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初二英语上册知识点:宾语从句

来源:101教育网整理 2017-06-07 字体大小: 分享到:

  什么是宾语从句?不少同学在学习英语中,对于从句很不理解,下面101教育网小编给大家说说初二英语上册知识点:宾语从句,希望大家多看看。

  初二英语上册知识点:宾语从句

  一.宾语从句的定义

  置于动词、介词等词性后面起宾语作用的从句叫宾语从句。宾语从句的语序必须是陈述语序。谓语动词、介词、动词不定式,v.-ing形式后面都能带宾语从句。有些形容词(afraid,sure,glad等)之后也可以带宾语从句。

  二.宾语从句中引导词的用法

  在复合句中作主句的宾语,引导词有:

  连词:that (that 常可省略),whether, if 。代词:who, whose, what ,which 。副词:when ,where, how, why 等。

  (一)that引导的宾语从句(在非正式场合that可以省略)

  可跟that从句做宾语的动词有:say, think, insist, wish, hope, demand, imagine, wonder, know, suppose, see, believe, agree, admit, deny, expect, explain, order, command, feel, dream, suggest, hear, mean, notice, prefer, request, require, propose, declare, report等。

  例句:The boy believes that he will travel through space to other planets.

  注意事项:当主句谓语动词是 think, believe, suppose, expect 等词,而宾语从句的意思是否定时,常把否定转移至主句表示。

  例句:I don't think it is right for him to treat you like that.

  在以下情况中that不能省略

  1当句中的动词后接多于两个由that引导的宾语从句时,第一个that可省,但后面的that不可省。

  例句:He said (that) you were too young to understand the matter and that he was asked not to tell you.

  2当主句的谓语动词与that宾语从句之间有插入语时,that一般不可省。

  例句:Just then I noticed, for the first time, that our master was wearing his fine green coat and his black silk cap.

  3当that从句是双宾语中的直接宾语时,that不可省。

  例句:I can't tell him that his mother died.

  注意事项:许多带复合宾语的句子,that引导的宾语从句经常移到句子后部,而用it作形式宾语。

  例句:I find it necessary that we should do the homework on time.

  (二)由whether,if 引导的宾语从句


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