高一秋季全科辅导

高一

101教育热线电话
400-6869-101
微信
当前位置: 首页 > 高一> 高一英语> 高一英语知识点

将来完成时知识点总结,高中英语将来完成时知识点总结

来源:101教育网整理 2017-10-10 字体大小: 分享到:

  高中英语将来完成时知识点总结(一)

  一、将来完成的构成

  将来完成时的构成方法是“will have+过去分词”。如:

  Only five short years later,your money will have grown by$94,000.仅短短5年时间后,你的钱就会增多94,000美元。

  He will have been heartened by the telephone opinion poll published yesterday.他会为昨天公布的电话民意调查结果感到鼓舞。

  将来完成时:He will have solved the problem.

  将来完成时的被动语态:The problem will have been solved by him.

  二、将来完成的用法

  1.表示“将来完成”

  即表示到将来某个时间为止势必会完成或预计要完成的动作。如:

  When we get there,she’ll have gone to work.我们到那里时她会已上班去了。

  I expect you will have changed your mind by tomorrow.我预料到明天你就会改变主意了。

  2.表示“持续”

  即表示某种状况将一直持续到说话人所提及的某一将来时间。如:

  We will have been married a year on June 25th.到6月25日我们俩结婚就满1年了。

  By this time next week,I will have been working for this company for 24 years.到下星期此刻,我就已经为该公司干了24年了。

  3.表示“推测

  即表示根据某情况作出的推测。如:

  That will have been Roland.He said he’d be back at 7.准是罗兰。他说他7点钟回来。

  There will have been a definite result before Friday.星期五以前肯定会有结果。

  三、将来完成通常搭配的状语

  1.用作状语的介词短语

  There will have been a definite result before Friday.星期五以前将肯定会有结果。

  By next Christmas we’ll have been here for eight years.到下一个圣诞节,我们在这儿就住了整8年了。

  By now you will have guessed that I’m back in Ireland.你现在应该已经猜出我回到了爱尔兰了。

  By the end of next week,I will have been a teacher for 25 years.到下周末,我当老师就有25年了。

  We’d better wait till 14 December.David will have had his exam by then,so he’ll be able to enjoy himself.我们最好还是等到12月14日。到那时大卫就考完试了,这样他就能够玩得痛快。

  2.用作状语的从句

  If I don’t run,the train will have left.(www.yygrammar.com)如果我不跑,火车就会开走了。

  If he turns it down,he will have lost the moral high ground to the president.如果他拒绝的话,就会把精神上的优势输给总裁。

  If you finish this job as well,you will have done far more than I expected.假如你将这项工作干完的话,那你会干得比我预料的要多了。

  If there was any scandal in that company,you can be sure that Bobby will have clocked it.那家公司有任何丑闻,博比肯定会知道。

  四、将来完成时典型考题(附详解)

  1.By the time Jane gets home his aunt ______ for London to attend a meeting.

  A.will leave B.leaves

  C.will have left D.mind

  分析:C。时间状语从句中用一般现在时表示将来,by加将来时间与将来完成时连用。又如:

  By May I will have got a new car.到5月我将已买到一辆新汽车。

  The old currency will have been phased out by 2020.旧币分阶段至2020年将全部禁止流通。

  2.On her next birthday,Ann ______ married for twenty years.

  A.is B.has been

  C.will be D.will have been

  分析:D。表示到将来某时(her next birthday)为止势必会完成的情况,英语要用将来完成时,故选D。又如:

  Don’t worry.It’s a storm in a teacup.Everyone will have forgotten about it by tomorrow.别担心,这不过是茶杯里掀风浪,到明天大家就都把这事给忘了。

  If they succeed on Europe,then they will have reshaped the political and economic map of the world.如果他们在欧洲获得成功,他们将会改变世界政治和经济格局。

  3.—I hear that Jason is planning to buy a car.

  —I know.By next month,he _______ enough for a used one.

  A.will have saved B.will be saving

  C.has saved D.saves

  分析:A。根据句中的by next month可知空格处应填将来时态,故可排除C和D;至于是选A还是B,则需根据句意来确定,由于前文已说“正准备买车”,说明存钱已经存够了,故不宜选B。句意为:“我听说詹森计划要买一辆车。”“我知道,到下个月,他积蓄的钱就够买一辆二手车了。”

  高中英语将来完成时知识点总结(二)

  1.By the summer,Elizabeth______ here for ten years.

  A.will work B.works C.will have worked D.has worked

  2.I.hope you______ the instructions ready before I come tomorrow

  A.to get B.shall get C.will get D.will have gotten.

