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高中英语词汇:挣脱charge的控制

来源:101教育网整理 2015-05-26 字体大小: 分享到:

1. have charge of sth [sb] 负责照顾或管理某物或某人。

如:He has charge of the branch.

他主管分店。

Doctors have charge of sick people.

医生负责照顾病人。

2. in charge of 负责管理,主管。

如:Mr Smith is in charge of the factory.

史密斯先生负责管理这个工厂。

Mary is in charge of the children.

玛丽负责照顾这些孩子。

注:有时可以不出现 of 短语。

如:Who is in charge here?

这里谁负责?

3. in the charge of 在……的管理(负责)之下。

如:The factory is in the charge of my father.

这家工厂由我父亲负责。

比较:Mr Smith is in charge of our class. =Our class is in the charge of Mr Smith.

我们班由史密斯先生负责。

注:in the charge of 中的介词 in 有时可换为 under。

如:The baby is under the charge of her.

这个婴儿由她照看。

4. take charge of 管理,负责。

如:Soon he will take charge of the department.

他很快会来负责管理这个部门。

The department was badly organized until she took charge(of it).

这个部门在她负责管理以前组织工作做得很差。

5. charge some money for sth 因为某事物而索取钱。

如:How much do you charge for a room with a bath?

一间带浴室的房间要多少钱

They’ll charge at least 50 dollars for doing it.

做这工作他们至少要索50美元。

注:若要指明是向谁而索,可在 charge 后加 sb。

如:He charged me five dollars for this magazine.

这本杂志他向我要了五美元。

I’m not going there again --- they charged me $2foracup of coffee.

我再也不去那里了---- 一杯咖啡就要了我一美元。

6. charge sb with sth . 指控某人做某事,因为某事而控告某人。

如:She charged him with cheating.

她告他进行欺骗。

The police are going to charge him with murder.

警方准备控告他谋杀罪。

注:该结构常用于被动语态形式。

如:He was charged with stealing. 他被指控偷盗。

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