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插入语知识点总结,高中英语插入语知识点总结

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  高中英语插入语知识点总结(一)

  插入语的概念:

  所谓插入语,就是指插在句子中间,对句子起补充或附加的说明的成分。一般说来,插入语与句中其他部分没有语法上的联系,若将其去掉,句子结构仍然完整。插入语在句中主要起解释、说明、总结等作用,此外还可用于表示说话者的态度和看法、起强调作用、引起别方的注意、转移话题、承上启下等。

  插入语的几种类型:

  一、形容词(短语)作插入语

  如:Sure enough,she was there.果然她在那里。

  Strange to say,he is still ignorant of it.说也奇怪,他还不知道这件事。

  Mostimportantofall,theseactivitieshavestrengthenedtheirtieswiththeworkingpeople.最重要的是,这些活动加强了他们和劳动人民的联系。

  二、副词(短语)作插入语

  如:I'm seeing him in May一or rather early June.我5月份见他——更确切地说是在6月初。

  We must be back be foremidnight;otherwisewe’llbelockedout.我们必须在午夜之前赶回去,否则我们就会被锁在门外。

  三、介词短语作插入语

  Hedoesn’tmind.Infact,heisverypleased.他不介意,实际上他很高兴。

  Bytheway,doyouknowwhereMarylives?顺便问一下,你知道玛丽住在哪里吗?

  Theboyisnotfoolish.Onthecontrary,Ithinkheisveryclever.这孩子不愚蠢,相反我认为他很聪明。

  Alotofuswanttoleavenow—Bill,forexample[=forexample,Bill].我们很多人现在都想走——比如,比尔就是一例。

  四、v-ing分词(短语)作插入语

  Generallyspeakingchildrenliketowatchtelevision.一般说来,小孩子喜欢看电视。

  Judgingfrom[by]hisaccent,hemaybefromthesouth.听他的口音,他可能是南方人。

  五、不定式短语作插入语

  Tobeginwith,Idonotlikeitscolour.首先,我不喜欢它的颜色。

  Totellthetruth,thefilmwasagreatdisappointmenttome.说实在的,那部影片使我大为失望。

  Tomakealongstoryshort,weagreedtodisagree.长话短说,我们同意各自保留不同的看法。

  六、句子(陈述句和一般疑问句等)作插入语

  Believeitornot,theygotmarriedsoon.信不信由你,他们不久就结婚了。

  Helearnseasily,andwhat’smore,herememberswhathehaslearnt.他学习起来很容易,而且他所学习过的都记得住。

  Hedidn’tgo,that’stosay,it’snotrecordedthathedid.他没去,换句话说,他去了这个事实无案可查。

  插入语用法例题解析:

  插入语是一种独立成分,通常与句中其他成分没有语法上的关系,插入语大都是对一句话进行附加说明或解释,通常由一个词、一个短语或一个句子构成,常置于句首、句中或句末,一般用逗号或破折号与句子隔开。下面举例归纳插入语的几种用法。

  例1:____the more expensive the camera,the better its quality.

  A.General speaking

  B.Speaking general

  C.Generally speaking

  D.Speaking generally

  解析:本题答案为C.generally speaking为分词短语,意思是“一般来说”,在句中用作插入语。

  小结:许多分词短语可以用作插入语,这样的分词短语有:strictly speaking(严格地说),generally considering(一般认为),judging from……(根据……判断)等。

  例2:Two middle-aged passengers fellin to the sea.____,neither of them could swim.

  A.In fact

  B.Luckily

  C.Unfortunately

  D.Naturally

  解析:本题答案为C.unfortunately为副词,意思是“令人遗憾地,不巧,可惜”,在句中用作插入语。

  小结:常用作插入语的副词或副词短语有:indeed(的确),surely(无疑),however(然而),frankly(坦率地说),obviously(显然),naturally(天然地),luckily(happily)forsb.(算某人幸运),fortunately(幸好),strangely(奇怪),briefly(简单地说)等。

  例3:Your performance in the driving test didn't reach the required standard,____,you failed.

