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2015年高二下学期英语暑期复习

来源:101教育网整理 2015-07-22 字体大小: 分享到:

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阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A,B,C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。A

I was driving home the other day on a sunny afternoon. I had a smile on my face as I sang along to the songs on the radio. It was such a beautiful day that I felt full of happiness. My good mood ended, however, when the radio station took a news break between songs. Then suddenly I found myself listening to yet another story of a rich famous man who had broken the law. I shook my head as I came to a red traffic light.

As I pulled to a stop I noticed four leather-jacketed bikers. They were standing in the middle of the road with two on either side of the light. They looked rough and dangerous, but as I got closer I noticed each one was holding their helmet in their hands. I rolled down my window as one approached my car. “We are the Brother of the Wheel,” he said. “We are collecting money for Christmas Toy Drive for needy children.” As I pulled a dollar out of my wallet, I looked past his beard and into his eyes. They shined with goodness and kindness that came right from his soul. I dropped the money in his helmet and waved to the other bikers as I drove off. My good mood had returned. My faith in mankind had been bolstered. And I remembered once again never to judge people by their appearance.

Our society often judges books by their covers but God reads what is written in our hearts and souls. Perhaps one day we will all learn to see the world through the same eyes. Perhaps one day we will realize that looks matter little and actions matter much.

41. The writer’s good mood ended when ________.

A. the music program was interrupted B. he had to stop at a red traffic light

C. he learned a rich man was killed D. he saw four leather-jacketed bikers

42. What were the four bikers doing at the traffic lights?

A. Having a bicycle race in the street. B. Selling helmets to the passers-by.

C. Raising money to help kids in need. D. Preparing for Christmas holidays.

43. What does underlined word “bolstered” in Paragraph 2 probably mean?

A. Destroyed. B. Shown. C. Increased. D. Shaken.

44. The writer wants to tell us that we should ________.

A. have faith in young people B. judge others by their actions

C. change our attitude to society D. manage to help others in need

B

Air traffic controllers in the US have been advised to take 26-minute naps (小睡)after a series of accidents involving workers falling asleep. Now the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is calling for “controlled naps” during nightshifts (夜班). NTSB member Mark Rosekind said that a 26-minute nap would improve performance by 34%. He believes that beyond the aviation (航空) industry, other professions, such as motoring and machinery, also carry obvious risks.

But other experts doubt whether 26 minutes is the appropriate napping time. It’s a bit too long and risks you falling into a deep sleep, says Jim Horne, director of the Sleep Research Council. He said, “A nap of about 15 minutes is best; once you get beyond 20 minutes, you risk a deep sleep and you can be much more tired when you wake up. Therefore, we suggest that a nap be combined with a cup of coffee so that you can enjoy an effective sleep before the caffeine (咖啡因) takes effect in 20 minutes. However, this method only works on those who have had a poor night’s sleep. If you haven’t had a sleep the night before, this method won’t be enough to make you fresh.”

Health writer, Linda Wasmer Andrews, also believes that 26 minutes is too long. She says a nap between 10 and 20 minutes is enough, and the timing of the nap is also important. Putting your head down too early means your body may not be ready to sleep yet, but a nap that is too late in a day might make it harder to fall asleep. Early afternoon is often the best time, between l pm to 3pm, when people experience a post-lunch decrease in energy.

45. What does the text mainly talk about?

A. People who need a nap. B. How long a nap should last.

C. When people should take a nap. D. The reason why people need a nap.

46. Jim Horne thinks that a 26-minute nap is not appropriate because ________.

A. people risk a deep sleep and may feel more tired

B. the guidelines for drivers can reduce the napping time

C. people who had a poor sleep need some more napping time

D. it’s a little long for people who didn’t sleep the night before

47. According to Linda Wasmer Andrews, ________.

A. 2 pm is an appropriate napping time

B. people’s energy will increase after lunch

C. your body is ready to sleep at late time in the day

D. a late nap may lead to sleep problems during the night

C

Make A Difference Day is the largest national day of community service in the USA, which takes place on the fourth Saturday of October.

