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2014初二英语第一学期12月考试卷(人教新目标)

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  2014年八年级英语第一学期12月月考试卷(人教新目标)

  2014.12.20

  时间 90分钟 分值 120分

  一 二 三 四 五 六 总分

  得分 得分 得分 得分 得分 得分

  一、单项选择题(20分)

  ( ) 1. — Have you got anything to do this afternoon, Lucy and Lily?

  — Yes.     of us are going to the home for the elderly.

  A. Each B. Either C. Both D. All

  ( ) 2.— Tom, supper is ready.

  — I don’t want to eat    , Mum. I’m not feeling well.

  A. everything B. nothing C. something D. anything

  ( ) 3.Please be ______. There’s an important meeting in the next room.

  A. quickly B. quick C. quietly D. quiet

  ( ) 4.I got home for my birthday from my college on Friday evening. No one was at home, and Mum and Dad hadn’t left me a note. This made me ______.

  A. surprised B. happy C. angry D. excited

  ( ) 5.— What was Jim wearing in the party?

  — Nothing ______. He was in his usual shirt and jeans.

  A. special B. simple C. important D. interesting

  ( ) 6.— Mum, I was the first to reach the top of the mountain.

  — Good job, Jack! I’m     of you.

  A. careful B. proud C. tired D. afraid

  ( ) 7. — What do you often do     classes to relax yourselves?

  — We often do eye exercises, listen to music or do some running around the school.

  A. in B. among C. between D. through

  ( ) 8.The little boy     his seat to an old lady on the crowded bus.

  A. lent B. offered C. took D. brought

  ( ) 9. The Olympic Games of 2016 will     in Brazil.

  A. take after B. take off C. take place D. take away

  ( )10. His family are worried about him because they haven’t     letters from him for a long time. A. accepted B. received C. written D. collected

  ( )11. If you _______ go, at least wait until the rain stops.

  A. can B. may C. must D. will

  ( )12.— Two hundred yuan for such a T-shirt! You     be joking!

  — I’m not joking. It’s made of silk.

  A. can’t B. can C. need D. must

  ( )13. Our teacher often asks us     questions in groups.

  A. discuss B. to discuss C. discussing D. discussed

  ( )14. Be quick! The game will begin    .

  A. immediately B. recently C. carefully D. luckily

  ( )15. I always tell my students _______ on the road because it’s really dangerous.

  A. not to play B. to play not C. not playing D. not play

  ( )16. Take your swimming clothes because you ___ want to go swimming in the sea.

  A. might B. can’t C. need D. have to

  ( )17. 英语数字6,500,431,729读成____________.

  A. six billion ,five hundred million, four hundred and thirty-one thousand, seven hundred and twenty –nine.

  B. six thousand and five hundred million, four hundred and thirty-one thousand, seven hundred and twenty –nine.

  C. six billion ,five hundred million, four thousand, three hundred and seventeen hundred and twenty –nine.

  D. six thousand and five hundred billion four hundred and thirty-one thousand, seven hundred and twenty –nine.

  ( )18.---Must we finish the work all day?

  ---________. You can do it tomorrow.

  A. Yes, you must. B. No, you mustn’t.

  C. No, you needn’t. D. Yes, you may.

  ( )19. There is umbrella behind the door,and you can go and get it.

  A.a B.the C.an D./

  ( )20.When I arrived at Linda’s home, she on the phone.

  A.is speaking B.speaking C.was speaking D.spoke

  二、阅读理解(40分)

  A

  There are only two seasons in some countries—the dry season and the rainy season. They are India, Vietnam and some countries in Africa. It’s never cold there and it doesn’t snow. In the dry season it is as warm as it is in the rainy season. When it is the dry season, it doesn’t rain at all. It’s very, very hot. All grass and leaves in the trees are yellow. Animals and people are very thirsty. It is a very difficult time for them! When it is the rainy season, the rain doesn’t stop; it rains day and night. There is a lot of water around! Some animals like it, but some don’t.

  There is a place where there are no seasons at all. It is the Antarctic(南极).

  It is very cold all the year round. There are no countries and no cities there. There are some villages in the Antarctic. Who lives there? Some scientists from some countries go there to learn about the coldest place, its animals and birds. But there are no trees, no flowers, no fruit there, so people can’t live there long.

  ( )1.There are______seasons in the Antarctic.

  A.two  B.three   C.four    D.no

  ( )2.What’s the weather like in Vietnam?