  3.No sooner_______ than the accident happened.

  A.he had gone B.had he gone C.his going D.he went

  4.Hardly______ when the bus suddenly pulled away.

  A.they had got to the bus stop B.had they got to the bus stop

  C.did they get to the bus stop D.they got to the bus stop

  5.Mother doesn't know much time I have spent in watching TV;if she ever found out,I'm sure_______.

  A.she'd never forgive me B.she never forgive me

  C.she'll never forgive me D.she does never forgive me

  6.As soon as he______ his error,Rockfeller made the necessary corrections to his data collected.

  A.discovered B.has discovered C.discovers D.had discovered

  7.I _______meeting you ever since we parted.

  A.was looking forward to B.have been looking forward to

  C.had been looking forward to D.looked forward to

  8.Where have you been?What _____?

  A.did you do B.have you been doing C.have made D.were you doing

  9.She has been studying here for five years and by the end of next summer she _____.

  A.will graduate B.will be graduating C.will be graduated D.will have graduated

  10.When you come tonight at eight o'clock,I _____ eight lessons.

  A.would review B.shall review C.shall have reviewed D.shall be reviewing

  11.“Are Alice and Tom still living in New York?”“No,they _____ to Dallas.”

  A.are just moved B.have just moved C.had just moved D.will just move

  12.I haven't heard from Maria_____.

  A.since a long time B.for many months ago

  C.for many months D.since many months before

  13.His grandfather ______ for thirty years.

  A.died B.was dead C.has been dead D.has died

  14.Its(high)time you _____ a holiday.

  A.had B.have C.will have D.have had

  15.By the time Juan gets home,his aunt _____ for Puerto Rico.

  A.will leave B.leaves C.will have left D.left

  16.All the machines ____ by the end of the following week.

  A.were repaired B.will be repaired C.have been repaired D will have been repaired

  17.The conference _____ a full week by the time it ends.

  A.must have lasted B.will have lasted C.would last D.has lasted

  答案:

  1.C将来完成时态。By指:到什么时间为止。

  2.D将来完成时态。tomorrow表示将来,get the instructions(指令,指示)这个动作在我回来之前已经完成。

  3.B“no sooner……than……”(刚……就……),在no sooner这部分应当用过去完成时,than后面用一般过去时。A,B都是过去完成时态,怎么选择?No sooner的特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,所以选B。

  4.Bhardly……when……(一……就……),hardly后应当用过去完成时,when后面用一般过去时。hardly的特殊用法,在其后面跟倒装语序,所以选B。

  5.A过去将来时态。Forgive原谅,She'd相当于:she would.妈妈不知道我看电视花费了多长时间,如果她知道的话,我相信她将永远不会原谅我。

  6.D过去完成时态。发现错误这个动作发生在纠正数据那个动作之前,而改正数据的动作用的是过去时态,所以,发生在过去的过去的动作就用过去完成时态。error错误。correction改正,是名词。data数据。

  7.B现在完成时态。表示渴望见你这个动作从过去一直延续到现在以至于将来。look forward to渴望,想要……。ever since自从……。

  8.B现在完成进行时态。通过上下句来识别时态。

  9.D将来完成时态。by the end of next summer为信号词。

  10.C将来完成时态。Review温习,复习。

  11.B现在完成时态。说话的时候,他已搬走。

  12.C我已经好几个月没有Maria的消息了。现在完成时态,for引导一个时间状语。

  13.C现在完成时态。他的祖父已经去世三十年了。这里死亡表示一种状态,而不能理解为一种动作,因为死亡是一个短暂性动词,它不可能持续三十年。所以用has been dead。

  14.A It's(high)time(是……什么的时候了)的特殊用法,要用完成时态。Have在句中是拥有的意思。

  15.C将来完成时态。Leave for离开一个地方到另一个地方去,By the time信号词。

  16.D将来完成时态。by the end of到……时间为止,在此句中引导的时间状语从句为将来时间,所以是用将来时。答案B,D选取哪个?机器(machines)是被修的,所以用被动语态。显然,D为正确答案。

  17.B译文:会议从开始到结束,将持续整整一个星期。本句是将来完成时的用法。到将来某时(会议结束)之前业已完成的动作(last),所以用将来完成时。

上一篇:基数词知识点总结,高中英语基数词知识点总结

下一篇:主谓一致知识点总结,高中英语主谓一致知识点总结

高一期末考前辅导
标签: 高一 英语 (责任编辑:wangliru)

免费领取体验课

姓名
手机号
年级
*图形验证码
获取验证码
免费预约
世界那么大 阿幺带你转