  A.in the end

  B.after all

  C.in other words

  D.at the same time

  解析:本题答案为C.in other words为介词短语,意思是“换句话说”,在句中用作插入语。

  小结:常用作插入语的介词短语有:in conclusion(总之),in a word(简而言之),in short(简而言之),in general(一般说来),in a sense(在某种意义上),in my view(在我看来),in his opinion(按照他的看法),in fact(事实上),at first(首先),in addition(此外),of course(当然),to my surprise(使我惊奇的),to her regret(使她遗憾的),for example(例如)等。

  例4:It is so nice to hear from her.____,we last met more than thirty years ago.

  A.What's more

  B.That is to say

  C.In other words

  D.Believe it or not

  解析:本题答案为D.believe it or not为一分句,意思是“信不信由你”,在句中作插入语。

  小结:用简短的句子结构作插入语,它们常置于句中或句末。这类简短的句子有:I am sure(我可以肯定地说),I believe(我相信),do you know(你知道吗),you see(你明白),I'm afraid(恐怕),it is said(据说),I suppose(我想),what's more(而且),what's worse(更糟糕的是),that is(也就是说),what is important(重要的是)等。

  例5:____with you,I have no money to spare.

  A.To be frank

  B.What's more

  C.In addition

  D.However

  解析:本题答案为A.to be frank为不定式短语,意思是“坦率地说”,在句中用作插入语。

  小结:常用作插入语的不定式短语有:to be sure(无疑地),to sumup(概括地说),to tell the truth(老实说)等。

  例6_____,he should have done such a thing.

  A.Speakinggeneral

  B.Strangetosay

  C.Luckily

  D.Ofcourse

  解析:本题答案为B.strange to say为形容词短语,意思是“说也奇怪”,在句中用作插入语。

  小结:常用作插入语的形容词或其短语有:true(真的),funny(真可笑),needless to say(不用说),mos timportant of all(最为重要),worse still(更糟糕的),even better(更好)等。

  插入语的几种类型:

  1)形容词(短语)作插入语:

  能用作插入语的形容词(短语)常见的有:true,wonderful,excellent,strangetosay,mostimportantofall,sureenough等。

  如:True,it would be too bad.真的,太糟了。

  Wonderful,we have won again.太好了,我们又赢了。

  2)副词(短语)作插入语:

  能用作插入语的副词(短语)有:indeed,surely,still,otherwise,certainly,however,generally,personally,honestly,fortunately,luckily,though,besides,exactly,perhaps,maybe,probably,frankly,orrather等。

  如:When he got there,he found,however,that the weather was too bad.可是到了那儿之后他发现,那儿的天气太坏了。

  Otherwise,he would still be at home.不然的话,他还会在家的。

  3)介词短语作插入语:

  能用作插入语的介词短语有:in fact,in one's opinion,in general,in a word,in other words,in a few words,of course,by the way,as a result,for example,on the contrary,on the other hand,to one's surprise,in short,as a matter of fact,in conclusion,in brief等。

  如:You can't wait any more-in other words,you should start at once.你不能再等了—换言之,你得立即出发。

  On the contrary,we should streng then our cooperation with them.相反,我们应该加强和他们的合作。

  4)V-ing(短语)作插入语:

  能用作插入语的V-ing(短语)常见的有:generally speaking,strictly speaking,judging from by,talking of,considering等。

  如:Generally speaking,the weather there is neither too cold in winter nor too hot in summer.一般来说,那儿的气候冬天不太冷,夏天不太热。

  Judging by his clothes,he may be an artist.从衣着来判断,他可能是个艺术家。

  5)不定式短语作插入语:

  能用作插入语的不定式短语有:to be frank,to be honest,to be sure,to tell you the truth,to make matters worse,to sumup,to start with,to begin with等。

