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部分否定句知识点总结,高中英语部分否定句知识点

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  部分否定句知识点总结,高中英语部分否定句知识点

  部分否定句就是对句子做部分否定,而不是完全的否定.完全否定句就是对句子进行完全的否定.

  完全否定句:当句子中含有否定词no,none,nobody,nothing,nowhere,neither,never等表达绝对否定的含义的时候,称为全部否定句.

  例如:Nobody knows.谁也不知道。(没有任何一个人知道.)

  No trickery can fool us.任何骗人的东西都不能欺骗我们.

  部分否定(即不完全否定)有如下一些表示方法:

  一、all的否定式:not all…(或:all…not)表示"并非都……"、"不是所有的都……"例如:

  Not all men can be masters.(=All men cannot be masters.)并非人人都能当头头。

  Not all bamboo grows tall.并非所有的竹子都会长得很高。

  二、both的否定式:not…both(或:both…not)"并非两个……都……"例如:

  I don't want both the books.我不是两本书都要。

  Both(the)windows are not open.两扇窗子并不都开着。

  三、every…的否定式:"不是每……都……"例如:

  Not every book is educative.(或:Every book is not educative.)不是每本书都有教育意义的。

  Not everyone likes this book.并非人人都喜欢这本书。

  This flower is not seen everywhere.这花并不是随处可见的。

  四、always的否定式:"并非总是(并非一直)……"例如:

  He is not always so sad.他并不是一直都这样悲伤。

  五、entirely,altogether,completely和quite的否定式:"不完全……","并非完全……"例如:

  The businessman is never to be entirely trusted.不可以完全信任商人。

  He felt not altogether satisfied.他并不完全满意。

  I don't agree completely.我并不完全同意。

  What he did was not quite proper.他做的不十分妥当。

  六、all the time的否定式:"并非一直……"、"未必老是……"例如:

  A foolish man doesn't make a mistake all the time.笨人未必老是犯错误。

  七、not…and…的否定式,被否定的往往是and后面的那一部分。例如:

  He did not speak clearly and correctly.他讲得清楚但不正确。

  This film is not interesting and instructive.这部电影有趣但无教育意义。

  She cannot sing and dance.她会唱歌但不会跳舞。

  如果将and换成or,not对其后面的两部分就全盘否定了。

  He did not speak clearly or correctly.他讲的既不清楚也不正确。

  如要对上述的all,both,every,always,以及entirely,altogether,completely,quite和all the time等词作完全否定,那就分别要用与之相对应的全否定词,如no,none,neither,no one,never,not(never)…at all等。例如:

  All of them can do it.---None of them can do it.

  Both are good.---Neither is good.

  Everybody likes it.---Nobody likes it.

  He is always late.---He is never late.

  We don't trust them entirely.---We never trust them at all.

  He was here all the time.---He was never here.

  部分否定句

  句型7[All,every等总括词…not+谓语动词…]

  1.All is not gold that glitters.2.All is not lost that is in peril.

  3.And yet all did not go smoothly between them,for the younger man…had his heart set on New York.

  4.I don't like both of the novels.5.Every one cannot make music.

  6.Everybody,it is true,wouldn't like it.7.Such a thing is not found everywhere.

  8.The good and the beautiful do not always go together.

  9.A man of learning is not always a man of wisdom.10.I don't wholly agree.

  [注]Some people like that sort of thing;Some don't.

  全体否定句

  句型8[no,none等否定词…+肯定式谓语+其他]

  1.Everybody talks about the weather,but nobody does anything about it.

  2.No trickery can fool us.3.None of my friends smoke.

  4.I could remember neither the name of the author nor the title of the book.

  5.Nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.

  6.The book was nowhere to be found.7.Neither of the sisters is here.

  8.Never have we been daunted by difficulties.

  句型9[主语+否定式谓语+不定代词或不定副词]

  1.I do not know any of them.2.I did not receive any letters yesterday.

  3.I don't like either of the novels.4.Justice must not be denied to anyone.

  5.Did you go any where yesterday?-No,I didn't go anywhere yesterday.

  6.Anyhow I shall not go today.

  [注]不可说"anybody cannot do it."只能说"nobody can do it."



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