Who takes part in Make A Difference Day?

Anyone! Young and old, individuals and groups, anyone can carry out a volunteer project that helps others. It might be as ambitious as collecting truckloads of clothing for the homeless, or as personal as spending an afternoon helping an elderly neighbor or relative. USA WEEKEND covers volunteers and their projects in articles and photos.

How do I get started?

Look around your community. Are people hungry, homeless or ill? Are parks or schools dirty or neglected? No matter where you live, there’s a need nearby. And on Make A Difference Day, millions of Americans are expected to roll up their sleeves to help others. You can act alone or enlist your friends, family and co-workers. You can also call the Make A Difference Day Hot Line, 1-800-416-3824, for information. Or use the ideas on this website for inspiration.

What do I do after I’ve selected a project?

Tell others what you’re doing and enlist help. Several weeks before the day, tell us about your plans in the Make A Difference DAYtaBANK, a national listing of local projects that will be viewed by interested volunteers, other people looking for good project ideas and news media looking for good stories to tell. It will only take a few minutes to post your plans in the DAYtaBANK hosted by HandsOn Network.

Do it!

Carry out your plans to help others on Make A Difference Day. Be sure to take lots of pictures and share them on the Make A Difference Day Photo Album.

48. Where does the text probably come from?

A. A magazine. B. A website. C. A newspaper. D. A festival brochure.

49. Make A Difference Day ________.

A. is a celebration of helpful neighbors

B. is a service provided by the community

C. is a national day of doing good in America

D. is a festival celebrated every year in the world

50. It can be inferred from the text that volunteers ________.

A. are chosen carefully by USA WEEKEND

B. need to dress up on Make A Difference Day

C. can get good project ideas from HandsOn Network

D. take pictures to send them to news media for money

51. The main purpose of the text is to ________.

A. introduce the origin of Make A Difference Day

B. direct people how to select a proper project idea

C. promote Make A Difference Day to other countries

D. encourage people to join in Make A Difference Day

D

In modern society there is a great deal of argument about competition. Some value it highly, believing that it is responsible for social progress and prosperity; others say that competition is bad because it sets one person against another and because it leads to unfriendly relationship between people.

I have taught many children who held the belief that their self-worth relied on how well they performed at tennis and other skills. For them, playing well and winning are often life-and-death affairs. In their single-minded pursuit of success, the development of many other human qualities is sadly forgotten.

However, while some seem to be lost in the desire to succeed, others take an opposite attitude. In a culture which values only the winner and pays no attention to the ordinary players, they strongly blame competition. Among the most vocal are youngsters who have suffered under competitive pressures from their parents or society. Teaching these young people, I often observe in them a desire to fail. They seem to seek failure by not trying to win or achieve success. By not trying, they always have an excuse: “I may have lost, but it doesn’t matter because I really didn’t try.” What is not usually admitted by themselves is the belief that if they had really tried and lost, that would mean a lot. Such a loss would be a measure of their worth. Clearly, this belief is the same as that of the true competitors who try to prove themselves. Both are based on the mistaken belief that one’s self-respect relies on how well one performs in comparison with others. Both are afraid of not being valued. Only as this basic and often troublesome fear begins to dissolve (缓解) can we discover a new meaning in competition.

52. What does this passage mainly talk about?

A. Failures are necessary experiences in competition.

B. Competition can help people to set up self-respect.

C. Opinions about competition are different among people.

D. Competition is harmful to personal quality development.

53. Why do some people favor competition according to the passage?

A. It pushes society forward. B. It builds up a sense of duty.

C. It improves personal abilities. D. It encourages individual efforts.

54. The underlined phrase “the most vocal” in Paragraph 3 means ________.

A. those who try their best to win

B. those who value competition most highly

C. those who depend on others most for success

D. those who are against competition most strongly

55. What is the similar belief of the true competitors and those with a desire to fail?

A. One’s success in competition needs great efforts.

B. One’s success is based on how hard he has tried.

C. One’s achievement is determined by his particular skills.

D. One’s worth lies in his performance compared with others.

第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,学习10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项第Ⅱ卷选项中有两项为多余选项。Simple ways to get happy

