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高中英语句式句型专题(二)

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-14 字体大小: 分享到:

句子按其结构可以分为以下三类:

1) 简单句(Simple Sentences):只包含一个主谓结构句子叫简单句,例如:

She is fond of collecting stamps. 她喜欢集邮。

(主) (谓)

2) 并列句(Compound Sentences):包含两个或两个以上主谓结构的句子叫并列句,句与句之间通常用并列连词或分号来连接,例如:

The food was good, but he had little appetite.

(主) (谓) (主)(谓)

食物很精美,但他却没什么胃口。

简单句和并列句

一.概念

(一)简单句

由一个主语(或并列主语)和一个谓语(或并列谓语)所构成的句子叫简单句,其结构是主语+ 谓语。

(二)并列句

由并列连词把两个或两个以上的互相关连而又互相独立的独句(即简单句)连在一起而构成的句子叫并列句。其结构是:简单句+并列连词+简单句

常用的连词有and,but,or not only...but also,neither...nor,either...or

二.相关知识点精讲

(一)简单句

五种基本句型(Basic Sentence Patterns):英语中千变万化的句子归根结底都是由以下五种基本句型组合、扩展、变化而来的:

1)主 + 动(SV)例如:

I work. 我工作。

2)主 + 动 + 表(SVP)例如:

John is busy. 约翰忙。

3)主 + 动 + 宾(SVO)例如:

She studies English. 她学英语。

4)主 + 动 + 宾 + 补(SVOC)例如:

Time would prove me right. 时间会证明我是对的。

5)主 + 动 + 间宾 + 直宾(SVOiOd)例如:

My mother made me a new dress. 我母亲给我做了一件新衣裳。

(二)并列句

并列句分为:联合并列句,转折并列句,选择并列句和因果并列句

联合并列句常由并列词and, not only…but also…..等连接

如: Use your hand, and you’ll find a way.

转折并列句常由并列连词but, while, yet, whereas, nevertheless等连接

如:I would love to have gone to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report.

选择疑问句常由并列连词or, otherwise, either…or…,等连接

如:Either you leave this house or I’ll call the police

因果并列句由并列连词so, for, therefore 等连接.

如: it was late, so we went home.

在”祈使句+and/or+陈述句”结构中,当前后两部分间为承接关系时,用and;前后意思为相反关系时,用or.可将前面的祈使句转换成由if引导的条件状语从句,但必须将and 或or 去掉.

如: Hurry up, and we’ll be there in time.= If we hurry up, we’ll be there in time.

because和so; although, though和but 不能连用

三.巩固练习

1. I don’t suppose anyone will volunteer,___?

A. do I B. don’t I C. will they D. won’t they

2. ___help if you can,and our country will improve

more quickly and better.

A. Giving B. Give C. Given D. To give

3. —— Lucy,you wash the dishes,___ ?

—— Mom,can’t Lily do it? It’s her turn to do it.

A. don’t you B. can you C. shall you D. will you

4. —— I will not take an umbrella with me today.

— _____it rains later on in the day?

A. How B. What C. How about D. What if

5. —— You ought to stay up late tonight,____ you?

—— Yes. I’ve got too much homework.

A. can’t B. shouldn’t C. mustn’t D. won’t

6. Nothing can stop us from serving the people heart and soul,____?

A. can it B. can’t it C. can they D. can’t they

7. There used to be a church in the small town,_____?

A. used thereB. usedn’t there

C. used it D. usedn’t it

8. —— She isn’t your neighbour, is she?

—— _______.

A. Yes,she isn’tB. No,she is

C. Yes,she is D. No,isn’t she

9. —— ______ to be a PLA soldier when I was young.

—— And now you are.

A. How I wantedB. How did I want

C. What I wanted D. What did I want

10. Recently I bought an ancient Chinese vase,____was very reasonable.

A. which priceB. the price of which

C. its price D. the price of that

11. After ten years,she changed a lot and looked different from___she used to be.

A. that B. whom C. what D. who

12. ____is known to everyone,the moon travels round the earth once every month.

A. It B. As C. That D. What

13. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation___he is likely to lose control over the plane.

A. where B. which C. while D. why

14. Information has been put forward___more middle school graduates will be admitted into universities.

A. while B. that C. when D. as

15. What the doctors really doubt is____my mother will recover from the serious disease soon.

A. when B. how C. whether D. what

16. The students of the music school study ____.

A. music but also some other subjects

B. some other subjects as well as music

C. music as well as some other subjects

D. some other subjects and music

上一篇:高一英语语法讲解:祈使句

下一篇:高中英语“倒装”考点透析

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 知识点 英语 句型 (责任编辑:101教育小编)

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