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高一英语unit14下册重点句型知识点

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高一英语unit14下册重点句型知识点

1. The Spring Festival, …and festivals help us understand who we are, remember where we come from, and share our hopes for a happy future.

春节,......和节日帮助我们了解我们是谁,记住我们从哪里来,并共同分享对美好未来的期望。

share v.

(1)共同具有,合用e. g. Three doctors share the office. 三个医生共用这个办公室。

(2)分享,分担e. g. They would share the joys and sorrows. 他们将同甘苦,共患难。

(3)share in分享,分担,共同努力

e. g. We all shared in his happiness when he won the scholarship.

高一英语unit14下册重点当她获得奖学金时,我们都替他高兴。

(4) share with与......合用

e. g. Would you mind sharing a bedroom with another guest?

你介意和另一位客人共用一个房间吗?

比较: spare

(1)留出(时间作某事),挤出(时间)

e. g. Can you spare the time to help me? 你能挤出时间帮助我吗?

(2)不用,匀出(给别人用)

e. g. Father couldn’t spare the car, so John had to walk.爸爸要用车,因此约翰只得步行。

(3)放过,饶(命),不杀

e. g. The king spared the lives of the women and children.国王放过了妇女和儿童。

save v.

(1)挽救,拯救e. g. They fought bravely and saved the country. 他们勇敢战斗拯救祖国。

(2)节省,省去,省着用,保护

e. g. If we buy plenty of food now, it will save shopping again this week.

如果我们现在买了足够的食物,这周就省了再上街购物了。

Save your eyes by reading in good light.在光线足的地方读书可保护你的眼睛。

(3)节约,存钱,省钱,储蓄

e. g. He’s saving to buy a bicycle. 他省钱来买自行车。

(4)留下,保留,保住,留作他用

Save your strength for the hardwork, you’ll have to do later.

留着点儿劲,你一会儿还得干活儿呢。

(5)save …for…留供......用

e. g. He is saving himself / his strength for the heavy work.他节省力量来干重活。

2. There seems to be no other choice.似乎别无选择。

seem v.

(1)似乎,好像

① +不定式:

seem to do表示一般状况。

e. g. I don’t seem to lack anything. 我好像不缺什么。

seem to have done表示该动作是在谓语动词发生之前就已经完成。

I seem to have caught a cold. 我好像感冒了。

He seemed not to have grasped what she really meant.他好像没有把握她的意思。

seem to be doing表示在过去的某段时间里正在进行的动作,强调该动作在过去持续了一段时间。e. g. She seemed to be sleeping. 她好像在睡觉。

seem (to be)+表语(adj. 或n. 或prep. )

e. g. You seem to be in a great hurry. 你似乎很着急。

② It seems(ed) (that)从句可以和“主语+seems/seemed+动词不定式”互相转换,意思不变。注意句型转换:

e. g. It seemed that he had failed the exam.= He seemed to have failed in the exam.

他似乎没通过考试。

It seems that nobody knew what had happened. 看来没人知道发生了什么事。

It seems(ed) as if从句

e. g. It seems as if there will be an election soon. 好像很快就要选举了。

③ There seems(ed) (to be)好像有,似乎有

e. g. There seems to be something/the matter with her. 她好像有什么事。

(2)看来,似乎是(什么样子) link v. (系动词)

① +形容词e. g. He seemed to me quite normal. 对于我来说,他很正常。

② +分词e. g. She always seemed well pleased. 她好像总是很高兴。

③ +名词e. g. It seems not a bad idea. 那个主意好像不错。

④ +介词短语 e. g. You seem in high spirits. 你好像情绪很高涨。

3. …or, in other words, the first day of spring.或者,换句话说,春天的第一天。

(1)in other words换句话说

e. g. In other words, we can complete the project on time only in this way.

换句话说,只有这样我们才能按时完成工程。

In other words, if you break the rule, you will be punished.

换言之,如果你违反了规则,你将受到惩罚。

(2)in a word 总之,简言之

e. g. In a word, I don’t trust him. 总之,我不信任他。

(3)in words 用言语

e. g. Though the boy is only two, he can express his meaning clearly in words.

