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高中英语词汇:ashamed让人感到羞愧

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-26 字体大小: 分享到:

句式一 be ashamed of (doing) sth 对(做)某事感到羞愧或惭愧。

如:You really ought to be ashamed of that.

你实在应该对此感到惭愧。

He was ashamed of asking [having asked]such a simple question.

他由于问了这样简单的问题而感到难为情。

He is ashamed of his failure [having failed].

他对自己的失败感到羞惭。

比较以下同义句型:I am ashamed of that. / I am ashamed of myself for that.

我对此感到羞愧。

He is ashamed of being poor. / He is ashamed of himself for being poor.

他因为穷而感到羞惭。

句式二 be ashamed to do sth to

(1) 因感到难为情或感到差耻而不愿某事。

如:I am ashamed to say so.

这样说我不好意思。

He was too ashamed to ask for help.

他不好意思请求帮助。

(2) 对做某事而感到羞愧或惭愧。

如:You should be ashamed to tell such lies.

撒这样的谎你应该感到羞愧。

He was ashamed to have made some careless mistakes.

他因出了些很粗心的差错而感到惭愧。

注:该用法有时可换成 that 从句。

如上面最后一句也可说成:He was ashamed that he had made some careless mistakes.

再比较:他因说谎而感到羞惭。

正:He was ashamed of having lied.

正:He was ashamed to have lied.

正:He was ashamed that he had lied.

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