  如:To be frank,I don't quite agree with you.坦率地说,我不太同意你的意见。

  To tell you the truth,I'm not so interested in the matter.跟你说实话,我对这件事情的兴趣不大。

  To sumup,success results from hard work.总而言之,成功是艰苦努力的结果。

  6)句子(陈述句和一般疑问句)作插入语:

  能用作插入语的句子有:I am sure,I believe,I think,I know,I suppose,I hope,I'm afraid,you see,what's more,that is to say,as we know,as I see,believe it or not等。

  如:Some animals only half-hibernate,that is to say,their sleep is not such a deep one.有些动物只是半冬眠,就是说,它们的睡眠并不是深度睡眠。

  I believe,China will catch up with the developed countries sooner or later.我确信,中国迟早会赶上发达国家。

  He can't pass the exam,because he doesn't study hard.

  What's more,he isn't so clever.他不能通过这次考试,因为他学习不认真,更何况他又不太聪明。

  高中英语插入语知识点总结(二)

  一、对全句进行解释或说明

  表明依据、来源、态度、可能性、肯定与否定、引起注意、征求同意、感情色彩等。

  正如我们所知as we know/as we see

  信不信由你believe it or not

  考虑到considering that

  坦率地/一般地/严格地/开诚布公地frankly/generally/honestly/strictly speaking

  在某种程度上in a way/sense

  据说it is said

  根据判断judging from/by...

  显然obvoiusly

  说来也奇怪strange to say

  果然sure enough

  说到talking of

  太好了wonderful

  照我看来as I see it

  我敢说I dare say

  我确信/猜测/希望/猜想/的意思是/认为/不知道I believe/guess/hope/mean/suppose/think/wonder

  我恐怕/肯定I`m afraid/sure

  以我之见in my opinion/view

  似乎it semms to me

  就我个人而言personally

  肯定surely

  说句公道话to be fair

  坦率地说to be frank

  老实说to be honest

  的确/无疑地to be sure

  告诉你实话吧to tell you the truth

  幸好fortunately

  算某人幸运happily/luckily for sb.

  不幸的是unfortunately

  使我失望/欣慰/满意/惊讶much to my disappointment/joy/satisfaction/surprise

  事实上as a matter of fact=in fact

  毕竟/别忘了after all

  我说I say

  我告诉你I tell you

  正如你所知道as you know

  正如你所说的as you say

  你认为...do you think/suppose

  你难道不认为don`t you think

  你知道you know

  你瞧you see

  Exercises1:

  1.____,the more expensive the camera,the better its qualty.(2005)

  A.General speaking B.Speaking general

  C.Generally speaking D.Speaking generally

  2.It is no nice to hear from her,______,we last met more than thirty years ago.(2002北京)

  A.What`s more B.That is to say

  C.In other words D.Believe it or not

  3.This is Mr White,_______ I think has something interesting to tell you.

  A.which B.whom C.that D.who

  4.I made a call to my parents yesterday.To my disappointment,______ of them answered it.

  A.either B.none C.neither D.nobody(2005福建)

  5.The winter of 1990 was extremely bad.______ most people say it was the worst winter of their lives.(2004浙江)

  A.At last B.In fact C.In a word D.As a result

  6.People may have different opinions about Karen,but I admire her.__,she is a great musician.

  A.After all B.As a result C.In other words D.As usual

  7.Mum is coming.What present ______ for your birthday?(2005福建)

  A.You expect she has got B.you expect has she got

  C.do you expect she has got D.do expect has she got

  二、起连接作用,使前后语句语义贯通,衔接紧密

  表示列举、顺序、总结、增补、等同、转折、对比、因果、转换话题

  例如for example=for instance/such as/like

  第一/首先at first=first of all

  首先to begin with=to start with

  总的来说all in all=in total

  总之in a word=in conclusion

  简而言之in brief=in short

  概括地说/一般说来in general=in summary=to sum up

  此外in addition

  更确切地说or rather=to be exact

  另外还有what`s more=besids=also

  换言之/换句话in other words

  类似地similarly

  也就是说/即that is(to say)

