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英语考点透视与点拨

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-26 字体大小: 分享到:

1. Traditional diets often have too much fat and too many calories for the 21st-century person. If we want to keep up with the high pace of modern life ...

(Reading)

[考点1] 形容词traditional在此意为“传统的, 惯例的, 习俗的”,其名词形式为tradition。

[考例] In _____ Chinese culture, marriage decisions were often made by parents for their children.

(上海2004)

A. traditional B. historic

C. remote D. initial

[点拨] 选A。句意为 “在中国的传统文化中,子女的婚姻通常由父母决定”。historic意为“历史上著名的或重要的”;remote意为“遥远的, 偏僻的”;initial意为“最初的,开始的,第一个的”,均不合题意。

[考点2] keep up with意为“跟上,不落后于”。

[考例] Would you slow down a bit, please? I can’t ______ you.

(北京 2001春)

A. keep up with B. put up with

C. make up to D. hold on to

[点拨] 选A。句意为 “放慢点,好吗?我跟不上你了”。put up with意为 “忍受,容忍”;make up to意为 “讨好, 拍马屁, 献殷勤, 报答”;hold on to意为 “抓住,抓牢,保持”,均不合题意。

2. Stores offer all kinds of food and snacks and we have to make many choices.(Reading)

[考点] offer意为“备有……出售, 出(价)”。

[考例] They’ve _____ us £150,000 for the house. Shall we take it? (湖南2004)

A. provided B. supplied

C. shown D. offered

[点拨] 选D。句意为“他们出价十五万英镑买这栋房子,我们接受吗?”。provide意为“提供”; supply意为 “供应”; show意为“展示”,均与题意不符。另外, provide 和supply常用于以下结构: provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb.; supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to sb.。

3. We should also eat carbohydrates, the main fuel for our body, which we can get from bread, rice and noodles. (Reading)

[考点] should表示“应该”,强调现在应该承担的责任或义务,也可以表示劝告或命令。should have done表示“本来该做某事而实际上没有做”, 其否定形式表示“本来不该做某事却做了”。

[考例1] I often see lights in that empty house. Do you think I _____ report it to the police? (NMET 2004 III)

A. should B. may

C. will D. can

[点拨] 选A。“常看到那个空房子的灯亮着”是一件令人生疑的事情,所以问“我应该向警察报告吗?”。

[考例2]

—I’ll tell Mary about her new job

tomorrow.

—You ______ her last week.

(福建2004)

A. ought to tell B. would have told

C. must tell D. should have told

[点拨] 选D。句意为“——明天我就告诉玛莉有关她新工作的事情。——你上星期就该告诉她”。

4. We ought to learn more about our body and the fuel it needs to keep fit. (Reading)

[考点] ought to的用法和should差不多,只是语气稍重一些。其否定式为ought not to(oughtn’t to)。ought to have done同should have done,意为“本应该做某事而没有做”。

[考例1] There was a lot of fun at yesterday’s party. You ______ come, but why didn’t you? (上海1999)

A. must have B. should

C. need have D. ought to have

[点拨] 选D。句意为“昨天的晚会很有趣。你本应该来,可你为什么没有来呢?”。must have done表示“过去一定做过某事”,是对过去发生情况的肯定推测,不合题意。

[考例2] Sir, you ______ be sitting in this waiting room. It is for women and children only.

(上海1996)

A. oughtn’t to B. can’t

C. won’t D. needn’t

[点拨] 选A。由“It is for women and children only”可知, 说话者是告诉那位先生“不应该”在此候车室候车。can’t表示“不可能”;needn’t表示“没有必要”。

5. Only in that way will we be ready for the challenges and opportunities in life. (Reading)

[考点] 副词only放在句首而且强调状语时,句子的谓语动词部分要用部分倒装结构,也就是把谓语动词中的系动词、助动词或情态动词置于主语之前。助动词应根据句子的时态和人称而采用不同的形式。

[考例] I failed in the final examination last term and only then ______ the importance of studies.

(重庆2004)

A. I realized B. I had realized

C. had I realized D. did I realize

[点拨]选D。and并列的后一分句中,副词only在句首,强调作状语的副词then,所以应用部分倒装结构。then时间状语是一般过去时的标志。

6. Fruit gives us carbohydrates, which our body and brain use for energy.(Integrating Skills)

[考点] energy意为“精力, 力气,能量”, 通常用作不可数名词。

[考例] To regain their _____ after an exhausting game, the players lay in the grass. (上海2002)

A. force B. energy

C. power D. health

[点拨] 选B。句意为“在一场筋疲力尽的比赛之后,为了恢复精力,选手们躺在草地上”。 force意为 “力量,武力”;power意为 “能力,力量,权力”;health意为 “健康”,均不符合题意。

上一篇:关于爱的名言(一):值得的那位不会让你哭泣

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