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高一英语语法复习攻略

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

高中必考英语知识清单:

考点1 冠词考点 2 名词
考点3 代词考点 4 形容词/副词
考点5 定语从句考点 6 状语从句
考点7 名词性从句考点 8 时态、语态
考点9 非谓语动词考点 10 情态动词
考点11 动词及动词短语辨析考点 12 倒装语序
考点13 主谓一致关系、强调结构及其他考点 14 日常交际用语

下面我们对部分考点给出具体的复习重点指导:

一、状语从句的一些引导词需要着重注意

1.before: …before I could say a word./It may be some time before the situation improves How long it’ll be before I can go back to work?

2.when: It was six o’clock when they arrived at the hotel.

3.since: It’s three years since I smoked.

4.as: Great as the difficulty was,../Much as I admire,…

5.where: They notice that plants don’t grow well where there is much shade. My doctor advised me to live where the air is fresher.

6.主将从现:I can when my headache disappear thoroughly. If you go, so will I.

二、时态和语态是很重要的考点
have been painting all day/be always doing/I did lock it/will still be sleeping/will have left The papers are still being corrected/It is being served in the dining room.

三、注意情态动词对过去表示推测的用法
比如,couldn’t have done/might have done/needn’t have done/should/ought to have done

特别是shall的用法: No student shall go out of school without the teacher’s permission. Tell him that he shall have the wonderful book tomorrow afternoon. It is the rule that every driver shall obey in this city. Shall I/he book a table?

请别忽视某些情态动词的特殊含义,如:
must : If you must know her name, her name is Mabel.

would: When I was young, I would sit under the old tree listening to grandpa tell me stories.

should: It’s strange that Tom, the most excellent student in our grade should fail in the exam.

may: May you succeed!/May you be happy!

四、你需要记住一些交际用语,比如:
Just in case!/Take your time!/Take it easy!/You can’t be serious/Up to you!/What if?/Can you make it?/What for?/What kept you?/Of what?/Exactly!/With pleasure!/That isn’t due yet./The early train is due to leave at 5:30 a.m./I’ll give you a lift./Why not?/You are wanted on the phone.

五、非谓语动词——注意分清谓语与非谓语,比如:
She went to the market, bought some bananas and visited her cousin. She said, and turning away from him, walked rapidly away. Go straight ahead, and you will see a hotel in front of you.

完形填空:高考完形填空临场技法,完形填空就是在一篇语意完整的短文中有目的地制造一些空白,造成信息链的中断,让考生在理解短文的基础上,综合运用 所学知识和常识,对每个题的备选项做出尽可能合理的分析、判断,从中选出正确答案或最佳答案,使重新构建的文章主旨鲜明,文意畅达,逻辑严密。
要做好完形填空,考生须具备扎实的基础知识以及快速阅读和理解的能力,另外,良好的心理素质和思维品质也至关重要。
有些考生虽然具有一定的基础,但完形填空题的得分却总不尽如人意。他们的问题概括起来主要有以下几方面:
1. 不善于抓文章的主旨大意,并以此为中心展开对整篇文章的推理、判断,导致理解上出现偏差,甚至与文章的中心相悖。
2. 容易受定势思维的干扰,对文意分析不透,忽视特定语境中英语知识的运用。
3. 对完形填空怀有厌倦、恐惧心理,以至做完形填空时处于应付状态。
那么,怎样才能提高做完形填空的准确率呢?大家应从以下三个方面入手训练思维能力和解题技巧:抓准主旨、透析文意、理清逻辑。并在做题的过程中把这三方面与做完形填空的三大步骤“浏览、细读和验证”做到有机结合,明确每一步思维的主攻方向。

上一篇:高一英语学习方法:词汇怎样复习?

下一篇:高中英语语法讲解:stop to do与stop doing等词组的区别

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