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高中英语必修4 Unit2 单元重点知识总结

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①—How about going out for a walk after class?下课后出去散步好吗?

—I‘d prefer to stay at home because it is raining. 因天下雨,我宁愿呆在家里。

②—Would you rather go to the movie tonight with us? 你愿意今晚和我们一起去看电影吗?

—I think I‘d better look after my sick father at home. 我想最好还是在家照顾生病的父亲。


1. struggle vi. & vt. 努力,拼搏,斗争

struggle to do sth (=make great efforts to do sth.)努力做某事

…he has struggled for the past five decades to help them.他在过去50年来一直在努力帮助他们。

She struggled to keep back the tears. 她努力忍住泪水。

搭配:struggle for争夺;struggle with /against同……斗争

2. equip vi. & vt. 使(某人)具备条件;装备,配备

(1)equip sb. for/to do sth.使某人具备做某事的条件,使某人能够做某事

Your training will equip you for your future job. 你的训练使得你能够胜任将来的工作。

Your education will equip you to earn a good living. 你受的教育能够使你能谋上好生计。


He equipped his bike with a head light. 他给自行车装上了前灯。

We should equip our children with a good education. 我们应让孩子应到良好的教育。

3. confuse vt. 使某人迷惑;把某事搞乱

They confused me by asking so many questions. 他们提了一大堆问题上,把我弄糊涂了。

Her unexpected arrival confused all our plans. 她的突然到来把我们的计划全打乱了。

Don‘t confuse Austria with /and Australia. 不要把奥地利和澳大利亚弄混了。


4. reduce vt. 减少, 缩小, 简化

He is trying to reduce expenses. 他正试图减少开支。

We must gradually reduce the wage gap. 我们必须缩小工资差别。

同义:bring down, cut, cut down 降低,削减

5. supply n.& vt. 供应,补给

We have a good supply of water here. 我们这里供水充足。

The water supply to the room failed. 这个房间的供水中断了。

We supply the market with fruits and vegetables. 我们为市场提供水果和蔬菜。

We supply power to the three nearby towns. 我们对附近的三个城镇提供电力。

注:作名词时一般是不可数名词,但有修饰语时可加不定冠词;另外,表示“供应品,日用品”等时常用复数。如medical supplies医疗用品,office supplies办公用品。

6. whatever

(1)引导让步状语从句 (=no matter what)

Whatever you say, I won‘t believe you. 无论你说什么,我都不信。

You have to go on, whatever difficulties you meet. 不管你碰到什么困难,你都要继续干。

(2)引导名词性从句[=any (thing) (that)]

Whatever she did was right. 凡是她所做的都是正确的。

One should stick to whatever one has begun. 应当持之以恒。

试题:The poor young man is ready to accept ______help he can get. (全国)

A. whichever B. however C. whatever D. whenever


7. export vi. & vt. 输出,出口

We export rice but import wheat. 我们出口稻米,但进口小麦。

Our factory exports to Southeast Asia. 我厂向东南亚出口产品。

8. suitable adj. 合适的,适当的,相配的

This toy is not suitable for young children. 这个玩具不适合小小孩玩。

I don‘t think she is suitable for the job. 我认为她不适合这个工作。

This wine is not suitable to my taste. 这酒不合我的胃口。

同义:be suitable for =be fit for适合


1. born into…family (由于)出生于……的家庭

Born into a poor farmer‘s family in 1931…袁博士1931年出生于一个贫苦农民家庭

Born into a poor peasant family, he couldn‘t go to college. 由于出生在贫苦农民家庭,他没能上大学。

2. graduate from毕业于

Dr Yuan graduated from Southwest Agriculture College. 袁博士毕业于西南农业大学。


He graduated in law from Oxford. 他毕业于牛津大学法律系。

3. thanks to (=because of) 由于,多亏

Thanks to your help, we were successful. 由于你的帮助,我们成功了。

Thanks to you, I was saved from drowning. 幸亏你,我才没淹死。

4. rid…of…使……摆脱……(讨厌或不想要的)

Thanks to his research, the UN is trying to rid the world of hunger. 由于他的研究,联合国正在使世界摆脱饥饿。

You should rid yourself of that bad habit. 你应改掉那个坏习惯。

5. be satisfied with 对……感到满意/满足

I‘m very satisfied with you. 我对你很满意。

I‘m not at all satisfied with the present situation. 我对目前的情况一点都不满意。

6. care about感兴趣,关心

He also doesn‘t care about being famous. 他对成名也毫不在意。

The only thing he cares about is money. 他唯一关心的只是金钱。

7. lead a…life过着……的生活

He didn‘t want to lead an empty life.他不想过空虚的生活。

They lead an easy life (=a life of ease)。他们过着舒服的日子。


8. would rather宁愿


He would rather keep time for his hobbies. 他宁愿把时间花在自己业余爱好上。

I‘d rather not go there.我宁愿不去那里。

-Wouldn‘t you rather live in the country?你不愿住农村?

-No, I wouldn‘t. I’d rather live here.是的。我宁愿就住在这里。

(2)表示“宁愿做……不愿做……”,后接than (do) sth.。

I‘d rather stay at home than go. 我宁愿呆在家里也不愿去。


I‘d rather you came tomorrow than today. 我宁愿你明天来,不要今天来。

I‘d rather you hadn’t done that. 我真希望你没做过那事。

试题:To enjoy the scenery, Irene would rather spend long hours on the train ______ travel by air. (广西)

A. as B. to C. than D. while

解析:因would rather do A than do B是固定句型,故选C.

9. refer to


You know who I am referring to. 你知道我指的是谁。

(2)提到,谈及,说起(mention, speak of)

I promised not to refer to the matter again. 我答应过再也不提这事了。

(3)查阅,参考,征询(turn to /look at…for information)

You may refer to your notes if you want. 如果需要,可以查阅笔记。



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