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  一、重点词汇(要求四会)   hobby, single, strict, violin, piano, guitar, model, collect, coin, stamp, form, vacation, ant, farm, milk, cow, country, newspaper, away, course, ride, accident, camp, tent, check, win, afraid, invite, score, except, enormous, weekend, nothing, till, probably, article, accept, refuse, reason, tonight, guest, future, poor, college, though, why, energy, discover, percent, ticket, coffee, pocket, boat, key, ring, luck, term, progress, grammar, rule, improve, skill, habit, advantage, mistake, language, camel, India, western, mountain, ancient, famous, high, mile, foot, bit, compare, hometown, toy, traditional, modern, beach, clean, thousand, basic, happen, nobody, danger, during, reach, separate, government, become, plant, clear, fisherman, sand, everybody, condition, agree, soon, promise, village, bring, another, itself, service, conference, business, worth, story, could, already, invent, night, memory, count, beat, act, card, shine, front, wait, steal, gold, explain, return, reply, myself, lady, trust, garden, appear, paper, side, silence, mirror, cry, inside, knock, waste, empty, die, light, save, burn, smoke, place, truck, maybe, noise, knife, fork, kill, hero, officer, murder, death, perhaps, fair, motorcycle, seem, stupid, moment, point, anyway, yourself, until, lie, honest, lonely, helpful, laugh, rather, loud, shout, test, mouse, experiment, horse, treatment, secret, feed, goat, note, wonder, pretty, guard, careless, complete, patient, tidy, careful, rubbish, metal, plastic, right, ugly, operation, gift, last, celebrate, silver, common, send, message, greeting, include, wise, festival, clap, suppose, dumpling, spare, certain, cheer, arrive, shoulder, culture, somewhere, surprise, notice, candle, direction, doll, candy, public.   二、重点词组   go away 走开   fix up 修理,修补   work out 做大运动量的锻炼   get together 聚会,联欢   play the piano 弹钢琴   be strict with sb 对某人要求严格   play the violin 拉小提琴   play the guitar 弹吉它   on vacation 在休假   on the farm 在农场   be afraid of 害怕   on the weekend 在周末   lots of 许多   listen to the music 听音乐   a member of 成员之一,一分子   enjoy oneself 过得愉快,玩得愉快   get ready fortos 拍照,摄影   take a course(class) 学一门课程   go shopping 去购物   on onewn 靠自己;独自   rock climbing 攀岩   in the summer vacations 暑假   stay with 和n a farm 在农场   a summer camp 夏令营   a lot of 许多   go swimming 去游泳   talk to sb. 和某人谈话   after school 放学后   do onemework 做家庭作业   play tennis 打网球   be free 有空   go shopping 购物   go out for a meal 出去吃饭   have a party 开宴会   go to the movies 去看电影   on time 按时,准时;于指定时间   stay up 不睡觉;熬夜   grow up 长大成人,成长   sports car 跑车   in general 通常,大体上   at the same time 同时   first of all 首先   find out 发现,查明   pocket money 零用钱   make progress 取得进步   little by little 渐渐地   in front of 在f 利用   worry about 担心   be responsible for 对r 预备w about 怎么样(后接名词或动词-ing形式等)   be famous for 以m/health/" target="_blank">健康   the Great Sphinx 狮身人面像   at least 至少   speak in English 用英语交谈;讲英语   concentrate on 全神贯注于   get married 结婚   graduate from high school 中学毕业   at college 在大学里   part-time job 兼职工作   travel around the world 环游全世界   ask for help 求援;请求帮助   in front of 在r an exam 准备考试   make progress 取得进步   take part in 参加   go to college 上大学   be famous for 因n River 亚马孙河   the Nile River 尼罗河   the Sahara Desert 撒哈拉沙漠   the Gobi Desert 戈壁滩   Mount Qomolangma 珠穆朗玛峰   Lake Baikal 贝加尔湖   the Caspian Sea 里海   the Pacific Ocean 太平洋   the Atlantic Ocean 大西洋   the Indian Ocean 印度洋   in terms of 根据,按照   a bit 一点儿   compare 过去经常   dust storm 沙尘暴   no longer 不再   lift up 提起来   on the other hand 另一方面   New Zealand 新西兰   the South Pacific Ocean 南太平洋   the total area 总面积   the largest city 最大的城市   both ofngest