高一开学季

高一

101教育热线电话
400-6869-101
微信
当前位置: 首页 > 高一> 高一英语> 高一英语知识点

高中英语过去分词作定语讲与练

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

过去分词是非谓语动词的一种形式,表示完成和被动的动作。它在句子中可以充当表语、定语等成份。下面仅谈其作定语和表语的用法。

一、过去分词作定语

过去分词作定语有前置和后置两种情况。

1、前置定语

单个的过去分词作定语,通常放在被修饰的名词之前,表示被动和完成意义。

A类:被动意义:

an honored guest 一位受尊敬的客人

The injured workers are now being taken good care of in the hospital.

受伤的工人现正在医院受到良好的照料。

B类:完成意义:

a retired teacher 一位退休的教师

They are cleaning the fallen leaves in the yard.

他们正在打扫院子里的落叶。

2、后置定语

过去分词短语作定语时,通常放在被修饰的名词之后,它的作用相当于一个定语从句。如:

This will be the best novel of its kind ever written (=that has ever been written).

这将是这类小说中写得最好的。

Who were the so-called guests invited (=who had been invited) to your party last night?

昨晚被邀请参加你的晚会的那些所谓的客人是谁呀?

二、过去分词作表语

作表语的过去分词主要来自及物动词,在主-系-表句型中,说明主语所处的一种状态。其中系动词有包括be在内的多种形式。如:

You seem frightened.

你看样子受了惊吓。

少数不及物动词(如go, come, set)的过去分词也能作表语,但它们不表示被动意义,只是表示动作完成。如:

They are gone for vacation.

他们度假去了。

注意:要区别“系动词+过去分词(系表结构)” 和 “系动词+过去分词(被动语态)”。如:

A. The library is now closed.

图书馆现在关门了。

B. The library is closed at six.

图书馆经常在六点钟关门。

说明:作表语用的过去分词表示主语的特点或所处的状态,强调主谓关系。这种结构中的过去分词前可加quite, very, rather等修饰词。系动词可有多种,表示不同的意义;被动语态表示动作,强调动宾关系,绝大多数被动结构中的行为执行者还可以用by短语来表示。因此,我们不难看出在上面两句中,A句是系表结构,B句是被动语态。

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

1. Most of the artists _____ to the party were from South Africa. (MET 1990)

A. invited B. to invite

C. being invited D. had been invited

2. The computer center, _____last year, is very popular among the students in this school. (NMET 1993)

A. open B. opening

C. having opened D. opened

3. Cleaning women in big cities usually get _____ by the hour.(NMET 1998)

A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay

4.—How do you deal with the disagreement between the company and the customers?

—The key _____ the problem is to meet the demand _____ by the customers. (北京2002)

A. to solving; making

B. to solving; made

C. to solve; making

D. to solve; made

5. Don’t use words, expressions, or phrases _____ only to people with specific knowledge.

(上海2002)

A. being known B. having been known

C. to be known D. known

Key: 1-5 ADCBD

上一篇:高一英语语法强调句练习题

下一篇:人教新课标高中英语必修4各单元词汇练习

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 句型 (责任编辑:101教育小编)

免费领取体验课

姓名
手机号
年级
*图形验证码
获取验证码
免费预约
高一新学期