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2014初二英语上册第1单元检测题带解析(人教新目标)

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  八上英语Unit 1 Where did you go on vacation?检测题(人教新目标带解析)

  一、单项选择

  1. —Have you read today’s newspaper?

  —No, I haven’t. Is there   in it?

  A. something important B. anything special

  C. new anything

  2. —Believe in   , Jack! I’m sure you can make it.

  —Thank you, Mum.

  A. myself B. yourself C. himself D. herself

  3. —Who helped you clean the bedroom yesterday, Kitty?

  —   . I cleaned it all by myself.

  A. Nobody B. Everybody

  C. Somebody D. Anybody

  4. The Greens arrived   New York   a sunny day.

  A. in; in B. at; in C. at; on D. in; on

  5. Oh, the food smells good. But what does it   like?

  A. seem B. sound C. taste D. feel

  6. —What a nice watch! When   you   it?

  —Three days ago.

  A. do; buy B. did; bought

  C. were; buy D. did; buy

  7. —Is your friend Michael still in Australia?

  —I don’t know. I have   information about him because we haven’t seen each other for   years.

  A. a little; a few B. little; a few

  C. a few; a little D. few; a little

  8. The Great Wall is   famous   lots of visitors all over the world come to visit it every year.

  A. so; that B. such; that

  C. enough; that D. very; that

  9. Jane   to Mount Tai with her family last summer vacation.

  A. go B. goes

  C. went D. is going

  10. —I’m going to spend my summer holiday in Hawaii.

  —What a lucky boy!   And don’t forget to send me a postcard.

  A. That sounds good. B. Have a good time!

  C. Good luck! D. Can I go with you?

  二、完形填空

  This week, I asked my classmates about their vacations. Here are some of their answers.

  Linda 1 to Sydney, Australia. The 2 was sunny and the people 3 friendly to her. She went there by 4 and the air trip was relaxing. She went to Sydney Opera House. It’s wonderful. She had a 5 vacation.

  Alice went 6 her aunt. At first the weather was 7 and wet, she had to stay at the house. She watched TV 8 the TV shows were boring. Later on the weather got better. So she went shopping with her aunt. The shop assistants were all 9 and kind. She bought something nice for herself.

  Peter stayed at home. First he did his homework. It was a little difficult. Then he 10 computer games. They were interesting. He thought his vacation was OK.

  1. A. go    B. goes    C. went    D. going

  2. A. place B. weather C. museum D. beach

  3. A. were B. was C. is D. are

  4. A. bike B. train C. bus D. plane

  5. A. bad B. terrible C. great D. boring

  6. A. to visit B. visiting C. visited D. visits

  7. A. sunny B. rainy C. windy D. wind

  8. A. but B. and C. or D. with

  9. A. friend B. impolite C. unfriendly D. friendly

  10. A. play B. played C. listened D. wrote

  三、阅读理解

  Our family went to the Yellow Stone National Park last summer vacation. Our son, Tom, wanted to see bears there. And what an experience(经历)it was!

  When we got there, we put up our tent and went to explore(探险). As we returned, we heard our daughter Susie cry out. And then we saw a bear go into our camp.

  Tom wanted his father to chase(追赶)him away. His father said, “No. It’s dangerous to chase a bear. And don’t let him chase you. ”Susie said, “What shall we do? Maybe we should climb a tree. ”Tom said, “No. We have to get him out of there. He might go to sleep in our tent. ”“Maybe we could make him leave if we put some honey outside for him to eat. ”Susie suggested. Then I said, “How are you going to get the honey? It’s in the tent. ”We watched the bear go into the tent and heard him upset(翻倒; 弄翻)everything inside. “It’s foolish for us to try to chase him away. ”said my husband, “Leave him alone and wait for him to come out. ”We waited, but the bear stayed inside. We had to sleep in the car that night.

  1. Tom wanted to go to Yellow Stone National Park to see   .

  A. tigers   B. wolves   C. bears   D. birds

  2. Where did the family go on vacation last summer?

  A. They went to the Central Park.

  B. They went to Yellow Stone National Park.

  C. They went to a zoo.

  D. They just stayed at home.

  3. Who do you think saw the bear first?

  A. Susie. B. Tom. C. The writer. D. The writer’s husband.

  4. What did they do when they saw a bear go into their tent?

  A. They chased the bear away.

  B. They stayed outside the tent and did nothing.

  C. They climbed up a tree.

  D. They put some honey outside for the bear to eat.

  5. What did the bear do in the tent?

  A. He ate the honey.

  B. He chased the people away.

  C. He drank the beer.

  D. He turned things upside down.

  四、根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词。

  1. H     can lay eggs, but cocks can’t.

  2. He got wet in the rain because he didn’t have an u     .

  3. You can ask     (任何人)here for help if you are in trouble.

  4. Most people     (不喜欢)selfish men.

  5. Both of John’s parents are     (商人). They’re very busy.

  五、用所给动词的适当形式填空, 完成短文。

  I 1 (go)to Paris with my parents on vacation. The weather was fine. We 2 (have)a sightseeing(观光)tour of the city and we also 3 (visit)some of the famous places like the Eiffel Tower. From Paris we traveled down to the south of France near Marseilles by boat. We 4 (stay)there for three days. There we had a lot of fun. We 5 (swim)in the sea and 6 (take)many photos. We also 7 (do)lots of sports on the beach. We 8 (go)back a week later by train. The people there 9 (be)friendly. The food 10 (be)delicious. So the trip was really great.