river 最长的河   the total population 总人口   square kilometer 平方公里   closer to the beach 濒临海滩   make a big mistake 犯一个大的错误   in turns 依次   members of the class 班级成员   at the end 在最后   put on 穿上   in English 用英语说   in the past 在过去   win the game 赢得比赛   just now 刚刚   look for 寻找   think about 考虑   look at 看   put out 扑灭,熄灭   take care of 照顾   be good at 擅长   at the age of 在ok like 像   go out 出去,出门   at home 在家   at school 上学,在学校   at oneuse   在某人家   a piece of music 一支音乐   write down 写下,记下   design computer programs 设计电脑程序   in the end 最后,终于   well-known 众所周知的   lots of 许多   at oneuse 在某人家   work out 制订出;算出;消耗完   enjoy doing sth 喜欢干某事   be born 出身于   such as 例如   written by 由lin 拉小提琴   wait for 等   come back 回来   speak to 对od atme 在家   at school 在学校   in a library 在图书馆   talk to 和ok after 照顾   at the moment 此刻   have a point 有道理   deal with 安排,处理   put off 推迟;拖延   tell lies 说谎   absent-minded 心不在焉的   self-centered 自我中心的   take place 发生   a number of 许多的   keep a secret 保守秘密   take notes 做笔记   be careful with   小心   tell jokes 讲笑话   save electricity 节电   make sure 确定   think about 考虑,回想,回忆   toon onewn 独立地,单独地   both ofw up 成长,发展   a little 一点儿   have problem with 在ut at sb. (向某人)大声喊叫   heavy metal music 重金属音乐   all the time 始终   talk about 谈论;谈及   complain about 抱怨   after school 放学后   play sports 进行体育运动   chess club 相棋俱乐部   toome medicine 吃药   shout at    朝 听   a sore throat 喉痛   fast food 快餐   stop talking 不要说话   enjoy oneself 玩得高兴   on the other hand 另一方面   part-time job 兼职   go to college 上大学   at the top of 在m top to bottom 从头至尾   be supposed to 应该   look up at 向上看   out of breath 上气不接下气   window frame 窗框   send sth. to sb. 给某人寄某物,给某人送某物   wake up 叫醒,醒来   be born 出生   get ready 做准备   get together 聚会   tell sb. about sth. 告诉某人某事   thousands of 成千上万的   take care of 照顾,看管,保管   on oneff 脱下,摘下,起飞   in the morning 在早上,在上午   arrive(at, in) 到达   Itr`lantern 杰克灯,空心南瓜灯   roast turkey 烤火鸡   set off 燃放(焰火,爆竹)   cut out 切掉;割掉   arrive at/in 到达   each other 互相   good luck 好运气   play a trick on sb 捉弄某人   English-speaking countries 说英语的国家   visit friends 访友   at midnight 在半夜   call the police 报警   watch TV    看电视   just now 刚才   Happy birthday 生日快乐   birthday presents 生日礼物   play cards 玩牌   the China Central Television Station 中央电视台(CCTV)   put on 上演   stay up 守岁   make a loud noise 弄出大噪音   三、重点句型   I like playing the guitar, but I prefer playing football.   Which club would you like to join?   How was your vacation?   I enjoyed myself a lot.   I had a good time.   I had a terrible time.   How often did he do that? Twice a week.   How long did he stay there? Three days.   The kids are getting ready for bed.   -Are you free on Sunday?   -No, Imorrow.   I feel like doing sth. different this weekend.   Iing to be a doctor.   Iing to travel around the world.   English is not only a school subject, but can be lots of fun.   What are you going to buy?   Where are you going to have lunch?   How much money are you going to spend?   -Are you going to read more books in English?   -Yes, I am. /No, It.   -Is he going to join a conversation club?   -Yes, he is. /No. he isning to watch movies in English?   -Yes, they are. /No, they arenw long is the Great Wall of China?   How old is the Palace Museum?   How deep is the Grand Canyon?   How high is the Eiffel Tower in Paris?   How far is Japan to China?   He could play the violin when he was six.   Could he play the guitar?   Could you ride a bicycle when you were six?   He was playing cards.   My grandparents were watching TV when I left the house.   They were playing football when it began to rain.   While I was doing my homework, the light went out.   They acted bravely.   What kind of person is she?   