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高二英语下册知识点:Unit5 Theme parks

来源:101教育网整理 2017-09-25 字体大小: 分享到:

  知识点总结

  1.amuse

  【课文原句】Parks provide people with a place to amuse themselves and to escape their busy lives for a while.(P33)

  【教师点拨】amuse vt.意为“使高兴;使开心”,和please(取悦于;让……高兴)是近义词。amuse oneself意为“自娱自乐;消遣”。amuse的名词形式是amusement。如:

  I think it amuses him to see people make fools of themselves.

  I bought a magazine to amuse myself while I was on the train.

  They are more than amusement parks with rides,such as a Ferris wheel,merry-go-round or a roller coaster.(P33)

  Carl came last in the race,much to my amusement.

  【知识拓展】amused adj.意为“逗乐的;觉得好笑的”,常用be amused(at/by sth),指“觉得有趣;好笑;以……为乐”。如:

  She was very amused by/at your comments.

  Amused by the flying kites,the child stopped crying.

  2.various

  【课文原句】Though parks share this basic purpose,they find various ways to meet this need.(P33)

  【教师点拨】various adj.意为“不同的;各种各样的”,相当于different kinds of,后接复数名词。如:

  At the meeting,the people present expressed their various opinions.

  The students were late for various reasons.

  【知识拓展】various是由动词vary(变化)派生而来的形容词,它的副词形式是variously。variety是名词,意为“有变化”,用a variety of表示“各种各样的;多种多样的”,后接复数名词,可与various互用。如:

  These new parks have a variety of things to see and do.(P33)

  3.charge

  【课文原句】They all charge money for admission,and for the rides and shows in the park.(P33)

  【教师点拨】charge通常作及物动词,意为“收(费);索(价)”,此时charge后接宾语(被收费的对象)和钱数;如果接购买的商品或其它原因,用for连接。如:

  I’ll charge you five dollars.

  How much do you charge for a haircut?

  charge还可以表示“把……归咎于(to,on,upon);告发;在控告(with)”。如:

  Bob was charged with the murder,but he refused to admit it.

  【知识拓展】charge作名词时,构成许多固定搭配:in charge(主管);in charge of(负责某事);in the charge of(由……管);take charge of(负责管理)。如:

  The doctor in charge told us to be calm.

  Who is in charge of the school instead of Mr Black?

  The factory has been in the charge of the new boss for five months.

  Can you take charge of this class please,Miss Li?

  4.profit

  【课文原句】The big companies that own them parks except to make a profit not just by the charges for admission…(P33)

  【教师点拨】profit n.意为“利润;经济上的好处”,既可数也不可数,用作复数的场合较多;也可译为“好处;益处(不可数)”。make a profit指“获得利润”。如:

  Tom said he would give up his profits if there were no explanations to give him.

  She makes a big profit from selling waste material to textile companies.

  【知识拓展】profit也可作及物或不及物动词,profit by意为“从……中得到好处”。如:

  You must make it clear what it will profit me.

  You may profit by the experience of others.

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