话者持否定态度,needn’t意思是“没有必要”,与语境不符。

2. C 根据句意“我已经告诉她怎样到那儿,但是或许我应该给她写下来”可知,说话者含有“后悔、遗憾”的意味,应使用“情态动词+完成式”形式,“must+完成式”表示对过去的肯定推测,“should+完成式”才表示虚拟意义。

3. C 根据第二分句“否则的话他就会给我打电话了”可知“Jack肯定还没到”,“can’t+完成式”意思是“根本不可能”。

4. A 从第二分句可知,这是妇女和儿童专用候车室,因此你“不准”坐在这儿。mustn’t表示“禁止,不准”。

5. B can在此表示许可。

6. D 从后一句“他喜欢开车”可知说话者把握不大。must not不表示推测,can not的语气太绝对,意思是“根本不可能”。

7. D shall用于第二、三人称,表示说话人给对方的命令、警告、允诺、威胁等意思。

8. C should在此表示惊讶的感情色彩,意思是“竟然”。

9. B 对祈使句的肯定回答用I will;否定回答用I won’t。

10. D 根据句意“我今天上午在会议室没见到她”, 所以“她根本不可能在会上发言”。表示“根本不可能”用can’t/couldn’t have done形式。

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