  A.It’s very cold all the year round. B.It’s never cold and it doesn’t snow.

  C.It is very cold and it snows all the year round.

  D.It is never cold and it snows all the year round.

  ( )3.When is a difficult time for people and animals in India?

  A.The rainy season. B.Spring. C.The dry season. D.Winter.

  ( )4.Some scientists live in the Antarctic because they want to learn about______.

  A.the coldest place B.the countries there C.the cities D.the fruit there

  ( )5.Which of the following sentences is NOT true according to the passage?

  A.The leaves on the trees are yellow in the dry season.

  B.All countries in Africa have two seasons.

  C.Some animals like the rainy season.

  D.There are some animals and birds in the Antarctic.

  B

  Every year several thousand people are killed on the roads in Great Britain. Every year between one and two hundred thousand people are hurt. These people are killed or hurt in road accidents.

  There are rules to make the roads safe, but people do not always obey the rules(遵守规则).They are careless. If everybody obeys the rules, the roads will be much safer. How can we make the roads safer?

  Remember this rule. In Great Britain traffic keeps to the left. Cars, buses and bikes must all keep to the left side of the road. In most other countries traffic keeps to the right.

  Before crossing the road, stop and look both sides. Look right and left. Then, if you are sure that the road is clear, it is safe to cross the road. If you see small children or old people, help them to cross the road. We must teach small children to cross the road safely. We must always set them a good example. Small children must not play in the street.

  ( )6.If we want to make the roads safer,______.

  A.everybody must be careful and obey the traffic rules

  B.traffic should keep to the right

  C.don’t cross the roads too often D.roads must be clear

  ( )7.If you ride a bike in Great Britain,you must ride______.

  A.on the right side of the road B.on the left side of the road

  C.in the middle of the road D.behind the buses

  ( )8.Which is NOT correct?

  A.Few people die in road accidents in Great Britain.

  B.In our country traffic keeps to the right.

  C.Cars,trucks and buses kill many people every year.

  D.Streets are not safe places for play.

  ( )9.“the road is clear”means that______.

  A.you can see very clearly on the road B.the road is very clean

  C.the road is not noisy D.there is no car or bus running

  ( )10.The only safe way to cross the road is to______.

  A.look right B.look left C.look both sides,right and left D.run across the road

  C

  There are forty-seven different kinds of kangaroos(袋鼠). The smallest are about a quarter of a meter long; the biggest are taller than a man.

  Kangaroos have v ery long strong back legs. These are used for jumping. They also have long strong tails(尾巴)used for resting on. Kangaroos’ front legs are much shorter, and are almost like arms. Kangaroos’ heads are quite small, but their ears are quite large.

  Mother kan garoos have a pocket at the front. They have one baby each year. When it is born, the baby kangaroo is straight(直接) into its mother’s pocket. The baby kangaroos stay there for six months.

  The biggest kangaroos stand more than 2 meters tall, and their legs are so strong that they can jump more than 9 meters. They are very fast, and can travel at more than 50 kilometers an hour. They are very strong, but only eat fruit, leaves and grass.

  ( )11.How many different kinds of kangaroos are there?

  A.37. B.74. C.47. D.40.

  ( )12.How large are the biggest kangaroos?

  A. Smaller than a man. B. Bigger than a man.

  C. The same size as a man. D.A quarter of a meter long.

  ( )13.Does a mother kangaroo have a pocket?

  A. Yes, it does. B. No, it does. C. No, it doesn’t. D. It doesn’t tell us.

  ( )14.How long does a baby kangaroo stay in its mother’s pocket?

  A. One month. B. Three months. C. Six mont hs. D. Five months.

  ( )15.How far can kangaroos jump?

  A. More th an 2 meters. B. More than 9 meters.

  C. Less than 2 meters. D. Less than 9 meters.

  D

  A boy was going to study at the best school in town. In the morning, his grandfather took him to the school. When they went into the playground, the children came up.

  “What a funny old man,” the boy said, making a face.

  “Hey, fatty(胖子),”another one shouted.

  The children jeered at the pair(对,双) and jumped up and down.

  Without saying a word, the old man took his grandson(外孙) out of the school gate.

  “Wonderful! I don’t have to go to school!” the boy said.

  “You do, but not this one,” his grandfather said. “I’ll find you another school to go to.” Grandfather took his grandson back to his house, asked Grandmother to look after him, and then went out to look for a school alone.