尽管这男孩只有两岁,他能清楚地用语言来表达他的意思。

4. It is not a sad day, but rather a time to celebrate the cycle of life.这不是悲伤的一天,而是庆祝生命轮回的时刻。

rather 副词

(1)“相当,颇,甚”

e. g. We all were rather tired after our long walk. 走了那么远,我们都相当累了。

I rather expected that we would win. 我很希望我们能赢。

(2)比较 fairly, rather, quite, pretty

①表示程度

fairly与rather表示“相当地”时,fairly含有积极肯定的意思,rather含有消极否定的意思。

e. g. The question is fairly difficult. 这个问题很难——但适当。

The question is rather difficult. 这个问题很难——有点过难,不适当。

fairly是程度最轻的,例如:某人的英语说得fairly well, 言外之意是他只能应付一些日常用语。说某本书fairly good,是说这本书还可以看一看,但没有赞扬之意。

e. g. He’s just written a new book. It’s fairly interesting, but certainly not his best.

他刚出了一本新书,这本书还算有意思,但肯定不是他的最佳作品。

He studies fairly hard. 他学习还算用功。

quite比fairly程度强一点,如果你认为某本书quite good, 就是在推荐给别人看,虽算不上最佳小说,但还是值得一看。

e. g. They study English quite hard. 他们学习英语还保留用功。

He was quite polite, but he wasn’t ready to help me.他相当有礼貌,但他并不愿意帮助我。

rather程度上比quite又强,相当于more than expected/more than you want。如说某人的外语rather well, 那此人肯定是个内行,就电影而言,rather good是说胜过多数影片。

e. g. She speaks English rather well. 她的英语讲得真不错。

pretty表示程度时,和rather差不多,多用于非正式文体。

e. g. Twenty-five is pretty old to take up ballet dancing.二十五岁才学芭蕾舞年龄太大了。

The situation seems pretty hopeless. 情形似乎没有太大希望了。

②用法

rather和quite可置于不定冠词前或后

e. g. That is quite / rather a surprising result. 那是一个相当惊人的结果。= That is a rather / quite surprising result.

rather可与比较级和too +形容词/副词连用,quite只能与better连用。

e. g. This book is rather too difficult for the juniors.这本书对低年级的学生来说太难了。

Today I feel quite better. 今天我感到好多了。

This room is rather larger than we want.这个房间比我们需要的大了不少。

quite同没有程度差别的形容词连用时,一般作“完全地”“绝对地”。

e. g. She was quite alone. 她非常孤单。It’ s quite impossible. 这绝不可能。

4. Whatever the trick is, if a person is taken in, he or she is called “April Fool”!不管是什么把戏,如果一个人上当了,他或她就被称作“四月傻子”

(1) whatever

①= no matter what 无论是什么,不管什么,在句中作状语。

e. g. Whatever happens, we will not change our plan.无论发生什么事,我们都不会改变计划。

No matter what you want to do, above all, you should obey the law.

不管你想干什么,首先,你必须守法。

② = anything that任何事/东西,在句中起名词作用,引导名词性从句。

e. g. You can take whatever you like.= You can take anything that you like.

你可以拿走你喜欢的任何东西。

(2)take in

①欺骗,哄骗,使上当

e. g. We were completely taken in by his story. 我们完全被他的故事骗了。

②理解,领会,明白

e. g. The lesson was too difficult for the class to take in.课太难了,学生难以领会。

③接受(房客,客人等),让......在家居住(食宿),收留

e. g. The farmer took in the lost travelers for the night.农夫让迷路的旅行者在家过夜。

④包括,涉及e. g. The study of physics takes in many different subjects.物理学涉及许多学科。

(3)take up

①开始学习,开始做(某项工作)

e. g. What is your son taking up in college? 你儿子在大学学习什么?

②从事某项活动,发展某种爱好

e. g. At the age of sixty he took up the study of Russian.六十岁时他开始学俄语。

③占用,占掉(时间,空间)e. g. The meeting took up the whole morning. 会议占了整个上午。

④接受e. g. Do you intend to take up his offer of a job? 你想接受他提供的工作吗?

⑤吸起(墨水,灰尘等)e. g. Plants take up water. 植物吸水。

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