  1.       2.       3.

  4.       5.       6.

  7.       8.       9.

  10.

  六、书面表达

  北京(Beijing)是中国的首都(capital)。它有许多名胜古迹(interesting places), 如长城、故宫、天安门广场等。假如你是Kate, 你到北京旅游, 度过了一个愉快的暑假。请你给你的同学Mike发一封电子邮件, 介绍一下北京之旅。

  要求: 1. 语言正确, 条理清晰, 书写规范;

  2. 词数: 60~80个词。

  Dear Mike,

  ________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________

  ____________________________________________________________________

  Yours,

  Kate

  一、1【解析】选B。考查不定代词的用法。something多用于肯定句, anything常用于疑问句或否定句中, 且形容词修饰不定代词时, 要放在不定代词的后面。故选B。

  2.【解析】选B。考查反身代词。句意: ——杰克, 相信你自己!我确信你能成功。——谢谢你, 妈妈。yourself“你自己”。故选B。

  3.【解析】选A。考查不定代词。句意: ——Kitty, 昨天谁帮你打扫卧室了?

  ——没有人。我自己打扫的。nobody“没有人”; everybody“每个人”; somebody“某人”; anybody“任何人”。由句意可知选A。

  4.【解析】选D。考查介词辨析。arrive“到达”, 后加介词in或at, 表示到达“某地”; 到达一个大地方, 用介词in, 小地方用介词at; 表示在具体的某一天用介词on。故选D。

  5.【解析】选C。考查动词辨析。seem“好像; 看来”; sound“听起来”; taste“尝起来”; feel“感觉”。由句意“哦, 这食物闻起来很好。但是尝起来怎么样呢? ”可知选C。

  6.【解析】选D。考查时态。由答语Three days ago. 可知问句应用一般过去时态。行为动词的一般过去时态中, 要借助于助动词did构成疑问句, 且did后要用动词原形。故选D。

  7.【解析】选B。考查代词的用法。由语境知答语意为: 我不知道。对于他我了解的信息很少, 因为我们几年没见面了。information是不可数名词, 表示否定含义用little修饰; years是可数名词, 表示肯定含义用a few修饰。故选B。

  8.【解析】选A。考查固定句式。句意: 长城如此著名以至于每年世界各地的许多游客都来旅游参观。so/such. . . that“如此……以至于……”, so修饰形容词、副词或其前有many/much/little/few修饰的名词; such修饰名词。由空格中间的famous“著名的”可知选A。

  9.【解析】选C。考查时态。由时间状语last summer vacation可知用一般过去时态。故选C。

  10.【解析】选B。考查情景交际。句意: ——我将在夏威夷度过我的暑假。——多么幸运啊!祝你玩得开心!并且不要忘记给我寄明信片。A项“那听起来不错”; B项“玩得高兴!过得愉快!”; C项“祝你好运!”D项“我能和你一起去吗? ”故选B。

  二、1.【解析】选D。考查语境理解。根据后面的“the air trip was relaxing. ”可以推知答案。

  2.【解析】选B。考查词义辨析。根据后面的句子可以推知答案应为“天气(weather)”。

  3.【解析】选A。考查时态。根据语境可以判断要用一般过去时态; 而people为复数名词, 系动词应用were。故选A。

  4.【解析】选C。考查时态。根据上下文语境知此处要用一般过去时态。故选C。

  5.【解析】选C。考查语境理解。根据本段内容可以判断她的假期过得很好。

  6.【解析】选A。考查非谓语动词。表示目的, 应用不定式(to do)作目的状语。故选A。

  7.【解析】选B。考查语境理解。由句中“wet”一词可知天气状况为rainy“下雨的”。故选B。

  8.【解析】选A。本题考查连词。前后文有转折之意, 故用表示转折意思的“but”。

  9.【解析】选B。考查词义辨析。句意: 然后他玩了电脑游戏。玩游戏要用动词play, 且由语境知时态为一般过去时, 此处要用played。故选B。

  10.【解析】选D。考查语境理解。根据上下文的意思可以判断售货员的态度应为friendly“友好的”。故选D。

  三、1.【解析】选C。事实细节题。由第一段第二句可知。

  2.【解析】选B。事实细节题。由第一段第一句可知。

  3.【解析】选A。推理判断题。由第二段第二、三句可推知: 苏茜首先看到了熊。

  4.【解析】选B。推理判断题。综合第三段信息可知: 他们看到熊进了他们的帐篷时, 他们只是待在外面。

  5.【解析】选D。事实细节题。由最后一段中“We watched the bear go into the tent and heard him upset everything inside. ”可知。

  四、答案: 1. Hens 2. umbrella 3. anyone 4. dislike 5. traders

  五、答案: 1. went 2. had 3. visited 4. stayed 5. swam

  6. took 7. did 8. went 9.were 10 was

  六【参考范文】

  Dear Mike,

  How are you? How was your summer vacation?

  I spent my summer vacation in Beijing, China, with my parents. It was great. Beijing is the capital of China. It has lots of interesting places. The weather was sunny. I went to the Great Wall and it was great and exciting, I think. Then I went to the Palace Museum. It was cool! Next I visited Tian’ anmen Square. It was beautiful. Beijing is a beautiful city. I love Beijing and I hope to visit it again.

  Yours,

  Kate

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