We are not suggesting that you can reach a permanent state called “happiness” and remain there. But there are many ways to turn the path of anxiety, anger, and sadness into a state of happiness. Here are four ideas to get you started. 56

● Laugh out loud

Just expecting a happy, funny event can raise levels of pleasure-causing hormones (荷尔蒙) and lower production of stress hormones. Researchers at the University of California tested 16 men who all agreed they thought a certain videotape was funny. Half were told three days in advance they would watch it. 57 When they actually watched the video, their levels of stress hormones dropped greatly, while their levels of pleasure-causing hormones rose 27 percent.

● Do one thing at a time

Edward Suarez, professor of medical psychology at Duck, found that people who do several things at the same time are more likely to have high blood pressure. 58 Instead of talking on the phone while cleaning the kitchen, sit down in a comfortable chair and turn your entire attention over to the conversation.

● 59

Although relationships help take away stress, sometimes you need time to recharge and reflect on your own. Take yourself out to lunch or to a movie, or simply spend an afternoon reading at home, or looking through books in a bookstore.

● Practice mindfulness

60 Instead of worrying about your check-up tomorrow while having dinner with your family, focus on the here and now — food, the company, and the conversation.

A. Spend time alone.

B. Focus on the present.

C. Take care of the soul.

D. Take that finding seriously.

E. Choose the ones that work for you.

F. They started experiencing biological changes right away.

G. Find a quiet place near your house and make it your secret place to escape.

56 57 58 59 60

阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。请将答案写在题后对应题号后的横线上

Yesterday was my 18th birthday. As Father and Mother thought it

61 (be) a big occasion for me, they suggested I 62 (hold) a birthday party at home to celebrate it. For several days they had been busy 63 (prepare) for this. By 4 o’clock I was pleased to see all my friends had come 64 a lot of beautiful presents.

We spent a wonderful night together, 65 (happy) talking and eating. One of

66 most exciting moment was when Mother put a big birthday cake on the table and all my friends began to sing Happy Birthday. Seeing the 18 candles burning, I couldn’t keep back my 67 (tear). Without Mother and Father’s love, I would not lead such a happy life now. Mother asked me to make a wish before I blew out all the candles. After that, everyone enjoyed the sweet birthday cake and shared my happiness.

I am eighteen years old now, 68 means I’ve become an adult and have

69 (many) responsibilities. I’ll do my best to return my parents’ love and live up to

70 (they) expectations.

61. ____________________________ 62. ____________________________

63. ____________________________ 64. ____________________________

65. ____________________________ 66. ____________________________

67. ____________________________ 68. ____________________________

69. ____________________________ 70. ____________________________

第部分 写作(共两节;学习35分)

第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题分,学习1分)

得分 阅卷 请改正下面短文中的错误。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词;

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉;

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2.只允许修改10处,多者从第11处起不计分。

brary as usually. At about noon, I was enjoying my reading near a lake while suddenly I hear someone crying for help. I went up to see what was happened. I was shocking to find a little child struggling in the water in the distance while many peoples were standing by without doing anything. Without any hesitation, I had pushed through the crowd as I took off my coat, but jumped into the water quickly. I managed to reach him and carried him back to safety. To his great relief, the kid was saved.

I am proud what I did. I hope everyone can give a hand when someone else is in need.

第二节 书面表达(学习25分)

上周日,你班开展以美化城市环境,倡导低碳生活为宗旨的志愿者活动。请你就活动为校英语校报写一篇题为“A Voluntary Activity”的稿件。稿件应包括以下要点:

1. 活动宗旨;

2. 活动内容

3. 活动效果。

注意:

1. 词数:100左右;开头和结尾已经给出(但不计入总词数);

2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯低碳 low carbonA Voluntary Activity

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

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以上就是为大家介绍的高二下学期英语,希望大家喜欢,也希望大家能够快乐学习。

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