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高一英语关系代词讲解与练习

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

一、关系代词who, whom, whose, which, that引导定语从句的基本用法:

1. who/whom/that

三者都可指代人: who作主语, whom 作宾语, that既可以作主语, 又可作宾语。如:

He is a good teacher who/that is loved by all.

Here is the man (whom) you are looking for.

注意: ①在口语中, who 可以代替whom作宾语。②关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时, 一般可省略。

2. whose 可修饰人,也可修饰物; 修饰物时, 可与of which换用,whose在定语从句中作定语。如:

I saw some trees whose leaves were black with diseases.

= I saw some trees the leaves of which were black with diseases.

3. that/which/that/which指代物, 在定语从句中可作主语或宾语。如:

Emei is a wonderful place which/that is worth visiting.

The film (which/that) we saw last night is wonderful.

二、须特别注意以下几种特殊情况:

1. 常用that 不用which的情况:

① 先行词为all, anything, everything, nothing, something等时。如:

I will do all (that) I can to help you.

② 先行词被序数词、形容词较高级或the only, the very等所修饰时。如:

He was the only person that joined the army in his village that year.

③ 先行词既有人,又有物时。如:

They talked about the people and the things (that)they remembered in the school.

④ 当主句是以who 或which开头的疑问句时, 定语从句用that 引导, 以避免重复。如:

Who is the boy that was here just now?

2. 若被修饰的名词充当从句介词宾语时, 介词可提前于引导词之前,此时的引导词只能用whom 或which。如:

The pencil with which he was writing broke.

3. 当先行词为way时,其后的定语从句用in which或 that引导,也可不用引导词。如:

I don’t like the way (in which/that) he talks to me.

巩固练习:

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. To tell the truth, this is the only thing _______ I have in the world.

A. which B. that C. what D. of which

2. Everyone was on time for the meeting but Chris, ______ is usually ten minutes late for everything.

A. that B. which C. who D. whom

3. George Orwell, _______ was Eric Arthur, wrote many political novels and essays.

A. the real name B. what his real name

C. his real name D. whose real name

4. It is ______ he said it that surprised me.

A. the way B. in the way that

C. in the way D. the way which

5. The girl to ______ I spoke is one of my old friends.

A. who B. whom C. that D. which

Key: 1-5 BCDAB

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