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人教版高一英语必修一Unit1 Friendship单词解析

来源:101教育网整理 2017-07-12 字体大小: 分享到:

  高中学习是一个边学新知识边巩固的过程,对学过的知识一定要多加练习,这样才能进步。因此,101教育网编辑老师为大家整理了英语必修一Unit1 Friendship单词解析,供大家参考。

  1、survey n. 调查概述v. 测量检查

  A recent survey showed most of those questioned were for the plan. 最近的民意测验显示大多数调查对象同意这项计划。

  (1) make a survey of sth. 调查… make a general survey of sth 纵观…

  (2) survey sth. 调查评述检查 survey the equipment 检查设备 词汇派生surveyor n. 测量员检察员

  2、add v. 增加增添 add up sth 把......加起来

  Add up your score and see how many points you get. add sth to sth 把......加到......

  Please add some sugar to the milk. add to sth = increase 增加了。。。

  The bad weather added to our difficulty. add up to 合计总共

  It‟s normal that a famous sports player‟s cars add up to five. add in 包括......;算进

  Don"t forget to add me in. add还可表示“补充说“后常接从句。

  He added that he was satisfied with the talk. 它补充说他对会谈很满意。

  词汇派生addition n. 附加物 in addition to 除......之外 additional adj. 附加的 adding machine 加法机

  3、point n. 要点尖端含义v. 指出

  The point is that you shouldn‟t have to wait so long to see a doctor. 关键是看病不应等那么久。

  He pointed to the spot where the house used to stand. 他指着那所房子原来所在的地方。

  (1) come to the point of 到了......地步

  to the point of 达到......的程度

  be on the point of doing 正要做......

  There is no point in …没必要/没意义做......

  boiling point 沸点

  (2) point to/ at 指向......

  当非善意地用手指某人时只能用point at

  当表示指针指向、证据表明、建筑物的朝向时用point to

  The house points to the sea. 那所房子面向大海。

  point out sth to sb. 向某人指出某事

  point out that…指出......

  point sth to/at sb. 把......对着某人

  词汇派生pointed adj. 尖锐的尖的

  pointless adj. 无意义的无益的

  4、upset v. 使不安打乱 adj. 心烦意乱的

  His strange behavior upset his father. 他的奇怪行径困扰着他父亲。

  I understand how upset you must be feeling. 我理解你心里有多难受。

  (1) upset sb. 使某人不安 upset the plan 搅乱了计划 upset the cup 打翻了杯子 It upsets sb that 让某人心烦的是...... It upsets sb to do sth 做......使某人不快。

  (2) be upset about 对......赶到心烦

  5、concern n. 担心关心关系v. 涉及有关 There is growing concern about violence on TV. 人们对电视上的暴力内容日见担忧。 Don‟t be involved in what doesn‟t concern you. 不要管那些与你无关的事。

  (1) show/express concern about/ for 对......表示关心/担心 have concern with 和......有关系 with concern 关切地

  (2) concern oneself about/ for 担忧/关心...... concern oneself with 从事参与...... concern sb./ sth 与......有关 词汇派生concerned adj. 有关的担心的 be concerned about/ over/for 关心挂念 be concerned with/ in 牵扯进/参与...... all parties concerned 有关各方 as/so far as …be concerned 就......而言 As far as I‟m concerned, the sooner, the better. 就我而言越快越好。

  6、 cheat v. 欺骗,作弊 n. 骗子, 作弊者 He is accused of cheating the taxman. 他被控欺骗税务员. The two cheats set up tow looms. 这两个骗子支起两架织布机. cheat sb. (out) of sth 骗取某人某物 cheat sb. into doing sth 骗某人做...... cheat sb. into the belief that 骗某人相信 catch sb. cheating in an exam 作弊被抓