  确切地说to be exact

  尽管如此all the ame

  即使这样even so

  然而however

  反过来in turn

  同时meanwhile

  否则/不然的话otherwise

  尽管though

  恰恰相反on the contrary

  另一方面on the other hand

  当然of course=certainly

  难怪/怪不得no wonder

  因此therefore

  为了安全起见to be safe

  结果as a result

  顺便说一下by the way

  最重要的是above all=most important of all

  比这更好的是and even better

  更何况/况且besides=moreover=what`s more

  更糟糕是what`s=worse still=worse than all=to make things worse

  如果有的话if any/if ever

  如果不是if not如果是if so

  如果你不介意的话if you don`t mind

  如果你喜欢if you like

  要是那样的话in that case

  与...相比较compared with/to

  Exercises 2:

  8.If metal is heated and then cooled very quickly,_____,by dipping in water,it will be very hard but will break easily.(2005黄冈)

  A.what`s more B.for example C.in general D.on the other hand

  9.---Do you think I should get a good guide book?

  ---Yes,of course.______,you also need a good camera and comfortable shoes

  A.What`s more B.In other words C.By the way D.All in all(2004北京春)

  10.Your performance in the driving test didn`t reach the required standard---_____,you failed.

  A.in the end B.after all C.in other words D.at the same time(1999)

  11.---Have you been to New Zealand?

  ---No,I`d like to,____.(2005山东)

  A.too B.though C.yet D.either

  12.Your uncle seems to be a good driver,_____,I wouldn`t dare to travel inhis car.(2005江西)

  A.even so B.even thogh C.therefore D.so]

  13.Tom works very hard.His brother,_____,doesn`t do much at all.(2005海淀区)

  A.what`s more B.on the contrary C.for one thing D.even worse

  14.My friend Martin was very sick with a strange fever;_____ he could neither eat nor sleep.

  A.as a result B.after all C.any way D.otherwise(2004江西)

  15.---Brad is Jane`s brother!

  ---_____ he reminded me so of of Jane!()

  A.No doubt B.Above all C.No wonder D.Of course

  16.I don`t mind picking up your things from the store.______,the work will do me good.

  A.sooner or later B.Still C.In time D.besides()

  17.Maggie has been fortunate to find a job she loves and,______,she gets well paid for it.

  A.sooner or later B.what`s more C.as a result D.more or less()

  18.John plays football ______,if not better than,David.()

  A.as well B.as well as C.so well D.so well as

  19.---I`m afraid Mr Wood can`t see you until 4 o`clock.

  ---Oh,_____,I won`t wait.()

  A.no doubt B.after all C.inthat case D.in this way

  20.---Is that the small town you often refer to?

  ---Right,just the one _____ you know I used to to work for years.()

  A.that B.which C.where D.what

  21.Helen was much kinder to her youngest son than to the others,______,of course,made the others envy him.()

  A.who B.that C.what D.which

  22.I`d like to know the time to return._____,is there any time for shopping?

  A.In all B.However C.On the contrary D.Besides

  Exercises3:

  1.一How is every thing going on with you in Europe?

  ---Quite well.Not so smoothly as I hope,______.(NMET2005江苏卷)

  A.though B.instead C.either D.too

  2._____ be sent to work there?(NMET002上海卷)

  A.Who do you suggest B.Who do you suggest that should

  C.Do you suggest who should D.Do you suggest whom should

  3.Dorothy was always speaking highly of her role in the play,____ of course,made the others unhappy.(NMET2000)

  A.who B.which C.this D.what

  4.Like some of my classmates,I cannot live up to my teacher`s expectations;_____,I let them down.(东城区05综习二)

  A.in other words B.after all C.what`s more D.more or less

  5.He visited three cities when he stayed in the US,_____ New York,Washington and Houston.

  A.such as B.they are C.which is D.th at is(2005湖北八校联考)

  6.He is only too ready to help othem,seldom,_____ refusing them when they turn to him.

