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人教版高一英语必修下册 Unit 1 Cultural relice 知识点全面解析

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课文要点

1课文词汇等填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等)

根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法:

The Amber Room,   1   (装饰) with gold and jewels, is one of the great   2   (wonderful) of the world. Frederick William I ,  3   whom it belonged , decided to give it to Russian people  4   a gift.    (sad), although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders , it is  6   (miss) now and its story remains   7   (神秘的).

答案:1. decorated 2. wonders       3. to         4. as         5. Sadly   6. missing        7. mysterious


 2课文大意概括 (旨在训练用30个单词概括大意的能力)

阅读课文,试着用30个单词概括课文大意,再比较答案

这篇课文讲述了琥珀屋的历史,它是用琥珀做成的。作者描述了琥珀屋制作的过程,为什么它会到了俄国人手里和它成了世界奇迹之一以及它是怎样丢失的。

    The passage tells the history ________________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________________________________________

答案:The passage tells the history of the Amber  Room, which was made of tons of amber. The writer describes how the Amber Room was made, why it came to Russia and became one of the wonders in the world and how it got lost.


 3课文佳句背诵与仿写 旨在培养对难句的理解和运用能力)

1. 原句】Frederick William l, the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.(普鲁士国王威廉一世绝不可能想到他送给俄罗斯人民的厚礼会有这样一段令人惊讶的历史。)

模仿要点句子结构: 主语,+加插入,谓语+ 宾语从句

【模仿1我们的老师John没想到他所给的例子会跟入学考试有关。

______________________________________________________________________________

答案:John, our teacher, could never have thought that the example that he gave to his students would have relation with the entrance exam.

【模仿2我的母亲,我生命中最重要的人,一直坚信我终有一天会取得成功的。

______________________________________________________________________________

答案:My mother, the most important person in my life, always believes that I will succeed one day.

 

2.【原句】 This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber were used to make it. (这件礼物就是琥珀屋,它之所以有这个名字,是因为造这间房子用了好几吨的琥珀。)

 【模仿要点句子结构:名词 + 非限制定语从句 + 原因状语从句

【模仿1】礼物是一辆小汽车,我拒绝接受是因为它太昂贵了,而且,我没有必要开车去学校。

______________________________________________________________________________

答案:The gift is a car, which I refused to accept because it is too expensive to me, in addition, I don’t need to drive a car to school.

【模仿22008奥运会开幕式是极大的成功,它使世界感到震惊,因为它巧妙地把中国的历史成就和未来之梦结合在一起呈现给世界。

_____________________________________________________________________________

答案:The opening ceremony of 2008 Olympics is a great success, which shocks the world because it has wonderfully combined Chinese historic achievements with dreams of future and showed them to the world.


3.【原句】There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea.毫无疑问,这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡,当时德国在波罗的海边的一个城市。

[模仿要点] 句子结构: There is no doubt that + which + at that time+ 定语从句

【模仿1】毫无疑问我在家乡度过的童年时期,自行车对我作用非常大,当其时我的家乡是长江边的一个小城市。

______________________________________________________________________________

答案:There is no doubt that bikes were very useful in my childhood in my hometown , which was at that time a small city on the bank of the Yangzi River.

【模仿2】毫无疑问这幅唐代的画价值连城,它为当时的一位名家所画。

 _____________________________________________________________________________

答案:There is no doubt that the Tang Dynasty picture is priceless, which was at that time painted by a famous painter.


单元自测

1完形填空

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从21—30各题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

字数:243

完成时间:15分钟

难度:***

   When dawn came, they realized that the boat was blocked in ice. The captain had fallen asleep but the rest of the crew hurriedly woke him. He took a small axe (), and with great care, so as to make a hole in the ice on the deck (甲板), he began to knock. From time to time, a wave burst over the boat and swept over him, but he kept working for ten minutes  21  the others looked on   22  . By this time he was  23  cold that he could no longer trust what he was doing.

   Each member of the crew took it in turn to cut the ice away as long as he could bear it.

   First, they had to knock off enough ice to get down on their knees. Standing on that rolling deck meant death, because a man who had fallen into the sea could not have been rescued.

   Then the captain discovered that ice was forming inside the cabin(船舱). He called  24  one of the crew and together they managed to get the stove alight, hoping that it would   25  enough heat to  warm the cabin above   26  point. Unless the ice in the bottom could be melted enough so that the   27   could be raised, they were in danger

   It took an hour's work before the boat began to float better. But by this time they had succeeded in removing most of the ice.

