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2015年高一英语重要知识点总结及解析:句型诠释

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2015年高一英语重要知识点总结及解析:句型诠释

【摘要】聪明出于勤奋,天才在于积累。我们要振作精神,下苦功学习。101教育网高中频道小编准备了2015年高一英语重要知识点总结及解析:句型诠释,希望能帮助到大家。

☆句型诠释☆

1. The reason why he could not go there was that his grades were too low. 他没能上电影学院是因为他的分数太低了。

该句巾的why引导一个定语从句,而that引导表语从句。

1. 句中that引导的表语从句说明主语reason的具体内容,往往被看作是固定句型:The reason is / was that clause. 当主语是reason / cause时,一般不能用because或why引导表语从句,以免造成语意重复。当主语是This / That时,可以由because / why引导表语从句。例如:One reason is that people traveled to America from all European countries.

【考例】(NMET 1999)

-- I drove to Zhuhai for the air show last week.

-- Is that ____ you had a few days off?

A. why B. when C. what D. where

[考查目标] 表语从句。

[答案与解析]A 句子的意思是“那就是你请了几天假的原因吗?”因此可知答案为why。

2. why在句中是关系副词,引导定语从句,修饰先行词reason,同时它在定语从句中作状语,此时why = for which,但要注意:关系词在定语从句中作主语或宾语时,要用关系代词that或which。

【考例】(2002上海春招)Is this the reason ____ at the meeting for his carelessness in his work?

A. he explained B. what he explained

C. how he explained D. why he explained

[考查目标]定语从句。

[答案与解析]A what,how不能引导定语从句,排除B、C两项;the reason在定语从句中作explained的宾语,可填that / which,或者也可以省略。

2. Many people who saw the film were afraid to swim in the sea when they remembered the scenes in which people were eaten by the shark. 好多看过这个片子的人一想起片中鲨鱼食人的场面.就不敢下海游泳了。

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