  A.if never B.if ever C.if not D.if any(2005湖北八校联考)

  7._____ the temperature might drop,.coal was prepared for warming.(2005武汉调考)

  A.To consider B.Considered C.Considering D.To be considered

  8.I think she's Swiss,I`m not sure,_______(2005武汉调考)

  A.yet B.either C.though D.although

  9.一Do you like the place of interest?

  一On the contrary,it's the _____ place that I want to visit.(2005郑州)

  A.worst B.last C.best D.latest

  10.She gave me mother piece of advice,_____ of great help to the research work

  A.which I think it is B.I think which is C.which I think is D.I think it is.(2005湖南十所)

  11.We sometimes blame others for not understanding what we say.More often than not,____,people couldn't understand us because we didn't make ourselves clear.(2005大连二模)

  A.however B.there C.otherwise D.instead

  12.At first,I was not too sure about the answer to the question of the first importance.However,______,I worked it out at last with her help.(2 005福建达标)

  A.to my joy B.To my disappointment C.in a word D.in other words

  13.I can't go to the New Year's concert,____,100 dollars is just too much for me to spend in one evening.(2004江西联考)

  A.in other words B.that is C.in particular D.I mean

  14.Few people can listen to their favorite music without moving their body,_____ a certain part of their body.(海淀区04)

  A.inother words B.for example C.or rather D.more or less

  15._____,most teenagers now listen to rock music.However,John prefers classical music.

  A.In a word B.In general C.In particular D.In total(2004福州达标)

  16.---Henry has been teaching Endish in Beijing University for many years.

  ---_____ he can speak Chinese so well and idiomatically.(200 4福建达标)

  A.No wondeful B.No doubt C.No pmblem D.No wonder

  17.He will pass two milestones before long,_____,he will receive his master`s degree and find a challenging job.(宣武04.)

  A.that is B.which is C.so that D.in other words

  18.People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars,and this ___ creates more problems.(03重)

  A.after all B.once again C.in case D.in tum

  19.I went to bed very late that night,_____,early the next morning.

  A.at least B.in a word C.or rather D.at most(2003全国大联考)

  20.一I heard Johnson was badly injured in the accident.

  ---_____,let's go and see him.

  A.What's worse B.If so C.Where poss ible D.When necessary

  21.The Chinese government has decided to develop the west of China,_____,I dare say,will benefit the people there,especially those who are still leading a poor life.

  A.what B.whatever C.which D.as

  22.---Shall we discuss the problem at the meeting today?

  ---We'd better not._____,the problem isn't so burning.What's more,the manager won`t be back until tommmw.

  A.Begin with B.Beginning with C.To begin with D.Being begun with

  23.John seems a nice person.____,I don't trust him.

  A.Even so B.Even though C.Therefore D.Though

  24.It seems that he has bought a dictionary,_____ of great value to him.

  A.which I suppose is B.that I suppose is C.I suppose it is D.I suppose which is

  25.Many great poeple have risen from poverty---LincoIn and Edison,_____.

  A.instead B.such as C.and so on D.for example

  26._____,I don't 1ike the dish she cooked.

  A.To tell the truth B.Telling the truth C.Being honest D.I tell you the truth

  27.The boy is very clever---____,he knows exactly what I think.

  A.beyond expectation B.if possible C.I mean D.I'm afraid so

  28.We finished the whole work in less than one day---seven hours,_____.

  A.to be exact B.to be honest C.to be sure D.to tell the truth

  29.一_____?

  ---He is a popular singer,I think.

  A.Do you think what he is B.Do you think who he is

  C.What do you think he is D.Who do you think is he

  30.---Is he coming?

  一I'm not sure.He may be late or,_____,he may not come at d1.

  A.for the moment B.a least C.worse still D.for a while

  Keys;

  1---5 CDDCB 6---10 ACBAC 11---15 BABAC 16---22 DBBCCDD

  1---5 AABAD 6---10 BCCBC 11---15 AADCB 16---20 DADCB

  21--25 CCAAD 26---30 ACACC

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