   Throughout the afternoon, the coating of ice began to build up again  28   their work. In the face of this danger, Captain Slater  29   the crew to clear the ice so that the boat would   30    until the next morning. Then they settled down to wait for anther day.

      21. A. until               B. before         C. after            D. while

      22. A. excitedly            B. anxiously        C. happily        D. strangely

      23. A. too                B. so              C. as            D. very

      24. A. to                 B. on             C. up            D. at

      25. A. get out              B. give off         C. get over       D. give in

      26. A. boiling             B. marking        C. freezing       D. melting

      27. A. boat                B. deck            C. sail            D. back

      28. A. whichever           B. though         C. as long as       D. in spite of

      29. A. demanded           B. made           C. ordered         D. agreed

      30. A. sink                B. live           C. float          D. ;flow

【答案】

  本文描述了一艘船在寒冷的天气中,遭遇到了冰冻,但在船长和船员的共同努力下,最终脱离了险境。

  21.  D.在大家轮流干之前,只是船长一人在干,船长干时,其他人只是在一旁注视着。

  22.  B.因为情况比较危急,所以大家观望时心情一定很焦虑。

  23.  B.前后有因果关系。

  24.  Acall to sb大声叫某人,call on拜访(某人)call up打电话,call at拜访(某地),四个词组中只有call to合乎语境。

  25.  B.点上炉子是为了让炉子“散发”热量,保持船舱暖和。

  26.  C.为使船舱不结冰,就要使其温度保持在“冰点”之上。

  27.  A.冰融化后,可使船的重量减轻,使船体上浮。

  28.  Din spite of意为“不管、尽管”,表示让步关系。

  29.  C.另三个词不能按sb to do

  30.  Cfloat意为“漂浮”,清除冰的目的显然是为了不使船下沉。

2语法填空

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为31-40的相应位置上。

字数:137

完成时间:8分钟

难度:***

      Mr. Smith lived in a small village. He grew vegetables. Years ago he found work in a big city and moved    31   with his family.

       32   the first Saturday in their new home, Mr. Smith took his new car out of the garage and   33   (wash) it. A man came at the moment.    34   he saw Mr. Smith's new car, he stopped and looked at it   35   a few minutes. Then Mr. Smith turned and saw him.

      The man said, "That's a nice car. Is    36   yours?"

      "Sometimes," Smith answered    37    a smile.

      "Sometimes?" The man said."    38   do you mean?"

      "Well," answered Smith slowly,  "When there's a party in town, it is my daughter's,. Mary. When there's a football game, it's my son's, John.    39   I wash it, and it looks really nice and clean, it's my wife's. And when it needs gas, it's    40   "

 答案:

  31there    32On  33was washingwashed  34When  35for  36it  37with

  38What4  39After  0mine

  31there.“那里”(in a big city),指示副词,

  32On,具体的某一天用介词on

  33washedand连接took his new carwashed it,表并列关系。

  34When。考查When引导的时间状语从句。

  35for,由a few minutes可知,应填for表一段时间。

  36it,代词,代替a nice car

  37withwith a smile意为“带着微笑”。

  38What,“What do you mean? 意为“你什么意思?

  39After,从上下逻辑可知“在我洗车之后”。

  40mine,考查I的名词性物主代词mine

3阅读理解

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的ABCD项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

词数:316

完成时间:7分钟

难度:***

Driving to a friend's house on a recent evening, I was attracted by the sight of the full moon rising just above my friend’s rooftops. I stopped to watch it for a few moments, thinking about what a pity it was that most city people? Myself included? Usually miss sights like this because we spend most of our lives indoors.  

My friend had also seen it. He grew up living in a forest in Europe, and the moon meant a lot to him then. It had touched much of his life.

I know the feeling. Last December I took my seven-year-old daughter to the mountainous jungle of northern India with some friends. We stayed in a forest rest-house with no electricity or running hot water. Our group had campfires outside every night, and indoors when it was too cold outside. The moon grew to its fullest during our trip. Between me and the high mountains lay three or four valleys. Not a light shone in them and not a sound could be heard. It was one of the quietest places I have ever known, a bottomless well of silence. And above me was the full moon, which struck me deeply.    

Today our lives are filled with glass, metal, plastic and fibre-glass. We have televisions, cell phones, pagers, electricity, heaters and ovens and air-conditioners, cars, computers.

