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2016年高二英语下学期期末知识点梳理

来源:101教育网整理 2017-09-26 字体大小: 分享到:

  合理的总结,合理的归纳,对于考试成绩会有很大的帮助,下文为大家推荐了高二英语下学期期末知识点梳理,祝大家期末考试顺利。

  1.What will life be like in the future?未来的生活会是什么样子?(p.41 Warming Up)

  What...like?“……像什么/怎么样/什么样子?”,此处like是介词,其宾语是what。

  如:①What's the weather like there?那儿的天气怎么样?

  ②What's your teacher like?你老师是怎样一个人?

  2.What happened to the people on the earth?地球上的人出什么事了?(p.42 Listening Ex.3)

  happen to“某人/某物发生了什么事,怎么了”。

  如:①That autumn something unfortunate happened to my family.那年秋天,我家发生了一件不幸的事。

  ②What finally happened to the poor boy?这可怜的男孩最后怎么了?

  ③What has happened to your leg?你的腿怎么了?

  ④What has happened to the recorder?录音机怎么了?

  3.It would be wonderful if(I had more free time)!假如(我有更多的自由时间),那该多好啊!(p.43 Useful expression_rs)

  什么是虚拟语气?虚拟语气表示说话人的主观愿望、猜测、建议或与事实不符的假设等,也可以表示可能性较小或不可能发生的情况,虚拟语气常用于复合句中。上句是一个含有条件状语从句的复合句,主句和从句的谓语动词使用了虚拟语气,表示“与现在事实相反的”一种假设。那么,当说话人想表示“与现在事实相反的”假设时,主句和条件状语从句的谓语动词的“模版形式”是怎样的呢?请观察如下,

  如:①If I were you,I wouldn't accept her suggestion.如果我是你,我不会接受她的建议。

  ②If I knew the answer to the question,I should(would)tell you.如果我知道问题的答案,我会告诉你的。

  ③If he were here,he might talk with you.如果他在这儿,他可能会跟你谈谈的。

  ④If I didn't do exercise every day,I wouldn't be so strong.如果我不每天锻炼,我是不会这么强壮的。

  SectionⅡ阅读

  4.One way to catch a glimpse of the future is to examine some of the major trends in contemporary society.瞥一眼未来是什么样子的办法之一是考察一下当今社会的主要倾向。(p.43 Reading‘Life in the future’第2行)

  (1)to catch a glimpse意为“看一眼;瞥见”。在句中作one way的定语;

  to examine some of the major trends in contemporary society作表语。

  ①I caught a glimpse of our new neighbor.我只看过一眼我们的新邻居。

  ②I glimpsed her among the crowd.我瞥见她在人群当中。

  ③The man glimpsed the thief climbing out of the window.那人瞥见小偷从窗户爬出来。

  (2)major(adj.&n.&vi.)主要的,较大的,主修的;major in主修。

  如:①The major aim of the air raid was the complete destruction of all means of communica-tions by bombing.空袭的主要目的是通过轰炸彻底摧毁敌人的通讯设施。

  ②Cities,such as Shanghai,Beijing and Guangzhou are major cities in China.像上海、北京和广州等城市是中国的主要城市。

  ③Physics was his major subject in the university.物理是他大学的主修课。

  ④He is a history major.他是主修历史的学生。

  ⑤He majors in physics.他主修物理。

  5.A good example of how transportation is changing is the new maglev train,which is environmentally friendly,energy-saving and travels at an amazing speed of 430 km/h.交通工具是如何变化的一个很好的例子就是新兴的磁悬浮火车,这种火车既友好于周围环境,又节能,并且以每小时430公里的惊人速度行驶。(p.43 Reading‘Transportation’第4行)

  (1)句中how transportation is changing(交通工具是如何变化的)作介词of的宾语从句;which is…and travels…430 km/h是限制性定语从句,其先行词是train。amaze(vt.)使惊奇,使吃惊;amazing(adj.)令人惊异的;amazed(人)惊异的,惊愕的。如:

  ①Her knowledge amazes me.她的学识令我吃惊。

  ②Visitors were amazed at the achievements of the city during the past ten years.参观者对这城市过去十年中的成就感到惊奇。

  ③I was amazed by the news of George's sudden death.听到乔治突然去世的消息,我感到惊愕。

  ④What an amazing painting!多么了不起的一幅油画啊!

  (2)at a speed of...以……的速度

  The car is racing at a frightening speed of 200 m/h.这辆小汽车以每小时200英里的吓人速度飞驰着。

  6.Many companies and consumers have already begun reforming the way they do business.许多公司和消费者已经开始改革他们之间的交易形式。(p.43 Reading‘Business’第1行)

  (1)reforming the way they do business是动名词短语作宾语。动词begin的宾语也可用不定式,可改为…begun to reform the way they do business;they do business作名词way的定语从句。

  ☆reform(n.&v.)改革,改进,悔改。

  如:①The reform and open policy has brought us Chinese people a rich and colourful life.改革开放的政策给我们中国人民带来了富裕和丰富多彩的生活。

  ②We must reform the outdated rules and regulations.我们必须改革那些过时的规章制度。

  ③He promised to reform if given another chance.他答应只要再给他一次机会就一定悔改。

  (2)名词way(方法)后面的定语从句的关系词可用that代替in which,也可以如上句一样不用任何关系词。再如:

  ①They way(that/in which)you're doing is completely crazy.你这么干法,简直是发疯了。

  ②I liked the way(that/in which)she organized the meeting.我喜欢她组织会议的方法。

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