引用或转述别人说的话时有两种方法：直接引述别人的原话，这叫做直接引语(direct speech)。用自己的话转述别人的话，叫间接引语(indirect speech)。一般地讲，直接引语前后要加引号，间接引语不用引号，而用宾语从句来表达。
Mr.Black said,“I'm busy.”布菜克先生说：“我很忙”。（直接引语）
Mr.Black saidthat he was busy.布菜克先生说他很忙。（宾语从句是间接引语）
He said,“Ilikeitvery much.”他说：“我非常喜欢它”。
→He saidthathelikeditvery much.他说他非常喜欢它。(I改为he,it不变)
He said,“Youtoldmethis story.”他说：“你给我讲过这个故事。”
→He said thatIhad toldhimthat story.他说我给他讲过那个故事。(You改为I,me改为him,told改为had told)
He said to me,“She’sleftherbook inyourroom”.他对我说：“她把书放在你的房间里去了。”
He told me thatshe hadleftherbook inmyroom.他对我说她把书放在我的房间里去了。（She’s→she had，her不变，your→my）
He said,“I usuallywatchTV on Sunday.”他说：“我常在星期天看电视”。
→He said that he usuallywatchedTV on Sunday.他说他常在星期天看电视。
He said,“I'm usingthe knife.”他说：“我正在用小刀。”
→He said that hewas usingthe knife.他说他正在用小刀。
She said,“Ihave not heardfrom him since May.”她说：“自从五月份来我就没有收到他的来信。”
→She said that shehad notheard from him since May.她说自从五月份以来她就没收到他的来信。
He said，“Icameto help you.”他说：“我来帮助你。”
→He said thathe had cometo help me.他说他来帮助我。
He said,“Ihad finishedmy homework before supper.”他说：“晚饭前我己做完了作业。”
→He said that hehad finishedhis homework before supper.他说晚饭前他己做完了作业。
Zhou Lan said,“I'll doit after class.”周兰说：“下课后我就去做。”
→Zhou Lan said that shewould doit after class.周兰说下课后她就去做。
He said,“Ishall be doingmy homework then.”他说：“那时我将正在做作业。”
→He said that heshould be doinghis homework then.他说那时他将正在做作业。
He said,“Weshall have finishedthe work by that time.”他说：“我们将在那时以前完成工作。”
→He said that theyshould have finishedthe work by that time.他说他们将在那时以前完成工作。
The teacher said,“The earthisround.”老师说：“地球是圆的。”
→The teacher said that the earthisround.老师说地球是圆的。
He said,“Iwasborn in Shangdong in 1965.”他说:“我1965年生于山东。”
→He said that hewasborn in Shangdong in 1965.他说他1965年生于山东。
He said,“ColumbusdiscoveredAmerica in 1492.”他说：“哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。”
→He said ColumbusdiscoveredAmerica in 1492.他说哥伦布在1492年发现了美洲。
He says,“Ifinishedthe work.”他说：“我做完工作了。”
He says that hefinishedthe work.他说他做完工作了。
He will say,“Ihave wateredthe flowers.”他会说：“我己经浇花了。”
He will say hehas wateredthe flowers.他会说他己经浇花了。
例：He said:"It is too late."
例：He said it was too late.
例："I'm thinking of changing my address."he said.
→He said that he was thinking of changing his address.（I和he指同一个人）
Xiao Ming asked me,"Are you going to the park with us?"
→Xiao Ming asked me if I wasgoing to the park with them.（us与them指相同的人，XiaoMing是其中的一员；me和you指同一个人）
Mr.Li said,"She will attend the meeting."
I said to my children,"I will give you some presents on Christmas Day."
→I told my children I would give them some presents on Christmas Day.（I为同一说话者）
如：My father told me,"He will come back next week."
→My father told me that he would come back the next week.
She asked me,"Did you finish your homework?"
→She asked me if I had finished my homework.
如：The teacher said to us,"Light runs much faster than sound."
→The teacher told us light runs much faster than sound.
如：The old man often says,"I joined the Red Army when I was young."
→The old man often says that he joined the Red Army when he was young.
如：The politics teacher said to us,"The party was founded in 1921."
→The politics teacher told us that the party was founded in 1921.
4、直接引语谓语有情态动词：had better，would rather及need，must，oughtto等时：
如：He said to me,"I would rather live in the countryside."
→He told me that he would rather live in the countryside.
如："I want to improve my English at school,"said the child.
→The child said(that)he wanted to improve his English at school.
如："Are you sure he will come today?"Jenny asked Helen.
→Jenny asked Helen if/whether she was sure he would come that day.
如："Is he a director or an actor?"she asked me.
→She asked me whether he was a director or an actor.
如："You haven't finished your composition,have you?"the teacher said to me.
→The teacher asked me if I had finished my composition.
如："You're late for class,aren't you?"the teacher said angrily to me.
→The teacher warned me that I was late for class.
如："When did you come here?"Tom asked Jim.
→Tom asked Jim when he had gone there.
如：The doctor said to the patient,"Don't eat oily food again."
→The doctor advised the patient not to eat oily food again.
如："How clever a boy he is."the teacher said to the mother.
→The teacher told the mother how clever a boy he was.
或：The teacher told the mother that he was clever boy.
如：Mrs.Smith said,"I don't know the way to the station.How can I get there?"
→Mrs.Smith said that she didn't know the way to the station and asked me how she could get there.
9、若直接引语是What's the matter?/What has happened?/What's wrong with...?时，变成间接引语语序不变：
如："What's the matter?"said he.
→He asked me what was the matter.
today,tonight that day,that night
this evening that evening
last week the week before
tomorrow the next/following day
yesterday the day before
next week/month/year the next week/month/year
如：John said just now,"I came here yesterday."
→John said just now that he came here yesterday.