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高一英语学习:一二单元重难点短语归纳十

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高一英语学习:一二单元重难点短语归纳十

5. In order to survive, Chuck developed a friendship with an unusual friend — a volleyball he called Wilson. 为了生存下去,查克和一位不寻常的朋友--“排球”建立了友谊,查克叫他威尔森。

1. 该句中的"in order to",意思为“为了,以便”,作目的 状语。在句子中作同的状语的常见句型有五种结构:to do sth / in order to do sth / so as to do sth / in order that clause / so that clause

注意:(1) so as to do sth 不能位于句首。(2) 如果主句与从句的主语一致时,四个结构可以相互转换。(3) 在in order that / so that 引导的从句中,谓语动词常与can, could, may, might 等情态动词连用。

【考例】(2005北京) I"d like to arrive 20 minutes early ____ I can have time for a cup of tea.

A. as soon as B. as a result C. in case D. so that

[考查目标] 目的状语。

[答案与解析]D as soon as “一…就…”;as a result“结果是”;in case “万一”;so that“以便,为的是”。句意:“我想提前二十分钟到以便有时间喝杯茶”。

2. 该句子中 volleyball 是作同位语。例如:He advised farmers to choose the best seed-heads, the ones that had the best color.

注意:这种同位语(不是同位语从句)与非限制性定语从句的区别。

【考例】(NMET 2002) Meeting my uncle after these years was an unforgotten moment, ____ I will always treasure.

A. that B. one C. it D. what

[考查目标] one作同位语,指代a moment。

[答案与解析] B that不能引导非限制性定语从句,排除A;if不能作同位语,排除C;what既不能引导非限制定语从句,也不能作同位语。可以填which,这样就成了非限制性定语从句。

6. For a long time the language in America stayed the same, while the language in England changed. 长期以来,美国英语保持不变,但英国英语变化了。

1. 该句中的“while"用作并列连词.表示前后对比,意为 “然而”。“while"充当连词,还能引导时间状语从句。意为“during the time that…”;引导让步状语从句,意 为“although…”。

2. 该句中的 "stay" 为系动词。后接表语 (the same)。 除了stay外,常见的系动词还有: become, get, turn, grow, go, come, run, fall, keep, stay, remain。

【考例】(NMET 2003) Why don"t you put the meat in the fridge? It will ____ fresh for several days.

A. be stayed B. stay C. be staying D. have stayed

[考查目标] 系动词的用法。

[答案与解析] B 系动词没有被动语态,一般不用进行

时态,排除A、C;句意不是表示完成,排除D。系动词表示状态。

7. for the first time 第一次

(1) for the first time 第一次,后面不加从句,在句中作状语 They came to Beijing for the first time.

(2) the first time 名词短语,在从句中充当连词,后接时间状语从句,不接that,when等连词。有同样用法的短语还有:every time; next time; the last time

They liked Beijing the first time they went there.

(3) It"s / This is the first time that + 从句(用现在完成时)这是......的第一次 It"s the first time that I have ever been abroad at all.

8. What is it that...? 是什么......?

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