1.(2012年湖北卷)Walking alone in the dark, the boy whistled to________his courage.
A.keep up B.hold up
C.take up D.set up
解析：考查词组辨析。句意：独自在黑暗中行走，小男孩打着口哨给自己壮胆。keep up one"s courage意为“鼓足勇气，不丧胆”。hold up举起，支撑;take up从事，占据;set up建立，创立。
2. In many places in China，________bicycle is still________popular means of transportation.
A. a; the B. /; a
C. the; a D. the; the
解析：第一空可用the和a，the bicycle和a bicycle均表示类别;第二空用a表示泛指。
3. It________no difference to the couple whether the baby is a girl or a boy.
A. takes B. makes
C. does D. seems
解析：make no difference没影响，没关系，为固定搭配。
4. Don" t be discouraged.________things as they are and you will enjoy every day of your life.
A. Taking B. To take
C. Take D. Taken
5. Believe it or not, 40 percent of the toys________in the UK were designed for adults.
A. to sell B. selling
C. sold D. to be selling
解析：过去分词短语sold in the UK在此作后置定语，表示被动及动作已经完成。
6. If he________his leg in the last training, he________the coming World Cup, which he has been longing to compete in.
A. didn"t hurt; would take part inB. hadn"t hurt; would have joined
C. hadn"t hurt; would take part in
D. didn"t hurt; would have joined
7.—Did you make it at last?
—Yes. But for your help, it________a serious loss.
A. would cause B. must have caused
C. would have caused D. may cause
解析：答句第二句为含蓄条件句，but for引出虚拟条件，此处表示对过去情况的虚拟，故句子谓语形式为would/should/could/might have done。
8. Oil prices have risen by 32 percent since the start of the year，________a record US $ 57.65 a barrel on April 4.
A. have reached B. reaching
C. to reach D. to be reaching
解析：现在分词短语的一般式reaching a record...在句中作结果状语，表示自然而然的结果。
9. It"s high time that we students________even harder at our lessons with the national college entrance examination approaching.
A. work B. will work
C. worked D. had worked
解析：It"s high/about time that...句型中，that引导的定语从句一般用虚拟语气，从句谓语形式为did/should do，且should不能省去，故C项切题。
10. The famous writer our Chinese teacher often referred________at our school yesterday.
A. to arrive B. arrived
C. to arriving D. to arrived
解析：our Chinese teacher often referred to为定语从句，修饰先行词the famous writer，arrived作主句的谓语，表示动作发生在过去。
11. ________the price, the dress doesn" t suit me either, because I like a red one.
A. Apart from B. Because of
C. Except for D. Except
12. Shall we________our discussion and have some tea?
A. break off B. break down
C. break into D. break out
解析：break off在此表示“停下”。break down分解，抛锚;break into突然闯入，突然开始;break out爆发。
13.________is important for us to gain access to the Internet.
解析：“It"s+adj.+for sb.to do sth.”为常见句型，it为形式主语，不定式短语为真正的主语。
14.There is no possibility________all the students can pass the national college entrance examination.
15.A large number of people________say that The Flowers of war is woth watching.
A.to question B.to be questioned
A farmer once owned an old mule(骡子).One day，the mule fell into a nearby well，and he began to __16__ and made a lot of loud noise.After carefully assessing the __17__，the farmer felt sympathy for the mule，but __18__ that neither the mule nor the well was worth the trouble of saving，then he called his __19__ together and told them what had happened and __20__ them to help shovel(铲) some dirt to bury the old mule in the __21__ and put him out of his suffering.
Hearing many people coming to help，the old mule initially was __22__...But as the farmer and his neighbors continued shoveling and the dirt hit his back，a thought suddenly __23__ him.He was __24__ that every time a shovel load of dirt landed on his __25__，he should shake it off and step up!So he did，blow after blow.
He repeated “Shake it off and step up!” to __26__ himself.No matter how painful the blows were，or how disappointing the situation seemed，the old mule just __27__ on shaking it off and stepping up!
As you might have guessed，it was not long __28__ the old mule finally stepped over the wall of the well，painful and tired.What would otherwise __29__ him，actually blessed him becaue of the manner in which he __30__ his adversity(逆境).
__31__ is life!As long as we face our problems and respond to them __32__，and refuse to give in to panic，bitterness，or selfpity，the adversities that come along to bury us __33__ have the potential to __34__ and bless us!Forgiveness，tolerance，hope and perseverance are __35__ in shaking it off and stepping up out of the well in which we find ourselves.
解析：仔细分析过形势之后，农民对他感到惋惜。situation“形势，情形”符合语境。下文or how disappointing the situation seemed也有提示。
解析：联系下文But as the farmer and his neighbors continued shoveling可知选C。