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高中英语语法讲解:very 用法“七忌”

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

very是英语口语和书面语中使用频率较高的词之一。但笔者发现,许多同学在运用该词进行口语交际和书面表达时经常出错。本文列举一些常见错例,谈谈使用very需要注意的几点。

一、忌修饰形容词或副词的比较级。修饰形容词或副词的比较级,应借助于下列程度副词:much(……得多),still(还要,还),even(更),far(……得多,大大……)。例如:

1. 吉姆比凯特高得多。

误:Jim is very taller than Kate .正:Jim is much taller than Kate .

2. 昨天很热,但今天更热。

误:It was hot yesterday , but it is very hotter today .正:It was hot yesterday , but it is still/even hotter today .

3. 这部电影比那一部好得多。

误:This film is very better than that one .正:This film is far better than that one .

二、忌修饰动词。修饰动词必须用a lot , a litte , very much等。例如:

4. 我非常喜欢英语。

误:I very like English .正:I like English very much .

5. 布朗太太非常喜欢吃肉。

误:Mrs Brown very likes meat .正:Mrs Brown likes meat a lot .

三、忌修饰作表语的形容词alive(有活力的,有生气的),asleep(睡着的),awake(醒着的,警觉的),alone(单独的)等。例如:

6. 我此刻非常清醒。

误:I am very awake at the moment .正:I am wide awake at the moment .

7. 学生们仍在熟睡。

误:The students are still very asleep .正:The students are still fast asleep .

8. 昨晚这座房子里就我一人。

误:I was very alone in the house last night .正:I was all alone in the house last night .

四、忌用来加强副词或介词短语的语气,加强副词或介词短语的语气一般用right,有时用well.very只能用来加强形容词的语气。例如:

9. 我到处找我的钢笔,可它就在我的口袋里。

误:I looked for my pen here and there , but it was very in my pocket .正:I looked for my pen here and there , but it was right in my pocket .

10. 这本书非常值得一读。

误:This book is very worth reading .正:This book is well worth reading .

五、忌修饰“too+形容词/副词”结构,该结构前常用much , all等来加强语气。例如:

11. 这件衬衫我穿起来太大了。

误:This shirt is very too large for me .正:This shirt is much too large for me .

12. 我们的英语老师讲话太快了。

误:Our English teacher speaks very too fast .正:Our English teacher speaks all too fast .

六、忌替代“so…that…”,“too…to…”结构中的so和too.例如:

13. 他年龄非常小,不能去工作。

误:He is very young to go to work .正:He is too young to go to work .

14. 我非常累,一点也走不动了。

误:I‘m very tired that I can’t walk a bit .正:I‘m so tired that I can’t walk a bit .

七、忌出现在感叹句中,以免与感叹词重复。例如:

15. 多么糟糕的天气啊!

误:What very bad weather !

正:What bad weather !

16. 同学们干得多么带劲啊 !

误:How very hard the students are working !

正:How hard the students are working

上一篇:高中英语句式句型专题(七)

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