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现在完成时的被动语态知识点总结,高中英语现在完成时的被动语态知识点总结

来源:101教育网整理 2017-09-29 字体大小: 分享到:

  高中英语现在完成时的被动语态知识点总结(一)

  现在完成时的被动语态

  现在完成时的被动语态概念:

  现在完成时被动语态的结构就是现在完成时态和被动语态结构的叠合,即“have+been+动词过去分词”。

  现在完成时态的被动语态的构成:

  1、现在完成时的被动语态的肯定式为:have/has+been+done。

  如:The new schools have been set up.新学校都已经建成了。

  The experiment has been done successfully.这个实验做得很成功。

  2、现在完成时的被动语态的否定式为:have/has+not+been+done。

  如:The books have not been borrowed by the teacher.那些书还没有被老师借走了。

  Tom's novel has not been published.汤姆的小说还没有被出版。

  3、现在完成时的被动语态的一般疑问句需将have/has提到主语的前面。

  如:—Have the letters been posted?信已经寄出去了吗?

  —Yes,they have.是的,已寄出了。

  —Has his bike been repaired?他的自行车修好了吗?

  —No,it hasn't.不,还没有被修好。

  4、现在完成时的被动语态的特殊疑问句为:疑问词+have/has+been+done。

  如:How long have the machine been repaired?这些机器已被修好多长时间了?

  Who has been invited?谁受到了邀请?

  现在完成时态的被动语态的用法:

  1、现在完成时的被动语态同它的主动语态一样,强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,通常与already,yet,just,never,recently等副词连用。

  如:The room has already been cleaned.房间已经被清扫干净了。(含现在已不用清扫房间了)

  The doctor hasn't been sent for yet.还没有派人去请医生。(含现在应派人去请医生)

  The office looks nice.It has just been cleaned.办公室看起来很干净。它刚被打扫过。(含现在已不用清扫房间了)

  Such a thing has never been heard of before.这样的事以前从未听说过。(含现在才听说过)

  Recently the price of TV sets has been cut.近来电视机降价了.(含电视机的价格现在比以前低了)

  2、表示一个被动的动作或状态开始于过去,持续到现在,并可能持续下去,常与for或since等引导的时间状语连用,或用与How long…?的句型中。

  如:The machine has been repaired for two hours.这台机器已修了两小时了。

  They have been helped by us for two weeks.他们得到我们帮助有两周了。

  How long has the project been carried out?这项工程已被实施多长时间了?

  高中英语现在完成时的被动语态知识点总结(二)

  现在完成时的被动语态是本单元所学的语法项目,也是高考中经常考查的一项内容。下面我们谈谈它的用法。

  一、概念

  主动语态表示主语为动作的执行者;被动语态表示主语为动作的承受者。现在完成时的被动语态强调过去的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,但主语为动作的承受者,表示“……已经被……”。如:

  The new school has been set up.新学校已经建成了。

  二、形式

  现在完成时的被动语态的肯定式为:have/has+been+done。如:

  The experiment has been done successfully.这个实验做得很成功。

  现在完成时的被动语态的否定式为:have/has+not+been+done。如:

  Tom’s novel has not been published.汤姆的小说还没有被出版。

  现在完成时的被动语态的一般疑问句需将have/has提到主语的前面。如:

  Has his bike been repaired?他的自行车修好了吗?

  现在完成时的被动语态的特殊疑问句为:疑问词+have/has+been+done?如:

  Who has been invited?谁受到了邀请?

  三、注意

  在使用现在完成时的被动语态时要注意以下四点:

  1.过去分词前的助动词的形式是have/has+been,不可漏掉其中的任何一个。

  【误】Many new buildings been built since 1980.

  【正】Many new buildings have been built since 1980.

  【析】谓语部分结构不全,时态部分不完整。

  2.必须表示被动。如:

  【误】Something bad has been happened to him.

  【正】Something bad has happened to him.

  【析】被动语态误用。happen为不及物动词,不及物动词没有被动语态。

  【误】The door has been opened of itself.

  【正】The door has opened of itself.

  【析】有些动词如open,break,drop等既可以作及物动词,又可以作不及物动词,若不强调谁是动作的发出者,我们通常用主动语态。of itself意思是“自动地”,因此,此句不可用被动语态。

  【误】I have introduced to Mr Smith.

  【正】I have been introduced to Mr Smith(by Mr Wang).

  【析】introduce为及物动词,I是introduce动作的承受者,应用被动语态。

  3.由finish,buy,start,begin,post,return,borrow,join,marry,open等短暂性动词构成的现在完成时的被动语态不能与表示一段时间的状语如for four days,for a long time等连用,如需表达这样的意思,可改变动词或时态。如:

  译:这本书买了多久了?

  误:How long has this book been bought?

  正:How long ago was this book bought?

  但这类动词的否定式可与since或for引导的表示一段时间的状语连用。如:

  No books have been bought since last week.自上周以来,没有人来买过书。

  4.短语动词是一个不可分割的整体,在被动结构中要保持完整性,不可省略短语动词中的介词或副词。如:

  The orphan has been well looked after.这个孤儿一直受到很好的照顾。

  巩固练习

  1.Paper moneyfor over a thousand years.

  A.usedB.has been usedC.has usedD.is using

  2.Great changes,in my hometown and you can see a lot of factories.

  A.have been taken place;are being set up

  B.have taken place;have been set up

  C.are taken place;had been set up

  D.had taken place;will be set up

  3.Come and sit down by the fire.Your handscold.

  A.have been feltB.feelC.are feltD.have felt

  4.The fireto the fifth floor.all the people?

  A.has got;Have;been saved

  B.has been got;Have,saved

  C.has got;Do;save

  D.has got;Have;saved

  5.—We want to sit at the table near the window.

  —I’m sorry,but italready.

  A.has takenB.tookC.was takenD.has been taken

上一篇:一般过去时的被动语态知识点总结,高中英语一般过去时的被动语态知识点总结

下一篇:一般将来时的被动语态知识点总结,高中英语一般将来时的被动语态知识点总结

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