  Every time he got to a school, the old man went into the playground, and waited for the children to come out at break time. In some schools the children completely ignored(不理会)the old man, and in others, they made fun of him. When this happened, he would turn sadly and leave. Finally, he went into the very small playground of a very small school, and stood tiredly against the wall. The bell rang, and the children came out into the playground.

  “Sir, are you all right? Shall I bring you something to drink?” said a voice.

  “We’ve got a bench(长凳) in the playground. Come and sit down,” came another voice.

  Soon a young teacher came out into the playground. The old man greeted him and said, “Finally, I’ve found my grandson the best school in town.”

  ( )16.The underlined part “jeered at” in the passage probably means“ ”.

  A. listened to B. laughed at C. cheered up D. fought against

  ( )17.How did the grandson feel when his grandfather took him out of the school gate of the first school?

  A. Worried. B. Happy. C. Calm. D. Afraid.

  ( )18.The old man went into the whenever he got to a school.

  A. teacher’ office B. classroom C. school library D. playground

  ( )19.When the old man was in the very small school, the children there him.

  A.shouted at B. made fun of C. cared about D. paid no attention to

  ( )20.According to the old man,the best school should have the best .

  A. students B. teachers C. library D. playground

  三、综合填空(共10空,计15分)

  阅读下面短文,根据短文内容及首字母提示,在空白处填入一个适当的词。

  A poor young man went to Paris, expecting that his father’s friend could help him find a business for living.

  “Are you (66) g_________ at maths?” his father’s friend asked him.

  The young man (67) s________ his head.

  “How is your history?” “How (68) a________ your law?”

  The young man lowered(低下) his head sadly.

  His father’s friend asked again and again, but the young man could(69) o_________shake his head. He himself couldn’t find out any advantages.

  “Then write down(70) y_______ address first.”

  The young man wrote his address and turned to leave, (71) b_______ he was stopped by his father’s friend. “Your name is written very beautifully, which is your advantage. You shouldn’t satisfy yourself with finding a (72) j_______ for living.”

  Many (73) y_______later, the young man wrote the classical works that was well-known in the world. He was Alexandra Dumas(大仲马), a (74) f________French writer of the 18th century.

  There are many ordinary persons in the world who all have many small advantages, but they can’t find (75) t__________. In fact, there is a gold mine(矿)in every ordinary life. If you’re willing to dig, you will dig out treasures that surprise yourself.

  四、阅读表达(10分)

  Going to a friend’s house is very exciting. You may spend time with a friend and get to see where he lives. So remember to be polite.

  When to arrive

  The first thing to remember is that when a friend invites you over, you need to arrive on time. If your friend tells you to come “around 3:00”, that means you can turn up a little bit after 3:00. But usually it is a good idea to arrive at the right time. What to bring

  Often it is also nice to bring something to your friend’s house. This could be a box of chocolates for you two to share, or maybe a movie that you can watch together. You can also bring some flowers. (3)A little gift is a nice way to show your friend that you are excited to be at his house.

  How to greet(问候)

  When you visit your friend’s house, you may also meet his parents. You should tell them who you are and they may tell you their names. As a child, I went to visit my friend Paul. I called his parents by their first names John and Mary. But now I know it is more polite to call them Mr. or Mrs. Smith. This will show them more respect (尊重) and then they may tell you to call them by their first names.(4) Another way to show respect is to call them Madam or Sir. It is a cool thing to visit a friend’s house. Be polite to your friend and your friend’s parents, and you will be invited again!

  根据短文内容简要回答问题。

  1.What time is polite to arrive at If you are told to get to your friend’s house around 5:00 p.m.

  ________________________________________________________________

  2.Where may the passage be from ?

  ________________________________________________________________

  3. 将(3)处画线的句子译成汉语。

  ____________________________________________________.

  4. 将(4)处画线的句子译成汉语.

  _______________________________________________________.

  5.请给短文拟一个适当的标题

  ______________________________________________________.

  五、书面表达(15分)

  今天环境变得越来越糟糕,环境问题影响着人们的工作,学习,生活等,而我们的工作,生活,生产等又使环境污染越来越严重..........,如何保护我们的环境?请以“ How to protect/save our environment/world? ”为题写一篇短文。提示:存在问题:1.水污染越来越严重 2.砍伐森林严重 3. 大气污染严重 4. 白色垃圾等。 要求:如何改善/保护环境?至少:3---4个方面, 80字左右的。

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