I think she looks quite friendly.   Why are pets good for children?   Because they are good listeners.   I want a cat to keep my company.   People have pets so they donnely.   Wishing you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.   Thanks for your message.   Donrry. Iu study.   Itkay. Ire last, last week, two days ago 等,上下文清楚时可以不带时间状语。   I worked in that factory last year.去年我在那一家工厂工作。   I went to the Tian Long Mountain yesterday.昨天我们去了天龙山。   2.现在进行时   表示说话者说话时正在发生或者进行的动作, 它注重现在正在进行的动作,而不管动作从什么时间开始,到什么时间结束。   What are you doing now?你在干什么呢?   I am looking for my key.我在找我的钥匙。   The workers are building a big library.工人们正在建一座大型图书馆。   现在进行时中有些动词表示即将发生的动作,一般指在最近按计划或安排要进行的动作。如:come, go, leave, start, arrive, be等。并常与表示将来时间的状语连用。例如:   They are going to Shanghai on Friday. 他们星期五去上海。   John is coming here next week and will stay here until May.   约翰下星期来,并将在此逗留到五月。   What are you doing next Saturday? 你下星期六干什么事?   I am seeing him tomorrow. 我明天去看望他。   I am going for a walk. Are you coming with me? Yes, I am just coming. Wait a bit.   我去散步,你和我去吗?好,我就来,稍等一下。   3.表示频率的副词和短语   always, sometimes, often, never, once a week, twice a week, about twice a week, three time a week, every day, nearly every day   4.一般现在时   一般现在时可以用于以下几种情况:   ①表示人或事物动作、状态,如:   They usually watch TV on Sundays.他们通常在星期天看电视。   She gets up at six ock.她在六点起床。   ②表示人或事物现在的状态,如   He is twelve.他十二岁。She is at home.她在家。   Her car is under the tree.她的车在树下。   ③表示经常的或习惯性的动作,如:   I go to school at 7:30 every day.每天七点半我上学。   ④表示主语具备的性格和能力等,如:   David can speak English and Spanish.戴维会说英语和西班牙语。   She likes apples.她喜欢苹果。   ⑤表示普遍存在或某种客观事实。如:   March comes after February.二月之后三月来到了。   The sun is bigger than the moon.太阳比月亮大。   5.be going to结构   表示将要发生的动作和将来的计划。   What are you going to do next Sunday?   下星期天你打算干什么?   Theying to meet outside the school gate.   他们打算在校门口见面。   Wet going to have any classes next week.   下个星期我们不上课。   Iing to be a teacher.   Heing to join a conversation club.   6.一般将来时   一般将来时表示将来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态,也表示将来经常或反常发生的动作,常与表示将来的时间状语连用。如:in a few days, tomorrow, next week, next year等。一般将来时由t;助动词will+动词原形t;构成。在口语中,will在名词或代词后常简缩为t常简缩为won to my hometown next week.下个星期我将要去我老家。   We will come to see you every Sunday.每个星期天我们将来看你。   【注意】①在表示t;带意愿色彩的将来t;时,常用will。例如:   Iu a hand. 我愿意帮你。   ②在问对方是否愿意,或表示客气的邀请或命令时,常用will。例如:   Will you go to the office with me? 你愿意和我一起去办公室吗?   Will you please clean the blackboard? 你能擦一下黑板吗?   ③在表示建议或征求对方意见时,可用shall,例如:   Shall we go home now? 我们能现在回家吗?   Shall I put my handbag here? 我能把我的包放在这里吗?   be going to表示将要发生的事或打算、计划、决定要做的事情。例如:   肯定句:   Theying to meet outside the school gate.   Iing to finish high school in two years.   After I graduate from high school, Iing to go to college for four years.   Iing to study languages because after college Iing to work as a language teacher.   While at college, I going to take a computer course because Iing to use computers in my work.   否定句:   Wet going to have any classes next week.   It going play lots of sports and keep fit.   It going to save up my money next month.   It going to visit Egypt next week.   It going to ride a camel to Beijing.   It going to take lots of photos for you.   It going to concentrate on this job.   疑问句:   What are you going to do next Sunday?   Where are you going to study?   Are you going to live at home?   What are you going to have for lunch?   Are you going to visit your grandparents?   Is he going to join a conversation club?   7.形容词的比较级:   形容词的比较级用于两个人或事物的比较,其结构形式如下:   主语+谓语(系动词)+ 形容词比较级+than+ 对比成分。 也就是, 含有形容词比较级的主句+than+从句。注意从句常常省去意义上和主句相同的部分, 而只剩下对比的成分。如:   Our teacher is taller than we are.我们老师的个子比我们的高。   It is warmer today than it was yesterday.