Struggling through traffic that evening at the end of a tiring day, most of it spent indoors, I thought: before long, I would like to live in a small cottage. There I will grow vegetables and read books and walk in the mountains And perhaps write, but not in anger. I may become an old man there, and wear the bottoms of my trousers rolled and measure out my life in coffee spoons. But I will be able to walk outside on a cold silent night and touch the moon.

1.The best title for the passage would be______.

A. Touched by the moon

B. The pleasures of modern life

C. A bottomless well of silence

D. Break away from modern life 

2. The writer felt sorry for himself because________.

A. there was too many pollution

B. he failed to see the fullest moon

C. he didn’t adapt to modern inventions

D. there were too accidents on the road

3. What impressed the writer most in the mountainous jungle of northern India?

A. No modern equipment     B. Complete silence.

C. The nice moonlight        D. The high mountains

4. Modern things (Paragraph 4) are mentioned mainly to______.

A. show that the writer likes city life very much

B. tell us that people greatly benefit from modern life

C. explain that people have less chances to enjoy nature

D. show that we can also enjoy nature at home through them

5. The author wrote the passage to_______.

A. express the feeling of returning to nature

B. show the love for the moonlight

C. advise modern people to learn to live

D. want to communicate longing for modern life

【答案解析】

1.A 主旨大意题。文章通过描绘了月亮的美丽,表达了作者对月亮所代表的自然美的敬畏之情,同时美丽的月色也触动了作者的心灵。Touched by the moon(月色动人),借景抒情,以此作为题目简洁明了,点出了文章的主旨。

2.B 细节理解题。由第一段中的…thinking about what a pity it was that most city dwellers people? Myself included? Usually miss sights like this because we spend most of our lives indoors.可知答案为B

3.C 细节理解题。由第三段最后一句And above me was the full moon, which struck me deeply.可知答案为 C。作者在印度北部旅行时,为月色所动。

4.C 推理判断题。作者列举了一系列现代发明,其目的是说人类在享受这些现代发明所带来的好处的同时,也减少了接触大自然、享受月色的机会,表达了淡淡的惋惜之情。作者在此并无全盘否定现代文明之意,我们应结合上一段,才能较好地把握文章的含义。

5.A 写作意图题。本文作者借描写月色来表现了一种渴望回归自然、寻找闲适生活的愿望。最后一段作者渴望隐居深山,独坐农舍,在寒冷的静夜,踱步户外,随时看到伸手可及的月亮,touch一语双关,既指在高原地带常可以看到月色,也指作者可以用自己的心灵去触摸月亮,触摸自然。


4.基础写作

    2008925日广东省的茂名、阳江等地区遭受特大热带风暴的袭击。假如你是某英文报纸的通讯员,请根据下列表格,以A Hurricane Disaster为题,写一篇报道。

  【写作内容

要点

事件

地点

广东茂名、湛江、阳江等地区

时间

2008年9月25日

灾情

该地区遭受大风袭击,造成大暴雨。灾区的大量房屋倒塌,渔船被大风推到岸上,大量农作物被毁掉。农业和渔业生产遭到严重的破坏。

营救人员

营救活动

1.武警官兵及时营救灾民,给灾民提供食品和饮用水。

2.赈灾物资源源不断运往灾区。

3.国家领导同志视察灾区。

救灾效果

灾区一切顺利,标志灾区救灾工作初步胜利。

写作要求

    1.只能使用5个句子表达全部内容。文章的开头已经为你写好。

    2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。

评分标准

    句子结构准确,信息内容完整,篇章结构连贯。

写作向导

    1.时态:报道2008925日广东省的茂名、阳江等地区遭受特大热带风暴的袭击,

  应该用一般过去时为主要时态。

    2.可用词汇与句型:take place爆发、发生,the areas suffering the terrible hurricane热带风暴袭击的灾区。

A Hurricane Disaster

       A hurricane took place in some areas, like Maoming, Zhanjiang , and Yangjiang City in Guangdong on September 25, 2008.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

[答案]

A Hurricane Disaster

   A hurricane took place in some areas, like Maoming, Zhanjiang , and Yangjiang City in Guangdong in September 25, 2008. The terrible hurricane struck the areas above, causing lots of houses and crops there ruined, and even some fishing boats carried to the lands by the seaside. Actually, the farming and fishing industry suffered a lot.

   The Chinese Police Troops arrived immediately to rescue the villagers of the areas, doing their best to fight against the terrible hurricane, supplying the villagers with fresh water and food.

   After some leaders of our country also inspected the areas suffering the terrible hurricane, supplies and money from all parts of Guangdong were sent to those areas to support them. After a long time, everything went on very well, which is a sign of victory.

 

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