  7、feeling n. 感觉,情绪 eg. have no feeling in my foot. 没有知觉

  eg. can understand his feelings 解他的心情. a feeling of hunger 饥饿感 a feeling of danger 危险感 a feeling of gratitude 感激的心情 have a feeling that 有......的预感 lose feeling in one‟s legs 双脚失去知觉 hurt one‟s feelings 伤害某人的感情 hide/ mask one‟s feelings 隐瞒感情 express feelings 表达感情 构词法: feel v. 感觉出 feeler n. 触角,触须 feelingly adv. 充满感情地

  8、 series n. 一系列,连续 There has been a series of accidents at the crossing. 在那个十字路口曾经发生过一连串的事故. a seires of 一连串的, 一系列的 a seroes of accidents 一连串事故 a series of articles 一系列文章 a TV series 一部电视连续剧 in series 连续,一系列地 构词法: serial n. 连续剧, 连载小说 9、nature n.

  (1) 大自然 the law of nature 自然法则 the balance of nature 生态平衡 the beauty of nature 大自然之美

  (2) 本性,性情 human nature 人性 a man of gentle nature 性情温和的人

  (3) 性质, 种类 be different in nature 性质不同 be nature to nature 逼真 by nature 天生地 against nature 违反自然地 in a state of nature 处于未开化的状态 常用搭配: it‟s natural that = it‟s natural for sb. to do sth 做......是当然的 e.g. It‟s natural that we should carry out the plan. = it „s natural for us to carry out the plan. 这个计划是当然的.

  10、powder n. 能量,力量,权力 Carry this luggage requires a lot of powder. 搬运这件行李需要很大的力气. be in powder 执政,掌权 come into powder = take power上台,执政 under one‟s own power 凭借自身的力量 have the power to do sth 具有......的能力 beyond/ out of one‟s powder 力所不能及的 构词法: powerful adj. 强有力的 powerless adj. 无力的,无权的

  11、suffer v. 遭受,忍受 The city suffered serous damage from the earthquake. 城市因地震遭受严重破坏. suffer pain / loss / defeat / punishment / hardship 遭受痛苦/损失/失败/惩罚/艰难 suffer from a bad cold 患重感冒 suffer for sth. 为......而受苦 构词法: suffering n. 痛苦, 苦难 sufferer n. 受难者, 患者

  12、 purpose n. 目的,意图 For what purpose did he go to Africa? 他去非洲的目的何在? on purpose反by accident for the purpose of 为了......的目的 with the purpose of 抱着......的目的 one‟s purpose in doing sth . 某人做......的目的 构词法: purposeful adj. 有目的的,故意的 purposeless adj. 无目的的 purposely adv. 特意地,故意地

  13、advice n. 劝告,建议 He gave us some advice on how to learn a foreign language. 他就如何学习外语给我们提了一些建议. give / offer sb. some advice on 就......给某人提建议 ask sb. for adcice 征求某人的意见 follow / take one‟s advice接受某人的建议 do sth. by one‟s advice 按某人的建议做...... on / upon one‟s adcice 听某人的劝告 advise sb. to do sth 建议某人做...... advise sb. not to do sth = adcise sb. against doing sth 建议某人不要做...... advise doing sth 建议做...... advise that 建议...... advise sb. on 向某人提…..建议 构词法: adviser / advisor n. 建议者,顾问 advisory adj. 劝告的, 顾问的 advise v. 建议

  14、effort n. 努力 You should put more effort into your work. 你应该更加努力地工作. make an effort to do 努力做...... = make every effort to do = make grat efforts to do = spare no effort to do without effort 毫不费力地 构词法: effortless adj. 不费力的

  15、habit n. 习惯,习性 You need to change your eating habits. 你需要改变饮食习惯. 思维拓展 develop / form the habit of = build up the habit of 养成......的习惯 fall / get into the habit of 染上......的习惯 be in the habit of = have the habit of 有......的习惯 get sb. into the habit of 使某人养成…..的习惯 get out of the habit of = give up the habit of = kick / break/ drop the habit of戒除.......的习惯 do sth. out of habit 处于习惯做某事

  16、grateful I would be grateful if you could give me some advice. grateful (=thankful) adj. 感激的表示感谢的 be grateful/ thankful to sb. for sth. 因某事对某人感激

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