今天的天气比昨天暖和。   This picture is more beautiful than that one.这张照片比那张照片漂亮。   This meeting is less important than that one.这次会议不如那次会议重要。   The sun is much bigger than the moon.太阳比月亮大得多。   8.used to的用法   used tot;过去经常,以前常常t;。表示过去经常干某事(但现在已不是如此)。例如:   I used to draw pictures. I liked that. But I am too busy to do that.   我以前总画画,我喜欢,但我现在太忙了不画画了。   We used to grow beautiful flowers is the garden.我们过去常在花园里种美丽的鲜花。   There used to be many trees but now you see. The trees have all been cut down.   原来这里有好多树,但现在你看,树都被砍光了。   used to的否定式和疑问式有两种构成法:   1)借助did. 如:   She didn do it, did she?她以前不做那个,是不是?   Did you use to play the piano?你以前是不是弹钢琴?   2)不用did, 如:   You usedn make that kind of mistakes. But why now?   你过去不犯那样的错误,可现在为什么犯?   Used you to make up stories out of your own head? 你以前是不是自已编故事?   9.不定代词的用法   不定代词大多数通常在句中作主语、宾语、表语、或定语。例如:   Nobody saw the problem at first.(主语)   Can they do anything to save the Aral Sea?(宾语)   There is nothing but salt and sand.(表语)   Have you any novels? 你有小说书吗?(定语)   10.t;How+形容词t;的特殊疑问句   How long is the Nile River?   How high is the Great Pyramid?   How deep is the Grand Canyon?   How far is Beijing from Shanghai?   11.过去进行时   ①过去进行时用于表示过去某一时刻或某一段时间内正在进行或继续进行的动作。过去进行时经常与过去时搭配使用,过去进行时作过去时的时间背景。例如:   This time yesterday, we were having an English lesson. There was a slight earthquake.   昨天这个时候,我们正上英语课,这时发生了轻微地震。   A year ago we were living in Shanghai. My mother fell ill and passed away.   一年前我们住在上海。我的母亲病了并在那里去世。   The teacher was giving us a lesson when Tom walked into the room.   当汤姆走进教室时,老师在给我们上课。   While we were having supper, all the lights went out.我们正吃饭的时候,灯熄灭了。   He was reading while she was setting the table.她放桌子时,他在读书。(互为时间背景)   It was getting dark. The wind was rising.天渐渐黑下来了。风势增强了。(互为背景)   ②过去进行时表示过去频繁发生的习惯性动作,常与always, continually, frequently等词连用。例如:   The old man was always mislaying his keys.这位老人总是忘记把钥匙放在什么地方了。   He was continually asking questions.他老是问问题,没个完。   The two brothers were frequently quarrelling.这两个兄弟经常吵架。   12.情态动词could   could表示说话人能,可以,同意,准许,以及客观条件许可,could是can 的过去式。   He could play the violin when he was seven.当他七岁时,就会拉小提琴。   Could they speak French? 他们会说法语吗?   Yes, they could. /No, they couldnuld help us at all.他完全可以帮助我们。   Could you help me, please? 请问,你能帮助我吗?   13.be动词+形容词   be动词+形容词:He is extremely patient.   英语常见系动词有:be, look, become, get, seem, turn, grow, appear, taste, feel, smell等,系动词一般后面跟形容词或名词作表语。例如:   The lesson was interesting.那一课很有趣。   He looks ill.他看起来病了。   The soup tastes delicious.汤的味道很美。   She seems very quiet. 她看起来很安静。   Mike is my younger brother.迈克是我弟弟。   Jim became a doctor.吉姆当上大夫了。   14.句型tootughot;太t;。例如:   The girl is too short to reach the book on the top of the shelf.   那个女孩太矮,她够不着放在书架顶上的书。   Ito cold for children to play ourselves.天气太冷,孩子们不能在外面玩。   句型tootugh tot tall enough to reach the cookies.她要拿到那个甜饼还不够高。   =Sheo short to reach the cookies.   15.并列句   连词but, on the other hand, while等连接两个并列的句子,表示t;转折t;关系,表示对比或相反的情况。例如:   Eric is a good friend, but he worries all the time.   艾力克是一个好朋友,但是他总是心事重重。   She is hardworking, but her sister is very lazy.   她很用功,但她妹妹却很懒。   Eric is very hardworking and patient. Danny, on the other hand, is very lazy and impatient. 艾力克是个非常用功,富有耐心的人。而丹尼却非常懒,没有耐心。   Danny forgets things. Eric, on the other hand, always remembers to turn off the lights.   丹尼易忘记事情。而艾力克总是记得关灯。   I have been to Beijing many times but my parents have never been there.   我去过北京多次,但我父母亲从没去过。   I drink black coffee while he prefers it with cream.   我爱喝清咖啡而他喜欢加奶油的。   English is understood all over the world while Turkish is spoken by only a few people outside Turkey itself.英语世界通行,但土耳其语离开本国就很少有人说人。

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