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高一英语Unit17-18知识点总结

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Unit17-18

☆重点句型☆

1. What is to be done when something gets into your eyes?

2. It is much too expensive.

3. It's fast and clean and it does.

4. I was beginning to, think that the experiment would

not work.

5. Tie the corner of the handkerchief to the points of the

cross and you will have a nice strong kite.

6. It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.

7. For women it sometimes seems twice as much.

8. I had traveled only two hours one day when the winds

increased so much that I had to put my tent up before

the winds became too strong.

☆重点词汇☆

1. scholarship n. 奖学金;学问

2. graduation n. 毕业

3. surround v. 包围;围绕

4. central adj. 中心的;中央的

5. mild adj. 温和的

6. settle vt. 使定居;解决;使平静

7. harbour n. 海港

8. volcano n. 火山

9. surface n. 表面

10. ship v. 用船运

11. export v. 输出

12. agricultural n. 农业的;农艺的

13. possession n. 拥有;占有

14. secretary n. 秘书;文书

15. conference n. 会议;讨论会

16. cattle n. 牛;牲畜

17. inspire v.鼓舞;启示;激发

18.admire v. 钦佩;羡慕

19. generous adj. 慷慨的;大方的

20. mean adj.吝啬的;卑鄙的

21. dishonest adj. 不诚实的

22. champion n. 冠军;得胜者

23. stormy adj. 暴风雨的

24. threaten vt. 威胁

25. bottom n. 底部

26. optimistic adj. 乐观的

27. somehow adv. 以某种方式;不知怎么地

28. regret v. 遗憾;悔恨

29. value v. 重视;评价

30. bother v. 烦扰;打扰

☆重点短语☆

1. increase to... 增加到……

2. become of sb. / sth. 某人 / 某物发生……情况

3. be about to do sth. 马上要做某事

4. struggle to one's knees 挣扎站起来

5. around the comer 即将来临;就在附近

6. refer to 涉及到;谈到;查阅

7. clear up (天气)放晴;整理

8. die down (风、火、光)等渐弱,(声音)静下来

9. come to terms with 甘心忍受,妥协

10. rise to fame 出名

11. take possession of 占有,占领

12. sign an agreement with 和……签定协议

13. turn to doing 转为做……

14. in relation to 与……有关;关于

15. as it is 以现在的样子

16. lie in / to / on 位于……

17. the majority of 大多数……

18. at the top of one's voice 高声地

19. drop out 脱离;退出

20. compare...with 和……比较

短语闯关

下列短语都是这两个单元学过的重要短语,请你根据

汉语在横线上填入一个正确的词,每个词4分,80分才

能过关.你一定能过关,做好了闯关的准备吗?那么我

们就开始吧?

1. (just) ____ the corner即将来临;在拐角处;就

在附近

2. die ____ 变弱;平息;消失

3. come ____ terms with 甘心忍受(不愉快的处

境);妥协,让步

4. ____ possession of占有;占领

5. make ____ 组成,构成;编造;虚构

6. turn ____ 开始干;求助于;转向;翻到多少页

7. go ____ 驾船航行;进行帆船运动

8. go ____ 宿营

9. ____ high quality质量很高

10. sign an ____ with与……签订协议

11. have a population ____有多少人口

12. ____ relation to关于;涉及;与……有关

13. rise to ____ 出名

14. drop ____下沉;沉落;掉落;退出;不参加

15. be thankful ____ 因……感谢

16. ____ the top of one's voice高声地

17. be ____ good health身体状况良好

18. struggle ____ one's knees / feet 挣扎着站起来

19. struggle ____ 挣扎着渡过(难关)

20. blow ____ 吹走

21. become ____ 某人(某事物)发生……情况;

……怎么对立

22. be known ____ 因……而著名

23. ____ far到目前为止

24. hang ____ 紧紧握住某物

25. be marked ____ 以……为特征

☆交际用语☆

1. She seems to me to be the kind of women who...

2. The impression she makes on me is...

3. I think she is the kind of person who...

4. It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.

5. It sometimes seems twice as difficult.

6. New Zealand is an important agricultural country, with

cattle farming on the North Isle.

7. Some farmers have turned to keeping deer.

☆单词聚焦☆

【考点2】admire 的用法

▲ 构词:

① admiration n. 钦佩,赞美,羡慕

② admirer n. 羡慕者,赞赏者,敬慕者

▲ 搭配:

① admire sb. for sth. 赞赏/钦佩某人……

② express admiration for 对……表示钦佩

③ in admiration of 赞美,赏识

④ with admiration 羡慕地

【考例2】[NMET 1993] And Mrs. Clarke was greatly

____ at the club for the successful self-protectton.

A. surprised B. admired

C. inspired D. supported

[考查目标] 本题考查admire的词义。

[答案与解析]B 这句话说的是“由于Mrs. Clarke的

自我保护行为,她得到了人们的尊重”。

【考点7】affect 的用法

▲ 构词:

① affection n. 友爱,爱情

② affective adj. 情感的.表达感情的

③ affected adj. 受到影响的,受(疾病)侵袭的,假装

的,做作的

▲ 搭配: be affected by 受……影响;被……感动;患

【考例7】[2005成都模拟] He probably didn't know how

much the car was going to ____ American culture.

A. affect B. afford C. effort D. effect

[考查目标] 本题考查affect的词义。

[答案与解析]A affect 具有动词词性词义是“影响”,

它的名词形式是effecy。

【考点5】bear 的用法

▲ 搭配:bear in mind牢记在心

▲ 辨析:bear; suffer; endure; stand

这组动词都有“忍受”的意思。

bear 和 suffer 可以表示“对强加的任何东西的忍受”,

bear 侧重于表示“忍受沉重或堆办的事”。而suffer侧

重于表示“忍受或经受令人不愉快的、甚至于痛苦的

事”。例如:

In the end, I could not bear it. 最后,我受不了啦。

When my old friend Brian urged me to accept a ciga—

rette, it was more than I could bear. 当老朋友布赖恩怂

恿我接受一支香烟时,我就受不住了。

endure 强调“长时间的忍受痛苦而不屈服”。例如:

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